: Kultura selektivnoga sjećanja - Hrvati Hercegovine i Nezavisna Država Hrvatska. Od proklamacije NDH do talijanske reokupacije (travanj-rujan 1941.).
[Culture of selective memory - Herzegovina Croats and Independent State of Croatia. From proclamation of Independent State of Croatia to Italian Reoccupation (April-September 1941)]
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Author is dr. Ivica Šarac, docent at History Department of Faculty of Philosophy, University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is the first part of planned trilogy.
Author uses comparative method and focuses on primary documents to reconstruct the events of 1941 after establishment of Independent State of Croatia (NDH) until September 1941, because it is these events that were the source of stereotypes recycled again and again in historiographies (Bosniak, Croat, Serb, Yugoslav Communist) during the following decades.
He starts with analysis of April violence between Royal Yugoslav Army and Croat/Muslim insurgents in which most of the casualties were inflicted on Croat and Muslim civilian population.
He notices a lull in violence between April and June 1941.
Author comes to conclusion that NDH authorities conducted different policies depending on faction in charge (Ustashe on one side and Special Commissioner for prefectures Dubrava and Hum, general Vladimir Laxa, on the other who resented Ustashe picking sides in long-standing Muslim vs. Serb conflict).
Šarac analyses June and August waves of violence conducted by NDH authorities as the by-product of different approaches/policies by Ustashe on one side and Home Guard/Gendarmerie on the other to disarm ethnic Serb population. Also, he analyzes autonomous actions of the local Ustashe militia units (Croat/Muslim) and finds that there were causal relations them between the two Serb uprisings, first at the end of June/beginning of July led by former Royal Yugoslav Army officers and pre-war members of Chetnik Associations and the second at the end of July/beginning of August led by Communists and Chetniks. In the mentioned two waves of violence most of casualties was inflicted on Serb civilian population.
The author analyses the provenance and profile of Ustashe organizers of terror.
He finds that Yugoslav Communist propaganda historiography about the leading role of Catholic clergy in Ustashe terror does not have a factual base in reality. He says that parts of clergy were involved in politics on NDH side, but not in the organization of terror.
The book has 383 pages, it was published in 2012. Publisher: Crkva na kamenu, Mostar. The archival records used are from Zagreb and from archives in Herzegovina. German-language and English-language literature was used.