Thailand's official enemies during the Pacific War?

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Sawpatin
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Thailand's official enemies during the Pacific War?

Post by Sawpatin » 12 Jul 2019 13:17

I know that in 1942, under Japanese pressure, Thailand declared war on the USA and Britain. Were there any other nations during the Pacific War that Thailand officially classed as enemies?

For example, I'm a bit uncertain of their policy towards China, given that the Thai army did see action against Nationalist Chinese forces. Was there ever an official declaration of war between Thailand and Nationalist China? Or did they only recognize the Wang Jingwei regime as the only 'China', and thus never declare official war on the ROC?

Also, I'm assuming that Thailand's dow against Britain lead to all British Commonwealth nations being classed as enemies.

Since my question only refers to the Pacific War years (i.e. post-Dec. 7 1941), I am assuming that France was not viewed as an enemy, given that neighbouring Indochina was under Vichy control.

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DrG
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Re: Thailand's official enemies during the Pacific War?

Post by DrG » 12 Jul 2019 18:09

As far as I know, after WW2 the only Governments with which Thailand signed a peace treaty, and therefore had been officially at war, were the British, Indian (under British rule) and Australian ones.

The treaty of Singapore was signed on 1 Janauary 1946 by Siam and the Governments of UK and India. No other Commonwealth governments are mentioned in the treaty.

The treaty of Bangkok was signed on 3 April 1946 by Siam and Australia.

Given that no other peace treaties were signed, I assume that Thailand was never officially at war with other Allied countries, an important exception being the USA. In fact, given Thailand's occupation by the Japanese, the US Government never acknowledged the Thai declaration of war, therefore no peace treaty was needed. Anyway, at least on the Thai point of view, the two countries had been officially at war.

I guess, as you do, that Thailand never declared war on Chungking China due to the fact that it recognized Nanking China.

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Re: Thailand's official enemies during the Pacific War?

Post by Pruitt » 30 Sep 2019 07:27

Keep in mind that France and Siam fought a short war over some border provinces in the late 1930's or so. Action was along the Mekong and in the Gulf of Thailand. After Japan entered the war she had the Indochina government give the provinces back to Siam. Added to the Malayan provinces given to Siam, Siam was much larger.

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Re: Thailand's official enemies during the Pacific War?

Post by OpanaPointer » 30 Sep 2019 15:02

I vaguely remember the Siamese government telling the Japanese ambassador that they would declare war on the first country to violate their borders. This is from the Magic documents, IIRC. http://www.ibiblio.org/pha/magic/
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Loïc
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Re: Thailand's official enemies during the Pacific War?

Post by Loïc » 01 Oct 2019 00:29

Since my question only refers to the Pacific War years (i.e. post-Dec. 7 1941) I am assuming that France was not viewed as an enemy, given that neighbouring Indochina was under Vichy control.
only the first, chronogical, part of the sentence is a valid criterion because as stated above both countries were at war just few months before in 1940-1941
a peace treaty signed the 9th may 1941 under heavy Japanese pressures and threat

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Re: Thailand's official enemies during the Pacific War?

Post by Sawpatin » 06 Oct 2019 20:42

I'm aware of the Franco-Thai War, but it's not relevant to me for the purposes of this thread. I'm only interested in what nationalities Thailand would have classed as enemy aliens between Dec. 7 1941 to Sep. 2 1945.

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Re: Thailand's official enemies during the Pacific War?

Post by OpanaPointer » 06 Oct 2019 20:54

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