Radio Berlin

Discussions on the propaganda, architecture and culture in the Third Reich.
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Gott
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Radio Berlin

Post by Gott » 19 Apr 2003 16:31

How did radio Berlin operated during the Nazi rule? How did the war effected its transmission? Any details? Also did the Germans used captured radio installations (ie Radio Paris, if there was one)? As far as I know the Germans operated Radio Belgrade for their troops in Africa to tune in...

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Xserx
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Re: Radio Berlin

Post by Xserx » 21 Apr 2003 12:11

gott wrote:How did radio Berlin operated during the Nazi rule? How did the war effected its transmission? Any details? Also did the Germans used captured radio installations (ie Radio Paris, if there was one)? As far as I know the Germans operated Radio Belgrade for their troops in Africa to tune in...
Nazy really used captured radio installation in Paris and Prague. For transmition on the foreign country Germany active used transmitters in Hilversum, Bremen and Hamburg.
I can recomendate to you next book:
1. "German Radio Propaganda" by Ernst K. and Speier H. London-N.Y.-Toronto, 1944
2. "The History of Broadcasting in the U.K." Vol.3 The War of Words by Briggs A. Oxford-N.Y.
3. "Lord Haw-Haw and William Joyce" by Cole J.A. N.Y., 1964 (about "black" broadcasting)
More full information, if it is interesting to you, I shall send in middle of week.
Regards.

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Gott
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Post by Gott » 21 Apr 2003 13:19

Thanks Xserx, I should be corrected, instead of Radio Berlin, it should be Reichsrundfunk.

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Xserx
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Post by Xserx » 28 Apr 2003 10:49

gott wrote:Thanks Xserx, I should be corrected, instead of Radio Berlin, it should be Reichsrundfunk.
O'k. This is my information:After arrival to authority nazy, the control of broadcasting has concentrated in several departments. It: the Ministry of Propaganda; a department of radio at NSDAP Office of propagation; a department Reichs chamber of culture - Reichs chamber of radio and, actually, Reichsradio (Reichsrundfundgesellschaft).
Three departments were directly connected to broadcasting in the Ministry of Propaganda: actually department of radio (with 15.6.1933 headed Dressler-Anders), department of coordination of propagation (chief -A.I. Berndt), department of military propagation. The foreign department of the Ministry supplied radio with the international news, and from a department of the German press the information on internal events acted. Certainly, all acting information was carefully edited.
The functions of a department of radio (located in Munich) at NSDAP Office of propagation were determined in the special confidential instruction: " the Department of radio NSDAP should carry out the complete and constant control above all German broadcasting, coordinate actions of all interested organizations, to carry out technical and economic support of broadcasting proceeding fromnational-socialist principles ". This department not only supervised broadcasting, but also all with it connected. One of branches of this department provided close communication with Wermacht and official bodies, with the purpose of coordination of radiopropagation. As a matter of fact businesses, the main task of a department was the transformation of radio into the political and propaganda instrument of a party.
The administrative management by the German radio was concentrated in Reichsrundfundgesellschaft. There were two main departments: first (so-called. The main department) answered for political broadcasting (news, political comments, counterpropaganda, announcement other countries etc.); second (so-called. The department of the programs) answered for other transmitions (musical, educational, radiotheatre etc.). The department of the programs as coordinated broadcasting 26 radio stations entering in Germany radionetwork (Grossdeutscherrundfunk). The radio stations, entering into it, can be divided into three categories: national (Deutschlandsender); 13 regional stations (Reichssender); local radio stations (Landessender and Sender). Local radio stations do not order of an own announcement, and only relayed the programs of larger regional stations and Deutschlandsender, which borrowed the central place in all radionetwork. The simultaneous compilation was all over the country carried out by national radio, and the regional radio stations were obliged to interrupt the programs, if the instruction on it acted from Berlin. The radio stations Luxembourg, transmition for the inhabitants of these territories in German, did not enter in Grossdeutscherrundfunk and transmition only own programs. Before the beginning of the Second world war Germany had one of the most technically equipped radionetworks all over the world. At disposal of Reichsrundfundgesellschaft there were 10 basic transmitters (1 - capacity of 120 kw, 6 - 100 kw, 3 - 60 kw) and less powerful 15 auxiliary transmitters.
If the not political programs could be made and regional radio stations, with the features within the limits of allowable norm, the political transfers were under construction by uniform rigid principles. Regional âåùàòåëè, basically, only relayed the similar programs not taking part in their creation.
The special place in system of the German broadcasting was borrowed by radio stations on occupated territories: radio of Prague, Paris. These stations though were under the complete German control, but broadcast own transfers, transferring the German programs only in extraordinarity cases.
The similar situation in management of the German radio as a whole was kept during all war.

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Xserx
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Post by Xserx » 28 Apr 2003 10:53

gott wrote:Thanks Xserx, I should be corrected, instead of Radio Berlin, it should be Reichsrundfunk.
O'k. This is my information:After arrival to authority nazy, the control of broadcasting has concentrated in several departments. It: the Ministry of Propaganda; a department of radio at NSDAP Office of propagation; a department Reichs chamber of culture - Reichs chamber of radio and, actually, Reichsradio (Reichsrundfundgesellschaft).
Three departments were directly connected to broadcasting in the Ministry of Propaganda: actually department of radio (with 15.6.1933 headed Dressler-Anders), department of coordination of propagation (chief -A.I. Berndt), department of military propagation. The foreign department of the Ministry supplied radio with the international news, and from a department of the German press the information on internal events acted. Certainly, all acting information was carefully edited.
The functions of a department of radio (located in Munich) at NSDAP Office of propagation were determined in the special confidential instruction: " the Department of radio NSDAP should carry out the complete and constant control above all German broadcasting, coordinate actions of all interested organizations, to carry out technical and economic support of broadcasting proceeding fromnational-socialist principles ". This department not only supervised broadcasting, but also all with it connected. One of branches of this department provided close communication with Wermacht and official bodies, with the purpose of coordination of radiopropagation. As a matter of fact businesses, the main task of a department was the transformation of radio into the political and propaganda instrument of a party.
The administrative management by the German radio was concentrated in Reichsrundfundgesellschaft. There were two main departments: first (so-called. The main department) answered for political broadcasting (news, political comments, counterpropaganda, announcement other countries etc.); second (so-called. The department of the programs) answered for other transmitions (musical, educational, radiotheatre etc.). The department of the programs as coordinated broadcasting 26 radio stations entering in Germany radionetwork (Grossdeutscherrundfunk). The radio stations, entering into it, can be divided into three categories: national (Deutschlandsender); 13 regional stations (Reichssender); local radio stations (Landessender and Sender). Local radio stations do not order of an own announcement, and only relayed the programs of larger regional stations and Deutschlandsender, which borrowed the central place in all radionetwork. The simultaneous compilation was all over the country carried out by national radio, and the regional radio stations were obliged to interrupt the programs, if the instruction on it acted from Berlin. The radio stations Luxembourg, transmition for the inhabitants of these territories in German, did not enter in Grossdeutscherrundfunk and transmition only own programs. Before the beginning of the Second world war Germany had one of the most technically equipped radionetworks all over the world. At disposal of Reichsrundfundgesellschaft there were 10 basic transmitters (1 - capacity of 120 kw, 6 - 100 kw, 3 - 60 kw) and less powerful 15 auxiliary transmitters.
If the not political programs could be made and regional radio stations, with the features within the limits of allowable norm, the political transfers were under construction by uniform rigid principles. Regional âåùàòåëè, basically, only relayed the similar programs not taking part in their creation.
The special place in system of the German broadcasting was borrowed by radio stations on occupated territories: radio of Prague, Paris. These stations though were under the complete German control, but broadcast own transfers, transferring the German programs only in extraordinarity cases.
The similar situation in management of the German radio as a whole was kept during all war.

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Gott
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Post by Gott » 28 Apr 2003 11:20

Thanks Xserx for the great information. I answered all of my questions. Thanks once again.

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