SA and NSDAP in Łódź/Litzmannstadt 1939-1945

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sylvieK4
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SA and NSDAP in Łódź/Litzmannstadt 1939-1945

Post by sylvieK4 » 25 Nov 2003 14:56

Does anyone have any information about the membership strength and activities of the S.A, N.S.D.A.P and Hitler Youth in Litzmannstadt (Łódź, Poland)?

From what I understand, Lodz, Poland always had a sizeable population of Volksdeutsch. Some of these were actively pro-Nazi before the 1939 invasion of Poland. After the invasion, and after Lodz's incorporation into Greater Germany as Litzmannstadt, many continued to support the Nazi regime as members of the NSDAP. Perhaps some post-invasion members of the Party and/or organizations such as the SA, NSKK, HJ etc, in the region were not long-time residents and had relocated there since 1939.

In any event, does anyone have any information about the Party and Party organizations in the Łódź / Litzmannstadt area, how many persons were members, and what their activities were, 1939-1945?

Any info and/or photos of Party members and their activities in the Łódź/Litzmannstadt area are welcome.

Thanks! :)

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sylvieK4
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Post by sylvieK4 » 26 Nov 2003 01:49

In the photo below - showing locals welcoming Heer troops into Łódź, Poland on Sept. 8, 1939 - we can see that there was apparently a good deal of support among Lodz Volksdeutsch for the invasion and the German regime.

Again, any information about the NSDAP, and other Nazi Party organization in Łódź/Litzmannstadt before and / or after the 1939 invasion will be greatly appreciated.

From: http://pro.corbis.com/
[img]http://pro.corbis.com/images/HU040471.jpg?size=67&uid={4bab4e29-df78-4372-af57-143df3ced75c}[/img]
Last edited by sylvieK4 on 06 Mar 2004 00:30, edited 1 time in total.

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Starinov
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Post by Starinov » 26 Nov 2003 13:55

Hello SylvieK

Reading your post reminded me that I have a polish book at home entitled the 5th Column. It describes the German 5th Column in Poland before WWII. I'll verify if it contains anything valuable about NSDAP organization in Łódź/ Litzmannstadt.

I'll give you an answer tomorrow.

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Post by sylvieK4 » 26 Nov 2003 14:46

Thanks, Starinov! I look forward to learning what you have. Thanks! :D

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Starinov
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Post by Starinov » 27 Nov 2003 20:04

SylvieK

I verified the information about the book The 5th Column and must say that I don't have much info about Nazi activity in Lodz during the war. The book covers Poland in only two chapters. The other chapters cover 5th column's activities in USA, France, Skandinavia, etc. Also, for Poland, there is a lot of info about diversive activities in Silesia and Prussia but not that much about Great Poland and especially not about the city of Łódź.

On the other hand, I found a paragraph that talks about diferent nazi organizations that existed in Łódź in the prewar years: Jungdeutsche Partei in Polen and Deutscher Volks Verband. The mission of those organization was to penetrate the polish sociaty and to sabotage its activities. They were lead by Herbert Mess, Rudolf Mess, Oswald Kadach, Erwin Rudert, Heinrich Bolz, Kurt Brauer, Alfred Hermanns, Kurt Rapke and Sigmund Puppe. Those men occupied, during the war, positions within the Gestapo, Einsatzgruppe III (the one created in 1939), special tribunals and most probably in the NSDAP. Herbert Mess became an NSDAP Kreisleiter and SS-Standartenführer....

It isn't much but hope that helps

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Post by sylvieK4 » 28 Nov 2003 17:08

Thank you, again, Starinov. Your post is indeed helpful! The list of names alone puts me on the trail to more information. Thanks again.

Anyone else with further information and/or photographs of any of the personalities mentioned above, NSDAP, S.A, HJ, etc activities in Łódź/Litzmannstadt, your posts are welcome here.

Thanks.

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Steve Arthur
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Their fate?

Post by Steve Arthur » 04 Dec 2003 07:04

I noted that the young men in the photo and standing in the middle of the crowd are not saluting the passing soldiers. In fact I noticed that some of them are not even looking at them, rather they are looking straight ahead. Would this have been considered an act of defiance? This photo makes me wonder what became of them. I curious as to the origin of the photo. I assume this was an official state photo?

On a related note, I enjoy seeing the vast numbers of photos in this forum, in particular the colored photos. I've often wondered what some of the places looked like in full regalia. I hope to see more

Best Wishes
Steve :D

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sylvieK4
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Post by sylvieK4 » 04 Dec 2003 14:39

Quote of Steve Arthur:
I noticed that some of them are not even looking at them, rather they are looking straight ahead. Would this have been considered an act of defiance?


I doubt it. It appears that they are all a part of the same group performing crowd control duty to allow the Germans to parade through. I think it is more respect than defiance in that case.

I enjoy seeing the vast numbers of photos in this forum, in particular the colored photos. I've often wondered what some of the places looked like in full regalia. I hope to see more

Best Wishes
Steve :D


Speaking of that, Steve, I recently found this photo postcard online of this Łódź/Litzmannstadt street scene. It is said to show Lodz's "Piotrkowska" street - renamed by the Germans "Adolf-Hitler-Straße". Enjoy!

From: http://www.gfh.org.il/
Image

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Post by sylvieK4 » 04 Dec 2003 15:15

Does anyone have any biographical/ service information, and-or additional photographs of Karl Marder, Mayor of German Litzmannstadt?

(I checked the A.B.R, but he wasn't listed. :( )

Here is one photo I found on line of Marder in his SS uniform:

From: http://www.gfh.org.il/
Image

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Steve Arthur
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Post by Steve Arthur » 04 Dec 2003 15:52

what amazes me the most about the color photos, are the numbers in existence. Color film developing was very expensive at the time and I would have imagined that would have limited the numbers produced.

Thank you for sharing that example as well
Best Wishes
Steve

chrish
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Post by chrish » 21 Jan 2004 21:39

Regierung Kalisch ; seit 17.2.1941 Litzmannstadt
Friedrich Uebelhör : 26.10.1939 – 15.12.1942
Dr Hermann Riediger: 15.12.1942 – 1.1945

Kreisleiter u. Landrat Kreis Litzmannstadt-Land:
Herbert Mees: August 1941 – 1944

Kreisleiter u. Landrat Kreis Litzmannstadt-Stadt:
Ludwig Wolff: 1940 – 1941
Friedrich Waibler : 1941 – 1943
Arno Knaup: 17.4.1943 – 1944

Waibler F. ; geb. 29.4.1900 Böninheim (Württemberg) ; 1941 – 1943 Kreisleiter Litzmannstadt , dann Hauptarbeitsgebiet Arbeit und Wirtschaft in Berlin

Knaup A ; geb 27.8.1893 Altona ; 1912 – 1920 Wehrdienst ; 1930-1939 Kreisleiter Kahl am Main ; 1939 b. NSDAP-Aufbau Wien, 1941 b. NSDAP-Aufbau Luxemburg, 1941-1942 b. NSDAP-Aufbau Oslo ; seit 17.4.1943 Kreisleiter u. Landrat Kreis Litzmannstadt-Stadt

SA-Brigade 187 ( Litzmannstadt ) :
SA-Obf Wilhelm Kretschmar (1940-43) ,
SA-Staf Ganser


Hitlerjugend Litzmannstadt:
HJ-Bahn 664 Land: ?

HJ-Bahn 663-Stadt:
Bahnführer Kurt Rapke: 1939-1941
Stammführer E. Papke: 1942
Stammführer Walter Fenske: 1942-1943
Bahnführer Emil Nasarski: 1944

Polizeiprasidium Litzmannstadt:
SA-O’Gruf Heinz Beckerle: 24.9 – 20.11.1939
SS-Brif Johannes Schafer: 21.11.1939 – 30.6.1940
SS-Brif K.W. Albert: 1940 – 1945

Selbschutz:
SS-Staf Teufel:
SS-O’Stub Manfred Frauenheim

Einwandererzentralstelle :
SS-Stub Schattmeier: 1940-1941
SS-O’Stub von Malsen: 1942-1944

Reichspropagandaamt-Zweigstelle-Litzmannstadt:
SS-Stub Friedrich Gissibl: 1940-1943

VOMI:
SS-O’Stub Ludwig Doppler: ?
SS-? Perthen: ?
SS- ? Huber: ?

Kriminalpolizei Litzmannstadt:
Krimdir. Dr Walter Zirpins: 1940 – XII 1941
SS-Sturmbannführer Ehrlich : I 1942 – 1944

Stapo:
Gerhard Flesch: 1939-1940
Robert Schäfe: 1940-1941
Otto Bradfisch: 1942-1944

SD-Abschnitt L:
Otto Prast: 1940-1941
Friedrich Buchardt: 1941 - ?
Wilhelm Dyroff: ?

chrish
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Post by chrish » 21 Jan 2004 21:39

Regierung Kalisch ; seit 17.2.1941 Litzmannstadt
Friedrich Uebelhör : 26.10.1939 – 15.12.1942
Dr Hermann Riediger: 15.12.1942 – 1.1945

Kreisleiter u. Landrat Kreis Litzmannstadt-Land:
Herbert Mees: August 1941 – 1944

Kreisleiter u. Landrat Kreis Litzmannstadt-Stadt:
Ludwig Wolff: 1940 – 1941
Friedrich Waibler : 1941 – 1943
Arno Knaup: 17.4.1943 – 1944

Waibler F. ; geb. 29.4.1900 Böninheim (Württemberg) ; 1941 – 1943 Kreisleiter Litzmannstadt , dann Hauptarbeitsgebiet Arbeit und Wirtschaft in Berlin

Knaup A ; geb 27.8.1893 Altona ; 1912 – 1920 Wehrdienst ; 1930-1939 Kreisleiter Kahl am Main ; 1939 b. NSDAP-Aufbau Wien, 1941 b. NSDAP-Aufbau Luxemburg, 1941-1942 b. NSDAP-Aufbau Oslo ; seit 17.4.1943 Kreisleiter u. Landrat Kreis Litzmannstadt-Stadt

SA-Brigade 187 ( Litzmannstadt ) :
SA-Obf Wilhelm Kretschmar (1940-43) ,
SA-Staf Ganser


Hitlerjugend Litzmannstadt:
HJ-Bahn 664 Land: ?

HJ-Bahn 663-Stadt:
Bahnführer Kurt Rapke: 1939-1941
Stammführer E. Papke: 1942
Stammführer Walter Fenske: 1942-1943
Bahnführer Emil Nasarski: 1944

Polizeiprasidium Litzmannstadt:
SA-O’Gruf Heinz Beckerle: 24.9 – 20.11.1939
SS-Brif Johannes Schafer: 21.11.1939 – 30.6.1940
SS-Brif K.W. Albert: 1940 – 1945

Selbschutz:
SS-Staf Teufel:
SS-O’Stub Manfred Frauenheim

Einwandererzentralstelle :
SS-Stub Schattmeier: 1940-1941
SS-O’Stub von Malsen: 1942-1944

Reichspropagandaamt-Zweigstelle-Litzmannstadt:
SS-Stub Friedrich Gissibl: 1940-1943

VOMI:
SS-O’Stub Ludwig Doppler: ?
SS-? Perthen: ?
SS- ? Huber: ?

Kriminalpolizei Litzmannstadt:
Krimdir. Dr Walter Zirpins: 1940 – XII 1941
SS-Sturmbannführer Ehrlich : I 1942 – 1944

Stapo:
Gerhard Flesch: 1939-1940
Robert Schäfe: 1940-1941
Otto Bradfisch: 1942-1944

SD-Abschnitt L:
Otto Prast: 1940-1941
Friedrich Buchardt: 1941 - ?
Wilhelm Dyroff: ?

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sylvieK4
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Post by sylvieK4 » 22 Jan 2004 00:44

Thanks for that list of personnel, Chrish. :)

Andreas Schulz
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Litzmannstadt

Post by Andreas Schulz » 22 Jan 2004 03:03

chrish wrote:Regierung Kalisch ; seit 17.2.1941 Litzmannstadt
Friedrich Uebelhör : 26.10.1939 – 15.12.1942
Dr Hermann Riediger: 15.12.1942 – 1.1945

Kreisleiter u. Landrat Kreis Litzmannstadt-Stadt:
Ludwig Wolff: 1940 – 1941
Friedrich Waibler : 1941 – 1943
Arno Knaup: 17.4.1943 – 1944

Waibler F. ; geb. 29.4.1900 Böninheim (Württemberg) ; 1941 – 1943 Kreisleiter Litzmannstadt , dann Hauptarbeitsgebiet Arbeit und Wirtschaft in Berlin

Knaup A ; geb 27.8.1893 Altona ; 1912 – 1920 Wehrdienst ; 1930-1939 Kreisleiter Kahl am Main ; 1939 b. NSDAP-Aufbau Wien, 1941 b. NSDAP-Aufbau Luxemburg, 1941-1942 b. NSDAP-Aufbau Oslo ; seit 17.4.1943 Kreisleiter u. Landrat Kreis Litzmannstadt-Stadt

SA-Brigade 187 ( Litzmannstadt ) :
SA-Obf Wilhelm Kretschmar (1940-43) ,
SA-Staf Ganser





Hi Chrish,

Ludwig Wolff was 01.05.1940 - 28.02.1942 Kreisleiter des Kreises Litzmannstadt-Stadt der NSDAP

The real name of Kreisleiter Knaup was Xaver Knaup.

Have you more info of SA-Oberführer Wilhelm Kretschmar?
SA-Standartenführer Ganser is unknown. I known only SA-Standartenführer Eugen Gansser.

AnDie

chrish
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Post by chrish » 22 Jan 2004 17:33

It must be my mistake AnDie , all info from book M. Cygañski, Z dziejów okupacji hitlerowskiej w £odzi, £Ód¼, 1965.

chrish

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