From Richard Overy via The Oxford Companion to the Second World War p. 461, here are average German weekly rations for bread, meat and fats for selected months. All figures in grams.
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BREAD Sep 1939 free* Jul 1940 2,400 Apr 1942 2,000 Oct 1942 2,125 May 1943 2,412 Sep 1943 2,475 Oct 1944 2,525 Feb 1945 2,225 Mar 1945 2,225 Apr 1945 900 MEAT Sep 1939 550 Jun 1941 400 Apr 1942 300 Oct 1942 356 May 1943 437 Jan 1944 362 Mar 1944 362 Feb 1945 156 Apr 1945 137 FATS Sep 1939 310 Jun 1941 269 Apr 1942 206 May 1943 215 Jan 1944 218 Mar 1944 218 Jan 1945 156 Feb 1945 156 Mar 1945 190 Apr 1945 75
Mora data mined from Martin Kitchen's entry-level book Nazi Germany at War p. 80-83:
Average meat rations were 700 grams/week per consumer, cut back to 400 grams/week in 1941. Rations were further reduced in 1942, with meat cut back to 300 grams/week, fat reduced from 269 grams/week to 206 grams/week, and bread from 2,250 to 2,000 grams/week. Particularly fruit was particularly in short supply due to a very bad harvest in 1940. By 1945 - Kitchen is annoyingly imprecise with dates - bread was down to 1,700 grams/week, meat stood at 250 grams/week, and fat at 125 grams/week. Kitchen mentions that 'in many instances' the supply of food was insufficient to even meet those reduced targets. Also note that Kitchen's figures don't match completely with Overy's.
However, rations were increased in October 1942, following a particularly good harvest that year. On the 19th of that month, rations were increased by 50 grams/week for meat, and 250 grams/week for bread. There was also a special Christmas ration which included of 500 grams of flour, 200 grams of meat, 125 grams of butter, 62.5 grams of cheese, 250 grams of sugar, 50 grams of coffee and half a bottle of spirits.
Kitchen mentions in passing that, in 1943, you had to turn in 5 kilos of bones before you could be issued with a soap ration coupon - however, there rarely was any soap against which the coupon could be redeemed.
Extra rations were entitled for special occasions - namely 150 grams of meat, 50 grams of butter, 200 grams of either bread or flour, and 100 grams of sugar, along with 'modest amounts of other scarce goods', for up to twelwe guests, for people celebrating weddings, iron, silver, gold and diamond anniversaries - but no extra rations were allowed for more religious ceremonies such as baptism, first communion and confirmation. Kitchen writes that there some people decided to get married simply for the extra ration entitlements.
The increased meat rations introduced in October 1942 of course aren't directly related to the bumper harvest of that year - but at the same time occupied Ukraine was peaking from an agricultural exports perspective. According to Hans Potgiesser, in Die deutsche Reichsbahn im Ostfeldzug p. 74, occupied Ukraine exported 1,471,808 tons of agricultural goods by rail to Germany in the 4th quarter of 1942. In the same period 613,900 pieces of cattle were also exported to Germany. Oil seeds (sunflower seeds & similar, which are used as animal fodder and for making margarine) made up a large proportion of Ukrainian food exports. In the same period the occupied Ukraine provided 2,400,980 tons of agricultural produce for use in the east, while another 557,192 tons of agricultural produce was sent east from Germany in the 4th quarter of 1942, making the net German gain from Ukrainian food exports about 300,000 tons/month and 204,000 pieces of cattle/month for the final three months of 1942 - a not insignificant contribution.