Partop - Partisan cannon

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K.Kocjancic
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Partop - Partisan cannon

Post by K.Kocjancic » 25 Nov 2003 11:37

A "partop" (partisan cannon) was manufactured in the 9th corpus in Cerkno units in the middle of July 1944. The first cannon was made from the heavy Italian mortar, without measuring instruments. The mine was a completely partisan product. A head of the mine was first an Italian helmet filled with 5-6 kilos of plastic ammunition with a few fuses in it which caused an explosion if struck at. The helmet with ammunition was fixed to the wooden body of the mine of the same dimensions as the manor's barrel. If a mine hit the target, the effect was excellent. The first mines reached as far as 100 meters. The first "partop" (partisan cannon) was first used at the attack of the Vojko Brigade to the Home Guard post in Hotavlje on 18th July 1944. Nevertheless, it blew up at first firing.
In autumn 1944, they started to improve "partops" at the armaments workshop on Nova gora, on the initiative of Franc Rozman-Stane, commander in chief of the National and Liberation Army (NOV) and Partisan Detachments of Slovenia (POS). "Partops" made in this workshop were much better; they already had measuring instruments and Italian helmets were not used for the mine's head any more, the head was made of tin, 3 mm thick, instead, with four fuses in it. Mines with three or five kilos of explosives were manufactured. The manufacture was specialised in such a way that"partops" and fuses were manufactured and mines filled with the explosives at the workshop on Nova gora, and heads, bodies and tails of the mines were manufactured at the armaments workshop, "Črn" in Črnomelj. In addition to other heavy weaponry which were either confiscated in battles or obtained through the allied help, "partops" also played a destructive and moral role. In March 1945, the National and Liberation Army (NOV) and Partisan Detachments of Slovenia (POS) units used 12 "partops". The museum houses one "partop" and five mines.
Image

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http://www2.arnes.si/~ljmuzejnz/topovi.html [Slovene article]
http://www2.arnes.si/~ljmuzejnz/atopovi.html [English article]

Regards,
Kocjo

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John W
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Post by John W » 25 Nov 2003 12:14

Why do they look like bathroom plungers to me?! 8O

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K.Kocjancic
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Post by K.Kocjancic » 25 Nov 2003 12:21

John W wrote:Why do they look like bathroom plungers to me?! 8O
Acctualy, cassings of "war-head" of projectiles were at first made of Italian helmets! :lol:

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Post by K.Kocjancic » 26 Nov 2003 11:52

Germans captured some examples and made tests. They compared this weapon as their own Panzefaust.

According to Partisans, Partop could pierced up to 50 cm of stone wall (120 cm big hole). It's best use is on the range below 200 m. It was first used in battle against German station in Železniki from 19. to 22.11.'44.

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Post by bluered12 » 01 Dec 2003 20:15

Does anyone know the weapon in the last pictures in front of the "partop" projectiles? It seems to be a "homemade"(?) small grenadelauncher mounted on a tripod.

@Kocjo Are there any other "selfmade" Partian weapons, e.g. firearms?

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Xavier
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Post by Xavier » 01 Dec 2003 20:31

bluered12:

Is the same weapon, but mounted in a more "proper" tripod, instead of just countersunk on the ground.

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Xavier
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Post by Veteran » 01 Dec 2003 21:10

How did plastic explosive explode? Did partisans install something like homemade fuse? In wich diameter it was deadly?


Thanx for answering my requests.

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Post by K.Kocjancic » 01 Dec 2003 21:34

This was basicly converted Italian 81 mm mortar. Base was sometimes made from steal plates of destroyed German/Italian vehicles. Only major difference was the projectile.

There was some sort of impact ignition unit(s), Partisan made. First there were 4, then just one (1).

Most effective was this weapon under 100 m.


Partisans also made/converted some SMG's, rifles, pistols,...

Regards,
Kocjo

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Post by Veteran » 01 Dec 2003 21:39

Do you have any picts of homemade rifles, pistols and ammo?


Best regards!

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Post by K.Kocjancic » 01 Dec 2003 21:41

Veteran wrote:Do you have any picts of homemade rifles, pistols and ammo?


Best regards!
My mentor wrote a book on Partisan weapons - there are some info. Will see what can I find.

Regards,
Kocjo

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Post by K.Kocjancic » 01 Dec 2003 21:52

Partisan "home-made" hand-granates:
a) One of the simplest:
Image

b) converted mine of Italian light mortar:
Image
http://www2.arnes.si/~ljmuzejnz/bombe.html

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Post by Veteran » 01 Dec 2003 22:31

First one looks like tear-gas grenade we used sometimes. :lol:

Great job, Kocjo.

Thank you very much!

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