Kurfürst wrote:The numbers are for Tagjagd only, ie. day fighters.
Sure. I don't believe there were any single-engine Nachtjagd at this time.
I am working from memory of some old research, but compare the Tagjagd units from the end of June 1940 to the end of September, December 1940 Quarterly returns and you should find that some Units gone missing and were re-designated to NJGs - initially with their old Tagjagd 109s, and probably converting, in time, to twin engines as you mentioned.
In other words, the number of pilots increased, but the number of experienced pilots decreased. AFAIK the "on light duty" is not an accurate translation, as the "Einsatzbereit" or Ready of Action meant pilots with 5 sorties or more experience.
Really? I have never seen it expressed that way before. Einsatzbereit means "ready for action". I have not heard the qualifier before. However, I am also unclear as to what got translated as "light duty" in the original. Do you have some references on that?[/quote]
I can't recall where I read it exactly, but I am fairly certain about the "5 combat sortie" qualitification mark. It makes sense since the normal path of pilot replacement was from training schools to OTU (Ergänzungseinheten) to combat units, where they initially flew in less dangerous task under the wings of more experienced pilots. Plus there is too far substantial and increasing number of pilots being listed that way, as "conditionally ready" and its hard to imagine there was such a number suffering from some illness or having flu all the time. It would seem logic that the pilots of limited experience / effectiveness, i.e. rookies were listed that way.
Also there is some statistical pittfall in the numbers, since in the meantime between end of June and end of September some JGs (and their pilots) were either disbanded/merged etc, and some were transferred from Tagjagd to the just emerging Nachtjagd units. Moreso, not the entirety of the Tagjagd was employed for England operations.
Um, no, since those are for the fliegenden Verbänden as a whole.[/quote]
I do not think so - your numbers seem to total to 1171 "present" pilots, which is the same number reported by WW2.DK on the same time, problably from the same source, for "single engined fighters", which I identify with the Tagdjagd. http://ww2.dk/oob/statistics/se290640.htm
However WW2. DK also reports that there were similar returns for "Twin engined fighter" (mistranstlation of Zerstörerverbände or Destroyer units?) and "night fighters" for the same date. Unfortunately the returns are not digitalized for the latter two, but there should be some additional single engined fighters, i.e. 109 present there during the June - September period, as was the case with IV Gruppe JG 2 mentioned. I.e. some units and strength numbers simply disappeared from one fighter arm as they were transferred to another.
The point being that since the LW tended to class units based on their role, and not neccesarily by the type, and since some JG units changed their roles and become NJGs, the statistics between the quarterly returns do not only reflect to operational losses, but reorganization effects as well.
Or is this 109 (belonging to a night fighter unit) included in the (daylight) JG strenght returns too, along with its look alike brothers?
Or is it one of the 39 of IV./JG 2's 109Es and Ds that were listed as present on 28 June 1940 strenght returns, but disappeared from the strenght returns of 28 September 1940, since IV./JG 2 become a Gruppe of the newly formed NJG 1 with mixed 110s and 109s in the meantime, along with the pilots and planes?
The December 1940 figures are also telltale of these organisational effect. Certainly there were no huge losses in October or November, yet the sharpest decline in operational strenght can be witnessed in the December numbers - more of a result of a massive rest and refit and Xmas leaves in the December lull period.