Delivery of aircraft to squadrons during the battle of Britain

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Tsofian
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Location: St Louis, Missouri

Delivery of aircraft to squadrons during the battle of Britain

Postby Tsofian » 02 Jul 2017 01:23

Does anyone have figures for home many replacement aircraft (and pilots) were sent to the operational squadrons from July through October 1940? I can find stuff for the British squadrons, especially Fighter Command, but the German side is less clear.

Thanks

Knouterer
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Re: Delivery of aircraft to squadrons during the battle of Britain

Postby Knouterer » 02 Jul 2017 20:15

Regarding the strength and reinforcements of the Luftwaffe fighter units: production numbers per month as often quoted in various works can be misleading, because it should not be assumed that all Bf 109 fighters leaving the factory in August 1940 (for example) were with frontline units by the end of next month. After an airplane left the factory, there was a prolonged period of testing, and before final acceptance by the Reichsluftfahrtministerium it was often sent back to the factory for corrections, sometimes more than once. Vajda & Dancey, German Aircraft Industry and Production 1939-1945, quote the example of the Do 217; production of this type officially ceased in September 1943, but the last ones were delivered to the Luftwaffe in May 1944 (p. 134).

Production of the Bf 109 was 230 in June, 180 in July and 220 in August (according to Vajda & Dancey, p. 145).
The abovementioned Die Jagdfliegerverbände der Deutschen Luftwaffe 1934 bis 1945 (Vol. 4/II) has tables showing the actual allocation (Zuweisung) of fighters (Bf 109) per month:

– In July, the combat units of the LW received 159 single-seat fighters (Bf 109E) Of these, 91 went to Luftflotte 2, 35 to Luftflotte 3, 1 to ErPro 210, and 32 (including 30 E7 fighter bombers) to II.(S)/LG 2, which latter unit, as mentioned above, was in the process of converting from Hs 123 ground attack aircraft.
– In August, 238 single-seat fighters were allocated. Of these, 3 went to Luftflotte 1, 169 went to Luftflotte 2, 51 to Luftflotte 3, 6 to III./JG 26, and 9 (E7) to II.(S)/LG 2.
– In September, the number was 337 (including one Curtiss Hawk): 14 to Luftflotte 1, 274 to Luftflotte 2, 30 to Luftflotte 3, 8 to III./JG 26, and 11 to Erg.(S)/JGr.

The increases in August and September are it seems in part attributable to factory-repaired/rebuilt aircraft rather than new production. Indeed the total delivered went down again to 239 in October, 139 in November and 130 in December, reflecting the fact that aircraft lost over England and the Channel could not be recovered and either repaired or cannibalized, although new production also went down during the latter part of the year.
"The true spirit of conversation consists in building on another man's observation, not overturning it." Edward George Bulwer-Lytton

Tsofian
Member
Posts: 25
Joined: 05 Apr 2017 14:49
Location: St Louis, Missouri

Re: Delivery of aircraft to squadrons during the battle of Britain

Postby Tsofian » 02 Jul 2017 23:20

Thanks, that is very helpful!


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