Discussions on all (non-biographical) aspects of the Luftwaffe air units and general discussions on the Luftwaffe.
Posts: 1421
Joined: 10 Jul 2008 22:02
Location: Oregon


Post by Brady » 16 Apr 2022 16:06

Looking for specific Unit info on the following raids What Units were these that were Flying the 109's :

From It Never Snows in September:

Shortly after Krafft’s southerly advance began, specks were seen in the air to the south-west and the tell-tale and now familiar drone of two- and four-engined transport aircraft began to fill the air. At 1600 the Polish glider-borne elements of 1st Polish Brigade began to swoop down on dropzone ‘L’ between the Ede-Arnhem road and railway. They landed astride retreating units from 10 PARA, and between Krafft’s advancing SS Battle Group and covering troops from Hackett’s 4th Brigade headquarters. At the same time the Luftwaffe put in a rare appearance. The landing was a catastrophe as Marek Swieciki, a Polish war correspondent and witness to the scene, relates. Messerschmidt 109 fighters tore into the hapless transports and gliders as they landed:

It Never Snows in September: The German View of Market-Garden and the Battle of Arnhem, September 1944 (p. 196). Ian Allan Publishing. Kindle Edition.

Any Idea on the JU 52 transport unit?:

Pionier-Lehr Battalion 9, an assault-pioneer school from Glogau in the Reich, was specially equipped for street fighting and air-landed at Deelen airfield north of Arnhem. Junkers JU52 transport aircraft began the shuttle operation on the night of 21 September and continued the following evening.

It Never Snows in September: The German View of Market-Garden and the Battle of Arnhem, September 1944 (p. 222). Ian Allan Publishing. Kindle Edition.

Any Idea on What units were part of this and what Aircraft they flew?:

Supplementing this organisation was the ‘Reich’ Jagdflieger (Fighter) Division 1 of the Luftwaffe, recently released by Wehrmacht Headquarters West for operations in the Arnhem-Nijmegen area. The FLIVO (or airforce liaison officer) reported to Harzer’s headquarters and began directing the air effort. Three hundred fighters from the division soon made their presence felt periodically over Arnhem. Both the disastrous landing of the Poles’ glider-borne equipment and the retreat of Hackett’s 4th Parachute Brigade into the Oosterbeek perimeter were harassed by the German Luftwaffe. The division was eventually to claim 40 transport aircraft and 112 gliders to its credit.

It Never Snows in September: The German View of Market-Garden and the Battle of Arnhem, September 1944 (p. 222). Ian Allan Publishing. Kindle Edition.


The Fowling partially answers my quest, I am also looking for what Specific models they were flying:

FLIVO-Luftwaffe forward air control net – in Harzer’s command post on 23 September. At about 0800 he took two fighter ‘Gruppen’ from Jagdgeschwader (fighter squadrons) 2 and 26, led by a Captain Eder, under control. Using his call sign, ‘ Teerose II’, he directed Eder – Aster-Anton – to attack the Poles immediately south of the lower Rhine. A record of the subsequent sortie was kept in the radio log. It began with Weber directing Eder on to the correct target: ‘You are attacking Elst. Elst is blue [i.e. friendly]. Attack Driel. Between Driel and the lower Rhine, two small ponds – Hullo Victor?’ Captain Eder redirected his attacking aircraft, speaking through his intercom to the pilots of II Jagdegeschwader 26: ‘We are to attack Driel, between Driel and the lower Rhine -two small ponds.’ After the strafing run was complete, Eder’s squadron was set upon by Allied aircraft. Weber, seeing the threat, radioed: ‘Teerose to Aster-Anton – a new target to attack. Swarms of bandits over the Zuider-Zee.’ Eder relayed the warning to all his aircraft: ‘New target. Swarms of aircraft over the Zuider-Zee.’ At this point one of Jagdegeschwader 26’s pilots – Aster 53’ -declared to his leader that he had ‘a mechanical problem’. Eder’s response, somewhat sarcastic, produced whoops from those listening and anxious for the support on the ground: ‘You’ve filled your trousers! Ram them and then climb out. After that then you

It Never Snows in September: The German View of Market-Garden and the Battle of Arnhem, September 1944 (pp. 260-261). Ian Allan Publishing. Kindle Edition.


The Luftwaffe was ordered to make a concerted effort against the two Nijmegen bridges. On the night of September 26/27, 19 Ju-87 Stuka bombers of the night attack group NSG 2 bombed the Nijmegen bridges with little result The main attack in the early morning hours was conducted by 42 Fw 190 fighter-bombers of III./KG 51 supported by Bf 109 fighters. By the end of the day, British fighters had claimed 45 German aircraft in one of the most intense air battles of the Market-Garden campaign. The following day, Sonderverband Einhorn, a specialized “self-sacrifice” attack unit equipped with Fw 190F-8s modified to carry bombs of 1,000kg or more, were directed to attack the Nijmegen bridges. Dive-bombing at high speed through a squadron of Canadian Spitfires, both bridges were hit but with without critical damage.

Zaloga, Steven J.. Operation Market-Garden 1944 (1): The American Airborne Missions (Campaign) . Bloomsbury Publishing. Kindle Edition.


I had recalled reading that Nijmegen was also Bombed by JU 88's but I cat seam to find the reference for that atm. I dont suppose anyone has one for that and what unit it was and weather or not they were using JU 188's?

Return to “Luftwaffe air units and Luftwaffe in general”