Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Discussions on the personalities of the Wehrmacht and of the organizations not covered in the other sections. Hosted by askropp and Frech.
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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 27 Dec 2018 22:51

I know, this is in fact a list compiled by the HPA. You will have noted that this list was completed immediately after the surrender. Naturally, not all relevant facts were known in Flensburg at the time. The last weeks of the war are also missing (e.g. the generals captured in the Ruhrkessel). Therefore, those dates should be used with caution and cross-checked with other sources if possible. Regarding the Eastern Front, Bezborodova (while not totally without errors) is clearly superior to this list.

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Albert
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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 03 Jan 2019 22:50

I don't know if anybody has noticed, but I have constantly been updating and correcting the Eastern Front list. Still, some dates are not entirely clear. Useful sources are Bezborodova, Minaev (from salimb.ru) and the files of the Abwicklungsstab, but none of them is without errors. It was necessary for me to reread the history of Bagration to get a clearer picture. I was astonished that standard works like Frieser, while concentrating on some episodes, left out others entirely. To see who "is in the lottery pot", it is helpful to remember the respective frontline units of HGr Mitte and their commanders from north to south:

3. Panzerarmee
IX. Armeekorps
- 252. Infanteriedivision
- Korpsabteilung D, Generalmajor Bernhard Pamberg [no generals lost north of here]
LIII. Armeekorps, General der Infanterie Friedrich Gollwitzer (PoW)
- 246. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Claus Mueller-Bülow (PoW)
- 4. Luftwaffenfelddivision, Generalleutnant Robert Pistorius (+)
- 6. Luftwaffenfelddivision, Generalleutnant Rudolf Peschel (+)
- 206. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Alfons Hitter (PoW)
VI. Armeekorps, General der Artillerie Georg Pfeiffer (+)
- 197. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Hans Hahne (missing)
- 299. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Ralph Graf von Oriola
- 256. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Albrecht Wüstenhagen (+)

4. Armee
XXVII. Armeekorps, General der Infanterie Paul Völckers (PoW)
- 78. Sturmdivision, Generalleutnant Hans Traut (PoW)
- 25. Panzergrenadierdivision, Generalmajor Paul Schürmann
- 260. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Günther Klammt (PoW)
XXXIX. Panzerkorps, General der Artillerie Robert Martinek (+)
- 110. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Eberhard von Kurowski (PoW)
- 337. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Otto Schünemann (+)
- 12. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Rudolf Bamler (PoW)
- 31. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Wilhelm Ochnser (PoW)
XII. Armeekorps, Generalleutnant Vincenz Müller (PoW)
- 18. Panzergrenadierdivision, Generalleutnant Karl Zutavern (+)
- 267. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Otto Drescher (+)
- 57. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Adolf Trowitz (PoW)

9. Armee
XXXV. Armeekorps, Generalleutnant Kurt-Jürgen Freiherr von Lützow (PoW)
- 134. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Ernst Philipp (+)
- 296. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Hellmuth Ißmer (missing)
- 6. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Hans-Walter Heyne (PoW)
- 383. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Edmund Hoffmeister (PoW)
- 45. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Joachim Engel (PoW)
XXXXI. Panzerkorps, General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling
- 36. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Alexander Conrady (PoW)
- 35. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Johann-Georg Richert [no generals lost south of here]
- 129. Infanteriedivision
LV. Armeekorps

2. Armee

Additional PoW Losses (Reserve Units etc.)
- Generalmajor Gottfried von Erdmannsdorff, Kommandant von Mogilew
- Generalmajor Gustav Gihr, 707. Infanteriedivision
- Generalleutnant Adolf Hamann, Kommandant von Bobruisk
- Generalmajor Herbert Michaelis, 95. Infanteriedivision
- Generalmajor Aurel Schmidt von Nagyatád, Armeepionierführer 9
- Generalmajor Friedrich-Carl von Steinkeller, Panzergrenadierdivision "Feldherrnhalle"

All in all, this are 22 generals (the same number as in Stalingrad).
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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 03 Jan 2019 23:55

Below, the information found in several sources (B = Bezborodova, M = Minaev, KK = Karteikarte, AS = Abwicklungsstab).
Note that locations in Soviet sources often mean the respective rayon, not the city itself.

Bamler
B: 26.06.1944, Mogilew
M: 28.06.1944, Mogilew
not in Generalskartei (why??)
not mentioned in any AS report

Conrady
B&M: 01.07.1944, Bobruisk
KK: 01.07.1944
AS: last seen on 30.06.1944 near Oktjabr

Engel
B&M: 11.07.1944, Minsk area
no date in KK
AS: last seen on 01.07.1944 near Oktjabr

Erdmannsdorff
B&M: 28.06.1944, Mogilew
KK: "vermißt August"
not mentioned in any AS report

Gihr
B&M: 05.07.1944, Bobruisk
KK: 27.06.1944 verm (later added "30.06."), mentioned in Soviet report of 08.07.1944
AS: last seen on 29.06.1944 near Oktjabr

Gollwitzer
B: "July Witebsk"
M: 28.06.1944, Witebsk
KK: "Ende Juni bei Witebsk vermißt"
AS: last seen on 28.06.1944 near Schelki

Hamann
B: no date
M: 28.06.1944
KK: 28.06.1944 vermißt, mentioned in Soviet report of 10.07.1944
AS: last seen on 27.06.1944, was said to have been killed on 29.06.1944

Heyne
B: "June Bobruisk"
M: 30.06.1944, Bobruisk
KK: 29.06.1944
AS: last seen on 28.06.1944

Hitter
B&M: 28.06.1944, Witebsk
KK: 26.06.1944
AS: last seen on 28.06.1944 near Schelki

Hoffmeister
B: 07.06.1944, Bobruisk [sic!]
M: 07.07.1944, Bobruisk
KK: mentioned in Soviet report of 08.07.1944
AS: last seen on 02.07.1944 near Oktjabr

Klammt
B: 09.06.1944, Minsk [sic!]
M: 09.07.1944, Uzlyany
KK: mentioned in Soviet report of 10.07.1944
not mentioned in any AS report

Kurowski
B&M: 21.07.1944, Grodno
KK: 22.07.1944
AS: last seen on 20.07.1944 "near the Memel"

Lützow
B: 03.07.1944, Bobruisk
M: 05.07.1944, Bobruisk
KK: 28.06.1944 vermißt bei Bobruisk, 04.07.1944 gefangen (?)
AS: last seen on 27.06.1944

Michaelis
B&M: 28.06.1944, Borissow
KK: 06.07.1944
not mentioned in any AS report

Müller
B: 08.07.1944, Minsk
M: 08.07.1944, Samakhvalavichy
KK: 05.07.1944 vermißt, mentioned in Soviet report of 09.07.1944
AS: last seen on 05.07.1944

Mueller-Bülow
B&M: 03.07.1944, Polozk
KK: "July 1944"
AS: last seen on 26.06.1944

Ochsner
B&M: 12.07.1944, Minsk
KK: 20.07.1944
AS: allegedly last seen 19.07.1944, definitely on 09.07.1944

Schmidt
B: 09.07.1944, Slonim
M: 09.07.1944, Kabaki
KK: 09.07.1944 vermißt bei Zelwa, mentioned in Soviet report of 10.07.1944
not mentioned in any AS report

Steinkeller
B: Minsk
M: 07.07.1944, Krupitsa
KK: mentioned in Soviet report of 08.07.1944
AS: last seen on 06.07.1944

Traut
B&M: 06.07.1944, Smilavichy
KK: 06.07.1944 vermißt, mentioned in Soviet report of 07.07.1944
AS: last seen on 05.07.1944

Trowitz
B&M: 07.07.1944, Minsk
KK: mentioned in Soviet report of 09.07.1944
AS: last seen on 06.07.1944

Völckers
B: 07.07.1944, Minsk
M: 09.07.1944, Smilavichy
KK: mentioned in Soviet report of 07.07.1944 (?)
AS: last seen on 07. or 08.07.1944
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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 04 Jan 2019 16:25

These are the villages near Minsk mentioned on the Minaev website:

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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 05 Jan 2019 20:18

We have seen that the info from salimb.ru is the best. While it is probably based on the same sources as Bezborodova, it is sometimes more detailed and contains less typos and errors. Therefore, in most cases, I adopted the info from Minaev's site.

Essentially, we have three groups of prisoners from Bagration (see map). The LIII. AK was eingekesselt in Witebsk and tried to break out to the southwest on 27/28 June. Gollwitzer and Hitter surrendered together, as photographic evidence suggests, while Mueller-Bülow apparently was on the run for several days. He is the only general who was captured "near Polozk".

Shortly later, the southern group around XXXV. AK and XXXXI. PzK broke out from Bobruisk to the northwest. This force was destroyed on 30 June / 1 July near Oktjabr and Ossipowitschi. Some parts, including General von Kessel, escaped to link up with 12. Panzerdivision, but the rest was captured. Most generals were rounded up within days. If the date of 11 July for Engel should be correct, he would have been the last, but I'm still somewhat skeptical on that because the Minsk area is given as the location. In case he really made it so far, shouldn't he have stumbled into the third and largest group? Maybe it was 1 July after all? Typos were also made in 1944.

The group I just mentioned would be the greater part of 4. Armee caught along the Beresina by the giant pincers of the Red Army. This was the largest group of generals, and they were together until the breakout south of Minsk on 5/6 July. Some surrendered or were captured rather fast, but some got quite a distance away. Kurowski had reached the vicinity of Grodno (off the map to the west) when he was captured as the last PoW from Bagration proper. Even longer on the run were Drescher, who was killed on the Memel on 13 August, and Schürmann, who reached German lines near Suwalki on 17 August.

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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 12 Jan 2019 20:31

Now to the Jassy generals. Again, I will start with an order of battle of HGr Südukraine:

Armata a 4-a Română
XVII. Armeekorps
Corpul VII Armată
Corpul I Armată
LVII. Panzerkorps
Corpul V Armată
Corpul VI Armată

8. Armee [no german generals lost northwest of here]
Corpul IV Armată
IV. Armeekorps, General der Infanterie Friedrich Mieth (+)
- 79. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Friedrich-August Weinknecht (PoW)
- Divizia 11 Infanterie
- 376. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Otto Schwarz (PoW)

6. Armee
VII. Armeekorps, General der Artillerie Ernst-Eberhard Hell (PoW)
- 370. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Botho Graf von Hülsen (PoW)
- 106. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Carl Ringenberg (PoW)
- Divizia 14 Infanterie
XXXXIV. Armeekorps, General der Infanterie Ludwig Müller (PoW)
- 62. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Louis Tronnier (PoW)
- 258. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Rudolf Hielscher (PoW)
- 282. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Hermann Frenking (PoW)
- 335. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Franz-Eugen Brechtel (PoW)
LII. Armeekorps, General der Infanterie Erich Buschenhagen (PoW)
- 161. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Erich Wolff (+)
- 294. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Werner von Eichstedt (+)
- 320. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Otto Schell (+)
- 384. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Hans de Salengre-Drabbe (+)
XXX. Armeekorps, Generalleutnant Georg Postel (PoW)
- 302. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Erich von Bogen (PoW)
- 257. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Friedrich Blümke (PoW)
- 15. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Rudolf Sperl
- 306. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Ernst Weiß (+)

Armata a 3-a Română
XXIX. Armeekorps, Generalleutnant Anton Freiherr von Mauchenheim genannt Bechtolsheim
- Divizia 4 Munte
- Divizia 21 Infanterie
- 9. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Werner Gebb (PoW)
Corpul III Armată [no german generals lost southeast of here]

Note that unknown to both himself and his captors, Blümke had been promoted to GM. He died soon in a Soviet field hospital.


Additional PoW Losses (Staffs, Reserve Units etc.)
- Generalleutnant Friedrich Bayer, 153. Feldausbildungsdivision
- Generalmajor Arthur Brandt, Deutscher Bevollmächtigter im rumänischen Ölgebiet
- Generalleutnant Karl Burckhardt, Kommandant des rückwärtigen Armeegebiets 593
- Generalmajor Hans Busch, Wehrwirtschaftsoffizier Rumänien
- Generalmajor Stanislaus von Dewitz genannt von Krebs, Kommandant von Kischinew
- Generalleutnant Alfred Gerstenberg, Befehlshaber der Deutschen Luftwaffe in Rumänien
- General der Kavallerie Erik Hansen, Chef der Deutschen Heeresmission in Rumänien
- SS-Brigadeführer Horst Hoffmeyer, SS- und Polizeiführer Transnistrien
- Generalmajor Julius Kuderna, 5. Flakdivision
- Generalintendant Hans-Georg von Lilienthal, Chefintendant der Deutschen Heeresmission in Rumänien
- Generalarzt August Raeß, Leitender Sanitätsoffizier der Deutschen Heeresmission in Rumänien
- Generalmajor Karl Spalcke, Militärattaché an der Deutschen Gesandtschaft in Bukarest
- Generalleutnant Rainer Stahel, Kampfgruppe Stahel
- Generalmajor Karl Stingl, Kommandant von Jassy
- Generalmajor Georg Teschner, Luftschutzbrigade 1
- Admiral z.V. Werner Tillessen, Chef des Deutschen Marineverbindungsstabes in Rumänien
- Generalleutnant Hans Tröger, 13. Panzerdivision
- Generalmajor Eckart von Tschammer und Osten, Feldkommandant 853

All in all, this are 29 generals (or 30 if Blümke is included), more than in Stalingrad and Bagration.
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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 14 Jan 2019 19:26

Below, again the information found in the aforementioned sources (B = Bezborodova, M = Minaev, KK = Karteikarte, AS = Abwicklungsstab).

Bayer
B&M: 10.10.1944, Razgrad
KK: 11.09.1944 in russ. Gefangenschaft, 15.09.1944 soll aus Bulgarien den Russen ausgeliefert [worden] sein
AS: seen in Romania on 29.08.1944 and in Razgrad Camp on 04.09.1944

Blümke
B: not listed [doubtless because the Soviets registered him as an Oberst]
M: wounded on 24.08.1944, afterwards captured, died on 04.09.1944
KK: "04.09.1944 gefallen" [How could they know?]
AS: wounded on 24.08.1944, "died later" [Again: who could know this?]

Bogen
B&M: 26.08.1944, Bessarabia
KK: 28.08.1944
AS: not present when the remnants of his division reached the Pruth on 26.08.1944

Brandt
B: 05.09.1944, Brasov
M: 28.08.1944, Brasov
no Karteikarte (Luftwaffe)
AS: surrendered to Romanian forces on 05.09.1944

Burckhardt
B: no date given
M: 11.09.1944, Braila
KK: 11.09.1944 vermißt
AS: not mentioned in any report

Busch
B&M: 25.08.1944, Bucuresti
no Karteikarte (Luftwaffe)
AS: "Ende August an Rußland ausgeliefert"

Buschenhagen
B: 12.10.1944, Bessarabia
M: 04.09.1944, Bessarabia
KK: 04.09.1944 vermißt [later changed by hand into 14.09.]
AS: last seen on 12.09.1944

Dewitz
B&M: 01.09.1944, Buzau
KK: 04.09.1944 bei Buzau vermißt
AS: last mentioned on 23.08.1944

Frenking
B&M: 24.08.1944, Husi
KK: 29.08.1944 in russ. Gefangenschaft
AS: last seen on 23.08.1944

Gebb
B&M: 25.08.1944, Tiraspol
KK: 29.08.1944 in russ. Gefangenschaft
AS: last seen on 24.08.1944

Gerstenberg
B: no date given
M: 28.08.1944 captured by Romanians, 01.09.1944 handed over to the Soviets
no Karteikarte (Luftwaffe)
AS: said to have been in [Romanian or Soviet?] prison in Bucuresti in late September

Hansen
B: 23.08.1951 [sic!]
M: 26.08.1944 captured by Romanians, 01.09.1944 handed over to the Soviets
KK: "Ende August vermißt"
AS: "Ende August an Rußland ausgeliefert"

Hell
B: captured near Vulcanesti [no date given]
M: 27.08.1944, Vulcanesti
KK: 01.09.1944 in russ. Gefangenschaft
AS: last seen near Husi on or before 28.08.1944

Hoffmeyer
B: not listed [Why?]
M: captured in Romania in September, suicide on 10.09.1944 in Karpovo
no Karteikarte (SS&Polizei)
not mentioned in any AS report

Hülsen
B: 06.03.1944 [sic!], Onesti
M: 03.09.1944, Onesti
KK: 04.09.1944 vermißt
AS: last seen on 02.09.1944 near Onesti

Kuderna
B&M: 01.09.1944, Ploesti
no Karteikarte (Luftwaffe)
AS: last seen on 31.08.1944 near Slanic

Lilienthal
B&M: 24.08.1944, Bucuresti
no Karteikarte (Heeresbeamter)
not mentioned in any AS report

Müller
B: 23.09.1944 [sic!], Romania
M: 23.09.1944 handed over to Red Army by the Romanians
KK: 04.09.1944 vermißt [later changed by hand to 28.08.]
AS: last seen on 28.08.1944 near Stanilesti

Postel
B: 31.08.1944, Bessarabia
M: 30.08.1944, Romania
KK: 28.08.1944 in Gefangenschaft
AS: last seen on 29.08.1944 near Husi

Raeß
B: 08.09.1944, Bucuresti
M: 29.08.1944 captured by Romanians in Bucuresti, 08.09.1944 handed over to Red Army
no Karteikarte (Sanitätsoffizier)
AS: 29.08.1944 handed over to the Soviets

Schwarz
B: 04.09.1944, Romania
M: 04.09.1944 handed over to Red Army by Romanians
KK: 04.09.1944 vermißt
AS: last seen on 02.09.1944 near Onesti

Spalcke
B: 02.09.1944, Bucuresti
M: 02.09.1944 handed over to Red Army by Romanians
KK: "Ende August vermißt"
AS: "Ende August an Rußland ausgeliefert"

Stahel
B: 28.08.1944, Romania
M: 28.08.1944 captured by Romanians, 01.09.1944 handed over to the Soviets
no Karteikarte (Luftwaffe)
not mentioned in any AS report

Stingl
B: 30.08.1944, Gusino [Can't find this place]
M: 30.08.1944, Romania
KK: 30.08.1944 in russ. Gefangenschaft
AS: last seen on 30.08.1944 near Vutcani

Teschner
B: 05.09.1944 [no place given]
M: 05.09.1944, Romania
no Karteikarte (Luftwaffe)
AS: surrendered to Romanian forces on 05.09.1944

Tillessen
B: not listed [Why?]
M: 23.08.1944 captured by Romanians, 02.09.1944 handed over to the Soviets
no Karteikarte (Kriegsmarine)
AS: "Ende August an Rußland ausgeliefert"

Tröger
B: 10.09.1944, Razgrad
M: September 1944 interned in Bulgaria, 10.09.1944 handed over to Soviets
KK: 11.09.1944 in russ. Gefangenschaft, soll aus Bulgarien den Russen ausgeliefert [worden] sein
AS: last seen on 29.08.1944 in Romania

Tronnier
B&M: 27.07.1944 [sic!], Kishinew
KK: 28.08.1944 in russ. Gefangenschaft
AS: last seen on 25.08.1944 near Lapusna

Tschammer
B: no info on date and place given
M: captured by Romanians in late August, handed over to Red Army in September
KK: 25.08.1944 near Cernavoda
not mentioned in any AS report

Weinknecht
B&M: 29.08.1944, Jassy
KK: 01.09.1944 in russ. Gefangenschaft
AS: last seen on 29.08.1944 near Husi
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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by Stauffenberg II » 14 Jan 2019 21:27

askropp wrote:
12 Jan 2019 20:31
Now to the Jassy generals. Again, I will start with an order of battle of HGr Südukraine:

Armata a 4-a Română
XVII. Armeekorps
Corpul VII Armată
Corpul I Armată
LVII. Panzerkorps
Corpul V Armată
Corpul VI Armată

8. Armee [no german generals lost northwest of here]
Corpul IV Armată
IV. Armeekorps, General der Infanterie Friedrich Mieth (+)
- 79. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Friedrich-August Weinknecht (PoW)
- Divizia 11 Infanterie
- 376. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Otto Schwarz (PoW)

6. Armee
VII. Armeekorps, General der Artillerie Ernst-Eberhard Hell (PoW)
- 370. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Botho Graf von Hülsen (PoW)
- 106. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Carl Ringenberg (PoW)
- Divizia 14 Infanterie
XXXXIV. Armeekorps, General der Infanterie Ludwig Müller (PoW)
- 62. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Louis Tronnier (PoW)
- 258. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Rudolf Hielscher (PoW)
- 282. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Hermann Frenking (PoW)
- 335. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Franz-Eugen Brechtel (PoW)
LII. Armeekorps, General der Infanterie Erich Buschenhagen (PoW)
- 161. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Erich Wolff (+)
- 294. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Werner von Eichstedt (+)
- 320. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Otto Schell (+)
- 384. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Hans de Salengre-Drabbe (+)
XXX. Armeekorps, Generalleutnant Georg Postel (PoW)
- 302. Infanteriedivision, Generalleutnant Erich von Bogen (PoW)
- 257. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Friedrich Blümke (PoW)
- 15. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Rudolf Sperl
- 306. Infanteriedivision, Oberst Ernst Weiß (+)

Armata a 3-a Română
XXIX. Armeekorps, Generalleutnant Anton Freiherr von Mauchenheim genannt Bechtolsheim
- Divizia 4 Munte
- Divizia 21 Infanterie
- 9. Infanteriedivision, Generalmajor Werner Gebb (PoW)
Corpul III Armată [no german generals lost southeast of here]

Note that unknown to both himself and his captors, Blümke had been promoted to GM. He died soon in a Soviet field hospital.


Additional PoW Losses (Staffs, Reserve Units etc.)
- Generalleutnant Friedrich Bayer, 153. Feldausbildungsdivision
- Generalmajor Arthur Brandt, Deutscher Bevollmächtigter im rumänischen Ölgebiet
- Generalleutnant Karl Burckhardt, Kommandant des rückwärtigen Armeegebiets 593
- Generalmajor Hans Busch, Wehrwirtschaftsoffizier Rumänien
- Generalmajor Stanislaus von Dewitz genannt von Krebs, Kommandant von Kischinew
- Generalleutnant Alfred Gerstenberg, Befehlshaber der Deutschen Luftwaffe in Rumänien
- General der Kavallerie Erik Hansen, Chef der Deutschen Heeresmission in Rumänien
- SS-Brigadeführer Horst Hoffmeyer, SS- und Polizeiführer Transnistrien
- Generalmajor Julius Kuderna, 5. Flakdivision
- Generalintendant Hans-Georg von Lilienthal, Chefintendant der Deutschen Heeresmission in Rumänien
- Generalarzt August Raeß, Leitender Sanitätsoffizier der Deutschen Heeresmission in Rumänien
- Generalmajor Karl Spalcke, Militärattaché an der Deutschen Gesandtschaft in Bukarest
- Generalleutnant Rainer Stahel, Kampfgruppe Stahel
- Generalmajor Karl Stingl, Kommandant von Jassy
- Generalmajor Georg Teschner, Luftschutzbrigade 1
- Admiral z.V. Werner Tillessen, Chef des Deutschen Marineverbindungsstabes in Rumänien
- Generalleutnant Hans Tröger, 13. Panzerdivision
- Generalmajor Eckart von Tschammer und Osten, Feldkommandant 853

All in all, this are 29 generals (or 30 if Blümke is included), more than in Stalingrad and Bagration.
Good job, thanks. Are we positive re Oberst Hielscher that he was POW? There is at least one source - forum der wehrmacht - stating that he was KIA according to eyewitness reports ...

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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 14 Jan 2019 22:35

Oh yes, those eyewitnesses ...

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But there are people who knew better:

"Am Dienstag, dem 6. November 1956, verstarb unser Kamerad Rudolf Hielscher, Oberst im Generalstab a.D. Er war ein untadeliger Soldat, der auch in zehnjähriger russischer Gefangenschaft den klaren Weg der Ehre eines deutschen Offiziers nicht verlor. Klar wie sein Leben war sein Tod. Unsere Kameradschaft zu ihm geht über seinen Tod hinaus. Hermann Heinrich Behrend, Generalmajor a.D., Soltau (Hannover), den 10. November 1956." (Source: Ostpreußenblatt vom 24.11.1956)
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Stauffenberg II
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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by Stauffenberg II » 14 Jan 2019 22:54

EXCELLENT, thanks for your thorough documentation.

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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 16 Jan 2019 00:18

While many divisional commanders were overwhelmed near the frontline, two larger groups containing several generals were finally destroyed on 28/29 August near Stanilesti and Vutcani.

A poorly armed mob of probably 10.000+ soldiers from the remnants of XXX., XXXXIV. and LII. AK converged on the Soviet-held Pruth from the east and dissolved into individual groups after crossing it. All three KG were present, but none of their subordinate generals (in fact, all four of Buschenhagen's divisional commanders had been killed, a disaster possibly unique for the Heer in WW2). The generals seem to have played no substantial part in the astonishing river crossing, one of the strangest episodes of the campaign. Most eyewitness reports indicate that after spending nearly two days on a coverless river island, a few individual Landser groups (allegedly led by an Hauptmann) spontaneously reacted to the appearance of a Soviet patrol (whose members probably did not realize how many refugees had amassed there), beat the Soviets back and chased them through the now apparent ford. Suddenly filled with new hope, the whole crowd jumped into the fray and caused a gigantic stampede that finally stormed the village of Stanilesti together with the surrounding heights. Of course, no cohesive unit or Kampfgruppe could be formed from the survivors, and from this point it was "everyone for himself", with countless ever-dwindling bands heading for the Carpathians.

Nearly simultaneously, Mieth's force travelling on the western bank of the Pruth reached the vicinity of Vutcani. This group still had numerous vehicles when it was attacked and dispersed by Soviet forces from ground and air, causing a gigantic traffic jam and subsequent mayhem. Mieth died, but several of his generals escaped and continued their flight westward, also in small marching groups.

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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 16 Jan 2019 16:52

Here the greater picture: a whole bag of prisoners was captured in Bucuresti, with Gerstenberg and Stahel escaping north until their group was apprehended near Gherghita. No general from the Husi / Stanilesti / Vutcani area got farther than Onesti. The Luftwaffe generals guarding the oilfields left Ploesti for Hungary. Kuderna, apparently wounded, was left behind on the way, and Brandt surrendered one half of the marching group to the Romanians near Brasov. (Note that nearly 1500 men led by a Major refused to lay down their arms and succesfully continued their retreat into Hungary.) Bayer and Tröger made it to Bulgaria, but were handed over to the Soviets a few days later. What I can't believe is that Hell should have been captured near Vulcanesti (unless there was another town of that name), at least not on 27 August.

While there was no successful Rückkämpfer like Schürmann after Bagration, several generals escaped the Jassy debacle. First and foremost, Frießner and Fretter-Pico, the architects of the whole disaster (alongside Hitler of course), skedaddled early enough to reach safety with their respective staffs. Rudolf Sperl became ill (or "ill"?) on the very first day of the offensive, also managing to escape from the field hospital when it was threatened. Theodor Fischer, Kommandant von Braila, not only reached Bulgaria, but talked the Bulgarians into letting him continue to Serbia before the Red Army arrived. I assume this is also the way taken by Anton von Mauchenheim, whose Korps seems to have been the only one that was (at least partially) able to disengage from the battle proper, but was later scattered nevertheless.

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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by askropp » 20 Jan 2019 21:45

Part 5: Eastern Front 1945 (January to March)

Years ago, when I started this thread, I intended to stop with 30 April 1945, the day of Hitler's suicide. As it appears now, the whole month of April is a very complicated and nebulous affair, with all fronts converging and numerous unoccupied or even retired generals being captured. Therefore and for the time being, I will use 31 March 1945 as the temporary end date.

22.01.1945
Generalmajor Ulrich Liß
304. Infanteriedivision
near Katowice


23.01.1945
Generalmajor Johann Tarbuk Edler von Sensenhorst
Feldkommandant 620
near Czestochowa


27.01.1945
Generalleutnant Georg Graf von Rittberg
88. Infanteriedivision [last assignment]
near Radom


31.01.1945
Generalmajor Carl Anders
88. Infanteriedivision
near Glogau

Generalingenieur Franz Mahnke
Ingenieuroffizier z.b.V. beim Reichsminsiter für Rüstung und Kriegsproduktion
near Königsberg


05.02.1945
Generalleutnant Vollrath Lübbe
Division Nr. 433
in Kriescht


12.02.1945
SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS Karl Pfeffer-Wildenbruch
IX. SS-Gebirgskorps
in Budapest

SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei Konrad Hitschler
BdO Ungarn
in Budapest

Generalmajor Heinrich Remlinger
Kommandant von Budapest
in Budapest


20.02.1945
SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei Günther Merk
SS-Führer z.b.V. beim HSSPF Generalgouvernement
in Schlesien


23.02.1945
Generalmajor Ernst Mattern
Kommandant von Posen [last assignment]
in Posen


05.03.1945
Generalleutnant Alexander von Zülow
Wehrersatzinspektion Köslin
in Köslin


06.03.1945
Generalleutnant Günther Krappe
X. SS-Armeekorps
bei Dramburg

Generalmajor Ludwig Fricke
Kommandant von Graudenz
in Graudenz


07.03.1945
Generalleutnant Willy Raithel
Division "Bärwalde"
bei Schivelbein


15.03.1945
Generalleutnant Siegmund Freiherr von Schleinitz
Division Nr. 402
bei Dramburg


Anders, who is not listed by Bezborodova, was probably captured before he learned of his promotion to GM.
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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by taurus » 26 Sep 2021 08:44

List of German generals captured in Pisek 128th border regiment.
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Re: Attempt at a complete list of German General PoWs 1941-1945

Post by 2KILFA » 16 Apr 2022 19:55

askropp wrote:
05 Sep 2014 10:25
Starting today, I will try to compile a complete list of German general officers captured by enemy forces between 1941 and 1945. I will not include retired officers and officers only promoted to general's rank in captivity, and I will end with the date of Hitler's suicide because we would have a whole flood of prisoners from the various surrenders in May 1945.

I'm thankful for any additions and / or corrections!
Hi askropp,

The list of General Officers taken prisoner is detailed. What sources you used in this research?

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