Award List - Romanian Order of Michael the Brave

Discussions on the personalities of the Wehrmacht and of the organizations not covered in the other sections. Hosted by Dieter Zinke, askropp and Frech.
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VJK
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Post by VJK » 01 Aug 2003 20:41

Shawn, you must have eyes like a hawk! I scrutinised the pic of Hansen earlier today and damned if I could see any trace of the Order! Now of course, knowing where to look it becomes more obvious!

Regards,

VJK

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USAF1986
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Post by USAF1986 » 02 Aug 2003 01:43

Victor,

Thanks again for the first part of the list! I have a couple of questions you might be able to assist with:

Oberstleutnant Hans Dohle, Commander of Infantry Regiment 362: 3rd Class by Royal Decree No. 2886/17 October 1941 (posthumous).

Q: Is Infantry Regiment 362 correct? Just curious, as that regiment was assigned to the 196th Infantry Division in Norway. Seems odd!

Leutnant R. Hohl, Infantry Regiment 97: 3rd Class by Royal Decree No. 1362/8 May 1942.

Q: Is “R” the initial of his first name or part of “Leutnant der Reserve”?

Also, do you know what happened to the 10th Liaison Detachment to suffer those casualties?

Thanks again,
Shawn

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Victor
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Post by Victor » 02 Aug 2003 06:55

USAF1986 wrote:Q: Is Infantry Regiment 362 correct? Just curious, as that regiment was assigned to the 196th Infantry Division in Norway. Seems odd!


This is what it says here. :?
USAF1986 wrote:Q: Is R the initial of his first name or part of Leutnant der Reserve?


It is the initial.


USAF1986 wrote:Also, do you know what happened to the 10th Liaison Detachment to suffer those casualties?


Probably the battle of the Azov Sea. The two 2nd lt. died while leading Romanian troops on an assault. The colonel I don'tknow.

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Victor
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Part 2

Post by Victor » 02 Aug 2003 08:32

Part 2
41. Generalfeldmarschal Wilhelm List: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 1896/24 June 1942 (CO Army Group A)
42. gen. Erich von Levinski von Manstein: 2nd class by Royal Decree no. 2029/16 July 1942 (CO 11th Army)
43. gen. Ewald von Kleist: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2029/16 July 1942 (CO 1st Panzer Army)
44. lt. col. Ritter von Eberlein: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2029/16 July 1942 (CO 612th IR)
45. Generalfeldmarschal Fodor Bock: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 2172/29 July 1942 (CO Army Group South)
46. gen. Friederich Wolfgang von Richtoffen: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2172/29 July 1942 (CO Fliegerkorps VIII)
47. gen. Georg von Sodenstern: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2172/29 July 1942 (chief of staff AG South)
48. brig. gen. Ernst Haccius: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2172/29 July 1942 (CO 46th ID)
49. col. Helmudt Grosswith: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2172/29 July 1942 (11th Corps)
50. gen. Alexander Lohr: 2nd class by Royal Decree no. 2177/29 July 1942 (CO Lufflotte 4)
51. gen. Erik Hansen: 2nd class by Royal Decree no. 2177/29 July 1942 (CO 54th Corps)
52. maj. gen. Gunther Korten: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2177/29 July 1942 (chief of staff Luftflotte 4)
53. Generalfeldmarschall von Rundstedt: 1st class by Royal Decree no. 2550/1 September 1942 (CO Army Group West)
54. Generalfeldmarschall von Bock: 1st class by Royal Decree no. 2550/1 September 1942 (CO Army Group South)
55. gen. Joschonneck: 2nd class by Royal Decree no. 2550/1 September 1942 (chief of Luftwaffe staff)
56. admiral Fricke: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2550/1 September 1942 (chief of Kriegsmarine staff)
57. gen. Ewald von Kleist: 1st and 2nd classes by Royal Decree no. 3034/6 October 1942 (CO 1st Panzer Army)
58. lt. gen. Fretter-Pico: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3034/6 October 1942 (CO 30th Corps)
59. brig. gen. Schulz: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3034/6 October 1942 (chief of staff Army Group Don)
60. brig. gen. Sander: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3034/6 October 1942 (CO 170th ID)
61. col. Ernst Felix Faeckensted: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3034/6 October 1942 (chief of staff 1st Panzer Army)
62. col. von Cholitz: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3034/6 October 1942 (?)
63. col. Muller: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3034/6 October 1942 (105th IR)
64. col. Hitzfeld: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3034/6 October 1942 (CO 213th IR)
65. lt. col. von Boddien: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3035/6 October 1942 (post mortem; CO of Boddien Mechanized Detachment)
66. lt. col. Ludwig Zoller: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3035/6 October 1942 (post mortem; chief of staff Army Group Don)
67. lt. Hans Dietrich Scheil: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3035/6 October 1942 (post mortem; 70th Pioneer Battalion; see no. 39 in the list)
68. maj. gen. Fritz Zickwolf: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3225/3 November 1942 (?)
69. col. Wolfgang Hanssenstein: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3225/3 November 1942 (CO 268th IR)
70. gen. Hermann Hoth: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3251/6 November 1942 (CO 4th Panzer Army)
71. lt. gen. Kemph Werner: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3251/6 November 1942 (CO 38th Panzer Corps)
72. lt. gen. Karl Strecker: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3251/6 November 1942 (CO Strecker Group)
73. lt. gen. Eberhardt von Mackensen: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 77/15 January 1943 (CO 3rd Panzer Corps)
74. admiral Karl Georg Schuster: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 77/15 January 1943 (CO Navy Group South)
75. viceadmiral Wilhelm Frederich Fleischer: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 77/15 January 1943 (chief of the Kriegsmarine mission in Romania)
76. viceadmiral Hans Heinrich Wurmbach: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 77/15 January 1943 (CO Black Sea, Azov Sea and Caspic Sea Command)
77. gen. Paulus: 1st, 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 312/5 February 1943 (CO 6th Army)
78. gen. Richard Ruoff: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 312/5 February 1943 (CO Ruoff Group)
79. gen. Friederich Wolfgang von Richtoffen: 2nd class by Royal Decree no. 360/15 February 1943 (CO Luftflotte 4)
80. brig. gen. Karl Albrecht von Groddek: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 361/15 February 1943 (CO Groddek Brigade; this award should be posthumously, because Groddek died because of his wounds in May 1942)
81. cpt. Erwin Schneider: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 361/15 February 1943 (liaison officer 4th Mountain Division; see no. 38)
82. gen. Siegmund Schleintz: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 399/18 February 1943 (CO 9th ID)
83. col. Wilhelm Iohn: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 399/18 February 1943 (?)
[on 18 February is also mentioned in the list maj. gen. Karl Schmidt (CO of the 19th ID), but only by mistake, as he was a Romanian officer, not a German one]
84. gen. Alfred Gerstenberg: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 572/3 March 1943 (Luftwaffe attaché in Romania)
85. lt. gen. Wetzel: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 572/3 March 1943 (CO 5th Corps)
86. maj. gen. Hans Greifenberg: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 726/19 March 1943 (chief of staff Army Group A)
87. maj. gen. Rudolf Brunau: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 726/19 March 1943 (CO 73rd ID)
88. brig. gen. Winzenz Muller: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 726/19 March 1943 (chief of staff Ruoff Group)
89. lt. col. Gunther Siedschlag: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 907/31 March 1943 (72nd ID)
90. maj. Ulrich Canstein: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 907/31 March 1943 (22nd ID)
91. cpt. Wilhelm Schoning: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 907/31 March 1943 (120th Motorized IR)
92. cpt. Martin Roekner: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 907/31 March 1943 (2nd Motorized AR)
93. cpt. Oskar Freydank: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 907/31 March 1943 (191st IR)
94. lt. Rudolf Dietz: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 907/31 March 1943 (79th Motorized AR)
95. 2nd lt. Hans Bantzen: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 907/31 March 1943 (Brandenburg Regiment)

end of part 2

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Post by USAF1986 » 02 Aug 2003 13:17

Victor,

Outstanding work! Please keep them coming!

Just curious, is that the correct date for number 25 (Jeschonnek). It seems as of the date is out of sequence compared to the decree numbers.

Also, is number 94 an Oberleutnant or Leutnant?

TWO awards of the 3rd Class for Schiel and Schneider! Would one display a "bar" or some such device on the ribbon to show the second award of the same class of the order?

Thanks again!
Shawn

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Post by Victor » 02 Aug 2003 15:34

96. admiral Karl Doenitz: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 1012/12 April 1943
97. gen Kurt Zeitzler: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 1012/12 April 1943
98. lt. gen Erwin Jaenecke: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1180/7 May 1943 (CO 17th Army)
99. maj. gen Wilhelm Scheckenburger: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1180/7 May 1943 (CO 125th ID)
100. col. Helmuth von Panwitz: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1180/7 May 1943 (command of Army Group A)
101. col. Fritz Wentzel: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1180/7 May 1943 (Army Group Ruoff)
102. col. Heinz Ziegler: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1180/7 May 1943 (chief of staff 42nd Corps)
103. maj. Horst Wendland: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1180/7 May 1943 (3rd Panzer Corps)
104. maj. Wilibald Lindiger: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1180/7 May 1943 (liaison officer to the 1st Infantry Division)
105. brig. gen Roske: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1438/20 May 1943 (CO 71st ID)
106. col Johannes Steffler: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1438/20 May 1943 (4th Corps)
107. maj Albrecht Prinz von Hohenzollern Sigmaringen: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1611/15 June 1943 (German Military Mission in Romania)
108. maj Bruno Grauber: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1611/15 June 1943 (?)
109. lt Siegfried Gierse: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1612/15 June 1943 (liaison to the 6th Cavalry Division)
110. maj Bernhard Sauvant: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1615/15 June 1943 (36th PzR)
111. maj gen. Ernst Rupp: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1616/15 June 1943 (CO 97th ID)
112. maj gen. Emil Wilhelm Vogel: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1616/15 June 1943 (CO 101st ID)
113. General der Infanterie Hermann Kress: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2181/7 August 1943 (CO 4th GjD)
114. col. Alfred Reinhardt: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2181/7 August 1943 (CO 421st GrR)
115. maj. Prinz Gottfried Hohenlohe: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2181/7 August 1943 (18th CavR)
116. maj. Hans Beil: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2517/13 September 1943 (155th ATR)
117. maj. Heinz Pfeiffer: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2517/13 September 1943 (39th Tank Hunter Detachment)
118. maj. Erich Kayser: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2517/13 September 1943 (155th PzGrR)
119. maj. (r) dr. Rudolf Buckmann: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2517/13 September 1943 (408th StuG Detachment)
120. lt. Georg Stehle: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 2517/13 September 1943 (115th PzGrR)
121. lt. gen. Rudolf Konrad: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3269/20 October 1943 (CO 49th Corps)
122. lt. gen. Ott: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3269/20 October 1943 (CO 52nd Corps)
123. brig. gen. Helmuth von der Chevallerie: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3269/20 October 1943 (CO 13th PzD)
124. maj. Hans Wilhelm Michaelis: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3269/20 October 1943 (13th PzD)

(!!!) The Royal Decree no. 3289/27 October 1943 canceled the awards for col. Fritz Lindemann and for lt. Hans Dietrich Schiel.

125. lt. Heinrich Halachermann: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3269/20 October 1943 (798th AR)
126. lt. gen. Alfred Jodl: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 3316/23 December 1943
127. lt. gen. Erwin Jaenecke: 2nd class by Royal Decree no. 3316/23 December 1943 (CO 17th Army)
128. brig. gen. Walter Warlimont: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 3316/23 December 1943
129. maj. gen. Friederich Sixt: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 97/17 January 1944 (CO 50th ID)
130. maj. Erwin Wagner: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 299/14 February 1944 (?)
131. cpt. Alfred Muller: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 299/14 February 1944 (CO 191st StuG Bt.)
132. maj. Helmuth Krauss: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 712/30 March 1944 (116th IR)
133. 2nd lt. Egbert von Stuemer: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 712/30 March 1944 (?)
134. lt. gen. Otto Wohler: 2nd class by Royal Decree no. 1072/30 May 1944 (CO 8th Army)
135. maj. gen. Hasso Eccard von Manteufel: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1072/30 May 1944 (CO GD Div)
136. viceadmiral Helmuth Brinkman: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1072/30 May 1944 (Black Sea German Admiral)
137. gen. von Edelsheikm: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1072/30 May 1944 (CO 24th PzD)
138. col. Langkeit: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1072/30 May 1944 (CO GD PzR)
139. brig. gen. Wolf Hagemann: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1292/12 July 1944 (CO 336th ID)
140. brig. gen. Wolf Dietrich Ritter von Xylander: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1292/12 July 1944 (chief of staff 17th Army)
141. Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 1297/12 July 1944 (CO Army Group B)
142. General der Infanterie Karl Allmedinger: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1297/12 July 1944 (CO 5th Corps)
143. cpt. Erich Bonich: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1297/12 July 1944 (5th Corps)
144. gen. Martin Gereis. cpt. Erich Bonich: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1297/12 July 1944 (CO 98th ID)
145. viceadmiral Gustov Kiesseritzky: 3rd class by Royal Decree no. 1297/12 July 1944

End of part 3 and of the list.
Source: Ordinul Militar de Razboi Mihai Viteazul by col. Eugen Ichim, Modelism&Jertfa, 2000
Last edited by Victor on 10 Jun 2007 13:01, edited 1 time in total.

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USAF1986
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Post by USAF1986 » 03 Aug 2003 01:24

Another ABR success story! Superb job typing up that list Victor; a GREAT research tool is now at hand!

Thanks again for all of your efforts!

Regards,
Shawn

P.S. The last name on the list should be posthumous: Vizeadmiral Gustav Kieseritzky, the Commanding Admiral Black Sea, was killed on 19 November 1943 at Kamisch-Burun in the Crimea.

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Post by Dan E. Moe » 03 Aug 2003 12:04

but there is no Waffen-SS holders....

dan

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Victor
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Post by Victor » 03 Aug 2003 12:05

USAF1986 wrote: Just curious, is that the correct date for number 25 (Jeschonnek). It seems as of the date is out of sequence compared to the decree numbers.


Yes, it is. Why would it be out of sequence?

USAF1986 wrote: Also, is number 94 an Oberleutnant or Leutnant?


He is a 1st lt. That would make him an Oberleutnant, no? I am not too familiar with German ranks.

USAF1986 wrote: TWO awards of the 3rd Class for Schiel and Schneider! Would one display a "bar" or some such device on the ribbon to show the second award of the same class of the order?


The same class would not be awarded twice, except after 1944, when some officers also received the 1944 3rd class version along the 1941 3rd class version they already had. Of course this does not apply to German officers for obvious reasons.

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Victor
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Post by Victor » 03 Aug 2003 12:07

frontkjemper wrote:but there is no Waffen-SS holders....

dan


Because none Waffen SS troops were too much in contact with Romanian troops, except for the Liebstandarte for a short while in 1941. Thus no reason to award them any distictions.

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Post by Dan E. Moe » 03 Aug 2003 12:31

Did any of the Romanian soldiers in the Waffen-Grenadier Regiment der SS 103 (rumanische nr.1) received a order of the Michael the Brave before joining Waffen-SS?

dan

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Victor
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Post by Victor » 03 Aug 2003 14:21

I have no idea.

to Shawn,
I canalso add the other Axis officers that received the order if you are interested.

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Post by USAF1986 » 03 Aug 2003 15:56

Victor,

If not too much trouble, the other Axis officers would be great as well!

It’s interesting that General der Infanterie Friedrich Mieth is not on the list, although a photograph exits showing him displaying the 3rd Class. Several years ago, I received a brief, “reconstructed” service record (BA-MA Msg 109/1760 & 4648) on Mieth from the German Military Archives at Freiburg. The file dates from 1955 and contains several pages of handwritten notes provided by the General’s widow to supplement lost/destroyed personnel records. Here is a scan of his decorations from the record – the Romanian Order of Michael the Brave, 3rd Class is not listed here either.

Besides his major WWII decorations,

• Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross: 2 November 1943, General der Infanterie, Commanding General of the IV Army Corps.
• Oakleaves (No. 409): 1 March 1944, General der Infanterie, Commanding General of the IV Army Corps.

the following decorations are listed as such:

Left Column:
• Prussian Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914): 17 September 1914.
• Prussian Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914): 11 March 1915.
• Turkish War Medal (“Iron Crescent”): 29 January 1918.
• Wound Badge in Black – World War I award: April 1918.
• Cross of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918: 29 December 1934.
• Armed Forces Long Service Awards, 4th – 1st Classes: 2 October 1936.

Center Column:
• 1939 Bar to the Prussian Iron Cross, 2nd Class: 29 October 1939
• 1939 Bar to the Prussian Iron Cross, 1st Class: 3 February 1940
• German Cross in Gold: 26 December 1941.
• Medal for the Winter Campaign in Russia 1941/1942 (“East Medal”): 1 August 1942.
• Order of the Crown of Italy, Grand Officer: 11 March 1942.

Right Column:
• Bavarian Military Merit Order, 4th Class with Swords: 7 February 1915.
• Brunswick War Merit Cross, 2nd Class: 22 March 1917.
• Austrian Military Merit Cross, 3rd Class with War Decoration: 6 December 1917.

I've often wondered if Mieth's was a late award that, due to the situation in August-September 1944 in Romania, went unpublished in orders and thus slipped between the cracks.

Regards,
Shawn
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Post by Victor » 03 Aug 2003 16:33

Finland:
1. marshal Carl Gustav Mannerheim: 1st, 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 3026/1 November 1941

Slovakia:
1. gen. Ferdinand Catlos: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 2172/29 July 1942

Italy:
1. marshal Ugo Cavallero: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 3821/31 December 1942 (chief of the Italian General Staff)
2. marshal Etture Bastico: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 3821/31 December 1942 (CO of Italian Forces in Africa)
3. marshal Umberto of Savoy: 1st, 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 1783/26 July 1943 (CO Italian Army Group South)
4. gen. Vittorio Ambrosio: 2nd and 3rd classes by Royal Decree no. 3821/31 December 1942 (chief of the Italian General Staff)

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Post by USAF1986 » 03 Aug 2003 16:54

Victor,

Thanks again...MUCH appreciated!

If I'm not mistaken, Mannerheim, then a general of the Imperial Russian Army, also received a WWI issue of the Order of Michael the Brave, 3rd Class for the defense of the Transylvanian Alps during the fighting in Romania, 1916-1917. As Mannerheim later recollected (and somewhat complained!) in his memoirs:

“When I paid my respects to General Avarescu on leaving, he expressed his appreciation of the division’s good work and asked me to request that it be allowed to remain in his army. To this I could only reply that this was not customary in the Imperial [Russian] Army.

It was not until a long time later that I received a visible sign of Rumanian appreciation in the form of the Cross for Bravery, 3rd Class, of the Order of Michael the Bold. The delay was evidently due to the fact that I had, on two occasions, refused to permit two of my Rumanian divisional commanders, who King Ferdinand had sent for, to leave their post in the middle of an operation.”

Regards,
Shawn

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