Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

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Kelvin
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Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by Kelvin » 09 Jan 2024 15:24

Dear all, in accordance with Lexikion der Wehrmacht website, Sperr Brigade 1 had Pionier Bataillon 46 and II/Pionier Brigade 42 and will reinforce with the following units

Radfahr MG Bataillon 71, sPz.Jg Abteilung 661 and Leichte Artillerie abteilung 855

I would like to ask if those units actually joined with Sperr Brigade 1 ?

And the role of Sperr Brigade 1 was using landmines to deny any Soviet advance ?

German 70.Pionier Brigade in Poland also used landmines and built fortification to against Soviet ? thx

wwilson
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by wwilson » 10 Jan 2024 13:33

Not really clear from what one can find in Tessin's work. The 855th Artillery Battalion sounds like it was deployed near Warsaw vice West Prussia, and the machine gun unit fought vicinity Lodz, but was later in the same field army as the Sperr brigade.

From Tessin's work:

Sperr-Brigade 1 * 1944 in Polen, Jan. 1945 in Westpreußen bei der 2. Armee (XXXXVI. AK).

Festungs-Maschinengewehr-Btl. 71 * Nov. 1944 im WK III zu 4 Kp;
wurde als Radfahr-Maschinengewehr-Btl. 71 aufgestellt;
Einsatz: Litzmannstadt, 10. 2. Reste bei 2. Pz.Div. (2 . Armee) in der Tucheler Heide (111 Vermißte!).
U: Heerestruppe (9 . Armee)

schwere Heeres-Panzerjäger-Abt. 661 (8,8 cm) * Juli 1943 im Osten aus der H.Pz.Jg.Abt. A;
19. 2. 1945 in Bergen, WK XI, zur Auffrischung der schw.H.Pz.Jg.Abt. 682, 683 und 686 verwandt und aufgelöst.
U: Heerestruppe: Mittelrußland, Narew, Westpreußen (2. Armee)
E: 10 Straubing, WK XI

leichte Artillerie-Abt. (RSO) 855 am 29.4 .1943 im WK V
wieder aufgestellt aus Stab II. und 6. Bttr./AR 35 und Stab I. und 7. Bttr./AR 260.
U: Heerestruppe: Rußland, 1942/43 Stalingrad; nach Wiederaufstellung: 1943 Hgr. Mitte. 1944/45 9. Armee bei Warschau
E: 61 Lahr; 1943 E 260 Ludwigsburg, WK V

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donwhite
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by donwhite » 11 Jan 2024 06:32

A little more detail/confirmation from NARA T312 R349 . (Apologies, the original JPEGS are too large to attach apparently).

'Gliederung der Sperrbrig.1' as of 11/12/44.
Stab (aus Pi.Rgt.Stab.4) gem.Nachr.Zug
Pi.Btl.46(mtz)
II./Pi.Brig.42(partially mtz)
Radfhr.MG.Btl.71
Pz.Aufkl.Kp.(SPW's)
le.Art.Abt.855(mtz)\s.Pz.Jag.Abt.661(mtz)

'Truppeneinteilung der 9.Armee' as at 26/12/1944
Sperr-Brig.1 In Zuführung zu XXXXVI.Pz.K
H.Stu.Pi.Btl.46
II./Pi.Brig.42
Radf.M.G.Btl.71
s.Pz.Jg.Abt.661
l.F.H.-Abt.(RSO)855
in Aufstellung im Reich
Aufkl.Kp.(SPW)

aside from some further qualification in the individual designations, the OB looks stable between the described dates.

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RFVD11
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by RFVD11 » 11 Jan 2024 11:40

Probably more info on massive multi volume Oder/Vistula/Berlin works which I do not have handy at the moment. Will look later.
AHK

wwilson
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by wwilson » 11 Jan 2024 16:55

@donwhite

Thanks for those quotes. Looks like most of the 'extras' indeed became part of the brigade. In some ways, it looks like the Germans copying the Soviet concept of machine gun-artillery units.

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wwilson
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by wwilson » 11 Jan 2024 19:07

Noticed donwhite mentioned a link on another forum that relates to this topic. It is no longer on-line, but can be accessed via the wayback machine:

http://tinyurl.com/33nzkffh

The relevant comment is by a user called "Martin Block".

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jsb_
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by jsb_ » 20 Feb 2024 19:54

I came across this thread while researching my gandpa's deployment in the Vistula-Oder region in 1944-1945 (see thread in German).

He was part of the Heeres-Festungs-Artillerie-Abteilung II./70 which was deployed around Jakubów, Jędrzejów County in the General Governorate for the Occupied Polish Region from September 1944 through January 1945. It was under the command of the Division z.b.V. 602.

On January 5 1945, there's an interesting order (Befh.i.H.G.Gen.Gouv. Abt.Ia/Org.Nr.132/45) relating to Sperr-Brigade 1:
  • "Heer.Fest.Art.Abt. II/70" is renamed "Heer.Art.Abt. (sFH/tbew.mot) II/70"
  • The Abteilung shall regroup according to K.St.N.406a (1.1.45) and K.St.N.462a (1.1.45). (The Abteilung was previously armed with Russian artillery: F.K.295(r) and s.F.H.396(r). I believe the purpose of the regrouping was the equipment with new guns.)
  • As soon as the first of the three Batterien is equipped with new guns, the entire Abteilung is to be deployed to Sperr-Brigade 1 under command of the A.O.K.9.
Source: NARA T501-218B 1309, 1310

One day later it is mentioned that due to the deployment to A.O.K.9, a regrouping of II./70 is no longer under consideration.
Source: NARA T501-218B 1307

This is the last mention I've found of "Heer.Fest.Art.Abt. II/70" or "Heer.Art.Abt. (sFH/tbew.mot) II/70". I don't know whether the Abteilung was actually incorporated into Sperr-Brigade 1. I'd be interested to learn if the deployment of my grandpa continued there. Maybe the information above is useful to someone.

wwilson
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by wwilson » 20 Feb 2024 20:20

"Lexikon der Wehrmacht" indicates the II./70 had its Feldpost identification number deleted in late March 1945. I did not see a mention of this unit the thread comment above that mention's Martin Block's text.

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donwhite
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by donwhite » 22 Feb 2024 01:49

It appears 1 Sperr Brigade was still operating with XXXXVI Pz.Korps as of 2/2/1945 according to the Lage Ost map of the same date. See RH2-Kart/1339
(Invenio Bundesarchiv). Maybe some further information on H.Art.Abt. II./70 might show up in Armee Gruppe Vistual records if nothing further surfaces in either AOK.9 or XXXXVI Pz.Korps records.

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jsb_
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by jsb_ » 24 Feb 2024 15:05

Thanks for the update donwhite, I'd love to take a look at at these maps but I'm not sure how to access the RH2-KART records in Bundesarchiv. I do have an invenio account but it looks like those maps are not digitized. Do I need special permissions to access these or is there some other way to obtain them?

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schwarzermai
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by schwarzermai » 24 Feb 2024 15:18

II./70

- 03.01.1945 – Heeresgruppe A/ Befehlshaber im Heeresgebiet Generalgouvernemant/ Stab Division 602 z.b.V. – eingesetzt in der A 1 – Linie bei Helenowka
- 27.1.1945 - Umbewaffnung hinfällig geworden - die Abteilung ist zerschlagen – nur noch Personaleinheit vorhanden
- 30.1.1945 – Op. Abt. – Zuführung der Personaleinheit der Heeres-Artillerie-Abteilung II./70 in den Bereich Heeresgruppe Mitte zu Ob.d.E. nach Meißen zur Aufstellung Volks-Artillerie-Korps (t.bew.mot.) 411 befohlen
- 23.2.1945 - Personaleinheit der Heeres-Artillerie-Abteilung II./70 zur Aufstellung Heeres-Artillerie-Korps (t.bew.mot.) 411 verwendet und gilt als aufgelöst

source: my bookset -

uwe
viewtopic.php?f=19&t=223633

My Bookproject: "Organisationsgeschichte der deutschen Heeresartillerie im II. Weltkrieg"

http://balsi.de/Heeresartillerie/

jsb_
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by jsb_ » 24 Feb 2024 15:50

Fantastic, thanks for these updates about II./70, Uwe! I haven't seen those anywhere else yet.

Does this imply that II./70 likely stayed in their A1 line position (Helenówka near Jakubów, Jędrzejów) until their defeat in January 27?
So their deployment to Sperr-Brigade 1 never really materialized?

Btw, which volume of your book series is this from? Are there more details about II./70 in the books? And from which primary sources did this come from? Thanks again for providing this work!

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schwarzermai
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by schwarzermai » 24 Feb 2024 18:10

jsb, hello - Unfortunately I don't know any more about the operation in January 1945.

my sources are various signatures NARA and BA/MA

my data on II/70 range from 1938 to 1945

Uwe
viewtopic.php?f=19&t=223633

My Bookproject: "Organisationsgeschichte der deutschen Heeresartillerie im II. Weltkrieg"

http://balsi.de/Heeresartillerie/

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donwhite
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by donwhite » 25 Feb 2024 06:18

Hello JSB,
The specific map mentioned has been digitalized. I was not logged in. I found and viewed it it using the following search path in the listed order: lagekart, Deutschreich Militär, Reichsheer & Wehrmacht, Reichsheer & Heer, Spitzenbehorden, RH2-Kart OKH/General Stab des Heeres. Lagekarten, Lage Ost 1941-1945, 1.3.45 Febr. 1945. RH2-Kart/1339 (2.Febr. 1945) should appear with 'Digitalisat anzeigen' option to view the map. Hopefully they are digitalizing a lot more of Lage Ost series!

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jsb_
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Re: Sperr Brigade 1 before Vistula Oder 1945

Post by jsb_ » 26 Feb 2024 23:59

Cheers donwhite, I was able to find it with your description. I somehow got lost in a wrong branch of their category tree. Indeed would be nice to see more of those maps digitized.

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