An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Larry D. » 25 Oct 2021 16:31

Sid -

Germanicus says in Post #1 of this thread:

"Of the planned 10,180 battalions only a third of these were ever raised. Of these at least 700 battalions saw
combat – mostly on the Eastern front. Danzig-West Prussia, Mark Brandenburg, Lower and Upper Silesia, East
Prussia, Pomerania etc. In the West the only notable numbers of VSt to be raised were in Essen and Westmark."

Each battalion ran around 650 officers and men. So, one third of 10,180 would be approx. 3,393 battalions which, at full KStN personnel strength, would total 2,205,450 officers and men.

L.

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 25 Oct 2021 20:52

Sid Guttridge wrote:
25 Oct 2021 14:41
Hi Germanicus,

Do you yet have a rough estimate for the number of Volkssturm battalions actually formed?

Kissel says that the known killed and missing came from some 700 different battalions, but how many battalions were there?

Cheers,

Sid.
Dear Sid & Larry D, my Dear Friends, a very good question indeed. [My Apologies Larry D, I misread the post and thought it was from Sid.
My Respects]

The following should assist.

Most respectfully

Germanicus.

To first answer the question Sid, the following is some of the correspondence, I had with author Dr David Keith Yelton [Hitler's Volkssturm: The Nazi Militia and the Fall of Germany, 1944-1945] - on the 22 June 2014.

Dr David Yelton stated, had he known how tough the subject of research he may have reassessed attempting such a project. [I am glad he didn't].

The Gau's that have yielded the greatest findings are: [at the time of writing the post in 2014 I stated the following]

2 Bayreuth
4 Danzig-Westpreussen
7 Franken
21 Niederschleisen
23 Oberschleisen
25 Ostpreussen
26 Pommern
33 Süd Hannover-Braunschweig
34 Thüringen
36 Wartheland

As the Volkssturm, was an NSDAP creation [financed by the NSDAP in fact] and not Wehrmacht, the information at hand is scattered all over the place. Czech and Polish research is coming to light, as well as access to Russian archives, is slowly coming forth which I have utilised. Unfortunately as I am based in Australia, I have had to rely heavily on the Internet or purchasing obscure books on the subject. I have attempted to link each find with a confirmation so that the reader can assess it themself."

Dr David Yelton further stated :-

In digging around in my Volkssturm information (for an article I'm working on), I found two interesting items.

One was the item from Gau Thueringen that listed Volkssturm battalions by Kreis... however they were listed in aggregate without individual numbers having been assigned. I'm guessing this was work in preparation for assigning the numbers. The other is Gau Franken's list of battalions
from Feb. 14, 1945 (it's in US National Archives Microfilm Series T-580/reel 923/Ordner #40

viewtopic.php?f=50&t=192705&p=1881844&h ... n#p1881844

Now to answer your question in detail.

From my understanding all registred citizens eligible for service into the Volkssturm, were formed into designated Volkssturm-Bataillons based on
the Gau, Kries and Block system around the system compiled by the NSDAP-Ortsgruppe leading up to the 20th October swearing in of the Volkssturm. This process commenced with the announcement of the Volkssturm in late September 1944 based on Bormans detailed instructions.

If, as is evident from the telegram sent by Bormann to his representative Friedrich on 1 October, 1944 and later comments, we take into account
the many difficulties which mounted up from the outset, then it is amazing that by the second half of October, all Gau were able to report
positively on the state of preparation of their Volkssturm forces.

Units of the Volkssturm were assigned numbers in Arabic numerals corresponding to the appropriate Party identification number for the individual Gau (see Appendix VIII), the battalion number and the company number. Battalions were then sequentially numbered within each Gau and the companies within each battalion.

The result of this was that the majority of the countless Volkssturm battalions which had been called up for service had to go into action armed
with weapons from captured stocks which were already available to the Gauleiters or which had been assigned expressly for this purpose by Stab Ib of the Allgemeine Heeresamt. Overall, the stocks of ammunition for these weapons were so small, that often only 10 rounds per rifle could be issued. These captured foreign weapons mostly consisted of Italian carbines which were difficult to use in the field, and for which, in any event, there was little ammunition available. The original plan to adapt the available 800,000 Italian carbines to take standard cartridges had to be abandoned.

Dr David Yelton further stated to me:-

"Each Gau listed the individual numbering of each Volkssturm-Bataillon. [In my correspondence with Dr. David Yelton], stated that the most extensive collection on the Volkssturm, that was found, is in the Teachers Union of the NSDAP in one place, which was not a lot [Apparently that
was the size of a large shoe box]. In my research have been able to find enumerating list for some Gau's though not for others. would say they are there, however, the numbering has not come to light as such, due to the limited research on the Volkssturm, which few writers have attempted to touch
".

Hans Kissel is probably the best to answer that question. This is a compilation by Hans Kissel that probably best answers your question.

The number of Volkssturm battalions actually formed as opposed to How many Volkssturm-Bataillones actually saw combat?

Thus, based on an instruction issued by the Wehrmacht Command Staff, the Oberbefehlshaber West issued the following order on 30 September 1944:

“In every place on German soil which becomes involved in combat operations, all men capable of bearing arms, irrespective of their age, will be subject to the command of the local military commander for the purpose of reinforcing the defensive forces. If it is not possible to provide them with Wehrmacht uniform, they will be provided with a yellow armband bearing the inscription ‘Deutsche Wehrmacht’ and a military pass.” Only if orders were given to evacuate the population of a district would the men capable of bearing arms not be retained. The formation of the Volkssturm brought to an end all measures of this kind and superseded the orders issued by the Wehrmacht authorities.

By far the largest number of all men liable for service in the Volkssturm belonged to the second levy. Volkssturm battalions from the second levy could only be deployed in combat if the enemy was actually standing ‘at the gates’, and therefore could only be deployed on a local basis. Generally, deployment on a local basis meant deployment within an individual district or Kreis.

Volkssturm battalions from the first and second levy were available for service with the Wehrmacht. The battalions of the first levy could be deployed over a wider area than their immediate home locality, which generally meant that they could be deployed anywhere within their
respective Gau or even further such as the initial Volkssturm-Bataillones z.b.V.
The battalions of the second levy, because of the importance
for the war effort of the civilian work carried out by their members, could only be provided in circumstances of the highest emergency and could generally only be deployed within their home district.

The negotiations with the many civilian authorities lasted from the beginning of November 1944 until the beginning of March 1945. It was therefore not possible before the war ended to enlist all those liable for service in the Volkssturm into formations formed within the framework of the first and second levies.

The following figures give more indications. On 30 September 1944 there were, not taking into account women and foreign workers, a total of 13.5 million German men registered as civilian workers. One “Statement of Weapons Requirements” prepared by the Chief of Staff in the office of the Reichsführer-SS on 30 November 1944 and available among the documents, estimates, on the basis of the reports made by the Gaue and an extremely careful enquiry into the number of men potentially available in the various age groups, that around 6 million men were available for service in the Volkssturm. Of these 6 million men, 4 million were in the first and second levies, from which no fewer than 6,710 Volkssturm battalions could have been formed. And one final figure: in the city of Stuttgart, more than 35,000 men were registered as liable for service in the Volkssturm.

In 1944 alone there were over 5 million men with dates of birth between 1895 and 1925 who were registered as exempt from military service.

On 20 October, in Upper Silesia, some 60 Volkssturm battalions were in the process of being formed. In Danzig-West Prussia,
on 24 October, “432 companies with 7,344 NCOs and 70,474 other ranks” had been called up to registration parades
.

One month later, on 21 November, according to a report made by the East Prussian Volkssturm command, “almost 90 combat ready battalions
with 80,000 men were standing under arms, or rather, under spades.”


The search lists for the missing at the German Red Cross contain a total of 29,687 names of members of the Volkssturm, 11,182 of them with photographs, who are still registered as missing. But this number of the missing may be far too low, because it must be assumed that the relatives
of many former members of the Volkssturm who were living in the Soviet occupied zone and in Austria have not submitted any requests for
searches. Also, there are no requests for searches on the part of relatives of missing men whose place of residence was east of the Oder-Neisse
line.


On 12 January 1945 the large-scale Soviet attacks began and on 14 January the entire Volkssturm within Eastern Germany was called up for deployment alongside the Wehrmacht on the request of the Army Chief of General Staff.

According to the registers of the missing, the 29,687 missing members of the Volkssturm belonged to about 700 different Volkssturm battalions
which are designated by their battalion numbers or by the names of their commanders. But because missing members of the Volkssturm are
also recorded under the Volkssturm designation of their home Kreis -without any Battalion details – and also because details of the men recorded
as missing in the ‘fortresses’ of Königsberg and Breslau are not shown within the context of their battalions, the overall number of Volkssturm battalions which were in contact with the enemy and suffered casualties is likely to be higher than 700.


Der Deutsche Volkssturm 1944/45: Eine territoriale Miliz im Rahmen der Landesverteidigung - Hans Kissel

viewtopic.php?f=50&t=192705&hilit=Kissel&start=765

I hope this answers your important question Sid & Larry D.

Most respectfully

Germanicus

PS

THE FALL OF HITLER'S FORTRESS CITY - The Battle for Königsberg 1945, ISABEL DENNY Greenhill Books, London MBI Publishing, St Paul

The Reich was now forced to rely for its final defence on young members of the Hitler Youth who had been trained to prepare for self-sacrifice for the Führer and would now be conscripted into the Volkssturm. The plan was that a 6-million-strong force would have 19,180 battalions.

Source [Matthew Hughes and Chris Mann, Inside Hitler's Germany, London, 2004, p. 170]

http://prussia.online/Data/Book/th/the- ... s_City.pdf
Last edited by Germanicus on 26 Oct 2021 10:36, edited 3 times in total.

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 26 Oct 2021 05:41

Kriegsende im Südschwarzwald (1945)

Volkssturm-Bataillon 1/41 „Markgraf“


https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kriegsend ... ald_(1945)

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 26 Oct 2021 23:22

Official Vokssturm Form from Ortsgruppe (local group) “Geisberg”, Wiesbaden Germany

Typed form addressed to a member of the Volkssturm , whose name is written illegibly in purple pencil, and signed -with “Heil Hitler!” closing salutation-by “Rossmann”, a local community leader of the NSDAP in Wiesbaden, Germany. The recipient is informed that his medical examination results place him in category-or levy- 4 in the conscription hierarchy used by the Volkssturm, and that he would be informed of his duty “by the responsible company”. As such he would be unable to fight but could nevertheless perform guard duty.

The Ortsgruppe leader would categorize the men registered into a four-tiered system of conscription (Aufgebot). Levy I and II held men- born
between 1884 and 1924- capable of combat duty. Levy I men were drafted early and without reserve. Levy II men were often in war production or
food supply, communications, and transport, but could be called upon to engage the enemy should the need arise. Levy III would include young boys from the Hitler Youth. Levy IV were those men unable to fight but still capable of guard duty.

Volkssturm Wiesbaden.JPG

https://digital.kenyon.edu/cgi/viewcont ... xt=bulmash
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 26 Oct 2021 23:26

New find

Volkssturm-Bataillon Michendorf [Gau Mark Brandenburg]

https://www.archivportal-d.de/item/5ISL ... 7783674826

SS-Garnison Radolfzell 1937–1945 – Raul Hilberg

Volkssturm-Bataillon 1/126 Radolfzell [Gau Baden]

"Zit. nach Albert Schreiber: „Volkssturm- Batl. 126 Radolfzell. Die Vorgänge in der Zeit vom 8.4.1945–25.4.1945.“
Ungedrucktes Typoskript, Ende Mai 1945, StAR

https://www.radolfzell.de/addmindms/doc ... .pdf?fdl=1

Schwerpunktthema: Zeitenwende Nürnberg 1945 Erlebnis, Erinnerung und Reflexion - Stadtarchiv Nürnberg

Volkssturm-Bataillon Nürnberg 2

https://www.nuernberg.de/imperia/md/sta ... 1_2005.pdf

Volkssturm-Bataillon 43/1 Krakau

http://generalgouvernement.info/Buecher/h40.pdf

HJ-Volkssturm-Bataillon Roßlau

https://www.mz.de/lokal/dessau-rosslau/ ... ge-3152918

Volkssturm-Bataillon Lobsin

https://open-data.bundesarchiv.de/ddb-b ... RL_2-V.xml

Geheimsachen und Geheime Kommandosachen: Bd. 3

Bundesarchiv, BArch RH 2/331

Kriegsgliederung der Gneisenaueinheiten und Volkssturmbataillone in den Wehrkreisen I, VIII, XX und XXI

https://www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothe ... A5TTC7JONV

ftp://jccalvin.ddns.net/MyRolls/BA-MA%2 ... r/RH-2.doc
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 26 Oct 2021 23:59

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 27 Oct 2021 00:48

Der Volkssturm im Generalgouvernement. - Gau 43 (Auslandorganisation der NSDAP)

Gemaß Erlaß des Führers über die Bildung des "Deutschen Volkssturms'' vom 25.9.1944 wurde die Aufstellung von Volkssturrn-Einheiten angeordnet.

Auch im Generalgouvernement mußten sich alle Reichsdeutschen und deutschstammige im Alter von 16 bis 60 Jahren zum Volkssturm
melden.

Die Aufstellung und Führung übernahmen in ihren Gauen die Gauleiter (im Gen.Gouv. der Generalgouvernement Dr. Frank). Das GG gehörte
zum Gau 43 (Auslandorganisation der NSDAP).

Im Generalgouvernement können zwei Volkssturm-Btle. nachgewiesen werden und zwar in

Volkssturm-Btl. Krakau mit Fp . - Nr . 25 057
und Volkssturm-Btl. Krakau. Krakau/5 mit Fp . - Nr . 39 267

Außerdem soll es noch folgende Volkssturm-Einheiten im Gen.Gouv. gegeben haben, in ( x)

Busko Zdroy (Distr . Radom)
Cholm (Distr . Lublin)
Ciechomin - Cichomice - ( Distr. Warschau)
Karolew (Distr. Warschau)
Lowicz - Lowitsch - (Distr. Warschau)
Neuhof (Distr. Warschau)
Sochaczew (Distr . Warschau)
Trzciana (Distr. Krakau)

Sollte ein Mitglied der ArGe GG weitere Angaben machen können oder über Unterlagen bzw . Fp.-Belege verfügen, wäre ich über
eine Meldung sehr dankbar.

(X) Aus Rd. Br. - Nr. 29/1983 der ArGe ''Feldpost"

http://generalgouvernement.info/Buecher/h40.pdf

Translation

Der Volkssturm im Generalgouvernement. - Gau 43 (Auslandorganisation der NSDAP)

According to the decree of the Führer on the formation of the "German Volkssturm" of September 25, 1944, the establishment of Volkssturrn units was ordered.

In the Generalgouvernement, too, all Reich Germans and people of German origin between the ages of 16 and 60 had to join the Volkssturm
Report.

The Gauleiter (in the General Governor of the Generalgouvernement Dr. Frank) took over the establishment and management in their Gau. The GG belongs to Gau 43 (foreign organization of the NSDAP).

Two Volkssturm-Btle. can be created in

Volkssturm-Btl. Krakau mit Fp . - Nr . 25 057
und Volkssturm-Btl. Krakau. Krakau/5 mit Fp . - Nr . 39 267

In addition, the following Volkssturm units in Gen. Govern. have given in (x)

Busko Zdroy (Distr . Radom)
Cholm (Distr . Lublin)
Ciechomin - Cichomice - ( Distr. Warschau)
Karolew (Distr. Warschau)
Lowicz - Lowitsch - (Distr. Warschau)
Neuhof (Distr. Warschau)
Sochaczew (Distr . Warschau)
Trzciana (Distr. Krakau)

Should a member of the ArGe GG be able to provide further information or via documents or. Fp. Receipts, I would have
a message very grateful.

(X) Aus Rd. Br. - Nr. 29/1983 der ArGe ''Feldpost"

Krakau.JPG
h40_Page_1.jpg
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 27 Oct 2021 01:55

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 27 Oct 2021 07:44

VOLKSSTURM. ORGANIZATION, POSITIONS AND STRUCTURE:

Given the territorial and political character of the new people's militia, the command structure of the units was intrinsically linked to the German political order. The militia units were divided into forty-three Volkssturm districts, which coincided with the Gaue of the Greater Germany NSDAP.
At the head of the units was the Gauleiter or leader of the NSDAP, who received the name of Gaubstabführer.

Gau: Territorial division of the NSDAP (Nazi Party). There were 42 Gau in the Reich and annexed territories. Gau number 43 comprised the Auslandorganisation (Foreign Organization of the Nazi Party); Each of the 42 NSDAP Gau was a VOLKSSTURM district.

The Gau were in turn divided into several Kreis, each of which was staffed with around twelve battalions, led by a Kreisleiter, assisted by a Kreistabführer. Germany numbered nine hundred and twenty Kreis at that time. The equivalences between the political order and the military
units of the Volkssturm are best seen in the following table:

VS B.JPG

Other smaller organizational divisions were structured under the Kreis, such as the Ortsgruppe, which made up a certain number of companies
under the command of an Ortsgruppenleiter, responsible for an area of ​​a city or a specific region; the Zelle, which in turn could encompass several platoons of a unit and was commanded by a Zellenleiter with jurisdiction over a territory equivalent to a neighborhood of five blocks of houses;
and finally the Block, which was reduced to a block of houses in a city, where a certain number of sections could be deployed and which was directed by a Block Boss, the lowest position within the NSDAP.

The battalion was chosen as the standard organizational unit mainly due to the lack of sufficient supplies and weapons for the creation of larger units.

The Volkssturm battalions received their own organizational denomination related to their origin. This name consisted of two parts: the District number to which it corresponded, plus the battalion number, this one, correlative with that of the other Reich battalions.

For instance:

- Battalion 43/400 was the 400th Battalion attached to Denmark (non-Reich territories, Gau 43)
- Battalion 25/97 was the 97th Battalion, based in East Prussia (Ostpreussen, Gau 25).

Each battalion had been designed to consist of six companies, one of which was artillery. Each company was in turn composed of 4 Züge, each divided into three or four groups of ten men. In each of the Züge, at least half the men were engaged in anti-tank fighting, the majority being
the younger soldiers and volunteers from the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth).

VS C.JPG

These anti-tank groups, called "Panzernahbekämpfungstrupps", were equipped with appropriate weapons, such as the well-known Panzerfaust, Panzerschreck, and anti-tank mines. Its main task was close combat with enemy tanks to try to stop or slow their advance.

The dedication of these groups to such a specific task as close combat against Soviet tanks is significant, representing a clear proof of the great inferiority in terms of tanks, which the Germans suffered in this phase of the conflict.

ROLES OF THE VOLKSSTURM:

The tasks for which these units were primarily formed were well defined. In order of importance they were the following:

- Surrounding and containing enemy landings at the beach heads or also possible paratrooper deployments.
- Anti-partisan struggle. Arrest of infiltrators and saboteurs.
- Protection of strategic enclaves such as bridges.
- Reinforcement of decimated units of the regular army.
- Plugging sectors of the Front threatened by the enemy advance.
- Maintain the security of low-threat sectors.
- Respond to the feared revolts of the nearly 10,000,000 prisoners who were being held in Germany.

They were also employed in other tasks, such as firing squads on their own ground, partisans or saboteurs.

After the Soviet advance, the militiamen were sometimes kept behind enemy lines, being expected to commit acts of sabotage and other actions of guerrilla warfare. In these cases, the captured Volkssturm were considered as saboteurs or terrorists by the Soviets who executed them immediately.

No less important was the surveillance of the concentration camps, since in the face of the rapid Soviet advances, in the prison camps groups of prisoners sometimes revolted against the Germans, creating problems in their own rear.

Another of the Volkssturm's tasks was to raise the morale of the people, thus making it appear that it was a war of all against an enemy that would respect no one. A "total war".

TRAINING:

The preparation given to the militia recruits can often be described as improvised. After receiving a hasty instruction that lasted forty-eight hours (the extraordinary workdays of war lasted in some cases seventy-two hours like those of the workers of the armament factories, in which case the instruction would be carried out on Sundays, and occasionally in the same factory). Militiamen were intended to master the use of the rifle, panzerfaust, panzerschreck, grenade launchers, hand grenades, pistols, mines, and submachine guns.

This training to the German population evidently came very late, with cases of recruits receiving training on the same front.

However, Germany also had small units of supposed territorial defense, the so-called “Wachdienst”, generally made up of people who were no longer of age to fight at the front and whose tasks were rather civil (such as tending agricultural crops and the fumigation of crops to prevent possible plagues), than those of an armed militia.

EQUIPMENT:

The new combatants were equipped with “2nd or 3rd hand” weapons which had previously passed through quality controls. They were also given material captured in the different countries conquered by Germany since the beginning of the conflict.

The armament was only adequately supplied to the first battalions formed, the later battalions even lacked weapons or were given hunting
shotguns. Sometimes unarmed militiamen with no effective fighting possibilities were sent home by party leaders.

A Volkssturm battalion had between 360 and 640 men in its ranks, with a (theoretical) armament:

-6 light mortars.
-6 panzerschreck.
-27 panzerfaust. (If you are interested in this weapon visit: http : // tecnica - militar . Fateback . Com / terrestrial / Panzerfaust . Htm ).
-VG 1-5 Volkssturm-Gewerh or Versuchs-Gerat 1-5 carbine rifles.
-They also used the VK98, VG1, VG2, VG3 and VG4.
-Volkspistolen (pistols designed for the Volkssturm).

Something that is surprising is the design of special weapons “Volkssturm” (Volkssturmwaffen), which were rarely manufactured as the VG 1-5 Volkssturm-Gewerh or “Versuchs-Gerat 1-5” rifle-carbine of which some units were completed in January. of 1945, and it is believed that later
it was used by the guerrillas of “werewolves” (Werewolf) that acted in the last days of the conflict and during some time after the capitulation.

Other little-known rifle designs were also devised, such as the VK98, VG1, VG2, VG3, and VG4, and even Volkssturm “Volkspistolen” pistols ( see photo to the right of these lines ), all of which were sparsely produced.

The grenades designed for the Volkssturm were extremely simple hand bombs that were more dangerous for the militiamen themselves than for
the enemy.

As for rations and supplies, generally they were not given food rations, being the families of the militiamen themselves who were in charge of feeding the combatants.

UNIFORMS:

The uniform was another motley piece of equipment for a Volkssturm. In most cases, the only visible sign of a regular uniform was the band (armband) that the new soldiers had to wear on their left arm with the inscription “Deutscher Volkssturm” or another similar one in which the inscription “Deutscher Werhmacht” read. ”, Frequently on their personal clothes, since although it was planned that later gray NSDAP uniforms
and the same helmet model used by the mountain troops would be delivered, these were scarcely provided to the militiamen, who wore their civilian clothes , overalls or work clothes of the different trades from which the recruits came, outdated uniforms from the Great War or uniforms
resulting from private donations.

In other cases depending on the Gau, the troops were given uniforms from auxiliary organizations such as the NSKK, the Todt organization
(in charge of building fortifications) or the RAD (Reichsarbeitsdienst, labor organization) and even the NSDAP itself.

Although the helmet of the mountain units had been designated as the standard helmet of the militiamen, other models were also distributed to
the Volkssturm troops, such as leftover helmets from World War I, Police helmets, sometimes the M1935 models, M1940 and M1942, and also "Luftschutz Gladiator" model helmets designed for the "Luftschutzwarndienst-LSW" organization, made up of civilians, whose task was to alert of enemy air attacks.

Uniformity was highly dependent on the geographical area and the Gau to which the Volksturm belonged.
Despite the precarious configuration of the uniform, enemy armies, both Soviet and Western allies, generally recognized and treated the
Volkssturm as soldiers of the Wehrmacht.

In the early days of the Volkssturm, the propaganda campaigns created by Goebbels managed to convince many through powerful slogans that
defeat could be avoided, and even of the possibility of reversing the course of events. Following the "sacred call of the Führer" or "Believe, Fight
and Win" and many other slogans shown in motion pictures sought to raise the morale of the members of the militia and therefore their desire to fight for victory.

With exceptions, the morale of these new troops was never very high in general, and only those who did not have a realistic knowledge of the warlike events believed that victory was still possible. Most thought they were sent to fight as a hopeless and futile effort.

Many militiamen deserted when they had the chance, returned home risking facing a military tribunal and the firing squad.

Often only the elderly recruits who had served in the Army during World War I showed a genuine military sense of discipline, as did the young volunteers from the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth), who garnered the highest number of decorations and Meritorious actions, of which the best known are those carried out in the final battle for Berlin against the Soviet armored troops.


https://1y2gm.foroactivo.com/t1076-el-v ... ma-defensa
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Hans1906 » 27 Oct 2021 11:38

Germanicus,

I don't know if it's possible here in the AHF, but it would be helpful, if you could self-edit your earlier posts in this thread.

The amount of information should be revised, and also somehow ordered, in the sense of all fellow readers.
This please just as a small comment on your topic, which I always follow with interest.

In this sense, a friendly greeting to you! :milwink:


Hans
Es ist im Leben wichtig, viel zu wissen.
Manchmal ist es noch wichtiger, zu wissen, daß man nichts weiß.

Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 27 Oct 2021 20:56

Dear Hans :-) Hello again.

My friendly greetings back to you.

A very good thought I must say. I have thought about that at times that I should do so. Yet where to start?

One point that keeps coming back to me, was in my earlier correspondence with Dr David Yelton [Hitler’s Home Guard: Volkssturmmann Western Front, 1944-45] [Hitler’s Volkssturm: The Nazi Militia and the Fall of Germany, 1944-1945] who stated that there is no one source for the Volkssturm and that records are scattered all over Germany. The Post therefore expanded into something else at times and after nearly 10 years, it is what it is before the reader.

My reasoning initially, when I started this post, was to compile a complete order of battle of the Volkssturm or to find a complete order of battle. Hence the title, [An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?]. In essence I was begging the question 'is there a complete' order of battle. I did think
that those who saw my post would share their finds and in next to no time there would be such a list. Well as Dr Yelton found out and I have done so [not that I would compare myself to Dr Yelton] this was alot tougher than I imagined.

The [?] in my subject matter has always bugged me and really it is the most important anomally and that through perseverance I may just get there or die trying. lol.

Going back to Dr David Yelton's point, I was also inspired to compile as much interesting information and original documents on the Volkssturm and put them in one place so that the reader could have a source of contact, rather than having to search all over the internet. Of late Sven30 https://www.forum-der-wehrmacht.de/inde ... lkssturms/ has been doing a fantastic job, in as far, as going into
greater detail in compiling thousands of individual Volkssturm-Einheiten and so with my research and Sven [Helge] and his enthusiastic contributors,
breathes ongoing life into such a difficult subject to find. In fact one of his contributors is Jan from http://diedeutschewehrmacht.eu/ http://diedeutschewehrmacht.de/. Now I would love to see his research files and access to his computer records. We do communicate at times.

Yet all is not lost Hans, in relation to what you ask and I will take this on board. Let's say Hans, once I reach the 10 year anniversary, I will introduce as you ask a 'self-edit your earlier posts'.

Most possible things are possible on AHF. Yay.

With all due respect, I will kindly ask you to PM me, with what you would like to see, as I do wish to do your recommendation justice.

Most respectfully

Germanicus [Mark]

Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 27 Oct 2021 21:16

13. 25[4869].jpg
RH53-3-51-19[4870].jpg
T 314 R 340 – VI. Armeekorps 01[4951].jpg
T313 R324 - 01[4947].jpg
T313 R324 - 02[4948].jpg
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 27 Oct 2021 21:17

T313 R324 - 03[4949].jpg
T313 R324 - 04[4950].jpg
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 28 Oct 2021 07:40

New find and additional information.

Volkssturm-Bataillon Kreis Südtondern 2

https://www.forum-der-wehrmacht.de/inde ... Cdtondern/

Volkssturm-Bataillon 16/331 Sagan-Land

https://docplayer.org/73231323-Geheime- ... -ulme.html

Volkssturm-Bataillon 19/232

http://archiv.pixelprint.info/pixelprin ... Inhalt.pdf

Wiener Prozesse wegen NS-Verbrechen: Viennese post-war trials of Nazi war crimes Inventory. Part 1
Microfilm reels 1000-1217
Austria: Viennese Post War Trials (German Finding Aid)
MF 1000 bis MF 1217

Volkssturm-Alarm-Abteilung Krems

HJ-Abteilung in den Volkssturm als "Kampfgruppe Hitlerjugend"

Volkssturmeinheit in St. Aegyd am Neuwald

https://collections.ushmm.org/findingai ... fnd_de.pdf

Die Steiermark im Jahre 1945

by Von Werner Tscherne

Volkssturm-Bataillon Murau [Abschnitt Kalch]
Volkssturm-Bataillon Feldbach [Abschnitt Raabtal]
Volkssturm-Bataillon GrazLand [Abschnitt Raabtal]
Volkssturm-Bataillon Liezen [Abschnitt Raabtal]
Volkssturm-Bataillon Fürstenfeld [Abschnitt Lafnitztal]
Volkssturm-Bataillon Mürzzuschlag [Abschnitt Lafnitztal]
Volkssturm-Bataillon Weiz [Abschnitt Kohfidisch]
Volkssturm-Bataillon Oberwart [Abschnitt Rech]
Volkssturm-Bataillon Brück an der Mur [Abschnitt Rech]
Volkssturm-Bataillon Leoben [Abschnitt Rech]

https://www.historischerverein-stmk.at/ ... e-1945.pdf

Wienbibliothek im Rathaus / Handschriftensammlung - Nachlass Philipp Häusler / ZPH 833

Volkssturm-Bataillon Süd [Klagenfurt] [Bataillonskommandant Luger]

https://share.obvsg.at/wbr02/LQH0013592-1201.pdf

Volkssturm-Bataillon Nießen

https://www.ksta.de/kinder-sollten-panz ... 5469852713&

Volkssturm-Bataillon Wehlau 1
Volkssturm-Bataillon Wehlau 2

http://www.kreisgemeinschaft-wehlau.de/ ... f/hb73.pdf

Volkssturm-Bataillon Liesborn-Wadersloh

http://juergengojny.de/publikationen.html

Volkssturm-Bataillon Kirchberg
Volkssturm-Bataillon Gemünden

https://rpb.lbz-rlp.de/rpb04/Download/r ... rwesen.txt

Volkssturm-Bataillon Veitshöchheim

https://upgr.bv-opfer-ns-militaerjustiz ... 141207.pdf

Volkssturm-Bataillon Rottenburg

https://publikationen.uni-tuebingen.de/ ... sAllowed=y
Last edited by Germanicus on 29 Oct 2021 03:02, edited 9 times in total.

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 29 Oct 2021 01:12

The End of the Freebooter Tradition: The Forgotten Freikorps Movement of 1944/45

[It's negative impact on the Volkssturm and the Wehrmacht]

Perry Biddiscombe

Werner Naumann, state secretary in the Propaganda Ministry, regarded the situation as analogous to the circumstances of the post-World War One period, and noted that the whole country was "breathing the spirit of the German Freikorps".

Heinrich Himmler too claimed that "for five generations," Germans has rallied to the colors of the Freikorps and other volunteer units, as they
would now have to do again. These were supposed to be times in which it would be possible to recruit patriots for the duration of a one-shot campaign to protect the homeland, very much in the Freikorps tradition. Moreover, the extremity of Germany's position seemed to justify irregular modes of fighting, which had also been typical of the 1807-13 and 1918-23 periods.

Thus the Freikorps ethos, long anathema to orthodox militarists wary of the Freikorps pluralism and lax discipline, once again found favor.
Naumann noted in early September 1944 that this time, unlike 1918, "determined men ready for action will not stand alone at the frontiers, let alone be betrayed by collaborationist politicians. The National Socialist leaders and the entire German people will act as they did [i.e., the
Freikorps men of 1918/19].

Not surprisingly, as the last shreds of National Socialist confidence in the army disappeared, Gauleiter and SS-police officers began to act on
their own in forming regional defense units. Some of these organizations predated the formation of the mass militia, or Volkssturm (home guard),
in October 1944. But whether or not they antedated the national militia, they were all eventually included under its banner. A party chancellery
circular of 2 October 1944 prohibited distinctive local names for Volkssturm battalions, but the approval of such designations for especially
reliable Gaue was reserved for the discretion of the Fuhrer. As was his wont, he consented to numerous breeches of the general rule. In addition, volunteers to the Volkssturm were typically concentrated in special volunteer units.

Memoirs and surviving records from 1945 describe a number of volunteer battalions active on the eastern front, where rumors about possible
territorial losses to the Poles prompted the formation of Freikorps. A Freikorps Oberschlesien, numbering from 700 to 1,000 men, was organized
by NSDAP personnel; it fought in both Upper and Lower Silesia. About half the members of this unit were trained in guerrilla warfare at a camp
in Neisse set up by the Werwolf, the SS resistance movement. In Pomerania, a Freikorps Kamienski appeared in late winter of 1945 near Kolberg,
a town whose historic resistance to the French in 1807 had involved Freikorps, and whose tradition was being currently celebrated in the film 'Kolberg'.

In Posen, a senior SS-police commander attempted to create a Freikorps, but according to Walter Gorlitz, it remained a chimera.
In early April, a Freikorps Bohmen was also formed, based apparently at Leitmeritz, and a handful of SS officers were transferred to its ranks.

Probably the most important of these independent units on the eastern front was Freikorps Mohnke. It was organized in Berlin in late April by a
radical young Turk named Wilhelm Mohnke, SS-Brigadefuhrer and chief of the Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler. Mohnke was the commander of the "Citadel," the Government Quarter in central Berlin, and to help defend it he raised a corps of disbanded rear-echelon personnel and civil service bureaucrats. Like many such last ditch, scratch units, this was a "bring-your-owngun-and-rations" affair: an appeal on 25/26 April called upon
recruits to supply their own needs rather than depend on overburdened authorities.

Similar groups took shape behind the Western Front. In Munich, local party chieftains began to create a volunteer militia in August 1944, and in
the Tyrol, the Gauleitung also revived the traditional Alpine minutemen, or Standschiitzen, with the hope of raising a local army of 50,000 men.
In Hamburg as well, regional NSDAP authorities organized several paramilitary units of party stalwarts, together totaling 1,200 men.

The best documented of these formations was a Westphalian outfit called Freikorps Sauerland. It was formed in September 1944 and was headquartered at a Gauleitung command post in Wetter Harkortberg, on the edge of the hilly and wooded terrain of the Sauerland. The main
driving force behind the unit was the South Westphalian Gauleiter Albert Hoffmann, who felt so proprietorial that he had originally wanted to
call the formation Freikorps Hoffmann. Twenty-one battalions of Freikorps Sauerland were eventually arrayed, clad mostly in hand-me-down Wehrmacht uniforms, although the first several units had initially been clothed in their own brown-grey shirts and trousers. As with Freikorps Mohnke, volunteers were asked to bring their own haversacks, blankets, and eating utensils. Medical services were provided by the German Red Cross. Trained on Sunday mornings by German army and SS officers, Freikorps members were schooled in regular infantry tactics, as well as
sabotage and demolition. They were also deployed over the winter of 1944/45 in controlling bomb damage and patrolling for looters, a process in which they first drew blood.

The culmination of these efforts toward reviving the Freikorps came with the involvement of senior figures in the regime, who began to think
about forming a national concentration of party fanatics and activists organized loosely under the banner of the Volkssturm. Although the idea
was probably Hitler's, the guiding hand behind the project was Robert Ley, head of the Deutsche Arbeitsfront (DAF) and organizational boss of
the NSDAP. In a military conference in early March 1945 the Fuhrer had noted a desperate shortage of forces along the Upper Rhine, and a
need, at least in this region, for Freikorps-type leaders to form ad hoc formations. When Ley subsequently organized such units he designated
them Freikorps Adolf Hitler, no doubt in order to credit the Fuhrer with the original idea.

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In late 1944, military and political authorities formed an antitank organization from various elements of replacement troops and
Volkssturm; in 1945 regular civilians were also inducted into the early warning system of that organization. Although the Freikorps did not wholly
replace these antitank formations, it definitely represented a party initiative to consolidate and control efforts in this direction. It is no surprise
that it was eventually organized along the basis of four regional Panzerjagd (antitank) units, each named after a Freikorps training base:
Panzer Jagdverband Heuberg in the southwest, Panzer Jagdverband Miinster in the northwest, Panzer Jagdverband Doberitz in the northeast, and Panzer Jagdverband Hohenfeld in the midlands. Each of these formations was attached to regional Wehrmacht combat commands.

The official nature of the Ley Freikorps was made clear in a trio of documents circulated to party officials on 28 March and published several
days later. First of these was a Fiihrer directive which decreed the creation of the movement, and ordered that it should be formed of volunteers from the NSDAP, the Volkssturm, and the Wehrmacht. Significantly, this was no ordinary comb-out of extraneous personnel, but a plain effort
to rob these other organizations of their best people in order to create a supposedly elite band of tank destroyers and partisans. The Volkssturm,
military and business concerns were all under compulsion to release volunteers of eighteen years and older who wished to enlist in the Freikorps,
a measure which angered even some hardened Nazis. Proponents of the Volkssturm feared that their organization in particular would lose what
little strength it possessed.

A second inaugural document consisted of a hysterical appeal by Ley that stressed the antitank role of Freikorps fighters: "A small number of
enemy tank packs are engaged in utilising critical situations at the front to break into the Reich. In fact, they are nothing but a bogey. We have
the men and arms to annihilate them and the small groups of infantry which follow without remainder. It is only a question of our will and
our readiness to act." Ley also outlined the organizational structure of the Freikorps, noting that, like the Volkssturm, detachments would be
led by the Gauleiter and set up by the Kreisleiter and Ortsgruppenleiter.

A third document was distributed by Goebbels, who overcame his own original opposition to the Freikorps as soon as he heard of the Fuhrer's
approval. Thereafter, he received Ley for a visit and negotiated for control of Freikorps propaganda. Goebbels's text dealt with further organizational matters, particularly the fact that volunteers would be employed full-time by the Freikorps Adolf Hitler regardless of the
importance of their civilian or military jobs. He also noted that Freikorps volunteers were expected to supply their own field kit and clothes, preferably of military cut and color, plus three days worth of rations. Their transport was to be accomplished not by railway but by bicycles
provided by the recruits themselves or drawn from a communal stock. Finally, Goebbels noted that each Gau was supposed to contribute one hundred men, although this may have been only an initial allotment. In his diary, the propaganda minister mentioned his conviction that the Gauleiter were actually capable of contributing ten thousand "activists" to the movement.

Formation of the Freikorps proceeded apace in the next several weeks. An organizational staff and a main supply depot were established at Heuberg, in Swabia, and an operational staff was set up in Berlin. Would-be Freikorpsmanner began to show up as Ley's orders for recruitment
were disseminated and his representatives fanned out over the remaining unoccupied areas of the Reich, attempting to spur local NSDAP functionaries into action. At Munich, Kreisleiter Schulte made a stirring speech on 1 April, inspiring 500 volunteers to sign up for the Freikorps;
in Berlin, the Rekhsstudentenfuhrung (National Student Leadership) sent groups of young people out of the city and south to Salzburg, where they were quartered and prepared for service with the Freikorps; in Klagenfurt, a Ley emissary appeared in early April and recruited 45 men; in Nuremberg, Kreisleiter Volkert selected 23 men, who were dispatched for training in partisan warfare at a secret base. Enlistees were instructed
to appear by 2 April 1945 at a number of regional collection centers organized by the Ausstellungsstab Freikorps Adolf Hitler. Within several days, considerable numbers of recruits had been assembled at Doberitz, Heuberg, Paderborn, Hohenfels, and Doemersheim. In the first three camps,
2,000 recruits were trained, which suggests that a postwar Allied intelligence estimate of 3,000 militants was probably accurate. Arno Rose, however, claims that anywhere from 600 to 800 Freikorps Adolf Hitler squads were actually deployed, which in turn implies a larger membership figure.

When this rabble assembled in early April, Army and SS instructors found that they were not generally the type of people who responded
easily to the tasks put before them. However, the trainees were still forced to race through an extremely restricted training schedule; at most, preparation for combat consisted of two weeks training, emphasizing tankbusting techniques, and guerrilla tactics such as laying booby traps and
blowing up sabotage targets with high explosives. Deep in the Alpine Redoubt, 135 pupils received instruction in partisan warfare at a special
camp near Admont, which was established on Ley's authority and was designated as a Werwolf facility; the " Werwolf" label was already in the
process of becoming the intellectual property of anyone who wanted to use it. Significantly, this particular aspect of Freikorps Adolf Hitler training was not undertaken without both internal and external debate.

In Gau Weser-Ems, for example, the commander of the Oldenburg Freikorps learned in early April that his men were being schooled like "Werewolves," and he immediately demanded that the local Gauleiter, Wegener, allow him to withdraw the Gau's one hundred man contingent from Miinster and relocate it at aerodrome "Joel," near Wildeshausen, for an altered regime of training. Wegener gave his consent and the Weser-Ems Kampfgruppe seceded from the Freikorps and was renamed "Volkssturmbataillon 122."

In Vienna, Gauleiter Baldur von Schirach would not even allow the formation of a Freikorps unit. Von Schirach associated the Freikorps
with the effort to launch a Werwolf guerrilla campaign, an undertaking he thought not only futile, but—given the fact that fighters would be deployed in civilian clothes—illegal as well.

When Ley began Freikorps Adolf Hitler, he worried about adequate armament for his troops, and in late March he told Hitler that the Armed
Forces High Command (OKW) would have to make 80,000 submachine guns available. Ley thereafter went from one authority to another in search
of arms until he finally arrived at the office of General Juttner, head of army ordnance. Once conducted along the right channel, Ley was treated
like a king, his needs being given precedence even over those of the Wehrmacht.

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Only when deployed against other irregulars, such as Polish bands, were the Freikorps ever able to achieve much. Thus when facing head-to-head confrontations with professional and battletested enemy forces, the 1944/45 version of the movement also seemed destined to play a minor role in the fighting. In truth, the advance of military technology had left unsupported light infantry even more ineffective than had traditionally been the case, and the development of the Panzerfaust was not enough to compensate for the enemy's vast superiority in armor and air power.
This was precisely the reason why the Freikorps were trained for a less debilitating form of endeavor than open combat—namely, partisan warfare.

In mid-March, units of Freikorps Sauerland were called to the front by Army Group B, which was defending the Ruhr. Yet these battalions played a generally lackluster part in fighting as American forces surrounded and eventually overran the Ruhr pocket. Freikorps members suffered heavy
losses in street fighting at Siegen on 1 April, and a week later they were among 120 Germans killed in a sharp battle at Olsberg. Freikorps Adolf Hitler troopers were also deployed at a number of points, but only in a few cases did they earn any commendation. In the Black Forest,
convalescent Wehrmacht officers and NCOs in the Freikorps gave the French a difficult time, suffering bad losses in the process, and in Berlin,
2,000 Freikorps members fought alongside WaffenSS units in last ditch fighting for the Government Quarter, the kind of engagement where Soviet armor became less decisive than was usually the case. Ley later testified that Freikorps formations in the German capital were wiped out almost completely.

As the end approached, the Freikorps were supposed to immolate themselves in a final furioso, but most members demurred. Ley himself was
still busy establishing Gau contingents of the Freikorps Adolf Hitler as late as 24 April 1945, but he then declined to lead his elite units in a final
fight. Instead, he fled into the Alps, supposedly to join a "diehard" effort by the 6th SS Panzer Army, a more credible military force. No such
action occurred—Ley claimed that Sepp Dietrich's wife convinced him of the futility of this intention and in mid-May the Freikorps chief was
discovered by American troops near Berchtesgaden. Hardly the picture of a dangerous buccaneer, he was captured and taken into custody wearing
pajamas, a battered homburg, and a pair of ski boots.

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The Ley organization also drew heavily upon cadres of the Politische Staffeln, which were paramilitary goon squads formed by Ley in 1943 in order
to give the Kreisleiter a counterweight to the Gestapo. Leaders in all the various Freikorps were comprised of NSDAP officials, Hitler Youth
chieftains and—in the case of Freikorps Sauerland— minor state employees such as teachers. As a result, the Freikorps tended to gather the same mix of middle aged officials, disabled veterans, and confused teenagers as characterized the Volkssturm more generally. Any fit males still on the loose were usually professional slackers who had previously used every possible dodge to escape active service and were not likely to set an
example of courage in the field. Thus, the Nazi Freikorps assumed a "mass spirit," a euphemism for saying it lacked the best and
brightest elements of society, although "mass character" was again one of the aspects of National Socialism that had most alienated the leaders
of an earlier generation of the Freikorps movement, such as Hermann Ehrhard.

Freikorps Sauerland [21 Bataillones]
Freikorps Kamienski
Freikorps Mohnke
Freikorps Adolf Hitler
Freikorps Oberland

https://pdf.zlibcdn.com/dtoken/9c771066 ... 020641.pdf

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