An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Discussions on all (non-biographical) aspects of the Freikorps, Reichswehr, Austrian Bundesheer, Heer, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Fallschirmjäger and the other Luftwaffe ground forces. Hosted by Christoph Awender.
Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 17 Jul 2017 14:05

The following map dated 30th April shows the Russian advance to the west of the map above. The Volkssturm Units can be found in blue written on the map in it's original form. I will need some time to identify the units and there just maybe an interesting find on this map, as there are appears to units, from 3 different Gau's, as identified by the Russian Intel Map. I have only presented the map that is of interest to our subject on the Volkssturm. All Maps are much larger.

Volkssturm in Russian is written Фольксштурм. Bataillon is written батальонов. Volkssturm Bataillonin Russian is written Фольксштурм батальонов.

You will be able to locate them on the map with this spelling.

http://radikal.ru/fp/ed09b128d33d49c2a74feb1bfea2a2bb
Capture Volkssturm 1.JPG
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.
Last edited by Germanicus on 17 Jul 2017 15:49, edited 2 times in total.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 17 Jul 2017 14:20

The following Map depicts the situation around Berlin involving the Volkssturm between the period 24th April up the 28/29th April. Again the Volkssturm units can be identified in blue.

http://radikal.ru/fp/0ee792678aea4198a2db3d62cb2e5a52
Capture Volkssturm 2.JPG
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 17 Jul 2017 15:42

The following document in relation to Volkssturm-Bataillon 5/73 at Wuppertal 1945 for sale on ebay was an interesting find.

http://www.ebay.it/itm/192174407897
Volksturm 5-73.JPG
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 17 Jul 2017 15:44

Dear All

I have only returned today, after spending nearly 6 weeks in Europe. One of the places I stayed at was Berchtesgaden, 3 days in fact, which is a German town in the Bavarian Alps on the Austrian border. I also visited Hitler’s “Eagle’s Nest” retreat, the Kehlsteinhaus, a restaurant with alpine views, which is located above the town. A must for those interested in the history of that period should take some time to visit the Dokumentation Obersalzberg Museum, which chronicles the Nazi era in detail. To my surprise whilst viewing the many exhibits, I came across the following document. It relates to the Volkssturm-Bataillon 102 Berchtesgaden, which was in Gau Oberdonau.

The following is the photograph I took of the document on exhibit of Volkssturm-Bataillon 22/102 at the Dokumentation Obersalzberg Museum.
Volksstur 102.jpg
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 17 Jul 2017 17:29

In the following article in Russian,

http://wap.militera.borda.ru/?1-20-0-00 ... 00-10001-0

The following units of the Volkssturm are mentioned. Volkssturm-Battalions Goldap, Angerburg and Insterburg.

The other units mentioned, relating to Gau 25 Ostpreussen, in regards to the city of Neisse, 25/273 and 25/274 Volkssturm-Bataillones.

The commentary states
The first seven battalions Volkssturm went into battle in October 1944 in East Prussia, and this debut was unsuccessful - they were almost immediately captured. Volkssturm combat capability by the German army commanders evaluated low. http://militera.lib.ru/h/isaev_av7/02.html

The Neisse city 273rd and 274th battalions Volkssturm were formed at the end of January. But their opportunities were simply insignificant. Each consisting of four companies of about 60 people. In every company there was one machine gun and 15 bazookas. Ammo for the Volkssturm man was about 60 bullets for the carbine. In addition, the circumstances did not allow Volkssturm advantage for battles in the streets. 273rd battalion "Volkssturm Neisse" was taken out of the city and took the fight on open ground. In these circumstances, the outcome of the struggle for the Neisse, was a foregone conclusion. By the end of the day, March 24 the southern part of the city was cleared of German troops forces by the 10th Guards Tank and 55th Infantry Corps. http://militera.lib.ru/h/isaev_av7/10.html
The writer goes on to state
The most dangerous were the units of the Hitler Youth - young people often showed great prowess than tired of the 6-year war veterans. Here they were used in the battle field with varying degrees of success - showed by the tank-fighter brigade "Hitler-Jugend" in Berlin. The brigade is the future of Hitler Hitler Youth .... - the younger ages, the children.......they themselves were brought up in this spirit. This is not a normal part of the Volkssturm. .....they obey authority. - young people aged between 16 and 20 - have been used locally in the defense of their own places of residence...
The article overall is quite interesting however it is difficult to read in Google translated form.

Most respectfully

Mark

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 17 Jul 2017 17:58

The following information also in Russian is quite interesting in as far it touches on subjects which I don't believe I have covered so far. Although it has similarities in other observations it covers a broad range of observations collectively.

https://vk.com/wall-27569095_607089
Provision was also made to form in each Gau special motorized battalion with three companies of the sapper platoon and repair, but again due to the lack of technology and equipment it was impossible.... All members of the Volkssturm were classified as soldiers, subordinate to the army regulations, during the entire period of service in the Volkssturm. All members of the SA, the Hitler Youth and the Nazi Party retained the rank and position in their organizations, however, the service in the Volkssturm was a priority obligation...

How difficult was the situation with weapons in Volkssturm units can be represented by the following examples:

- In December 1944 - January 1945, the SS made attempts to purchase the Italian black market weapons Volkssturm;

- Individual battalions IV-th category [Levy] in the Volkssturm recruits employed in the construction of anti-tank obstacles, armed with only the personal hunting weapon; Volkssturm units were in the defense town Rominter Heide (Rominter Heide), hunting grounds Hering. On the personal orders of Goering, these armed battalions were issued the Luftwaffes own stock.

The lack of weapons, ammunition and proper training meant that the combat capability of units of the Volkssturm was quite low. The percentage of desertion was extremely high. Especially among the units stationed on the Western Front. Many older recruits simply ignored the call to service, scattered groups of deserters from the Volkssturm dispersed to their homes, subjected to incessant danger of being caught and shot on the spot of army patrols. Many units surrendered to the Allies just as soon as possible.

However, on the Eastern Front, the situation was totally different: here Volkssturm would not surrender, fighting to the last, and often showing courage. In many ways, it was provoked by propaganda, but in many ways, an indication that in reality they are fighting on German soil against the Red Army who were committing atrocities !!! Not being a professional military, poorly equipped, often elderly or sick people who were not fighting for political ideals, they were trying to save their families, and to win at least a little time for his countrymen. Armed with an effective anti-tank weapons - Panzerfaust and panzerschreck - they played a role in the battle for Konigsberg, Berlin and other smaller cities in Germany.

Volkssturm for the first time was used in the construction of the defensive line in East Prussia in October 1944. Then he participated in the construction of the rear lines Warthegau (Warthegau) from the end of 1944, the so-called line "B-1", as well as the West Wall. In addition, in many places in Germany, antitank barriers were erected, street barricades. Often, people are wary of such fortifications, particularly in the vicinity of their own homes, fearing for the safety of their property during the battle.

On the Eastern Front Folkshturm often attracted to assist the refugees, as well as evacuation or destruction of industrial facilities. One of the main tasks is to protect various objects and escorting of prisoners, including prisoners of war and foreign workers. They were taken under the protection of objects such as bridges, transportation centers, various businesses. At the end of the war in Germany, roamed many runaway foreign workers and prisoners of war, who had to somehow get their own food. Volkssturm members sought to restore order and prevent looting and rampant looting.

The fighting on the border of East Prussia in the autumn of 1944 showed the failure of the German army in time to organize a line of defense: to unearth sufficient number of tranches, take their guns and set to cover them. In fact, this problem should have been borne by the fortress battalions (Festungsstammbataillonen), but Volkssturm battalions were used in the absence thereof.

The proposal to use the Volkssturm in the battles for the borders of the Reich had been rejected by Hitler. There was also the difficult situation in Hungary, where it was possible to move about 30 battalions Volkssturm from eastern Austria, to support the crumbling front rear. The first battalions were were convened in October 1944 in East Prussia near Gumbinnen (Gumbinnen) - Goldap (Goldapp) - Angerap (Angerapp) for the construction of the line of defense against the advancing Red Army. In November 1944, the Volkssturm battalions already in full swing fought in combat formations of the regular army infantry. One band of Volkssturm were in the 170th Infantry Division of the Wehrmacht which operated eight battalions.

13th January 1945 Soviet troops launched an offensive from the Vistula bridgeheads. It was found that standing in their way was the Volkssturm, which did not have enough equipment and training of the preparation for the defense lines. About 400 Volkssturm men were surrounded in Poznan and fought until the surrender of the city.

20 battalion Volkssturm Task (z. BV) were formed in the central regions of Germany and East were directed to the front. These battalions were probably the most capable among all units of the Volkssturm, they were fully armed with German weapons, though with the exception of artillery. At best they have arrived at a time when the Red Army was already on the Oder. Some of these battalions came under Soviet armored wedges immediately after arrival.

To defend the city Küstrin (Küstrin) and Kohlberg (Kolberg) has been allocated for two battalions of the Volkssturm. Of the 45 thousand German soldiers who participated in the battle of Breslau, about 15 thousand were Volkssturm men. There were 26 armed, 10 construction and 2 spare Volkssturm battalion. The Volkssturm was an artillery regiment "Breslau", which in March 1945 this was transferred into the Wehrmacht.

Since March 1945, more than half of Berlin were the defenders of the Volkssturm. It made up about 24 thousand people from the 41 thousand raised. The Berlin Volkssturm were poorly armed and trained, much to the displeasure of the army command. The latter is considered the action Volkssturm were deemed a meaningless nuisance in the defense of the city.

On the Western Front were also many battalions Volkssturm, especially in the 19th Army, which even as a joke became known as the "19th Army Volkssturm". Furthermore border and police forces to the west of the Black Forest (Schwarzwald) located 20 battalion Volkssturm from Baden (Baden) and 6 from Württemberg-Hohenzollern (Württemberg-Hohenzollern).

These units were placed under the command of the divisional groups Breisach (Breisach) and von Witzleben (v. Witzleben), which later became the 805 th and 905 th Division, respectively, as well as the 1005 Brigade.

However, we must not forget that the organizational units of the Volkssturm above battalion did not exist at Regiments, brigades and divisions level and were formed only with the participation of army units or parts of the Waffen SS. Division of special purpose (z.b.V), started already in 1945, it included the army leadership and the staff of a battalion of the Volkssturm. They were the 601th, 612th, 615th, 616th and 619th Division.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 17 Jul 2017 19:27

The following is an interesting observation from Organs of State Security in the Great Patriotic War ," Volume 5 - Book Two (g.- 01.07.1944 31.12.1944 city) on the Volkssturm.

http://mozohin.ru/article/a-187.html
In accordance with the decree of Adolf Hitler in Germany, began forming units of the Volkssturm. These were the territorial formation, intended to defend the settlements and military installations near the front. Formation of the Volkssturm, according to the leaders of Nazi Germany, was to strengthen the morale of the population and the troops had been greatly damaged as a result of major defeats on the fronts of the Wehrmacht. The Volkssturm enlisted men aged 16 to 60 years. Since February 1945 they were called women (18 years old).

Volkssturm was formed with the help of the SS and other organizations under the leadership of Himmler, and obey the Nazi Party. Organizational units of the Volkssturm were combined into platoons, companies and battalions. In the fall of 1944 on the Eastern Front were up to 100, in the West - up to 50 battalions Volkssturm. Subsequently their number is significantly increased (in April 1945, only in Berlin were up to 200 battalion Volkssturm). Combat training and the morale of the soldiers of the Volkssturm were low, armament consisted mainly of a small number fauspatronov and carbines. First Volkssturm units engaged in battle October 18, 1944 in East Prussia against the troops of the Red Army, then participated in the fighting in Silesia, and Hungary on the Austrian border, on the Oder, Neisse and in the Berlin area, as well as the evacuation of the population and the important military facilities to carry out sabotage tasks.

Volkssturm was used to replenish the staff of army units.

Volkssturm did not justify the hopes of the Nazi leadership - to make war on the territory of the German "national" character, since the objectives of the war did not meet the interests of the people (see the Soviet Military Encyclopedia M, 1980, that is 8, 300; Great Patriotic War 1941-1945:.... encyclopedia M, 1985, 761;.. The history of the second world war, 1939-1945 (in 12 volumes), Moscow, 1978, 9: 524-525 a)..

lutrebois
Member
Posts: 199
Joined: 24 Oct 2004 16:26
Location: Belgium

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by lutrebois » 17 Jul 2017 20:38

Hello Mark,
You sure did find your drive again!
I'm impressed, keep up the good work!
Peter

lutrebois
Member
Posts: 199
Joined: 24 Oct 2004 16:26
Location: Belgium

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by lutrebois » 18 Jul 2017 08:11

Good morning,
I found proof in the Verteidigungs Abschnitt A files of the existance of VS-Bn SCHUNKE and KRULL and a VS-Coy "MARZAHN".
These without known number but for sure drafted in "Pankow-Weißensee" or "Köpenick-Lichtenberg". (east parts of Berlin).
Further I composed the map below with the first known line-up of troops on the außeren Verteidigungsring in Abschnitt A.
The map I used is "Berlin-Ost" dated 1933, Einheitsblatt Nr. 65, scale 1:100.000.
This composition is based on the handwritten notes made (probably February 2nd 1945) by a staff member of Verteidigungs Abschnitt A.
As you can see the Volkssturm is strongly represented.
Cheers
Peter
Abschnitt A - Copy.jpg
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 09:14

Dear All with the kind permission of forum member of Peter aka lutrebois I will present his detailed work on the Volkssturm in the Verteidigungs Abschnitt A at Berlin 1945.

viewtopic.php?f=45&t=229474#p2086621
Berlin Volkssturm ... at last !
Postby lutrebois » 05 Jul 2017, 22:22

Hello friends,
My field of interest is “the battle for Berlin” in all its aspects. In particular, the involvement of the Volkssturm in this Battle has always fascinated me.

Over the years, it became clear that in deep and exact information relating to the Berlin Volkssturm is very rare: diaries, Soldbücher, some surviving documents … provide, at its best, limited info. The book written by Hans KISSEL, former chief of staff of the Volkssturm, provides correct and very high level information related to the organization of the Volkssturm. Comprehensive lists of units, commanders, dates etc … are not enclosed, and IMHO do not exist.

The German Red Cross Vermisstenbildlisten do list a lot of VS-men but the exact unit they went missing in, is rarely mentioned or even, if given, is not correct.

This lack of exact data is very understandable in the light of those final days; a lot of paperwork went lost or was destroyed.

While researching recently in 300 surviving (digitized) documents of the Verteidigungsbereich Berlin – Abschnitt Kommandeur A (also known as Kampfgruppe Bärenfänger) I found 5 extensive documents written by a staff member of NSDAP-Kreis Berlin Pankow-Weißensee wherein the changes in the VS-Battalions, drafted in that Kreis, are communicated. Abschnitt A was an addressee because some VS-units of Pankow-Weißensee were subordinated to the Kampfgruppe Bärenfänger.

These documents, written between February 2nd and April 12th 1945 (thus covering the whole preparation phase for the final battle), provide a relatively clear and complete picture of the existing Pankow-Weißensee VS-units, when and how those were (re)organized, who were the commanders etc …

The Kreis “Pankow-Weißensee” is the smallest (in numbers of Ortschaften) of the 10 Berlin NSDAP-Kreise. Nevertheless, this Kreis drafted 17 Combat Kompanies next to 13 other VS-units, the latter in general used as labour force units for construction of “fortifications”.
Capture 1.JPG
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 09:19

The complex organizational changes within those 5 VS-Kampf Bataillone explains why so many families of MIA and even surviving veterans, after the war, did not remember the exact unit they served in.

Men were drafted in Company “X”, a sub-unit of Battalion “Y”. Then the Coy was renamed “Z” and perhaps transferred to Battalion “H”. Some days later a new Coy-commander was appointed, and knowing that the Companies were named after their commander, one understands easily the mix-up after the war.
The most extreme example I found:
- February 2nd , Kompanie DRAACKE (3/811/2) active in Abschnitt A (Bärenfänger)
- February 12th, The Kompanie DRAACKE (3/811/2) with part of 3/803/6 is renamed 3/803/2.
- March 12th DRAACKE hands over command to BIESKE and takes over Coy 3/809/3
The name “Kompanie DRAACKE” was used for 3 different Companies with the same commander (in 2 different Battalions)!

The 5 Kampf Bataillone of NSDAP-Kreis Pankow-Weißensee were:
- 3/803 ZENKE
- 3/807 TIETBÖHL
- 3/809 VON FISCHEL
- 3/811 HERTEL
- 3/813 HUMMEL

The most interesting data in the VS-documents are the changes that affected the Kampf Bataillone.
Below follow the data for each Kampf Bataillon. I kept the text in the original language.
Capture 2.JPG
Capture 3.JPG
Capture 4.JPG
Capture 5.JPG
Capture 6.JPG
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 09:28

A week before the battle for Berlin began, the 5 Kampf Bataillone had the following organization:
Capture kampf Bat 7.JPG
What action they saw, how many exactly were KIA/WIA/MIA we will probably never know.
At least we know now which Pankow-Weißense combat VS-Battalions were formed and engaged in the NE part of Berlin.

Regards,

Peter
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 09:33

Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/803
Capture vs bn 803 8.JPG
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/807
Capture vs bn 807 9.JPG
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/809
Capture vs bn 809 10.JPG
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 09:34

Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/811
Capture vs bn 811 11.JPG
Volkssturm-Bataillon 3/813
Capture vs bn 813 12.JPG
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Germanicus
Member
Posts: 817
Joined: 04 Jun 2009 13:26
Location: Sydney NSW Australia

Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 09:38

Peter 'lutrebois' then added to his post
Good morning,

This shuffle between Companies and Battalions did not only take place in NSDAP-Kreis "Pankow-Weißensee", but also in the other Kreise.
The VS-Soldbuch I own, belonged to a man gemustert (drafted) in NSDAP Kreis "Köpenick-Lichtenberg" in the Kompanie "RADECKE" a sub-unit of Battalion 3/909.

This Kompanie RADECKE was, as it seems, "taken over" by VS-Battalion 3/917.

Regards
Peter
Scan SB0000 13.jpg
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Return to “Heer, Waffen-SS & Fallschirmjäger”