An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

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Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 13:33

An interesting piece I found from the following: hitlerjugend-kindersoldaten

"Children's Battalion"

from http://svonb.livejournal.com/tag/%D0%B1 ... 0%BD%D0%B4

http://www.zeit.de/2014/13/hitlerjugend-kindersoldaten

The "Hitler Youth" unit from the residents of Stettin, early 1945: their fate shows how the youngest soldiers of Germany in the last days of the war were used as Bodyguards of the leaders of the National Socialist regime.

Stettin, February 1945. Pomerania lay on the way to Berlin in front of the Red Army. "We are firmly holding onto our land," proclaimed Gauleiter Franz Schwede-Coburg. "No one is lost to fight Bolshevism while it remains courage, hearts full of faith, and weapons in their hands will break the head of the red deluge."

From the soldiers of the Wehrmacht, frankly, did not ripple in the eyes. To "stop the flood" only children were at hand. "Who was 14 years old,

He was already a man, "the propaganda of the Hitler Youth was hammered for years, and the Reichsfuhrer SS Himmler spoke openly about this in his Posen speech in 1943:" Of course, one can call upon 16-year-olds, perhaps even anticipating events, Old, and I am absolutely sure that we will do this if one day the fate of the nation demands it. " And one day she demanded.In early 1945, Hitler planned the creation of ten military divisions from teenagers born in 1928 and 1929, and the administration of the Gau Pomerania created From the members of the "Hitlerjugend" rapid reaction battalion (I quote the term from the current realities - svonb)" Mursvik. "600 adolescents in four companies.

The death penalty for 16-year-old lazy people. The treatment in the school and the Hitler Youth was such that the "volunteers" were volunteers, including 14-year-olds. Who was older, and so had no choice: just on the 16th birthday as a gift from the "Fuhrer" came a summons to the appeal to Volkssturm. Wartime legislation extended to them completely, including the death penalty for "lazy people".

Those were the youths born in 1929, not even the generation of "anti-aircraft gunners" who were legendary in Germany, the youngest fighters who had been ruined in vain before the very end of the war. Statistics counts 60,000 people under the age of 18, but how many of them were in fact can not be established. The Stettinsky battalion is a standard example of the impudence with which these child soldiers were sent to their deaths. "Now it's up to you," they were told, "you just have to hold out a little until the Fuhrer applies a miracle weapon."

Gauleiter Pomeranian Franz Schwede, awarded Hitler the honorary Nazi title "Coburg" for the fact that in 1930 he became the first mayor of the NSDAP, a man without conscience. Stubborn in his faith to the "Fuhrer", he personally tortured, executed mentally defective, and proudly represented Pomerania as the first "free from Jews Hau". His countrymen, before whom he acted so beloved by him the role of a benevolent ruler, at the end of the war there was not the slightest pity. In 1945, Swede saw his main task in preventing the timely retirement of the death penalty for "defeatism".

After the war, in 1949, at the hearings in the denazification chamber, Only one single charge shook his indomitable self-confidence, namely, that as a defense commissar of the Reich he sent into the battle an innumerable number of children. Here he did not restrain his resentment, however, like other responsible people, he had a lie ready to justify: all this was done for the sake of refugees. To save the German citizens from the red beasts, any sacrifice is justified.

This is a mockery. Refugees have never been interested in Swedes. He not only prevented the timely evacuation of oranges, but even wanted to block his land for refugee flows. Even the grated military were amazed at the absolute indifference the neared East Prussian Schwede had toward the fate of the civilian population.

This can tell Werner Nemitz. Germanist, born in Stettin in 1929, in early March 1945, a 15-year-old boy enrolled in the battalion "Mursvik". He was one of the 600 young men of the last draft. What later happened to him and his peers, he drove from memory for decades. While memories still did not reach him, and he began in 1998 to conduct an investigation. He laid out a few things in his book "Hitler's last reserve -" Hitler Youth "in the shoes of" werewolf. "

It was not at all an easy matter to unleash the language of the last remaining witnesses; For example, Gerd Wegner, the then leader of the Pomeranian Hitler Youth, refused to give any information, an appeal to the organization of internally displaced persons and their press, a well-known tendency to praise National Socialism, and has so far failed to produce results. Requests to the "Red Cross" and similar search structures also mostly went into void.

The history of 600 "Hitler Youth" from the Mursvik battalion leads from Stettin across the Baltic coast to Greifswald and Stralsund. It began in March 1945, when the "fortress of Stettin", one of the largest German ports in the Baltic, expected the offensive of the Red Army. The population was starving, The leadership of the Gau and the Hitler Youth were feasting, "from the heart and with strong alcohol," as the head of the Union of German Girls admired in one of the letters. Swede took care in advance, and stocking for his personal needs not only weapons, but also record amounts of food and alcohol. What was missing was immediately replenished at the expense of the confiscated villas, at the same time when a girl was convicted, convicted as an "enemy of the people" for taking several items of linen after the bombing.

Http://www.zeit.de/2014/13/hitlerjugend-kindersoldaten But also a record amount of food and alcohol. What was missing was immediately replenished at the expense of the confiscated villas, at the same time when a girl was convicted, convicted as an "enemy of the people" for taking several items of linen after the bombing.

Battalion "Hitlerjugend" - the colonial forces of the command of the Youth The Battalion "Hitlerjugend" boys were trained not only for combat operations at the front, but also for the partisan struggle for his line. "I believe," Shveda urged, "that you, in the enemy's rear, cut down the Russian general at his command post." In fact, they were supposed to protect the Gauleiter and his retinue in the first place.

Nevertheless, the bizarre plans for the creation of the "Werewolf" in Pomerania were put into practice in earnest. And it is not by chance, because the head of the "Werewolf" was Deputy Swede Paul Simon. While the Gauleiter was primarily concerned with his own well-being, and was predictable in this regard, a native of Saar Simon, SS Obergruppenfuhrer, was known as a dangerous, fanatical inciter. The third in this bunch was a bosom friend of Swede - Emil Mazow, Also a former Kaiser sailor. He was the supreme officer of the SS and the Ostland police, a stocky organizer of massacres, and as the chief of the field gendarmerie responsible for hunting for deserters and "defeatists." And here Gauleiter Shvede gave full will to his sadistic inclinations, namely, the death sentences were hanged in a particularly painful and shameful way.

This is the triumvirate with the obedient boss of the Hitler Youth, Gerd Wegner, and the Shtetta battalion was placed at the disposal of the Shtetta battalion, as the unit of the Volkssturm the young men submitted not to the Wehrmacht, but to the NSDAP, thus being the army of the party. Even where they formally submitted to the Wehrmacht, the leadership of the Gau retained the opportunity for its own intervention. Swede called them "militia", and equiped from a personal arsenal. "Oh my God, they are also children!", Exclaimed one regiment commander, seeing them for the first time.

Keep these children under the control of the party was for Himmler a priority in times of collapse of the fronts. Back in early March 1945, he demanded from the commander of the 9th Army in a secret telegram "to use" Hitler Youth "as whole units. I do not want to mix up with the old reservists and Volkssturm students the spirit and education of the Hitler Youth to become a localism and a community. " Http://www.zeit.de/2014/13/hitlerjugend ... ettansicht In order to blend with the old reservists and Volkssturm students, the upbringing and spirit of the Hitlerjugend turned into localism and fellow-countrymen.

When the Red Army launched the offensive, the Gauleiter was washed away along with his retinue, the

Red Army went on the offensive. On March 20, Soviet units liquidated the German bridgehead on the eastern shore of the Oder, defending Stettin. It was here that the 4th company of about 150 Hitler Guards from the Mursvik battalion entered the battle.

A day later, the dying city left a column of shiny, packed cars: the Gauleiter took off with the whole retinue, of course, without forgetting to continue sending messages to Berlin and the radio of great Germany. According to them, the defense commissar of the Reich himself defended Stettin to the "last drop of blood". First he defended him in the village of Strausberg on the outskirts of the city, then to the west, at Schwerinsburg Castle near the town of Anklam. While, As the three companies of the Hitler Youth were sent forward to ensure safe flight, the 4th company remained in Stettin.

Four weeks later, on April 22 and 23, the last battles for the city took place. The Wehrmacht and the SS left the battlefield, only Volkssturm and the young men from the 4th company remained. "I distinctly remember one of these counterattacks," wrote one Soviet general later, "when the enemy launched several thousand people, poorly trained, very young or old, victims of the fascist total war, who for the most part took part for the first time in combat."

What exactly happened in those April days at the gate of Stettin? Nobody knows this. Only a handful could then break through to the "Gau leadership" in Schwerinsburg Castle. Here they again had to shoot back from the Soviet tank detachments that had broken through before Shveda escorted away. The castle burned to the ground.

Http://www.zeit.de/2014/13/hitlerjugend ... ettansicht

By the way, and here are those people, the place is Pomerania, only time is a little bit different. February, and according to the text, the complete set of "Mursvik" - the beginning of March. Well, the gap is small.

The total forgetfulness of the commander of the company and the chief of Hitlerjugend.

In Schwerinsburg traces of the 4th company were finally lost. The commander of the company, Lieutenant Werner Shtyue, lived to the end of the war, but until the very last time he persistently refused to give any explanation. Also, the boss of the Hitler Youth, Vegner, who personally inspected this company in 1945, in 1998, in a conversation with Werner Nemitz, did not "remember" with similar persistence, where she was even put into combat.

Only in 2007, Nemitts received shaky, but still indications of the fate of the young men: the remains of the corporal Wehrmacht, who headed the detachment, were found on the outskirts of the former town of Hohensaden near Stettin, and were identified through a joint German-Polish study. However, from the other hundred with superfluous young men there was no trace at all. And until now.

After Swede left Schwerinsburg with the escort, his further journey lay in the direction of Greifswald. However, the Russians were faster than imagined; On April 30, the city was surrendered by the Wehrmacht without a fight, perhaps because the Kinder Soldiers from another unit, which was supposed to "depict the resistance" in Greifswald, were already dead: on the morning of the day when they were scheduled to enter the battle, during the training sessions A hand grenade killed 22 young men (in fact, tore to pieces, who does not believe, can check it: Am Gorgen ihres vorgesehenen Einsatztages zerriss beim Training eine Handgranate 22 Jungen-svonb, such is a grenade-wunderwaffe). There would be no happiness, but misfortune helped. As the survivors are sure that "[Russians] would have shot us!"

The wounded and the sick must be shot.

Shortly before this, the 3rd company of the Murswick battalion, which had been sent forward, reached Greifswald. Roth Werner Nemitz, in which there were also four girls. They were given an order without bluntness. The senior lieutenant of the Wehrmacht, as the commander of the company Karl-Walter Rosdoyecher later wrote in his memoirs, "giving instructions, was expressed so rudely as I had never heard from members of the Waffen-SS".

The company had to "let the front go ahead", after which "in the rear of the enemy lines to organize the" Werwolf. " They were given the task of "carrying out acts of sabotage", completely switching to supply "at the expense of destroyed enemy rear units." In order to camouflage it was impossible to take prisoners. Also, their own wounded and sick (the instruction said), the company commander had to "shoot himself with his own hands." As Rosdeutscher assures, from that moment on, "we knew only one goal - to get our girls and boys home safely."

What was done: in a roundabout way he brought the children to the West, by this act of civic courage saving their lives.

Their comrades from the two remaining mouths of the Mursvik battalion did not fall out like that. At this time they were in Stralsund, being the vanguard of the leadership of the gau. When Shvede arrived with the retinue on April 30, he sent his "militia" back to the front, which in fact had already ceased to exist. As Nemitz later found out during his investigations, "when Mazow, Swede-Coburg and Wegner learned that the land units, the Luftwaffe and the Kriegsmarine no longer want to defend the" fortress "of Stralsund, They on the night of May 1 sent both companies "Hitler Youth" on the approaches to the city with the task of "restraining resistance."

Children's battalion. Ending

Gauleiter Shvede escaped, and ordered the bridge to be blown up.

At this time, the remaining residents tried to get out of Stralsund to the island near Rügen. They scampered thousands of people along the streets in the direction of the bridge-dam leading to the island.

However, those who aspired in the direction of the Rijgen dam, fell into a trap. The Gau authorities closed the island for refugees. The right of priority travel was owned by Swede himself. The car convoy, loaded with trophies, proceeded to the island, after which Swede ordered to blow up the bridge.

At about 20 pm on April 30, just a few hours before Hitler's suicide in Berlin, Wegner gave the battle order to the first company of the Murswick battalion. Obersturmfuhrer SS led the young men to the position close to the dam of Rügen, then disappeared. At the same time, it was decided to surrender Stralsund without a fight. After the city left the last military, only the soldiers of the "Hitlerjugend" were left without an order to withdraw. The administration of the Gau, according to the late apology of the leader of Pomeranian Hitler Youth, Wegner, simply forgot about them.

Also, the helpers of the Luftwaffe and the last company from the Moorswick were left "forgotten", this time the Wehrmacht, on the highway from Greifswald. "We walked in the evening, stumbling, off-road," - recalled one of the survivors. "The situation was terrible. The kids roared and wanted to go home. The situation was heated when we drove a Russian truck from the panzerfausta. "

And something happened that should have happened: the youth began to shoot at the approaching Red Army men, who were preparing to take Stralsund without a fight. The Soviets reacted harshly. A total of 96 boys died. A group of 15-16 year old captives had to dig their own grave, and then, according to the wartime laws, was shot and buried. "This is a great misfortune for the city, that it was defending itself," it was said in one of the first announcements of the winners. "Therefore, it will be treated like a captured city."

No consequences for the instigators

For Shved and Mazowa, this children's crusade, on the contrary, paid off: they not only preserved their skins unscathed (Mazowev left Stralsund by car, Swede got out of Sassnitz in Rugen by the sea), but did not suffer punishment for their crimes In Pomerania. Just for other acts, both appeared in 1951 before a court in Coburg and were sentenced to imprisonment. However, in the same year Mazow was pardoned by the Bavarian justice, he died in 1987 in Karlsruhe; Gauleiter, Swede was released in 1956, and died in Coburg in 1960.

Responsible from the "Hitler Youth", however, later confessed to the torture of their own conscience, however, until the last they refused what could especially help the relatives and friends of the missing adolescents: in the information. Therefore, the circumstances of the death of more than a hundred young men from the 4th company of the Mursvik battalion remain completely unknown. As if everything happens in a fairy tale about the evil Gummel picket, in fact it is an unheard of crime, of which no one wants to know anything.

Http://www.zeit.de/2014/13/hitlerjugend ... ettansicht

From the comments to the article:

"In the last days of the war the SS did not wait until the 14-year-olds announced themselves as volunteers, They just took the boys with them. Whether they like it or not. My father, who lived then in Bohemia, told me about this, and at that time he was 14 years old.

Young men hid in the forest or somewhere else, just to not become cannon fodder ... My father was lucky, he was born in 1933. But his brother Bernd - no. He was born in 1931, and several years after reaching the 14th anniversary he was drafted and sent to the Eastern Front. A little later, he was declared missing ... by whom, and to this day. " Captivated German teen soldiers in Martinzell But his brother Bernd - no. He was born in 1931, and several years after reaching the 14th anniversary he was drafted and sent to the Eastern Front. A little later, he was declared missing ... by whom, and to this day. " Captivated German teen soldiers in Martinzell But his brother Bernd - no. He was born in 1931, and several years after reaching the 14th anniversary he was drafted and sent to the Eastern Front. A little later, he was declared missing ... by whom, and to this day. "

Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 13:47

The following information was found in the article

70 years ago the Berlin Offensive Operation began

Internal defenses passed along the outskirts of the suburbs. All strong points and positions were interconnected in a fire relationship. The streets are equipped with numerous anti-tank obstacles and wire barriers. Its total depth was 6 km. The third - the city bypass was passing along the district railway. All the streets leading to the center of Berlin were blocked by barricades, bridges prepared for undermining.

The city was divided into 9 defensive sectors, the central sector was strengthened most of all. On the streets and squares were opened for artillery and tanks. Bunkers are built. All defensive positions were interconnected by a network of communication routes. For secretive maneuver by forces, the metro was extensively used, the length of which reached 80 km. The fascist leadership ordered: "to keep Berlin to the last bullet".

In Berlin itself formed 200 battalions of the Volkssturm and the total number of the garrison exceeded 200,000 people.....103rd, 107th, 109th, 203rd, 205th, 207th, 301st, 308th, 313th, 318th, 320th, 509th, 617th, 705th, 707th, 713th, 803rd, 811th "Rolland", 911th Volkssturm battalions

http://lytkin-pavel.livejournal.com/388907.html

from the site napnews.ru

Http://napnews.ru/content/70-let-nazad-n achalas-berlinskaya-nastupatelnaya-opera ciya

Germanicus
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Posts: 1470
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 13:58

Actions intelligence. Bodies of the 1st Guards Tank Brigade from 14.01.45 to 04.02.45
Chief of Staff of the 1st Guards. Tank brigade Guard Colonel (Katirkin)
Deputy. Early. Staff for Intelligence Guard Captain (Manukyan)

http://tankfront.ru/ussr/doc/obd/gvtbr0 ... _1945.html

In the area of ​​Dombrochice, met the departing motorized rifle units of the enemy; From the documents found on the killed, it is established that these parts belong to 10 MD. Fighting in the area of ​​Brzezno, during which captives and documents were captured, the RDD established: the Konin district is defended by two battalions of the Volkssturm, the Kostrinsky non-commissioned officer's school of XXI AK and parts of XXI AK.

On January 21, the ORD moved along the route of Golina, Stschalkovo, Vreshen, Koschin with the task of scouting the enemy's defense in the area of ​​Starshalkovo, Vreshen, Koschin, the presence and strength of new enemy units, which, according to the testimony of the prisoners, were supposed to arrive for the defense of the Vreshen and Poznan border. The strength and composition of the parts that make up the XXI AK, which operated on this section. The ORD, consisting of one armored personnel carrier, a platoon of T-34 tanks, a reconnaissance squad and a sapper detachment of prisoners captured in the Greench area, established that Volkssturm-Bataillon "Bromberg" operated in the Stshalkovo area with the strength of up to 350 active bayonets, 4 mortars and 50 "Faust patrons", 889 Wach battalion with force up to 300 active bayonets and up to 30 "faust patrons", the enemy units have the task of keeping our advancing forward units to the approach of reserves to the Poznan and Koscin districts.

Intelligence report for 1G. Tank Chertkov Order of Lenin Red Banner Order of Suvorov, Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky Brigade for the period from March 1 to 20, 1945

Continuing the task, the ORD, by 9.00 on 2.3.45, went to the Rinow area. Captured prisoners and documents, the detachment has established that the enemy has the task of leaving its barrier on certain advantageous lines, leaving its main parts in the direction of Bellegarde, where to gain a foothold by stubbornly defending the approaches to the sea.

2.3.45. The ORD got the task: moving ahead of the units of the brigade along the route Shifelbain, Gross Rambin, Standemin, to explore possible enemy resistance units - Shifelbain, Arnhausen, Standemin, to identify the forces and composition of enemy units defending the approaches to Bellegarde, in particular the number of tanks And self-propelled guns operating along the brigade's approach route.

The interrogation of the prisoners revealed that every infantry battalion has up to 30 "faust patrons" in service. After the approach of the main forces of the brigade, the ORD moved along the route Arnhausen, Standemin, Bellegarde. In the Stendemin area, the ORD met with stubborn resistance from the enemy. The seizure of the prisoners revealed that Shtandemin, turned by the enemy into a stronghold, was defended by the SS Charlemagne brigade (French), 26 and 129 Volkssturm-Bataillones, supported by three artillery batteries, assault guns and separate groups of tank destroyers.

Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 14:45

The following is an interesting piece written about the Hitler-Youth of the Volkssturm and the Werewolf movement I discovered on a Russian website.

Werewolf. Ruth Fraiger

Hitler-Jugend and the Werewolf Movement.

Partisan Hitler Youth Program


In the autumn of 1944, the leadership of the Hitler Youth finally decided to use the fanaticism of the youth. Members of the State Council long ago longed to begin a systematic struggle against "foreign invaders" and internal enemies of the Reich. The leaders of the Hitler Youth planned to go the track, trodden by the SS division of the same name, wishing to turn the youth movement into a full-fledged military organization. In August 1944, the Chief of Staff of the Imperial Youth Leaders, Helmut Mockel, initiated the initiative to train 100,000 boys, of whom it was planned to create special "self-defense units". These detachments were to fight anti-fascists and enemy guerrillas operating on the outskirts of the Reich. In the autumn of 1944, they were supposed to put these young men under arms, fully equip them and send them to fight against the French partisans.

On the eve of the creation of the Volkssturm, the leadership of the GY was going to create "Combat detachments named after Herbert Norkus", named to the part of the Hitlerjugendian martyr who died in a street skirmish in 1932. However, these formations of the people's militia were never destined to appear - the party leadership began to implement a project called Volkshturm. To the great disappointment of the imperial youth leadership, 300,000 adolescents were not assigned such a big role, as the upper GJ counted on it. No less disappointment was expressed by fanatical adolescents themselves, when they got into the so-called Volkssturm of the Third Wave, which was created in the spring of 1945, that is, when the Third Reich was literally breathing on ice. Such measures were by no means an accident, but a certain precaution. In the leadership of the Nazi party, it was reasonably believed that constant contact with older people, more soberly assessing the situation, could undermine the morale of adolescents. But nevertheless the Imperial youth leadership managed to achieve certain concessions. October 30, 1944, it was decided that from the young men born in 1928 it will be possible to form separate armed detachments that would carry out their activities with the corresponding regional leaders of the State. That is, as you can see, these small formations were absolutely independent of Volkssturm, although formally they belonged to the people's militia. These detachments actually became the basis of the so-called "tank destroyers", which could be found in any part of Germany (we'll talk about them in more detail in the third part). Given the unconventionality in tactics and style of combat, "tank destroyers" can be safely attributed to the same category as "werewolves." In principle, the leadership of HG used Volkshturm for cover. In Northern Germany, British troops captured far more than one youth unit of "fighters". All of them had bandages and patches of Volkssturm, although members of this organization never carried out actions behind enemy lines.

In addition to Volkssturm, the Imperial youth leadership also showed interest in the formation of partisan groups and reconnaissance detachments that were to operate in the territory occupied by the Allies. Already in the summer of 1944, many Hitler Youth activists were cut off from schooling and their public duties. They passed special training, after which they had to cross the front line. One fifteen-year-old boy, captured by the Allies, talked about his training in a special camp, where between July and September 1944, another 400 teenagers received special training. Teachers and instructors in this camp were German and Flemish SS men. According to the directive of the higher police and SS leadership of the Rhine Westmarch, All the young men from GU were to get the skills of guerrilla warfare. Later, such an order issued and the Imperial youth leadership, extending its effect to the whole of Germany. Similar initiatives have already been shown from below. In Koblenz, local leader Hitler Youth Schneider insisted that all young men of the 1929-1930s were to be mobilized to participate in partisan detachments. This initiative was supported in November 1944. On the other hand, there is evidence that says that only the most fanatical members of the State Department have been recruited. And the geography of the activities of such camps was limited to West Germany. Such undertakings aroused political enthusiasm among the local leadership of the Hitler Youth, who watched in horror as the parts of the Allies approached their native lands.

But when this initiative began to be realized, the leadership of the Hitler Youth was waiting for another disappointment - all the youth partisan detachments had to obey the "Bureau of Pratsman", in effect becoming one of the components of the "Werwolf". From the organizational point of view, this step was quite logical. By the end of 1944, it became apparent that there was a need for coordination between the SS and GY. This would not only avoid unnecessary material costs, but also put an end to duplication of functions. As a result, in early 1945, a closed conference was held in Potsdam, in which representatives of the SS and the Hitler Youth attended. In fact, the parties were represented by Pruitsman and Cloos. During the negotiations, an agreement was reached that the staff of the Kloos department would be subordinate to the "Bureau of Prutzman." From that moment on, all the youth guerrilla formations became units of the Werwolf. After this meeting, Kloos and his co-workers moved to Rheinsberg, where they were disguised as the recruiting center of the SS Hitler Youth. Himself, Cloos was now represented as a special commissioner of the Imperial Youth leadership. In practice, representatives of the Hitler Youth were free in their actions. Representatives of Kloos traveled around West Germany, independently agreeing on further work with police and SS ranks. On January 25, 1945, Kloos's activities were expanded, he now had to create youth guerrilla groups in East Germany. Since that moment, adolescents from subversive groups have come to be called just like SS men - "werewolves." As if accidentally among the youth began to actively spread the book Lons. It was a very true move - inspired by the book, the youth simply burned with a desire to become "werewolves."

Despite the fact that Kloos acted under the signboard of "Werwolf", his employees were not going to somehow coordinate their actions with the SS leadership. The Hitler Youth continued to train young men (this time called "werewolves") in their own camps. GY functionaries, as before, conducted an active recruitment campaign through their own educational institutions, about which Prutzman hardly knew anything. It is not surprising that the employees of Bureau Prutzman often complained about the lack of cooperation between the two wings of the Nazi guerrilla movement. The SS tried to put an end to the activities of Kloos, close the youth camps and give them to the SS, but the undertaking failed.

On the other hand, young "werewolves" believed that their project was still overseen by the Imperial youth leadership, recruitment in young "werewolves" was carried out by commissioners from the Gau. The process itself was fundamentally different from the search for volunteers, which was carried out within the framework of the SS. In the Hitler Youth it looked like this. Above in the regional offices descended order - to select an average of six to twelve teenagers in order that they were specially trained. Candidates for "werewolves" were to be loyal to the regime, to be smart, but not to be activists who were known throughout the district. In the number of such "volunteers" were girls. They should have been well acquainted with the technique, since they were supposed to be trained on a radio operator. Other girls simply worked as typists and employees in the "Werewolf" of Kloos. Not all regional leaders of the Hitler Youth were involved in the preparation of the "werewolves". For example, in the territory of Nordmark (Frisia and Schleswig-Holstein) only five of the existing twelve regional leaders of the GY in preparation for the "werewolves" were involved. Four districts were assigned to each of them. In the areas along the Rhine, the training of young "werewolves" was perhaps the most active. To this end, special brochures were even printed in Wiesbaden.

After such a specific recruitment, children entered preliminary courses, after which they were sent to specialized camps. All the issues of training and training of teenagers were supervised by specialists from the battalion "Albert Leo Schlagueter", who simultaneously obeyed both Cloos and Pruitsman. Two boys captured by the Americans showed during interrogation that they were trained first in a sports school and then in a camp called "Roda Ron" where they were taught the skills of sabotage and subversive agitation. When training sabotage the emphasis was placed on the breakage of telephone lines. In other camps, more attention was paid to military training. In camps near Palatinate and Waldmore, the SS instructors taught 15-16-year-olds to orientate themselves on the terrain, after which they went on a weekly course, During which children were introduced to various types of weapons: Mauser rifle, submachine guns, machine guns, grenade launchers, etc. In conditions when the Wehrmacht was sorely lacking in ammunition, the Hitler Youth had only plenty in the camps. They could almost train round the clock in shooting. At the end of the training SS instructors formed small groups, which usually consisted of three to six children. In other camps, the training of radio operators was under way. Young men, well versed in radio engineering, have always been in demand in the "Werewolves." They fell into both youthful and adult partisan detachments. Such specialized training took place at least in one camp, which was located in the town of Enigen, near Reutlingen. An interesting fact: the children who underwent training were dressed in the shape of the African Corps. Those of the GY members, Who did not get into the camps, received detailed instructions on how to behave in the occupied territories. They had to distribute leaflets, the caches with which were prepared in advance. In addition, they were ordered spontaneous sabotage: "Take everything you can from the enemy. The front line depends on the situation in the rear of the enemy. The more you do harm, the more you will do for your Motherland. "

At the end of 1944, youth units began individual attacks to the rear of the enemy. Some of these "saboteurs" were almost immediately captured by the Allies in Eastern Belgium during the Ardennes operation. The seized partisans from the Hitler Youth showed that they were either recruited unofficially (they decided to launch acts of sabotage on their own initiative, using instructions issued in the autumn of 1944), or they were thrown into the enemy's rear at the initiative of the regional leader Walter Dennis. Some of these boys, who got weapons, still managed to cut off American lines of communication, to shell out transport vehicles. In one case, the young "werewolf" delivered V. Dennis valuable information about the location of the American artillery and some army units. Such self-sufficient detachments were very active during the German counter-offensive in Alsace, where they acted as scouts and saboteurs. As a result, the Americans regarded the activities of such detachments as "a very significant threat."

As soon as the American troops were able to go deeper into the territory of the Rhineland, about a hundred youth detachments were sent immediately behind the front line. Here are just brief summaries for February-March 1945: two young men detained while watching the road Gangelt-Gailenkirchen; Two young guerrillas were detained by soldiers of the 104th US Infantry Regiment; Ten members of DG were captured by officers of the 7th Armored Regiment; Five radio operators from the "Union of German Girls" arrested in Cremfeld, after they were booked; In the vicinity of Bonn, on March 18-22, 15 young "werewolves", equipped with equipment for sabotage, were detained. This list can be continued for a very long time. In one case, a child who was a pimph (an organization that preceded the Hitler Youth) killed an American soldier. The witness of this event recalled: "We stopped to rest, when a little boy, 9-10 years old, asked a soldier for a chocolate. This boy was very cute, so no one paid attention when he reached into his pocket. But from his pocket he pulled out a pistol and shot a soldier in the stomach. "

A lot of young men were in special detachments formed by the leadership of the State Department in the Riparian regions, namely Kirsch in Bonn and Schneider in Koblenz. Having shown initiative in March 1945, they sent several young reconnaissance and sabotage groups across the Rhine. The river was usually crossed by rubber boats. Young "werewolves" "excelled" in Cologne, where they made several attacks on American soldiers. The Wehrmacht officers, who were familiar with Schneider, highly appreciated his activity. In one of the army reports it was said that this leader of the Hitler Youth had gathered more than a hundred people who were very determined. In addition to direct attacks on Americans, these boys specialized in disabling vehicles - they mixed sugar in gas tanks. In mid-March 1945 it was decided to expand the activities of these units, and Schneider received explosives from the Wehrmacht. From now on, the children had to engage in larger diversions.

After the Allies managed to cross the Rhine, they ran into numerous groups of young "werewolves." The district of Bonn was simply inundated with youth formations created on the initiative of Kirsch. In the town of Diet, the Americans detained five well-armed teenagers who showed that they were only part of a detachment of young saboteurs who numbered more than two hundred people. Arrested on March 31, 1945 in Bensheim, members of the Hitler Youth gave similar information - they were listed in a detachment of 250 teenagers, each of whom vowed to kill the Americans. On April 15, ten young men were captured in the same Bensheim, who were waiting for further instructions from the regional leadership of the GY. All the children turned out to be fanatical National Socialists who did not even want to hear about the possibility of the existence of other political doctrines.

By the end of April, the Allied forces were able to gain a foothold in areas where the most active actions of young Nazi guerrillas could be expected. Despite all the reports and information received by the army counterintelligence, the Americans did nothing to reduce the activity of youth from the State Department. On the contrary, they only aggravated the situation and provoked discontent. In April 1945, a "conspiracy" was opened in Alsfeld, which consisted of seven boys, who were eager to seize weapons and start a guerrilla war. At all of them for the collar of the collar were found badges of the Hitler Youth. Despite the fact that they did not have time to commit any attacks, they were shot. In Magdeburg, the number of murdered and shot teenagers was not accountable. They were executed when they were detained with weapons in their hands, there is no need to speak about the attacks. Violence led to more radical actions. There was a case when the teenagers lured an American transport convoy in ambush, after which they threw grenades at it, causing considerable damage to technology and manpower. In Saxony, a group of young guerrillas entered the parking lot, where German trophy equipment was located, and put it out of action. Near Hanover, a boy died who became a kind of Nazi kamikaze. He approached the tanks with fuel, but the bomb exploded earlier than he could cause significant damage to fuel supplies. In the Rural town of Dislaken and the Swabian settlement of Memmingen, a nine-year-old girl shot two American soldiers. In Kalba, one of the Hitler Youth members aimed at an American officer with a pistol, but was shot before he could pull the trigger. This incident made a depressing impression on the local population. Near Oldenburg, British soldiers were able to catch young "werewolves", who, behind a haystack, alerted several grenade launchers. In the rear of the Ninth US Army, a fourteen-year-old boy blew up a bridge in the center of Düsseldorf so professionally that many Americans died. The saboteur was detained by intelligence and taken to the army headquarters, where they could not believe for a long time that this terrorist act was the child's handiwork.

One of the "hot spots" of Germany was Altmark, a wooded area bordering the Elbe. In the Altmark forests, not only the "werewolves" were found shelter, but also the scattered remnants of the Wehrmacht units. According to an American journalist who visited this turbulent region in April 1945, "he was literally crammed with youth and the so-called" werewolves. " A characteristic feature of the "werewolf" detachments in this area was that adults and adults were the children and adolescents who were the actual commanders of the partisan formation. One of the most active was the partisan detachment operating in the vicinity of Stendel. In Tangermunde several young "werewolves" fired from the ruins of the American transport column. The Americans responded by opening a chaotic fire, watering all the surrounding houses and ruins from all kinds of weapons. They did not see where the snipers had settled, and so they shot at everything that moved. One of the goals of the "werewolves" was achieved - the local population did not conceal their hatred of the Americans.

There is evidence that the Red Army also faced young "werewolves" at the time of entering Germany. Here, as on the Western Front, the adolescents used to conduct reconnaissance. The two boys who acted on the Oder front were awarded the Iron Cross, when they were able to obtain important documents behind the front line. Or another example: On February 4, 1945, a youthful partisan detachment from the besieged city of Elbing managed to destroy a Soviet tank. This squad continued to operate for almost a month, until it was neutralized by parts of the NKVD. Partisans were three teenagers, dressed in civilian clothes. From all weapons to this point they have only a few pistols.

The only successful attack on the Red Army, which was undertaken by young "werewolves," was a sortie in the industrial city of Hindenburg (Upper Silesia). It was very loudly screamed in Nazi propaganda. According to official German statements, the "combat group" HJ, established after the occupation of the city by Soviet troops, decided to "avenge the outrage and looting." Teenagers, armed with machine guns and grenades, were able to surround the school where the Red Army soldiers stopped to stay. The school was peppered with grenades. After the explosions, the building collapsed, buried under the wreckage of 60 people.

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Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 14:53

Werewolf. Ruth Fraiger

Hitler-Jugend and the Werewolf Movement

Regional differences


Little is known about the organizational aspects of the training of youth guerrilla groups in the last days of the Third Reich. Therefore, let us focus on four examples that can serve as a graphic illustration. In the West district, the westernmost division of the Hitler Youth, Gustav Memminger, the head of the press and propaganda department under the Imperial youth leadership, was engaged in the implementation of the partisan program, one of Joseph Goebbels's close friends. Memminger began to fulfill these duties in February 1945. At the end of the same month, he sent out instructions to the local leaders of the Rhenish HJ for preparing "resistance" cells and weapons caches, which young partisans could use to fight the Allied forces. Special representative of the Imperial Youth leadership Kloos did his best, In order to create a special school for the preparation of "werewolves" in the vicinity of Bonn. In the Saar and Palatinate, where the military situation was most tense, almost immediately began the practical implementation of the program.

It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that Memminger's activities gradually began to move to the east from the west. First, it was due to mass evacuation. Secondly, it was dictated by the intention to create new guerrilla detachments from teenagers, who could undergo more thorough training. They were decided at the most critical moment. This amended plan of action was brought to the attention of the Rhine leaders of the Hitler Youth during the meeting of SS Standartenfuhrer Max Keller with Gauleiter Joseph Broekel. Since that moment, the main goal of the local leaders of the State Duma was to urgently place under the gun 20,000 youngsters who were supposed to cross the Rhine at various places. Some of these "volunteers" tried to avoid getting into partisan detachments. In order to stop the flow of "deserters" The leaders of the Hitler Youth were entitled to conduct executions at their own discretion. This also applies to simulators. Despite such tough measures, only 3,000 people were mobilized. However, most of them did not take part in hostilities. This teenage army first retreated from Reinland to Odenwald, and then moved to Thuringia under the onslaught of the Americans.

The most important project, realized by the leadership of the Hitler Youth in Rheinland, was the creation of the Battle Group "Kurfurst Baldwin." It was formed on the initiative of a middle-level functionary from the staff of the State Department, Rolf Karbakh. "Baldwin" carried out its activities within the military district XII. Two main tasks were set before him: the protection of his region from the Allies and sabotage in the occupied territories. The Baldwin units operated mainly in the counties of Hunsrück and the Eifel. Here they enjoyed the support of local rangers and forest rangers. One of Karbakh's ideas was to use for the guerrilla warfare the tunnels that stretched for the most part of Rhineland. It should be noted that the teenagers did this very successfully. For example, in Hunsrück Gü-werwolfs managed to destroy an ammunition production plant and a fuel base, Which was built by the Allies. The same adolescents in the Hunsrück-Hohenstraße section produced repeated blasts of the railway tracks. Strange as it may seem, counterintelligence of the Allies did not pay any attention to the diversions organized by Baldwin.

Despite the success of the Baldwin group, Karbach failed to achieve recognition. His fanaticism aroused fear even among the most consistent Nazis. Many considered him not quite a normal person. Even on the condition that the creation of Baldwin was given Himmler's personal "blessing," Karbakh was never able to climb the ranks. Local Gauleiter generally recommended not to deal with him to all officials. Berger did not give Karbah permission to conduct recruitment among the young men selected for service in the Waffen-SS. The leadership of the SS even took such a step as convincing the commander of the military district, General Osterkamp, ​​to postpone the realization of the ideas proposed by the fanatical Karbakh. Soon, Karbach left Rheinland in order to take up a new post in the Imperial youth leadership. Very illustrative illustration - to remove a person from his post could be, In the "Nordmark" preparations for guerrilla warfare were even more spontaneous.

Here, the local functionary Hans Colling was working on the creation of the Werwolf units of the GUU members. Active recruitment, he began only in March 1945. For the training of adolescents, he planned to set up a special camp in Schoenberg (Schleswig-Holstein). The first units of young "werewolves" were created only in late April 1945. They had almost no weapons. The only means for sabotage was the explosive, the truck of which it was possible to get in the south of the country. The explosives were immediately distributed to secret places, the location of which was known only to the leaders of partisan groups. It is possible that some of this material still used against the British. However, most of the young "werewolves" were forced to retreat to the Segerburgh Forest, Where a kind of miniature partisan base was built. Hans Colling himself continued his activity until October 1945, until the British counterintelligence defeated his refuge, located in the Luneberg Wasteland. During the assault, a firefight began. One of the British was killed, but Colling himself was captured alive. He had his plans for subversive groups removed. But in many other cases, the partisan units simply did not begin to act.

The leader of the Hitler Youth in Eutin, on the eve of the British offensive, dissolved the Werwolf detachment, ordering his subordinates to return home. This youth leader believed that guerrilla actions can only frighten civilians. Until the British counterintelligence defeated his refuge, located in the Luneberg Wasteland. During the assault, a firefight began. One of the British was killed, but Colling himself was captured alive. He had his plans for subversive groups removed. But in many other cases, the partisan units simply did not begin to act. The leader of the Hitler Youth in Eutin, on the eve of the British offensive, dissolved the Werwolf detachment, ordering his subordinates to return home. This youth leader believed that guerrilla actions can only frighten civilians. Until the British counterintelligence defeated his refuge, located in the Luneberg Wasteland. During the assault, a firefight began. One of the British was killed, but Colling himself was captured alive. He had his plans for subversive groups removed.

Yet in many other cases, the partisan units simply did not begin to act. The leader of the Hitler Youth in Eutin, on the eve of the British offensive, dissolved the Werwolf detachment, ordering his subordinates to return home. This youth leader believed that guerrilla actions can only frighten civilians. But in many other cases, the partisan units simply did not begin to act. The leader of the Hitler Youth in Eutin, on the eve of the British offensive, dissolved the Werwolf detachment, ordering his subordinates to return home. This youth leader believed that guerrilla actions can only frighten civilians. But in many other cases, the partisan units simply did not begin to act. The leader of the Hitler Youth in Eutin, on the eve of the British offensive, dissolved the Werwolf detachment, ordering his subordinates to return home. This youth leader believed that guerrilla actions can only frighten civilians.

Examples of such confusion, which engulfed the local leaders of the HJ on the eve of the collapse of the Third Reich, could also be observed in the vicinity of Brandenburg. By early April 1945, officials were forced to admit that the Red Army would still be forced to force the Oder. It was decided that the entire central part of East Germany should turn into a continuous battlefield. At the same time, 30 local leaders of the State Council met in Brandenburg. It discussed the creation of youth detachments "Werewolf." The coordinating figure was a mysterious person, which in the documents of the KVD was designated by the letter "F". Particular attention was paid to the very nature of the future partisan movement. Although the meeting had only a few weeks to prepare, almost all began to actively form squads. One of them managed to recruit 150 teenagers, which was a good result. Then everything went according to the scheme: the creation of caches, the training of radio operators, the acquisition of weapons.

But, when the Red Army began its victorious offensive, many of the commanders in panic disbanded their troops. In Beltsig, the local leader GY simply fled, actually throwing his wards to the mercy of fate. But, on the other hand, in Rathenow, a detachment of thirty HJ "werewolves" fought a fierce battle with Soviet troops, destroying several tanks from grenade launchers. When the remnants of the Twelfth Army, pressed to the Elbe, were ready to surrender, these "werewolves" still continued their resistance. They naively believed that the British would oppose the Soviets. The resistance of the "werewolves" put an end to the hopes of the German officers to save their lives. In early May, a delegation of Wehrmacht representatives appealed to adolescents with a request to stop resistance. They were informed that England was not going to start a "crusade" against the USSR. Even this did not work. Soviet artillery razed to the ground a site where young fanatics took refuge.

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Germanicus
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 15:30

The Axman Plan from WEREWOLF. SHARDS OF THE BROWN EMPIRE

At first glance, the post-war activities of the HJ "werewolves" were no different from the attacks undertaken by the SS "werewolves." But there was one moment that fundamentally distinguished the fate of the young "werewolves" from the SS men from the "Bureau of Prutzman." It is a question of the fact that the leadership of the Hitler Youth has prepared in advance and thoroughly the preparations for action in the conditions of the defeat of Germany. In the Bureau of Prutzman we could not find even a hint of such training.

Among the Nazis, Arthur Axman was the only person who not only assumed the probability (and not hypothetical) of the full occupation of Germany, but also began to prepare for it in time. In March 1945, he began to develop a detailed scheme, according to which the Hitler Youth could at once move to an illegal position. This "plan Axman" began to be realized already in the beginning of April, 1945. It was then that the headquarters of the Imperial Youth Leadership was transferred from Berlin to the Bavarian Alps, to the town of Bad Toly, where one of the educational establishments of the Hitler Youth was located. Aksman's plan was to keep the "color of the nation" by evacuating 35,000 of the most active and loyal members of the HJ to this hard-to-reach place. From this alpine area, which was to turn into the last bastion of the Reich, Adolescents had to raid in the nearby areas of Germany and Austria. Axman foresaw the inevitable conflict between the Western powers and the Soviet Union. Therefore, for him, the maximum task was to preserve a combat-ready Hitler Youth, which was to act together with the rest of the West against the Soviets. It was necessary to just wait out a difficult moment in the history of Germany.

In order to start implementing such a titanic idea, Axman sent his agents to various areas of the Reich: Erich Schroeder went to the north of Germany, Ernst Overbeck - to the western regions, Hans Winter to the southeast, and Gottfried Grismeier was sent to Austria and Bohemia. The latter was entrusted with a special mission - he was to prepare ways of retreating to the south of the Reich. Preparation was conducted in conditions of complete secrecy. When, If the evacuation of adolescents was impossible, they should have waited for orders, remaining in their places. Грйсмайер, having appeared in Bohemia, has incurred additional duties on education and ideological preparation of the future partisans. On 5 May, together with other leaders of the State Council, he met in the town of Prachatice with individual SS officers. At the meeting it was decided to create a new ("young") National Socialist movement, which came up with an uncomplicated program consisting of 10 items.

A certain number of HJ "werewolves" still managed to reach the southern mountains, where they were instructed to prepare for partisan actions, as well as expect a conflict between the West and the USSR. Some local functionaries of the youth organization took these orders with delight. They were dominated by illusions about the possibility of confronting the advancing Allies and the Red Army. The Tyrolean leadership of the Hitler Youth believed that it could successfully lead a guerrilla war, since the youth knew the local mountains well. Most evacuated "werewolves" tried to compensate their inexperience with fiery enthusiasm. After the war, one of the participants of these events, the functionary of the Union of German Girls, recalled: "It seemed that no power on earth could destroy our partnership of Hitler Youth leaders. I was looking for salvation in the idea, Which now acquired a new sound. But no one knew what our real political goal was. We just wanted to fight for our idea ... I do not remember keening about the disaster that fell on our shoulders. These troubles were something insignificant compared to our heroism. " In the Bavarian Alps, in the town of Sigdorf, the local leadership of the State Department consoled themselves with the thought that the Americans were weak soldiers, second-class people. In the end, they believed that they could easily cope with the American occupation of 60,000 fanatics from the Hitler Youth. When the mobilization of adolescents began, one of the local leaders of the Volkssturm expressed skepticism about the advisability of fighting the Americans. In response, an arrogant statement was made: "Do not compare us with yourself! You are old! " But no one knew what our real political goal was. We just wanted to fight for our idea ... I do not remember keening about the disaster that fell on our shoulders. These troubles were something insignificant compared to our heroism.

The training of future young guerrillas took place in a variety of places. For example, as early as February 1945, a special school for GD personnel was urgently established in the vicinity of Benediktbeuern. This particular educational institution was taught by servicemen of the mountain-infantry regiment stationed in Garmisch. In April 1945, one of the instructors, Sergeant Max Roytman, was instructed to form detachments of the Werwolf. Should help him in this endeavor was the local forester and functionary GY Muller. Anticipating the inglorious end of the war, this detachment gathered weapons and foodstuffs from all over the district to create several hiding places. When Germany surrendered, these stocks were used spontaneously by the formation of the students of the GY school, located in Bad Tolz. It was a very large detachment of 250 fanatical youths. "Special School" existed in the vicinity of Salzburg. At the initiative of the SS, youth education was active in Carinthia. In Bad Reichenhall, there was an institution that trained communication teens. All of them were evacuated from Upper Silesia and the Sudetenland.

On the Eastern Front in Austria, the head of the State Council, Hans Lauterbaker, organized a special "combat group" that duplicated the functions of "Werwolf." This unit included two battalions, staffed by fanatical teenagers, led by Wehrmacht officers and Waffen-SS. The "combat group PO" took an active part in the battles for Vienna. When it became clear that the Austrian capital would not be able to be held, on April 17 the remnants of this formation retreated to the west. But previously a partisan team was formed from the group, which was thrown into the rear of the Red Army. Despite the shortage of fuel, similar guerrilla units in Eastern Austria were no exception. In this region, "werewolves" were quite active, bringing a lot of trouble to the Soviet units. They saw the main goal of drawing in units of the Red Army in the main theater of operations - so the teenagers tried to help the Wehrmacht. On the eve of the fall of Vienna, seventy members of the State Department were able to choose from it. Settled in the Vienna Woods, this small unit was gradually replenished with water from the defeated units. Moreover, contrary to popular belief that the ROA at the end of the war tried to resist the Nazis, this group was joined by a sufficient number of Vlasovites. On April 13, this combined detachment attacked the workshops in the Litzendorf district, where Soviet tanks were being repaired, three tanks and several armored vehicles were destroyed during the attack. On April 18, this formation attacked a transport convoy in the vicinity of the city of Hagenenstein. The next night, an unsuccessful attempt was made to mined the road near Eichengran. When this diversion failed, the detachment blew up the island, which was located slightly to the east. Then the railway station in Rekavinkel was destroyed, which was used for the standing of Soviet troops. On April 21, teenagers from this partisan detachment ambushed the Soviet convoy - three trucks were destroyed. A few days later several Soviet trucks were fired and pelted with grenades. At the same time, a small detachment of the Red Army was killed, which stopped in the Kaumberg forest. On May 1, the Soviets decided to present a "surprise". In Heinfeld, the partisans interrupted the protection of the fuel depots and blew them up. By this time, the partisan detachment was reduced to the level of a handful of adolescents who spent most of their time trying to hide from the NKVD units. On May 5, they were able to cross the front line. But then they were disappointed - they found out, That Dönitz forbade any guerrilla adventures. But, despite this, the new head of Germany received the squad leader, 16-year-old Alfred Bort, who was awarded the Knight's Cross. But for this teenager the war has already ended.

Small partisan detachments also operated in the Western Alps. In addition to teenagers, they were partially manned by SS men. With these "werewolves" collided American armored units, when they crossed the "northern mountain passages". These young fanatics intimidated the civilian population, spreading leaflets with threats. But their traditional tactic was an unexpected attack. As a rule, American soldiers, driving along the road, did not pay attention to playing children. It was worth them to go forward, as "playing children" opened fire on them from the rear. An American officer recalled: "The world for these children from the Hitler Youth has collapsed before our eyes. Soon nothing would be left of him ... Without the opportunity to become real soldiers, to wear uniforms and fight in the composition of the active military units, the children decided to show, That they are still capable of sacrificing themselves. There was one boy, whom we managed to take prisoner. His grenade got into my tank, but did not explode.

I was amazed that this jerk could endanger my life, I jumped out of the tank, grabbed him by the breasts and started yelling. When I let him go, the boy fell on the grass and started screaming hysterically. He said that he had to die in the name of the Fuhrer. " Such incidents were not always resolved by peace. In Wellendorf, a teenager who came from Berlin killed several French soldiers with a grenade launcher. He was caught and shot on the spot. In the town of Sharding (Upper Austria), the Americans captured a detachment of teenagers. All of them were immediately killed, and the bodies were thrown into the river.

In some cases, fanatics managed to retreat deep into the mountains. In the vicinity of Benediktbeuern for a long time after the surrender of Germany, there was a partisan detachment consisting of teenagers and several SS men. Their commander, Reutimann, undertook repeated forays, during which massacres were carried out against the Germans, who dared to cooperate with the occupation authorities. These "werewolves" left their shelters only after in July 1945 the American units began combing the surrounding mountains. Some of the members of this detachment were captured when they descended from the mountains to get supplies or to carry out reconnaissance. In the summer of 1945, Johannes List was captured, in the opinion of the American intelligence services, one of the most dangerous leaders of the HJ-Werewolves. He was arrested when he tried to visit his wife. Leaf was one of Arthur Axman's associates. Axman himself, who was in Berlin until the end of the war, managed to escape from the Soviet ring after Hitler's death. For more than seven months he was hiding in Bohemia and South Germany, maintaining contact with the combat groups of his charges. Despite the careerism that he showed in the Third Reich, he could not be denied courage. During his illegal situation, he made numerous trips around Germany, trying to coordinate the actions of partisans and underground members. Axman was arrested when he tried to cross the border of the American and Soviet occupation zones. Which he showed in the Third Reich, he could not be denied courage. During his illegal situation, he made numerous trips around Germany, trying to coordinate the actions of partisans and underground members. Axman was arrested when he tried to cross the border of the American and Soviet occupation zones. Which he showed in the Third Reich, he could not be denied courage. During his illegal situation, he made numerous trips around Germany, trying to coordinate the actions of partisans and underground members. Axman was arrested when he tried to cross the border of the American and Soviet occupation zones.

The genius of the "Axman plan" was that, even in the occupied territory, GW-Werwolf could safely continue its activities. For this purpose, a corresponding financial base was created prudently. First of all, Axman appointed his deputy and leader of Dresden GJ Frank as the leader of the military-political wing of the Alpine "werewolves." In order to organize the production of agitation literature, he was allocated 50,000 Reichsmarks. But much more was in the hands of Axman's economic adviser Willie Haydemann, a former schoolteacher. He was given 1.5 million Reichsmarks, with which Heidemann went to the Alps. He was appointed head of the so-called economic section of the HJ-Werwolf. His task was to establish a business, The profit from which was to go to finance the partisan movement. To create the appropriate legend, Heidemann strictly forbade contacts with active "werewolves." He had to create his own enterprise, which for the species would actively cooperate with the Americans. On the eve of the surrender of Germany, the imperial treasurer handed the GD functionary Dreblov 10 million Reichsmarks. Most of this money was intended for Heidemann. When Dreblov died in October 1945, control of this money passed to another employee of the central apparatus of the Hitler Youth, a certain Kowalski. Both these functionaries were closely acquainted with Heidemann, and on the eve of the defeat were under his command. He had to create his own enterprise, which for the species would actively cooperate with the Americans.

With money and clear instructions Heidemann arrived in Bad Tolz. In late April 1945, he made the first major investment and bought a transport company, Tessmann and Sons, which had branches throughout Germany. The company's management officer SS Liebens did not see any prospects for his company, which was badly damaged during the massive February bombing. So he was happy to sell his business to Heidemann. The same bought it for a meager amount of 10 thousand marks - provided that Leibens himself remains his partner. "Tessmann and Sons" later became the main cover for Heydemann's activities. Since the company was a transport company, it was possible to significantly expand the communication network of "werewolves". Heidemann himself did his best to get into the confidence in the occupation authorities. He even personally met with General Patton. Moreover, a cunning underground worker involved in his business some American officers. In the frequency, such was Captain Goodloo, who tried to ensure that his business did not burn out, and, not suspecting the true intentions of Heidemann, he provided about the necessary documents. Meanwhile, Heidemann himself maintained a constant connection with Franke, providing all the necessary Nazi guerrillas throughout South Germany. This underground man proved to be a talented businessman. In the summer of 1945 he was able to acquire six more companies. Engaged in "business", he traveled unhindered through the British and American zones of occupation. In addition, he started extensive contacts in a major German business. In particular, acquaintance with the family of Krupp allowed him to penetrate into the Ruhr.

Meanwhile, the leaders of the HJ-"werewolves", hiding in the British zone of occupation, decided to step up. The key figure here was Willy Lokhel, who at the end of the war moved to Oldenburg. Here he had to wait for instructions for further action. But time passed, and orders did not arrive. By July, 1945 Лохель has decided, that it is time to pass to independent actions. On his own initiative, he restored contacts with his comrades in the Hitler Youth. After several meetings, he compiled a pretentious program for the "future German youth", which consisted of 12 items. Lokhel himself in his work emphasized the restoration of contacts, the forgery of documents, the collection of information, which later was to serve the revival of the National Socialist movement. Such intentions were supported by other prominent figures of the State Duma, Which were also located in the British zone of occupation: Kurt Badaus and Ernst Overbeck. These activists of the State Duma together with their entourage, after the defeat of Germany, secretly controlled the remnants of the Hitler Youth. They even created an illegal organization called "The True Society". Unlike the American zone of occupation, the political and economic aspects of the resistance were very poorly developed here. Without significant financial injections, similar to those that enabled Heidemann to acquire the firm Tessmann and Sons, their plans were doomed to failure. Lokhel planned to ensure the future movement of money thanks to beekeeping, the sale of handicrafts.

But the most active figures (like Badaus) quickly realized that the success of their conspiracy largely depends on Heidemann's good contacts with the southern wing of the HJ-Werwolf. To some extent they managed to establish communication. Gustav Memminger, the leader of the Rhine HJ "werewolves" became responsible for maintaining the connection between the southern and northern wing of the HJ-Werwolf. Ernst Overbeck helped him to establish contacts directly with Arthur Axman. At the beginning of November 1945, Axman himself entered the British zone of occupation, where he met with Overbeck and Memminger. In the winter of the same year, he made an inspection trip to Lubeck. Despite all the efforts, the leaders of the northern wing of HJ-Werwolf did not get the funding they so much expected. Heidemann was not inclined to part with his own resources. He made it very clear at a meeting with the leaders of the northern wing, which took place in Kassel, that he did not receive an assignment to finance the "werewolves" that operated in the British zone of occupation. Such financing could be possible only when he, Heidemann, achieves a certain success and can consistently provide all the necessary underground workers in southern Germany. After that, Lokhel tried to meet with Kowalski, but the latter also refused. None of the southern leaders of the HJ-"werewolves" did not want to part with the money.

The most noteworthy in this situation was Heidemann's conservatism. He was frightened by several large-scale American shares, which they held in the summer of 1945. Operation "Double Shah" was directed against "werewolves". Heidemann managed to avoid exposure only because he worked as a typist in the American occupation administration. He rightly believed that in response to such sweeps, the "werewolves" would respond with yet more fierce attacks. As a result, Heidemann began to actively oppose any radical resistance. Military sabotage, he considered empty. He covered his cowardice with the desire to achieve the main goal of the "Axman plan", namely, to preserve the "national essence" of the Germans. He hoped to achieve this by integrating his company into the economic system of the new Germany.

The basic principles of the future political movement were developed by Memminger. They reached us, because they were seized during a search in his apartment. In his program of a "national conspiracy," Memminger noted, like Axman, that the main goal was to preserve the essence of the German people. In Germany, since it - according to Nazi phraseology - in 1933 abandoned imperialistic goals, a new national solidarity was to emerge. The country, which preserved its national unity, had to take into account the interests of other nations. In this respect, it became the main bastion of the struggle against Bolshevism. "The past twelve years have not gone in vain, since many of the national-socialist principles and achievements are now used by the current parties." As for practical issues, Then a new movement was to prevent the denazification of the country. To count on the success of the new movement, it was necessary to preserve the unity of the former National Socialists. For this purpose, it was planned to create a single control center, an ideological headquarters. In the conditions of the illegal existence of the movement and its headquarters, there were no plans for the existence of various organizational forms. The main goal at the initial stage was the consolidation of all known personalities who remained loyal to Germany. These people should not be politically compromised. According to Memminger, the main means to achieve these goals was mutual economic support and clandestine propaganda. For this purpose, it was planned to create a single control center, an ideological headquarters. In the conditions of the illegal existence of the movement and its headquarters, there were no plans for the existence of various organizational forms.

As we can see, the military-political wing of the HJ-Werwolf adhered to the same principles as Haydemann. Probably, he received from Franke approval of the plan, which assumed the transition of the movement from sabotage to political actions. Although it is possible that some of the most radical elements have remained faithful to the principle of direct action, which caused a certain tension between the economic and military-political wing of the GRU-Werwolf. Americans, for example, believed that both Lokhel and Badaus in their plans were oriented toward sabotage, although the British occupation authorities were satisfied with their testimonies, that they avoided extremist actions, preferring legal methods of work (as far as possible). It was even alleged that many "werewolves" were ready to cooperate with the Western powers. At least, The United Party of Germany cooperated with "national conspirators". It attracted numerous youth groups, for example "Edelweiss-pirates", to later sabotage exclusively in the Soviet zone of occupation. But the documents found in 1946, spoke about something else. The agents of the United Party of Germany prepared an explosion of the British military headquarters in Bad Ouenhausen. Another "national conspirator" from the British zone, the SS officer Pimoller, created his own "secret army", which he called "Blue Falcons". It consisted of several hundred people, mostly former SS members and HJ members. A distinctive feature of the "falcons" was a blue shirt and blue trousers. Members of this organization had many weapons caches. It was the Blue Falcons who used the number 88 as a greeting. It was a conspiratorial greeting "Heil Hitler!". The number 88 meant a double repetition of the Latin letter H, which was the eighth in the German alphabet.

HJ-Werwolf was so significant that very soon attracted the attention of the Allies' counterintelligence. Already in June 1945, American intelligence agencies had suspicions about the subject of cooperation of the firm "Tessmann and Sons" with "werewolves." Several agents were introduced into the transport company. By the autumn of 1945, the American occupation authorities had received enough evidence of what the real activity of Heidemann's firm was. It was at this time that the British counterintelligence began to work on the Nazi underground in its zone of occupation. She managed to get into the hands of one of the leaders of the northern wing of the HJ-Werwolf, Gunter Ebeling. By the end of 1945, the Allies received lists of members and sympathizers of the HJ-Werwolf. In total, there were 1000 names from the American zone of occupation and 1500 from the British. As a result, a joint operation was planned in which both British and American special services were to participate. This action was codenamed "Childhood". Its implementation took place in the winter of 1945/46. After this operation, in the hands of the Allies, all the least important leaders of the HJ-Werwolf turned out to be. Axman and his assistants Memminger and Oberbeck were captured in December 1945. An interesting fact: they detained them as business partners of Heidemann, without even guessing what a large fish was in the net. After the first interrogations, it was decided to eliminate one of the shelters of the "werewolves", which was located in the Alps. After a four-hour ascent, the Americans, blinded by the blizzard, found refuge in the partisans. In it there were only two teenagers and a hiding place with weapons. Grandiose operation did not work. On January 7, 1946, Heidemann and his company's employees were arrested. At home, Haydemann was found half a million marks, which were not even extracted from the cellophane packaging of the Reichsbank! In February 1946, the British services neutralized the leaders of the "national conspiracy". In order to finally eliminate HJ-Werwolf's network, another large-scale operation was carried out at the end of March. In its course 800 people were seized. This time everything went not so smoothly. Many of the arrested were fanatical National Socialists. When they were arrested, they resisted fiercely. In some cases, a shooting started. Despite all these measures, some of the offshoots of the movement continued to exist. The Unified Party of Germany, the "Blue Falcons" and the group remained intact, Emerged in Schleswig-Holstein around the regional leader of the Hitler Youth, who at one time was evacuated from East Prussia. Their liquidation occurred a few months later.

Operation Childhood destroyed the youth underground - the last fragment of the Third Reich, which retained its legal capacity. Not so long ago, a series of articles appeared in the German media outlets, unanimously condemning the HJ "werewolves", although the regional peculiarities of this movement were not taken into account at all. The British counterintelligence officers themselves assumed that the Lohel-Badaus-Overbeek group did not stand on extremist positions. This becomes obvious if one compares their plans with the activity of the southern wing from the American zone of occupation. On the other hand, the northern wing arose much earlier, although it did not have serious financial support. Gustav Memminger in November 1945 warned the representatives of the northern wing about the mass arrests that took place in the south of the country. But the British always looked at security issues through their fingers.

In conclusion, I would like to emphasize - there is nothing surprising in that the Hitler Youth made the most titanic efforts in order to survive. This zeal has not been shown by any official structure of the Third Reich. A lot of historians adhere to the point of view that National Socialism was able to gain a foothold in the political landscape of Germany precisely thanks to the youth. The GD itself was designed as a mechanism that could support the energy of the Nazi movement. Thus, it was quite natural that the regime at a certain point turned to the services of its youth organization.
It is still unclear whether the German youth demonstrated their zeal for the struggle against the "invaders". Above, many examples have been cited, when in certain places many adolescents simply burned with a desire to resist the enemy. But there were other regions and areas where we could observe a completely different picture. It can be assumed that a significant part of the youth who survived the last months of the war turned out to be "cured" of Nazism. Cases of disappointment in the perishing regime, probably, were more numerous than examples of heroic self-sacrifice, to which adolescents in the detachments of Werwolf and Volkssturm were. One of the officers of the East Lancashire Regiment, who fought in the north-west of Germany, was constantly amazed by the following fact.

In one town German boys could fanatically fight, as for the post-war organization liquidated during Operation Childhood, it involved not so many adolescents. Its management was in the hands of quite adult people who were trying to preserve a structure that could appeal to the youth in an uncertain future. Some of the leaders of the "national conspiracy", rallying mainly around Horst Voigt, planned to infiltrate into a wide variety of youth organizations in order to work peacefully with teenagers.

Surveys conducted by the Allies after the war showed that frankly Nazi sympathies in the youth environment disappeared surprisingly quickly. American surveys among German teenagers, held in July 1945, found that most German teenagers were willing to accept American values, but at the same time subconsciously gravitated towards authoritarian democracy, which was explained by a subconscious orientation toward national-socialist "truths". The most important conclusion was that 75% of the youth had abandoned their former leaders. Moreover, the youth did not agree that the former HJ functionaries would be included in the leadership of the new youth organizations. The wave of postwar street crime also received a political assessment. Many young people believed that National Socialism was responsible for these crimes, The Hitler Youth proved to be an effective tool only in a dictatorship. After the collapse of the Hitler regime, no more than 5% of German teenagers were involved in various cliques and underground organizations. The activities of the HJ-Werwolf in 1945 failed. Leaders of the Hitler Youth did not manage to mobilize the youth.

https://ogrik.ru/b/frajger-rut/vervolf- ... aksmana/20
Last edited by Germanicus on 24 Jul 2017 13:58, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 15:42

The NSDAP and the propaganda of the "Werwolf" [Why the "werewolf Movement' did not become more than it was, in relation to the Volkssturm]

https://ogrik.ru/b/frajger-rut/vervolf- ... ervolfa/30

After Himmler delivered his speech, which caused quite a stir, the party tried in every possible way to distance itself, albeit externally, Volkssturm from the Werwolf. On the one hand, the Party Chancellery realized that the SS can not be dispensed with. On the other hand, it is enough to recall that when the Gauleiters were instructed to recruit to the Werwolf units, this venture failed. Local party bosses preferred to send human resources to Volkssturm, which he controlled. In addition, the Gauleiters gained virtually unlimited control over the propaganda of the "werewolves" (its principles were specially developed in the Goebbels ministry). Such a situation resembled the "era of struggle", when the Gauleiter of the Nazi Party was responsible for conducting party agitation. It was expected that the materials prepared by the Nazi regime, Will be thrown into the enemy's rear from the aircraft or launched using "agitational" shells. In addition to propaganda leaflets, it was intended to distribute special editions of Völkische Beobachter and miniature editions of Werwolf Lons, which, by the way, was mandatory for reading in partisan SS formations. This book was distributed among the Volkssturmists.

In October 1944, the chief propagandist of the SS, Standartenfuhrer Günter D'Alquven, was in the staff of the Bureau of Prutzman. At the same time, he writes an agitation article for the "Black Corps", in which he discusses the possibility of conducting a national-socialist guerrilla war. However, D'Alquvene, who in the winter of 1944/45 became ill with scarlet fever, was put out of order. He stayed in the hospital until March 1945. For this long enough period of time, "Werewolf" actually did not conduct any propaganda. Such a situation suited quite a lot of SS officers who believed that their guerrilla organization was more exposed by the veil of secrecy rather than screaming agitation. SS, which was already a fairly closed community with its own rules and traditions, always positioned themselves as an elite organization.

There were other problems that prevented the Werewolf from conducting its propaganda. First, the spread of the idea of ​​guerrilla warfare was actually incompatible with the ideological orientation, which argued that opponents would not be able to enter Germany. Such propaganda would, among other things, hint at the fact that the Wehrmacht was not able to defend the country's borders. Such rumors in no way corresponded to official statements, according to which the situation on the Western and Eastern fronts stabilized, and the military themselves were preparing another "successful" counteroffensive aimed at the localization of American and British forces. Even when in September 1944 the country was in panic, the Wehrmacht's forces seemed much more impressive than the dubious might of some partisan detachments.

The second difficulty was caused by the German evacuation policy, according to which a large part of the Nazis loyal to the population should be evacuated on the eve of the enemy's offensive. Although in West Germany such directives were often treated with undisguised disdain, the German media hardly had the opportunity to report guerrilla attacks in areas that, according to official sources, were evacuated (who then fought there?). In fact, the best thing that could be done is to report that the German residents ambushed the invaders. Goebbels, who at the beginning of October 1944, delivered a radio address in which he named all the Germans who remained in the occupied territories, traitors willing to serve the Americans, added fuel to the fire.

The third problem was that only teenagers exercised real resistance in the territories occupied by the Allies. In some programs and notes, of course, it was said about the "new martyrs of the Hitler Youth". Meanwhile, the Ministry of Propaganda quite rightly feared that reporting on guerrillas, which consisted only of teenagers, could undermine confidence in the authorities. Moreover, this indicated the modest scope of the guerrilla movement itself (where are the grown-up Germans?). The Nazis were not yet ready to raise the idea of ​​"children's crusades" on the banner. At a similar step, Nazi propaganda was decided only in March 1945. Only on the verge of collapse in the Reich recognized that the driving force of the "Werewolf" was the members of the Hitler Youth.

However, by early 1945, the factors that alienated the party from the "Werwolf" and tipped the scales in favor of Volkssturm, ceased to play any role. When it became clear that the situation on the fronts is worse than anywhere else, all the forces were thrown at the rescue of the Reich. But the massive involvement of ordinary Germans in paramilitary organizations caused irritation, and not enthusiasm. Logically there was a question: what could the poorly trained old people and teenagers do if the well-trained Wehrmacht could not correct the situation? The people of East Germany felt betrayed and betrayed. They were promised that they would be protected, but now they had to fight to save their lives. In the memory of many came Himmler's speech. Nobody believed that Volkssturm - it's just a "people's militia"; Many reasonedly believed that they were being recorded as partisan detachments. This further undermined the morale of ordinary Germans. They were not consoled by the guarantees of the Allies and the Hague Convention. One official reported that many Silesian residents were ready to fight, but did not see the point of becoming guerrillas, which doomed them to an inevitable death.

Another problem was that the Allies and the Red Army made every effort to use the authority of the Germans, who agreed to cooperate with them. German propaganda at first did not talk about such facts. The situation changed at the end of 1944, when the propaganda actively spoke about the "Avengers of German Honor", which had to deal with the traitors. In the first months of 1945, German newspapers literally burst into headlines about the "punishments" of the Germans, who disgraced the nation. The newspapers reported: "The growing activity of the Avengers made Americans worry." But such reports were a bluff. After checking, the Allies' counterintelligence found that most of the cases described simply did not exist in nature. It was just psychological pressure. Unlike numerous statements, Goebbels' brainchild was not the Werwolf, But the "Avengers of German Honor". If such existed, then there were very few of them. However, this method has borne fruit. Gradually, the mythical avengers became flesh. First there was a message that an Akhan businessman who had business with the Allies was killed on the street at night. Several bullets were put into it, and a leaflet signed by the Avengers was left on the corpse. Then the "Avengers" flashed in the Palatinate. In March 1945, activity manifested itself in Cologne. Americans tried to refute the fact of their existence, then on the streets began to appear leaflets with photographs of hanged "traitors", under each the signature "Avengers" flaunted. In the same Cologne was killed by a policeman who agreed to work for the new authorities. It is still unknown who this group was from. Some researchers believe that they were fanatical teenagers,

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 16:17

Werner Naumann , June 16 1909 , Gura , Silesia - October 25 1982 , Lüdenscheid ) - German statesman, journalist, Brigadeführer SS (20 April 1943).

The personal aide of Joseph Goebbels and in 1942 became his assistant secretary. His official title was "Undersecretary and Chief of the Minister's Office in the Propaganda Ministry".[1] In April 1944 Naumann was named State Secretary in the Propaganda Ministry. He was a member of the Freundeskreis Reichsführer SS around Heinrich Himmler and served in the Waffen-SS during World War II.

He was appointed Propaganda Minister in the Flensburg government of Karl Dönitz by Hitler's Testament of 29 April 1945. On 1 May 1945, he was the leader of break-out group number 3 from the Führerbunker. The group included Martin Bormann, Hans Baur, Ludwig Stumpfegger and Artur Axmann. Erich Kempka testified at Nuremberg that he had last seen Naumann walking a metre in front of Martin Bormann when a Soviet rocket exploded by Bormann while crossing the Weidendammer Bridge under heavy fire in Berlin. According to Axmann, the group followed a Tiger tank which spearheaded the first attempt to storm across the bridge, but it was destroyed. Bormann, Stumpfegger and himself were "knocked over" when the tank was hit. Axmann crawled to a shellhole where he met up again with Naumann, Bormann, Baur, and Stumpfegger; they all made it across the bridge. From that group, only Naumann and Axmann escaped from the Soviet Army encirclement of Berlin and made it to western Germany.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werner_Naumann

In the last days of the Third Reich Nauman commanded Volkssturm-Bataillon "Wilhelmplats".

https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9D%D0 ... 0%B5%D1%80

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 16:56

FREIKORPS SAUERLAND

The Freikorps Sauerland was established by order of the Gauleiter of Gau Westphalia-South even prior to the constitution of the Volkssturm, albeit by preliminary staff work and by selection of suitable cadre personnel. After official constitution of the Volkssturm, it was fully established and incorporated into the Volkssturm, comprising several battalions and, as exception of the general rule, even regimental staffs. For every district, only one battalion was raised. This and the order to accept only volunteers indicate the idea of an elite status within the Volkssturm.
All units of the Freikorps were issued field grey or brown uniforms, the latter presumbly stocks or cloth from the Organization Todt or those from the Reicharbeitdienst (“RAD”). However, other uniform parts were said to have been used. Special insignia were established by the Gauleiting consisting of a white cuff title bearing the inscription (in black?) “Freikorps Sauerland” and a sleeve insignia was sometimes worn as a decal on the left side of the steel helmets.

The sleeve badge was printed on thin white cloth. The bluish-green shield measured 6.3 cm in height and 5.6 cm in width, and was rounded below with straight lateral and upper edges, bordered by black, white and black stripes of 1 mm each. The center displayed a white circle of 4.5 cm in diameter, with a black “mobile” swastika with three blue-green oakleaves (3 x 2.7 cm) shaded in black and with white center ribs. Between the circle and the lower edge was the white, semicircular inscription “Sauerland” in Gothic letters.

https://weaponsandwarfare.com/2015/02/1 ... olkssturm/

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 17:41

The following was posted

viewtopic.php?f=50&t=180473&p=1614592&h ... D#p1614592
Volkssturm - Freikorps Widukind
Postby Heimatschuss » 29 Jul 2011, 20:27

Hello,

while skipping through a book with historical documents from 1945 I found a Freikorps Widukind from Bielefeld
(Bergmann & Schneider, 1985, p.44). I'm from that area myself but this Volkssturm unit seems to have gone completely unnoticed till now. No info on it in Google or Google Books either. Anyone here who has come across this name?

Generally there were no 'named' units in the Volkssturm with the exception of the Freikorps Sauerland from neighbouring Gau Westfalen-Süd. That unit had been initiated already in summer 1944 before the Volkssturm plans started. It continued its practice despite the official ban on names. This document seems to indicate that there was a similar development in Gau Westfalen-Nord not yet researched.

Widukind (or Wittekind) was a Saxon chieftain in Eastern Westfalia around 780 A.C. who offered resistance to the Franconian conquest and christianization under Charlemagne. War raged in the region for several decades before he finally surrendered and became a christian. He was quite a popular figure early on in the Third Reich (at least locally) but later official approval moved more and more towards Charlemagne as he was the founding father of the Reich.

References:

Bergmann, Klaus; Schneider, Gerhard (Eds.)
1945. Ein Lesebuch
Fackelträger Verlag; Hannover; 1985

Best regards
Torsten
Freikorps Widukind.jpg
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 23 Jul 2017 17:43

Re: Volkssturm - Freikorps Widukind
Postby Heimatschuss » 13 Apr 2014, 18:40

Hello,

I've come across another mystery unit that seems to be connected or even identical with Freikorps Widukind since
this outfit operated in Gau Westfalen-Nord too.

There was a Volkssturm unit called Freiwilligen-Regiment 'Widukind' [Volunteer Regiment 'Widukind']. At least one batallion, consisting of 400 Hitler Youth boys was set up in Borken (Westphalia) in mid-February 1945. Since late February the batallion was garrisoned in a camp near Haltern. After the Allies had crossed the Lower Rhine at Wesel the batallion was alarmed on Mar 29th, 1945 [1] and shipped by truck to Albachten, SW of Münster. Münster was the capital of Gau Westfalen-Nord. In Albachten the batallion was split up. Only the fate of one of its companies is known. This company marched from Albachten via Hiltrup and Albersloh to Sendenhorst-Ringhöfen (SW of Münster) on the next day. On Saturday noon they were attacked by an US tank unit in Ringhöfen and surrendered after several of the boys had been KIA.

Source:
http://www.heimatverein-sendenhorst.de/ ... fecht.html

[1] The article above erroneously gives the date as Mar 26th, 1945 but Gründonnerstag [Maundy Thursday] was Mar 29th in 1945.

Best regards
Torsten

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 24 Jul 2017 00:57

Battles for the seizure of Küstrin from 6 to 11 March 1945

Küstrin fortress

The structure of the Küstrin garrison consisted of: the Hatay and Wegner combat groups as part of the 39th Artillery-Brigade, the 457th Reserve-Bataillon, the 1st Volkssturm-Bataillon and the 68th Reserve-Bataillon

http://militera.lib.ru/h/sb_vi_6/08.html

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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 24 Jul 2017 01:04

The Other Price of Hitler's War: German Military and Civilian Losses ...
By Martin K. Sorge

Page 49
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 24 Jul 2017 01:07

The Other Price of Hitler's War: German Military and Civilian Losses ...
By Martin K. Sorge

Page 50
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Re: An extensive list of Volkssturm-Bataillons?

Post by Germanicus » 24 Jul 2017 14:10

Major Update

<<DEUTSCHER VOLKSSTURM LEADERS>>

OBERSTE FÜHRUNG des DEUTSCHEN VOLKSSTURMS

- Leiter der Parteikanzlei (Bormann) with Arbeitstab Deutscher Volkssturm (Stabsführer : Friedrichs)

- Befehslhaber des Ersatzheeres (Himmler) with Führungsstab Deutscher Volkssturm (Stabsführer : Gottlob Berger)

Chef des Stabes Führungsstab : Oberst (later Gen Major) Hans Kissel

Inspekteur für die Schiessausbildung (Schepmann)

Inspekteur für die motor techn. Ausbildung (Kraus)

Listing of Gaue & Gauleiter including the Number of Kreise and the Number of Ortsgruppen.


BADEN:
Address (1944): Gauleitung Baden der NSDAP, Straßburg, Gauhaus, Pioniergasse 2-20
Tel : 29620
Gau Area: Land Baden & Zivilverwaltungsgebiet Elsaß
Gauleiter & Reichsverteidigungskommissar: Robert Wagner (also Reichstatthalter und Chef der Zivilverwaltung in Elsaß): 25.

Mar. 1925-May 1945.
Deputy Gauleiter: Befehlsleiter Hermann Röhn
Number of Kreise: 27/Number of Ortsgruppen: 1,040

BAYREUTH (Known as Bayerische Ostmark until 1942):
Address (1944): Gauleitung Bayreuth der NSDAP, Bayreuth, Maxstr. 2
Tel : 2651
Gau Area: Regierungsbezirk Niederbayern & Regierngsbezirk Oberpfalz (Seat: Regensburg),
and part of Regierungsbezirk Ober- und Mittelfranken (seat: Andach).
Gauleiter & RVK: SA-OGruf./SS-OGruf. Dr. Fritz Wächtler: 1935-19. Apr. 1945.
Deputy Gauleiter: SS-Brigf./SS-HStuf. d.R. (W-SS) Ludwig Ruckdeschell:
Kreise: 39/Ortsgruppen: 1,531

BERLIN:
Gauleiter: Dr. Joseph Goebbels:
Deputy Gauleiter:
Kreise: 10/Ortsgruppen: 269

DANZIG-WESTPREUßEN:
Address: Gauleitung Danzig-Westpreußen der NSDAP, Danzig, Jopengasse 19
Tel : 25641
Gau Area:
Reichsgau Danzig-Westreußen.
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Albert Forster:
Deputy Gauleiter: Gerhard Seeger:

DÜSSELDORF:
Address: Gauleiting Düsseldorf der NSDAP, Düsseldorf, Alte-Garde-Ufer 3
Gau Area: Southern half of Regierungsbezirk Düsseldorf.
Gauleiter: SA-Gruf. Friedrich Karl Florian:
Deputy Gauleiter: Hauptdienstleiter Karl Overhues:
Kreise: 7/Ortsgruppen: 156

ESSEN:
Gauleiter: SA-OGruf. Josef Terboven:
Acting Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Fritz Schlessmann: Apr. 1940-May 1945.
Deputy: Fritz Schlessmann:
Kreise: 9/Ortsgruppen: 180

FRANKEN:
Gauleiter: SA-OGruf. Julius Streicher:
Acting Gauleiter: Karl Holz: 1940-Apr. 1945.
Deputy: Karl Holz:
Kreise: 18/Ortsgruppen: 193

HALLE-MERSEBURG:
Gauleiter:
SS-OGruf. Joachim-Albrecht Eggeling:
Deputy:
Kreise: 17/Ortsgruppen: 683

HAMBURG:
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Karl Kaufmann:
Deputy: Harry Henningsen: 1933-1944 (died, 1944)
Kreise: 19/Ortsgruppen: 195

HESSEN-NASSAU:
Gauleiter: Jakob Sprenger:
Deputy:
Kreise: 26/Ortsgruppen: 1,279

KÄRNTEN (Carinthia):
Address: Gauleitung Kärnten der NSDAP, Klagenfurt, Miesstaler Str. 1
Tel : 1701
Gau Area: Reichsgau Kärnten, including the Oberkrain (comprising Landkreise Krainburg, Radmannsdorf, Stein, and Feldkirch)
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Dr. jur. Friedrich Rainer:
Deputy: Oberdientleiter Friedrich Thimel:
Kreise: 8/Ortsgruppen: 222

KÖLN-AACHEN (Cologne-Aachen):
Address: Gauleitung Köln-Aachen der NSDAP, Köln/Rhein, Claudiusstr. 1
Tel : 90451
Gau Area: Regierungsbezirke Aachen & Köln.
Gauleiter: NSKK-OGruf. Josef Grohé:
Deputy: SS-Brigf./SS-UStuf. d.R. (W-SS) Richard Schaller:
Kreise: 18/Ortsgruppen: 287

KURHESSEN (Structured as Hessen-Nassau-Nord until 1934):
Address: Gauleitung Kurhessen der NSDAP, Kassel, Humboldstr. 8 1/2
Gau Area: Prussian Province Kurhessen (formerly Regierungsbezirk Kassel of the Prussian Province Hessen-Nassau), excluding
the Stadtkreis Hanau and Landkreise Hanau, Geinhausen, Schlüchtern, and Herrschaft Schmalkalden.
Gauleiter: SS-Gruf. Karl Gerland (Acting): Autumn 1943-1945.
Karl Weinrich: 1928-autumn 1943.
Deputy: Hauptdienstleiter Max Solbrig:
Kreise: 15/Ortsgruppen: 332

MAGDEBURG-ANHALT:
Gauleiter: SA-OGruf. Rudolf Jordan:
Deputy: Hauptdienstleiter Rudolf Trautmann:
Kreise: 18/Ortsgruppen: 560

MAINFRANKEN (Main-Franconia):
Gauleiter: NSKK-OGruf./Reg.Präs. Dr. med. dent. Otto Hellmuth:
Deputy:
Kreise: 14/Ortsgruppen: 317

MARK BRANDENBURG:
Gauleiter: NSKK-OGruf. Emil Stürtz:
Deputy:
Kreise: 31/Ortsgruppen: 1,582

MECKLENBURG:
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Friedrich Hildebrandt:
Deputy:
Kreise: 13/Ortsgruppen: 589

MOSELLAND:
Gauleiter: NSKK-OGruf. Gustav Simon:
Deputy:
Kreise: 18/Ortsgruppen: 725

MÜNCHEN-OBERBAYERN (Munich-Upper Bavaria):
Gauleiter: SA-OGruf. Paul Giesler: SA-OGruf. Adolf Wagner
Deputy:
Kreise: 25/Ortsgruppen: 562

REICHSGAU NIEDERDONAU (Lower Danube):
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Dr. med. Hugo Jury:
Deputy:
Kreise: 24/Ortsgruppen: 926

NIEDERSCHLESIEN (Lower Silesia):
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Karl Hanke:
Deputy:
Kreise: /Ortsgruppen:

REICHSGAU OBERDONAU (Upper Danube):
Gauleiter: SS-/SA-OGruf. August Eigruber:
Deputy:
Kreise: 16/Ortsgruppen: 548

OBERSCHLESIEN (Upper Silesia)
Gauleiter: SA-Gruf. Fritz Bracht:
Deputy:
Kreise:: /Ortsgruppen:

OST HANNOVER (East Hannover)
Gauleiter:
Otto Telschow:
Deputy:
Kreise: 16/Ortsgruppen: 453

OSTPREUßEN (East Prussia)
Gauleiter: Erich Koch:
Deputy:
Kreise: 37/Ortsgruppen: 613

POMMERN (Pomerania)
Gauleiter: SA-OGruf. Franz Schwede-Coburg:
Deputy:
Kreise: 31/Ortsgruppen: 974

SACHSEN (Saxony)
Gauleiter: SA-OGruf. Martin Mutschmann:
Deputy:
Kreise: 27/Ortsgruppen: 1,420

REICHSGAU SALZBURG
Gauleiter:
SS-OGruf.u.Gen.d.Pol. Dr. med. Gustav-Adolf Scheel:
Deputy:
Kreise: 5/Ortsgruppen: 139

SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN
Gauleiter: SA-OGruf. Hinrich Lohse:
Deputy:
Kreise: 21/Ortsgruppen: 793

SCHWABEN (Swabia)
Gauleiter: SS-/SA-OGruf. Karl Wahl:
Deputy:
Kreise: 15/Ortsgruppen: 637

REICHSGAU STEIERMARK (Styria)
Address: Gauleitung Steiermark der NSDAP, Graz, Landhaus
Tel.: 83000/113/200
Gauleiter: SA-OGruf. Dr. jur. Siegfried Uiberreither:
Deputy: Hauptdienstleiter SS-Oberf. Dr. jur. Tobias Portschy:
Kreise: 17/Ortsgruppen: 322

REICHSGAU SUDETENLAND
Address: Gauleitung Sudetenland der NSDAP, Reichenberg, Peter-Dornhäuser Str. 2
Tel.: 3753/57
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Konrad Henlein:
Deputy: Dienstleiter Hermann Neuberg:
Kreise: 39/Ortsgruppen: 3,164

SÜD-HANNOVER-BRAUNSCHWEIG (South Hannover-Brunswick)
Address: Gauleitung Süd-Hannover-Braunschweig der NSDAP, Hannover, Gaubefehlstand, Schützenpl. 5,
Tel. 44291-94
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Hartmann Lauterbacher:
Deputy: August Knop:
Gau Area: Identical with Regierungsbezirk Hannover (excluding Landkreis Grafschaft Schaumburg) and Regierungsbezirk Hildesheim and Land Braunschweig.
Kreise: 26/Ortsgruppen: 782

THÜRINGEN (Thuringia)
Address: Gauleitung Thüringen der NSDAP, Weimar, Adolf-Hitler-Str. 7
Tel: 6191
Gauleiter: SS-/SA-OGruf. Fritz Sauckel, M.d.R.:
Deputy: SS-Brigf. Heinrich Siekmeier, M.d.R.:
Gau Area: Identical with Land Thüringen, Regierungsbezirk Erfurt of Prussia, and Lankreis Herrschaft Schmalkalden.
Kreise: 21/Ortsgruppen: 1,363

REICHSGAU TIROL-VORARLBERG
Address: Gauleitung Tirol-Vorarlberg der NSDAP, Innsbruck, Landhaus (Erweiterungsbau)
Tel: 6311, 6331
Gauleiter: NSKK-OGruf. Franz Hofer:
Deputy: Befehlsleiter Herbert Parson:
Kreise: 10/Ortsgruppen: 208

REICHSGAU WARTHELAND
Address: Gauleitung Wartheland der NSDAP, Posen, Schlossfreiheit 11,13
Gauleiter: SS-/NSKK-OGruf. Arthur Greiser:
Deputy: Befehlsleiter Kurt Schmalz:

WESER-EMS
Address:
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Paul Wegener:
Deputy:

WESTFALEN-NORD
Address:
Gauleiter: Staatssekretär Dr. Alfred Meyer:
Deputy:

WESTFALEN-SÜD
Address:
Gauleiter: SS-Gruf. Albert Hoffmann: 19. Jun. 1943 - May 1945.
Deputy:

REICHSGAU WIEN
Address:
Gauleiter: SA-OGruf. Baldur von Schirach: Aug. 1940 - May 1945.
Deputy:: SS-Brigf. Karl Scharizer:

WÜRTTEMBERG-HOHENZOLLERN
Address:
Gauleiter: SS-OGruf. Wilhelm Murr:
Deputy:

AUSLANDSORGANISATION (AO)
Address:
Gauleiter: Staatssekretar/SS-OGruf. Ernst-Wilhelm Bohle:
Deputy:

At the level of each Gau : Gaustab des Deutsch. Volkssturms under the Gaustabsführer

BADEN : Kreisleiter (Oblt) Maier
BAYREUTH : Gauhauptstellenleiter (Major) Josef Stigler
BERLIN : SA-Ogruf (Major) Günther Graentz
DANZIG-WESTPREUßEN : ?
DÜSSELDORF : SA-Gruf (Oblt) Franz Bock
ESSEN : SA-Staf (Lt d.R.) Franz Engels
FRANKEN : SA-Gruf (Hptm) Dechant
HALLE-MERSEBURG : Generalleutnant Schwub
HAMBURG : NSKK-Ogruf (Major) Proehl
HESSEN-NASSAU : SA-Staf Schädlich
KÄRNTEN (Carinthia) : SA-Brif Glosow
KÖLN-AACHEN (Cologne-Aachen) : SA-Oberf Schulte
KURHESSEN : Abschnittsleiter Christofzik
MAGDEBURG-ANHALT : SA-Gruf Heinz
MAINFRANKEN (Main-Franconia) : SA-Oberf. (Lt) Hans Olpp
MARK BRANDENBURG : Gauorganisateur (Oblt) Martin Koch
MECKLENBURG : Forstmeister (Major) von Arnswaldt
MOSELLAND : kom. Gauorganisationsleiter (Oblt) michael Broesl
MÜNCHEN-OBERBAYERN (Munich-Upper Bavaria) : SA-Gruf Hofmann
REICHSGAU NIEDERDONAU (Lower Danube) : Gaupersonalamtsleiter Willi Fahrion
NIEDERSCHLESIEN (Lower Silesia) : Kreisleiter Paul Kupisch
REICHSGAU OBERDONAU (Upper Danube) : SA-Staf Faller
OBERSCHLESIEN (Upper Silesia) : NSKK-Brif (Hptm) Luschert
OST HANNOVER (East Hannover) : Gauorganisationsleiter Rudolf Ruchle (Btl.-kdr.)
OSTPREUßEN (East Prussia) : Oberbereichsleiter Knuth
POMMERN (Pomerania) : SS-Brif Paul Eckardt
SACHSEN (Saxony) : SA-Brif (Lt) Paul Artur Rabe
REICHSGAU SALZBURG : Gebietsführer (Hptm) Adolf Neutatz
SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN : SA-Brif (Major d. R.) Köhler
SCHWABEN (Swabia) : Ortsgruppenleiter Hans Geiser
REICHSGAU STEIERMARK (Styria) : SA-Gruf (Hptm) Nibbe
REICHSGAU SUDETENLAND : SA-Gruf (Oblt) Mayr
SÜD-HANNOVER-BRAUNSCHWEIG (South Hannover-Brunswick) : Gauorganisationsleiter Kaiser
THÜRINGEN (Thuringia) : SA-Führer Georg Feig
REICHSGAU TIROL-VORARLBERG : ?
REICHSGAU WARTHELAND : SS-Gruf u Genlt der Pol Reinefarth
WESER-EMS : Kreisleiter (Oblt) Helmut Seidel
WESTFALEN-NORD : SA-Gruf Fassbach
WESTFALEN-SÜD : Hauptgefolgschaftführer (Hptm) Setzer
WESTMARK : SA-Gruf (Lt) Caspary
REICHSGAU WIEN : Major Hans Magoi
WWÜRTTEMBERG-HOHENZOLLERN : SA-Staf (Hptm) Dr Heinz Spies

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