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- Joined: 09 Jun 2016 14:47
- Location: France
https://www.amazon.fr/dp/B099TSBK7V (volume 10)
https://www.amazon.fr/dp/B099TLJR4D (volume 11)
In volume 10, the departments of the Basses-Pyrénées northern zone (approximately corresponding to the Basque Country) and the Landes are studied. With this volume, the Bordeaux region (3 departments) is therefore now fully covered. It is interesting to make comparisons between these two departments of the coastal region:
- On the one hand, the Basses-Pyrénées (northern zone), where the movements and parties of the Collaboration have had a certain number of followers (the PPF and the RNP each exceed a hundred members), more because of the high enough population density (on the coastal strip at least) than any local particularism. We note in fact that the "Basque question" played almost no role in political life at the time (even if a Basque cultural activist, Eugène Goyheneche, was approached as head of the militia, who declined). As everywhere in the northern zone, the French Militia settled very late in the region (early June 1944). It was undoubtedly unique, in the sense that two of its main leaders are linked to the Resistance! It will therefore be guided by them in a "sideline", its action being mainly content to fight against the black market and to do social. It is also true that the maquis were few in the department, and the Resistance more discreet than elsewhere. This is evidenced by the low number of summary executions. 106 portraits are presented for this department.
-On the other hand, the Landes department, a demographic void zone, where the collaborationist parties were much more group-based and confined almost exclusively to Dax and Mont-de-Marsan. But the militants, including the local French Militia, are making up for their very small numbers by practicing greater collaboration and activity, spurred on by a particularly brutal leader. 69 portraits are studied in this department. In volume 11, the departments of Basses-Pyrénées & Landes (southern zone) and Hautes-Pyrénées are studied. With this volume, the Toulouse region (9 departments) is therefore also fully covered. It is very interesting to make comparisons between these two departments, which represent somewhat the two extremes of what the occupation could have been:
-On the one hand, the department of Basses-Pyrénées & Landes (southern zone), where the local French Militia stands out for its moderation and its relative neutrality towards the opposing forces, in particular thanks to the personality of its departmental chief (Henri Dabadie) , who refused to mount operations against the local maquis and to carry out repressive police actions, as well as to collaborate with the Germans. This can be correlated with the low number of summary executions committed by the FFI in the department (one of the lowest in the southern zone). It should also be noted that there are no French agents of the S.D ("Gestapo") in the department. 134 portraits are presented here.
-On the other, the Hautes-Pyrénées department, where the French Militia was very offensive and repressive, especially in the summer of 1944. The number of summary executions before, during and after the Liberation is, on the contrary, very high. . It was a real massacre, the militiamen and collaborationists (or supposedly such) paying a high price. 117 main portraits are presented for this department.
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