Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Discussions on the foreigners (volunteers as well as conscripts) fighting in the German Wehrmacht, those collaborating with the Axis and other period Far Right organizations. Hosted by George Lepre.
User avatar
K.Kocjancic
Member
Posts: 6726
Joined: 27 Mar 2003 19:57
Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia

Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Post by K.Kocjancic » 01 Dec 2020 10:27

Does anyone have any sources regarding the presence of military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps?

Regards,
Klemen

User avatar
G. Trifkovic
Forum Staff
Posts: 2257
Joined: 06 Nov 2004 19:26
Location: The South-East

Re: Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Post by G. Trifkovic » 01 Dec 2020 17:21

Hi Klemen,

all that I could find is that the SFK had the post of Religious Advisor, held by the priest Aleksa Todorović. The post was attached to the Educational Department (Prosvetno odelenje/služba) of the Corps' main HQ. Apart from at least five theologians active in the department, only two of the "educational officers", who were normally attached to each detachment/battalion/regiment, were priests: priest Miljković with the 3rd Regiment, and deacon Krupežević with the 4th.

Stevan Piroćanac, Srpski dobrovoljci u reči i slici 1941-1945 (Valjevo: Udruženje srpskih dobrovoljaca, 2010), p. 68.
Bojan Dimitrijević, Vojska Nedićeve Srbije 1941-1945 (Belgrade: Službeni glasnik, 2014), p. 354.

I found some references to "priests" attached to each of the regiments, but my sources don't mention military chaplains in the traditional sense of the word.

Best,

G.

User avatar
Ivan Ž.
Host - Music section
Posts: 7498
Joined: 05 Apr 2005 12:28
Location: Serbia

Re: Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Post by Ivan Ž. » 01 Dec 2020 18:08

Hello, G.

Yes, the regimental priests were military chaplains; see for example:
p242.jpg
Deacon Žika (centre) wears a cross on his šubara hat in this one.
p234.jpg
Source: Stevan Piroćanac, Srpski dobrovoljci 1941-1945 u reči i slici, pp. 242, 234

Hello, Klemen

You'll find them listed in those scans I sent you a while ago from Karapandžić's book SDK u službi naroda i otadžbine (pp. 107-129).

Cheers,
Ivan
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

User avatar
G. Trifkovic
Forum Staff
Posts: 2257
Joined: 06 Nov 2004 19:26
Location: The South-East

Re: Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Post by G. Trifkovic » 01 Dec 2020 18:23

Hi Ivan,

were they officially known as military chaplains, or did they discharge their religious duties as a part of their work as educational officers?

Best,

G.

P.S. Not necessarily relevant, but I am thinking of Partisan "Religious Advisors": officially, they were in charge of keeping track of the unit's deceased and providing religious services to the population, but not to the Partisans (at least officially), which means they don't qualify as traditional "military chaplains".

User avatar
Ivan Ž.
Host - Music section
Posts: 7498
Joined: 05 Apr 2005 12:28
Location: Serbia

Re: Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Post by Ivan Ž. » 01 Dec 2020 19:09

Hello, G.

Yes, each regiment had a chaplain and also an educational officer. For example, the two men pictured in the first image (Deacon Žika Krupežević and Priest Stevan Peštanac) were the regimental educational officer (pukovski prosvetar) and the regimental chaplain (pukovski sveštenik) of the IV Regiment (see p. 123 of the aforementioned Karapandžić's book). (Educational officers usually weren't religious leaders, but some were.) Note: Karapandžić listed no chaplain for the V Regiment and it appears that one priest acted as chaplain and educational officer for the III Regiment.

Cheers,
Ivan

User avatar
G. Trifkovic
Forum Staff
Posts: 2257
Joined: 06 Nov 2004 19:26
Location: The South-East

Re: Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Post by G. Trifkovic » 01 Dec 2020 19:32

Ivan Ž. wrote:
01 Dec 2020 19:09
Hello, G.

Yes, each regiment had a chaplain and also an educational officer. For example, the two men pictured in the first image (Deacon Žika Krupežević and Priest Stevan Peštanac) were the regimental educational officer (pukovski prosvetar) and the regimental chaplain (pukovski sveštenik) of the IV Regiment (see p. 123 of the aforementioned Karapandžić's book). (Educational officers usually weren't religious leaders, but some were.)

Cheers,
Ivan
Hi Ivan,

and thanks for setting the matter straight. According to the above-mentioned Karapandžić's book, the following persons were active as chaplains in the SFK:

1st Regiment: Ljubisav Đurić
2nd --II-- : Dobrivoje Stanojević
3rd --II-- : N/A (I assume Miljković acted in twin-capacity as educational officer and chaplain)
4th --II-- : Stevan Peštanac
5th --II-- : N/A

Best,

G.

User avatar
Ivan Ž.
Host - Music section
Posts: 7498
Joined: 05 Apr 2005 12:28
Location: Serbia

Re: Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Post by Ivan Ž. » 01 Dec 2020 20:05

Hello, G.

You were writing your reply at the same time I was adding my note above :) Yes, in the III Regiment, Priest Radovan Miljković probably acted both as educational officer (his official assignment) and chaplain. There was also an assistant chaplain in the II Regiment: Priest Žika Bogdanović.

Cheers,
Ivan

User avatar
K.Kocjancic
Member
Posts: 6726
Joined: 27 Mar 2003 19:57
Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia

Re: Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Post by K.Kocjancic » 02 Dec 2020 14:43

G. Trifkovic wrote:
01 Dec 2020 17:21
Hi Klemen,

all that I could find is that the SFK had the post of Religious Advisor, held by the priest Aleksa Todorović. The post was attached to the Educational Department (Prosvetno odelenje/služba) of the Corps' main HQ. Apart from at least five theologians active in the department, only two of the "educational officers", who were normally attached to each detachment/battalion/regiment, were priests: priest Miljković with the 3rd Regiment, and deacon Krupežević with the 4th.

Stevan Piroćanac, Srpski dobrovoljci u reči i slici 1941-1945 (Valjevo: Udruženje srpskih dobrovoljaca, 2010), p. 60.
Bojan Dimitrijević, Vojska Nedićeve Srbije 1941-1945 (Belgrade: Službeni glasnik, 2014), p. 354.

I found some references to "priests" attached to each of the regiments, but my sources don't mention military chaplains in the traditional sense of the word.

Best,

G.
Thanks a lot!

Regards,
Klemen

User avatar
K.Kocjancic
Member
Posts: 6726
Joined: 27 Mar 2003 19:57
Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia

Re: Military chaplains in the Serbian Volunteer Corps (SDK)

Post by K.Kocjancic » 02 Dec 2020 14:45

Ivan Ž. wrote:
01 Dec 2020 18:08
Hello, G.

Yes, the regimental priests were military chaplains; see for example:

p242.jpg
Deacon Žika (centre) wears a cross on his šubara hat in this one.
p234.jpg
Source: Stevan Piroćanac, Srpski dobrovoljci 1941-1945 u reči i slici, pp. 242, 234

Hello, Klemen

You'll find them listed in those scans I sent you a while ago from Karapandžić's book SDK u službi naroda i otadžbine (pp. 107-129).

Cheers,
Ivan
Thanks a lot for reminding me!

Regards,
Klemen

Return to “Foreign Volunteers & Collaboration”