Puma Legion

Discussions on the foreigners (volunteers as well as conscripts) fighting in the German Wehrmacht, those collaborating with the Axis and other period Far Right organizations. Hosted by George Lepre.
User avatar
Askold
Member
Posts: 1846
Joined: 23 Mar 2002 08:30
Location: Ukraine

Puma Legion

Post by Askold » 26 Jun 2005 17:16

Found info on a very obscure Ukrainian formation that I would like to share:

PuMa Legion.

Along side Nachtigal and Roland, Germans formed a third Ukrainian legion prior invasion of Soviet Union. The legion was formed by Ivan Puliuj (real name Alexander Hans Puluj) - a Ukrainian-German officer in Wehrmacht and Ivan Maksievych, one of the OUN-M representatives. The legion was formed in secrecy from Ukrainians in Bessarabia and received code name PuMa - the first two letters of its commanders (Puliuj, Maksievych). As the legion was formed by Abwehr, its official numeration was Abwehrgruppe 101. Majority of volunteers were Ukrainian students from Chernivtsi and former veterans of Karpatho-Ukrainian army. Other students came from Germany and Austria.
The unit was trained in Piatra-Niamtsu (Rumania/Hungary?) and later on transfered to Jassy for further training and equipment. To make the unit mobile, it received two military busses, some cars and Mercedes staf car. With the outbreak of the war, Puma moved along route of Army group South. Its main purpose was to be used as propaganda unit, however it also used for securing the communications, transation duties and clearing up pockets of remaining Soviet troops. In many cases Puma would wind up in front lines as well, along with scout units it entered the port city of Mykolaiv. On 25th of Augus, Puma was disbanned, as Germans feared the unit was becoming to political (Most of its members belonged to OUN-M). Puma received special thanks from commander of 54th army corps E. Hansen and some of its members were transfered to other German units in Ukraine, while others received positions in civil administration in Donbas, Kherson and Crimea.

Uniforms:

Puma wore plain german uniforms without any national insignia. The only visible distinction was "In dienst der Deutsche Wehrmacht" armband. The officers wore standard uniforms of German Wehrmacht.








\\\\\\\\\\\\

Larry D.
Financial supporter
Posts: 4003
Joined: 04 Aug 2004 23:03
Location: Winter Springs, FL (USA)

Post by Larry D. » 26 Jun 2005 19:04

Askold wrote:
As the legion was formed by Abwehr, its official numeration was Abwehrgruppe 101.
"PuMa" existed as you stated. However, it was not designated Abwehrgruppe 101. There were only four Abwehrgruppen in the East during the course of the war: A, B, Mitte and Nord. There was an Abwehrkommando 101 (FpNs 00455 and 57278) that operated in Ukraine, Crimea and North Caucasia, and there was an Abwehrtrupp 101 (FpN 05979) that operated in Ukraine, Crimea and North Caucasia. The "PuMa" formation was probably attached to or a part of Abwehrkommando 101. Abwehrkdos. and Abwehrtrupps were always commanded by German personnel.

User avatar
Askold
Member
Posts: 1846
Joined: 23 Mar 2002 08:30
Location: Ukraine

Post by Askold » 27 Jun 2005 03:06

Thanks for clearing it up. Interesting to know - 20 members of Puma were later assigned to Armenian formation "Dromedar" (official name Abwehrcommando 114).

Larry D.
Financial supporter
Posts: 4003
Joined: 04 Aug 2004 23:03
Location: Winter Springs, FL (USA)

Post by Larry D. » 27 Jun 2005 12:26

Thanks for making that connection. The only thing I had on Abwehr Sonderkommando "Dromedar" is the following:
"1.1.43: in Rostov under Abwehrkommando 101; the personnel assigned to it included 34 Russia PoWs." [NARA WashDC: Record Group 242 (Microcopy T-501 roll 20)]. Then it appears to have later been re-designated Abwehrkdo. 114, which I had not known. Do you have any more information on either "Dromedar" or Abw.Kdo. 114?

tomttom
Member
Posts: 6
Joined: 24 Jan 2022 00:33
Location: United Kingdom

Re: Puma Legion

Post by tomttom » 18 Feb 2022 15:00

This is an old thread, however I wondered if anyone could shed any more light on Abwehrtrupp 101 (FpN 05979) which is mentioned above?

Return to “Foreign Volunteers & Collaboration”