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The Red Army 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Front's indeed intended to capture the cities of Iasi and Kishinev during the spring og 1944 and, if possible, extend their offensive operations into the depths of Romania, if not the Balkan region as a whole.
The defense of the region by the Grossdeutschland Division in that Battle was totally outstanding.
Source: Red Storm Over the Balkans by David Glantz.
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I don't read the book, however I'm intersted in this moment. What sources did Glantz use concerning the operational objectives and what is the information in this sources?Benoit Douville wrote: The Red Army 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Front's indeed intended to capture the cities of Iasi and Kishinev during the spring og 1944 and, if possible, extend their offensive operations into the depths of Romania, if not the Balkan region as a whole.
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You have already heard somewhere that the Battle took place in the first days of May 1944?Hi, Don't forget GD had I/26 Pz regiment attached and the latter had 50 operational Panther on June 1 1944.
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Here is an improved version:
Because the maximum width on AHF is 800 pixels, it is better to open the image in a separate browser window/tab.
hope it helps get a better picture of the terrain and of the roads.
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For the 1st battle of Targul Frumos, the main effort was made by 35 GRC
For the 2nd battle of Targul Frumos, the main effort was made by 7GA, supported by 5GTA and 27A, supported by 2TA.
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Theses stats are incomplete, as I focused on GD/24.Pz/SS-T and the soviet units facing them & not the Romanians and the more extensive situation on the flanks of the main effort. If anybody needs more stats, ask and I'll post them when I get a chance.
The Red Storm........
Konev's (2UKF) concentric order for breakthrough, April 23rd 1944:
7GA attack with 6 divisions (first echelon) with 5GTA. Other forces to come.
27 A attack with 4 divisions (first echelon) with 2TA. Other forces to come.
Total forces: 14 rifle divisions, 1 fortified region, 5 tank corps, 1 calvary corps, 2 tank brigades, 6 independent tank regiments.
***Rifle divisions mostly between 6,500-5,000 men strong.
7GA is fresh and undamaged. 5GTA medium strength (358 armor). 2TA low strength. (121 armor) 27A.
491 Tanks (of note: 2TA and 5GTA reinforced with 2 x Is-2 regiments each)
150 guns and mortars per KM for support. 2,250 guns and mortars.
Artillery penetration: 18 miles wide x 6 miles deep.
2 UK front air support: 515 aircraft. Luftwaffe: 600 aircraft.
*** 5GTA: 271 Tanks, 87 SPG.
Including: 40 x IS-2, 183 x T-34, 13 x IS-122
*** 2TA: 121 armor
3TC: 50 armor.
Including: 27 x T-34, 5 x IS-85, 18 x ISU-152
16TC: 55 armor.
Including: 32 x T-34, 2x MK-9, 16 x IS-122, 5 x SU-85
11GTB: 16 x T-34
Directly facing them:
GD Holding the front (less than half front line combat strength (@ 40% TOE) but support weapons are strong. 2,400 infantry in 2 regiments ), armor strength fluctuates: maximum 72 runners out of 200 tanks and AG in inventory.)
46th Infantry Division Holding the front.
24. Pz Situated behind the Rumanians. (Brigade size total in various combined arms battle groups. 24 runners (tanks and AG) maximum.)
SS-Totenkopf in reserve (weak, brigade size, missing lots of equipment, armor non-operational)
Panzers and stugs: Maximum 96 operational.
1st Guards Armor Division (Rumanian) 80, mostly light rumanian tanks.
6th Infantry Division (Rumanian)
Germans in the center, Rumanians on the flanks....:devil:
Edit the prior post: GD's biggest claim is 250 tank kills (credited to PR-GD) on May 2nd, 1944.
6-7 rifle divisions assault GD's 2 infantry regiments.
2TA (3TC, 16TC) and 5GTA [2 out of 3](3GTC, 29TC) armor's main effort is GD. 29TC is also putting pressure on the tank-less SS-T.
24 Pz.'s brigade sized force was divided into KG "W" and "E". "W" (25 tanks and AG) was composed of armored/mech forces while "E" was a combined arms infantry force. This force was a fire brigade. "E" was to fix the enemy, while "W" was to attack its flanks and rear.
1st Battle of Targos Frumos April 9-12:
35 Guards rifle corps (2 rifle, 1 airborne) take Targos Frumos. GD (Manteuffel) moves up from reserve, quickly envelops them, and cuts their rear off with its 2 infantry regiments. A panzer battlegroup is on the other side. 24. Pz moves up on its right wing as flank protection and defends against attacks by 33rd GRC.
With the lines of communication cut, the 35 Guards rifle corps retreat out of the area though the openings of the pocket, taking losses with one division badly mauled. 35 GRC and 33 GRC revert to defense.
Until April 23, GD makes short ranged attacks aimed at increasing and improving its defensive perimeter. The Germans know that the 2nd Ukrainian Front is preparing for a new offensive.
April 24-March 1st. GD performs many spoiling attacks aimed at damaging the assembly areas of the offensive and expanding their positions. Another reason for this activity is to harass 7GA and reduce the moral of their forward units.
Manteuffel personally leads several panzer raids (up to 30 tanks and AG) supported by infantry and inflicts equipment losses (trains, support weapons, tanks). He follows the armor groups in his radio SPW, with an forward-observer SPW in front of him. Of interest is how he joins the panzer-regiment during the 2nd battle of targos frumos whenever they make armor counterattacks.
Meanwhile, GD digs in for the offensive, which starts on May 2nd.
24 Pz. routs 3 GAD and 16 TC on May 2nd and forces them to withdraw.
LVII PzK, Status report 8 AOK:
+claims: The main attack beaten off with 350-300 tanks destroyed.
+GD estimates 400 wounded, 6 tanks destroyed, 8 tanks damaged.
2nd Ukrainian Front, May 2nd:
7GA: 123 dead, 573 wounded.
27A: 184 dead, 402 wounded.
Tank write off estimates:
May 2nd-5th 1944, real soviet losses: 227 tanks and AG written off. Most of the remaining armor is damaged.
May 3rd attack. Konev has 300 tanks and AG combat ready.
2TA: 70 armor (2 tank corps)
5GTA: 180 armor (2 tank corps)
Konev regroups his forces; the Germans also regroup directly in front of them.
5GTA loses ~90 armor destroyed and damaged. 2TA, unknown.
7GA: 135 dead, 575 wounded
27A: 173 killed, 352 wounded
May 4th Attack: ~200 tanks and AG combat ready.
7GA:90 dead, 623 wounded
27A:119 dead, 443 wounded
GD disbanded one out of 6 infantry battalions (starting strength: ~400).
Counterattacks by GD and 24.Pz are being planned.
May 5th: Offensive canceled. 5GTA and 2TA removed to reserve. Soviets revert to defense.
2TA has 49 armor left. 5GTA has 215 armor left (148 tanks, 67 SPG).
227 tanks were written off in 3 days. 3,792 men dead and wounded fighting against GD front. Most the pressure was on GD, and intended on destroying it.
GD claims less than ten write-offs. Their armor runners are roughly the same as it was before the offensive started. Personnel losses are 400+ casualties on the first day and were lower in the next days.
May 7th: German counterstroke. 24 Pz and GD attack and retake the soviet gains for the past couple of days. Konev arrests the commander of 35th Guards Rifle corps for losing an important hill.