Warsaw Uprising

Discussions on WW2 in Eastern Europe.
Piotr Kapuscinski
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Post by Piotr Kapuscinski » 07 Aug 2007 19:33

Hi Rends,
why did the Warsaw people thought that Red Army will help them during the uprising?
Russians transmited some radio broadcasts. In those broadcasts Russians were calling people of Warsaw to begin the Rising - and they promised to help.
Hey they should have rememberd 1939 to keep in mind what they have to expect from the USSR.
Most of them remembered that very well - and they knew what will happen in Poland in the future, if the Red Army liberate all Poland, and they will do nothing - they knew that if such thing happen, Poland will be probably communistic satelite of USSR...

Remember that before the Rising, Poland had two Governments - one, communistic Government in Lublin, which was established by Soviet Union

And second - Polish Government in exile, in Great Britain - it was heir of legally valid Polish pre-war Government

Communistic Government had been never accepted by Government in exile, and inversely.

Home Army accepted only independent Polish Government in Great Britain, and it didnt want puppet Communistic Government to rule in Poland - which would in fact mean that Stalin rules in Poland.
why did they trust them?
They didnt trust them - but this was the last chance for independent Poland, so they had to try.

Although they didnt trust them, they knew that Berling's Polish Army is advancing together with Red Army - they knew that it will try to help and they knew that Berling will try to convince Stalin to help Warsaw.

And Berling's Army tried to help - but without permission from Stalin - and, fighting alone without air and heavy artillery support, it had to withdraw from left bank Warsaw.

Also remember, that Warsaw Uprising was only a small part of much greater operation - Operation Tempest - read this article:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Tempest

Poles were also counting on USA, GB, and Polish Forces in the West help - especcialy they counted on Sosabowski's Parachute Brigade help - even when that Brigade had been formed, there had been a plan that in the future it would land somewhere in Poland to help Home Army.

But instead in Warsaw, it landed in Arnhem and took part in Operation Market Garden trying to liberate Holland (not Poland)

Poles didnt trust Soviets, although they had some reasons to thought that Soviet Forces would help Poles if Poles would start to fight with Germans before Soviets arriving (for example radio broadcasts), contrary to all what happened in 1939 and later.

Some fragments from wikipedia articles about Operation Tempest and Warsaw Uprising:
On January 2, 1944, Red Army forces of the 2nd Belarusian Front crossed the prewar Polish border. At the same time, massacres of Poles in Volhynia reached their peak and the 27th Polish Home Army Infantry Division was formed. Thus began Operation Storm. The Division managed to contact the commanders of the advancing Red Army and began successful joint operations against the Wehrmacht. Together they retook Kowel (April 6) and Włodzimierz. The Division was, however, soon forced to retreat west, and in the Polesie area was attacked by both German and Soviet forces. Polish soldiers taken prisoner by the Soviets were given the choice of joining the Red Army or being sent to Soviet forced-labor camps. The remnants of the Division crossed the Bug River, where they were attacked by Soviet partisan units. After liberating the towns of Lubartów and Kock, the Division (reduced to some 3,200 men) was surrounded by the Red Army and taken prisoner.
The Uprising began at a crucial juncture as the Soviet Army was approaching Warsaw. The Uprising's chief objective was to drive the German occupiers from the city, helping with the larger fight against the Axis. Secondary political objectives were to liberate Warsaw before the Red Army arrived, so as to underscore Polish sovereignty, and to undo the Allied division of Central Europe into spheres of influence. Polish authorities were to reappear in liberated Warsaw and challenge the Soviet puppet government that was to rule Poland.
Regards!
Last edited by Piotr Kapuscinski on 07 Aug 2007 20:01, edited 2 times in total.

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Post by wm » 07 Aug 2007 19:55

kon wrote:Rokossovski was the Pole, was born in Warsaw and wished to help insurgents.
It's not known where he was born, maybe in Poland, maybe in Russia.
And after interrogations he was subjected in 1937 that included torture resulting in nine missing teeth, three cracked ribs, the removal of his fingernails, and three mock shooting ceremonies he surely learned not to act on his wishes...

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Post by Piotr Kapuscinski » 07 Aug 2007 20:17

Rends: The Uprising was in a way against Russians..
It was rised to prevent Russian communistic occupation, but it was not against them I think.

Hi kon,
"3 millions jews" and 3 million poles
If the Soviet armies have entered into Warsaw in august half risen would be shot, the others are banished to Siberia
Yea but they were POLISH Jews, and they could speak POLISH language, and they had POLISH citizenship - and something more - many Jews were fighting in Polish Army in 1939, and many Jews were in Polish Underground Country structures (some of them were fighting in Home Army) - most Jews were feeling not only to be Jews but also to be Poles. They were Jews because their relligion was Judaism, but their motherland was Poland.

There was also a group of radical Jews - they were feeling only to be Jews and many of them didnt like or even hate Poles (and some Poles hate such Jews).
Rokossovski was the Pole, was born in Warsaw and wished to help insurgents.
Maybe, but Stalin didnt want to help Warsaw, and Stalin > Rokossowski

By the way - Erich von dem Bach Żelewski also had some polish roots ("Żelewski" is Polish surname), as well as Igor Sikorski (Igor Sikorski invented helicopter) - and no one says they were Poles. Everybody says that Igor Sikorski who invented helicopter was Russian, although his mother was Russian and his father was Pole, and he was born in Kijów in 1889 (and in XVII century Kijów was in Poland)
If the Soviet armies have entered into Warsaw in august half risen would be shot, the others are banished to Siberia
Probably u are right...

Regards
Last edited by Piotr Kapuscinski on 09 Aug 2007 19:36, edited 1 time in total.

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Post by Marcin » 07 Aug 2007 20:28

Even now more than 60 years since Uprising many people wonder was it worth? The battle claimed so many lives, we lost almost all our youth... But in my opinion there was no other way....One of the participants said that better to day than to live on the knees. But I met some man who took part in Uprising and he had different poiont of view.

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Post by michalst » 07 Aug 2007 21:46

By the way Kaminski also had polish roots...

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Post by Benoit Douville » 08 Aug 2007 00:38

Bronislaw Kaminski was born in Vitebsk, His father was Polish.

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Post by kon » 08 Aug 2007 06:01

What is the firing in Warsaw in comparison with fights Wermacht and Red Army near Warsaw in August 1944? Anything! Probably 2-3 %. Stalin did not wish to help insurgents? Whence to it armies to remove and throw under Warsaw? There was a clearing the Soviet Baltic. In the south there was a preparation for clearing Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Yugoslavia

http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?p=1014014
In the beginning of August 1944 elements of SS Wiking, SS Totenkopf, 19 PzD and 4 PzD counter-attacked 2nd Tank Army just east of Warsaw

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Post by kon » 08 Aug 2007 07:27

Stalin Churchill and Roosevelt's letter on August, 5th, 1944
http://www.rusk.ru/st.php?idar=319021
Âàøå è ã-íà ×åð÷èëëÿ ïîñëàíèå îòíîñèòåëüíî Âàðøàâû ÿ ïîëó÷èë. Õî÷ó âûñêàçàòü ñâîè ñîîáðàæåíèÿ. Ðàíî èëè ïîçäíî, íî ïðàâäà î êó÷êå ïðåñòóïíèêîâ, çàòåÿâøèõ ðàäè çàõâàòà âëàñòè âàðøàâñêóþ àâàíòþðó, ñòàíåò âñåì èçâåñòíà. Ýòè ëþäè èñïîëüçîâàëè äîâåð÷èâîñòü âàðøàâÿí, áðîñèâ ïî÷òè áåçîðóæíûõ ëþäåé ïîä íåìåöêèå ïóøêè, òàíêè è àâèàöèþ. Ñîçäàëîñü ïîëîæåíèå, êîãäà êàæäûé íîâûé äåíü èñïîëüçóåòñÿ íå ïîëÿêàìè äëÿ îñâîáîæäåíèÿ Âàðøàâû, à ãèòëåðîâöàìè, áåñ÷åëîâå÷íî èñòðåáëÿþùèìè æèòåëåé Âàðøàâû. Ñ âîåííîé òî÷êè çðåíèÿ ñîçäàâøååñÿ ïîëîæåíèå, ïðèâëåêàþùåå óñèëåííîå âíèìàíèå íåìöåâ ê Âàðøàâå, òàêæå âåñüìà íåâûãîäíî êàê äëÿ Êðàñíîé Àðìèè, òàê è äëÿ ïîëÿêîâ. Ìåæäó òåì ñîâåòñêèå âîéñêà, âñòðåòèâøèåñÿ â ïîñëåäíåå âðåìÿ ñ íîâûìè çíà÷èòåëüíûìè ïîïûòêàìè íåìöåâ ïåðåéòè â êîíòðàòàêè, äåëàþò âñå âîçìîæíîå, ÷òîáû ñëîìèòü ýòè êîíòðàòàêè ãèòëåðîâöåâ è ïåðåéòè íà íîâîå øèðîêîå íàñòóïëåíèå ïîä Âàðøàâîé. Íå ìîæåò áûòü ñîìíåíèÿ, ÷òî Êðàñíàÿ Àðìèÿ íå ïîæàëååò óñèëèé, ÷òîáû ðàçáèòü íåìöåâ ïîä Âàðøàâîé è îñâîáîäèòü Âàðøàâó äëÿ ïîëÿêîâ. Ýòî áóäåò ëó÷øàÿ è äåéñòâèòåëüíàÿ ïîìîùü ïîëÿêàì-àíòèíàöèñòàì

google translation

You and Mr. Churchill Warsaw message I received. I want to express their views. Sooner or later, but the truth of a handful of criminals zateyavshih to seize power Warsaw adventure is all known. These people have used credulity Warsaw, leaving behind most of unarmed people by German guns, tanks and aircraft. Entries situation where every new day is not to liberate Warsaw Poles, and Hitler, inhumane istreblyayuschimi residents of Warsaw. From a military standpoint, the situation, is attracting increased attention to the Germans in Warsaw, also a disadvantage for the Red Army, and for the Poles. Meanwhile, Soviet troops encountered recently with significant new attempts Germans go to the counter, doing everything possible to break this counter gitlerovtsev and switch to a new offensive near Warsaw. There can be no doubt that the Red Army will spare no effort to split the Germans by Warsaw and liberate Warsaw for the Poles. This will be the best and effective assistance polyakam- antinatsistam

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Post by kon » 08 Aug 2007 07:30

zateyavshih -arranged

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Post by Musashi » 08 Aug 2007 07:48

kon wrote:Probably 2-3 %. Stalin did not wish to help insurgents?
No, he did not. How will you explain Iosif Vissarionovich did not agree for Allied bombers with supplies for insurgents landing on the Soviet side of the front after dropping them over Warsaw? Did not you hear about it?

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Post by kon » 08 Aug 2007 09:22

I do not know all details. Americans dumped cargoes from planes, but all was selected by Germans
http://www.rusk.ru/st.php?idar=319021
×òî êàñàåòñÿ ñóùåñòâóþùåãî äî ñèõ ïîð ìíåíèÿ, áóäòî ãëàâíóþ ïîìîùü ïîâñòàíöàì â ñíàáæåíèè îêàçàëà àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àâèàöèÿ, òî è íà ýòîò ñëó÷àé åñòü íåîïðîâåðæèìûå ôàêòû. Ñëîâ íåò, âíåøíèé ýôôåêò îò ïîÿâëåíèÿ 18 ñåíòÿáðÿ â äíåâíîå âðåìÿ íàä Âàðøàâîé ñðàçó 100 àìåðèêàíñêèõ "Ëåòàþùèõ êðåïîñòåé" â ñîïðîâîæäåíèè èñòðåáèòåëåé "Ìóñòàíã" âïå÷àòëÿåò. Íî èç 1000 ñáðîøåííûõ íà ïàðàøþòàõ êîíòåéíåðîâ â ðàñïîëîæåíèå âîññòàâøèõ óïàëî ëèøü íåñêîëüêî äåñÿòêîâ, îêîëî äâàäöàòè îêàçàëîñü â ðàñïîëîæåíèè ñîâåòñêèõ âîéñê íà ïðàâîì áåðåãó Âèñëû, îñòàëüíûå æå ãðóçû ïîïàëè ê íåìöàì. Âîîáùå çà 305 âûëåòîâ ñîþçíèêè ñáðîñèëè âîññòàâøèì 1344 ïèñòîëåòà, 3855 àâòîìàòîâ, 130 êàðàáèíîâ, 1400 ãðàíàò, 45 ò ïðîäîâîëüñòâèÿ è 21 ò ìåäèêàìåíòîâ. À òàê êàê ãðóçû ñáðàñûâàëèñü ñ âûñîòû 4000 ì, òî áîëüøàÿ èõ ÷àñòü îòíîñèëàñü âåòðîì â ðàñïîëîæåíèå íåìåöêèõ âîéñê. Íàøà æå àâèàöèÿ 16-é âîçäóøíîé àðìèè è ïîëêà íî÷íûõ áîìáàðäèðîâùèêîâ âîéñêà Ïîëüñêîãî "Êðàêîâ" äåéñòâîâàëà â îñíîâíîì ñ ìàëûõ âûñîò ëåãêèìè ñàìîëåòàìè. Çà âðåìÿ áîåâ áûë ïðîèçâåäåí 4821 âûëåò, â òîì ÷èñëå íà ñáðàñûâàíèå ãðóçîâ – 2435, íà ïîäàâëåíèå ñðåäñòâ ÏÂÎ – 100, íà áîìáàðäèðîâêó è øòóðìîâêó íåìåöêèõ âîéñê ïî çàÿâêå ïîâñòàíöåâ – 1361, íà ïðèêðûòèå ðàéîíîâ èõ äåéñòâèé è ðàçâåäêó – 925. Âîññòàâøèì áûëî äîñòàâëåíî ïî âîçäóõó îäíî îðóäèå, 156 ìèíîìåòîâ, 1478 àâòîìàòîâ, 18428 ãðàíàò, – 515 êã ìåäèêàìåíòîâ è 131 ò ïðîäîâîëüñòâèÿ. Íå çàáóäåì è î íåñêîëüêèõ ãðóïïàõ íàøèõ äåñàíòíèêîâ, ñáðîøåííûõ íà Âàðøàâó äëÿ âûâîäà âîññòàâøèõ ê íàøèì ïîçèöèÿì. Òàêîâû ôàêòû, ãîñïîäà õîðîøèå, ôàêòû, êîòîðûå âû óïîðíî èãíîðèðóåòå äî ñèõ ïîð

altavista translation

As far as the existing, until now, opinion, as if American aviation rendered main assistance to rebels in the supply is concerned, in this case is the irrefutable facts. It goes without saying, external effect from the appearance on 18 September in the day time above Warsaw immediately 100 American "flying fortresses" in tracking of destroyers "mustang" impresses. But only several ten fell of 1000 discarded by the parachutes containers in the arrangement of those risen, about twenty proved to be in the arrangement of Soviet troops on right to Vistula coast, whereas reach remaining loads the Germans. Generally for 305 departures allies threw out by that risen 1344 pistols, 3855 automata, 130 carbines, 1400 grenades, 45 t of foodstuffs and 21 t of drugs. But since loads were discarded from the height of 4000 m, then their large part related by wind in the arrangement of German troops. Our aviation of the 16th air force and regiment of night bombers troops of Polish "Krakow" acted in essence from the low altitudes by light aircraft. In time it was combat produced 4821 departures, including to the dropping it was cargo - 2435, to the suppression of air defense weapons - 100, to bombardment and low-flying attack of German troops on application of rebels - 1361, to the protection of the regions of their actions and the reconnaissance - 925. To that risen was delivered by air one instrument, 156 mortars, 1478 automata, 18428 grenades, 515 kg of drugs and 131 t of foodstuffs. We will not forget also about several groups of our landing force members, discarded in Warsaw for the conclusion of those risen to our positions. Are such facts, gentlemen good, the facts, which you persistently ignore, until now,

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Post by Yuri » 08 Aug 2007 09:43

Musashi wrote:
kon wrote:Probably 2-3 %. Stalin did not wish to help insurgents?
No, he did not. How will you explain Iosif Vissarionovich did not agree for Allied bombers with supplies for insurgents landing on the Soviet side of the front after dropping them over Warsaw? Did not you hear about it?
Anglo-American planes did not give the sanction to landing in the Soviet territory to the same reasons, on which Anglo-Americans within more than two months (from April till June, 1944) did not authorize for landing in Italy (Bari) to the Soviet planes dumping a cargo with the weapon for Tito’s guerrilla to Yugoslavia.
In Russian it sounds so: after what has bought, on that and has sold.

Did not you hear about it?

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Post by Musashi » 08 Aug 2007 10:10

Yuri wrote: Did not you hear about it?
Not until now. You always learn something new reading forums. However I must check other sources about it.

Kon,
you should know a vast majority of Soviet supplies dropped even from a low altitude was smashing on the ground and was useless after that.
The next thing is, even German Ju-87 bombers, that had not been used on the Western Front since 1941 or even 1940 because of their vulnerabitity could bomb Warsaw with impunity encoutering no counteraction of Soviet fighters.

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Post by Piotr Kapuscinski » 08 Aug 2007 10:18

What is the firing in Warsaw in comparison with fights Wermacht and Red Army near Warsaw in August 1944? Anything! Probably 2-3 %.
Really? Russian Combat Report:

1. Original version:

Донесение штаба 1-го Белорусского фронта в Генеральный штаб Красной Армии о потерях войск фронта с 1 по 10 августа 1944 года
13.08.1944

Начальнику оперативного управления ГШ КА

Докладываю сводку о потерях войск 1-го Белорусского фронта с 1 по 10 августа 1944 года:

48-я армия - личный состав: убито - 737, ранено 2352 чел.; конский состав: убито - 49, ранено - 48 лошадей; матчасть: орудий - 3, винтовок и автоматов - 137, пулеметов - 24, ПТР - 1, минометов - 4, автомашин - 1.
65-я армия - личный состав: убито - 842, ранено - 2487 человек.
28-я армия - личный состав: убито - 651, ранено - 2963; матчасть: винтовок и автоматов - 251.
70-я армия - личный состав: убито - 158, ранено - 563; матчасть: автомашин - 2, повозок - 5.
47-я армия - личный состав: убито - 1045, ранено - 3146 чел.; конский состав: убито - 76, ранено - 6 лошадей.
1-я польская армия - личный состав: убито 290, ранено - 684, пропало без вести - 565; конский состав: убито - 55, ранено - 87 лошадей; матчасть: винтовок и автоматов - 824, пулеметов - 87, ПТР - 35, минометов - 18, орудий - 76 и 45 мм - 9, танков: сожжен - 1, подбито - 6, раций - 1, автомашин - 2.
8-я гв. армия - личный состав: убито - 1769, ранено - 7415, пропало без вести - 482 человека.
69-я армия - личный состав: убито - 1418, ранено - 3958; матчасть: орудий - 8, минометов - 8, винтовок и автоматов - 294, пулеметов - 4, ПТР - 2, автомашин - 3, тракторов - 1, радиостанций - 3.
2-я танковая армия - личный состав: убито - 409, ранено - 1271, пропало без вести - 589 человек; матчасть: сгорело и подбито танков - 101, самоходных орудий -13. Уничтожено: орудий - 28, минометов - 9, пулеметов - 84, бронетранспортеров - 2.
16-я ВА - сбито в воздушных боях огнем ЗА противника и потерпели катастрофу - 22 самолета.
6-я ВА - сбито в воздушных боях и огнем ЗА противника - 13 и не вернулись с боевого задания - 27 самолетов.

Начальник оперативного управления штаба 1-го Белорусского фронта
генерал-майор Бойков

2. Google translation:

Automatic Staff 1 st Belarussian Front in the General Staff of the Red Army troops on the loss front, from 1 to August 10, 1944

August 13, 1944 Chief Operations GSH KA Dokladyvayu report on the loss of troops of Belarussian Front from 1 to August 10, 1944 :

48 th army personnel : 737 killed, 2,352 injured person. ; konsky composition : 49 killed, 48 injured horses; matchast : 3-shells, rifles and machine guns, 137 machine guns, 24, PTR-1, mortar-4 - 1 cars.
65 th army personnel :-842 killed, 2,487 wounded people.
28 th army personnel : - 651 killed, wounded-2963; matchast : rifles and machine-251.
70 th army personnel : 158 killed, 563 wounded; matchast : Auto-2, 5-carts.
47 th army personnel :-1,045 killed, 3,146 wounded person. ; konsky composition : 76 killed, 6 injured horses.
1 st Polish army personnel : 290 killed, 684 wounded, missing, 565; konsky composition : 55 killed, 87 injured horses; matchast : rifles and machine - 824, 87-calibre machine guns, PTR-35-18 mortars, artillery shells, 76 and 45 mm-9, tanks : burned-1 podbito-6-1 radios, vehicles 2.
8 th vessel. army personnel : 1769-killed, wounded, 7,415 missing, 482 people.
69 th army personnel :-1,418 killed, 3,958 wounded; matchast : 8 shells, mortar-8, rifles and machine-294, guns-4, PTR-2 - 3 cars, tractors-1 radio-3.
2 - I-tank army personnel : 409 killed, 1,271 wounded, missing, 589 people; matchast : burned and podbito-101 tanks, self shells -13. Destroyed :-28 shells, mortar-9-84 machine guns, armoured personnel carriers - 2.
16 - I VA-aircraft fire in the air fighting for the enemy and suffered disaster-22 aircraft.
6 th VA-down in the air and fire fighting for the enemy-13 and did not return to the job-27 combat aircraft.

Chief of Staff Operations 1 st Belarussian Front Maj. Boikov

All together - 7029 dead Russian troops during all battles of Belarussian Front from 1st August to 10th August

In Warsaw Uprising only on 1st August at least 2500 Germans and Poles (troops and civilians) lost their lives, including at least 500 German troops
Last edited by Piotr Kapuscinski on 08 Aug 2007 10:35, edited 1 time in total.

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Post by Piotr Kapuscinski » 08 Aug 2007 10:26

Text from 48 Russian Army veterans publication, about their combat operations during first days of August - befor 2nd August Belarussian Front was advancing very fast towards west, and on 3rd August ALL Belarussian Front armies just stopped!!! without reason! :

Original:

„Bойска возобновили наступление, овладели Бельск, и к 30 июля вышли на рубеж: Сураж, Филипы, Пульсы, Малиново, Августово восточное Боцьки. Противник, усилив обороняющиеся войска,3 кав. бригадой, 292 пд и пополнив 129 пд, отошел к I августа на подготовленный рубеж Пятково, Зильково, Лиза Стар., Водзки, Николаеве, Маркове Калиновец, Скоды, Скоды Стар., где оказал упорное сопротивление. По решению командующего армией войска приостановили наступление и стали готовить прорыв его обороны, что прежде всего потребовало времени на подвоз боеприпасов.”

Google translation:

B oyska renewed offensive, captured Belsk, and on July 30 met the threshold : Surazh, Philip, Pulsy, Malinovo, Avgustovo eastern Botski. The enemy, increasing defending troops, 3 kava. Brigade 292 Gaouth and adding 129 Gaouth been pushed to August, I prepared to foreign Pyatkovo, Zilkovo Lisa Star. , Vodzki, Nikolaev, Markov Kalinovets, Skody, Skody Star. , which has strong resistance. According to the commander of Army forces have suspended offensive and prepare his defence breakthrough that first took time to resupply ammunition. "

And know something about 48 Army from Belarussian Front "offensive" near Warsaw on first days of August:

Original:

„Бои эти были позициционные, есть такое понятие - огневой бой, это когда войска стреляют из орудий и винтовок по противнику, но не наступают. Войска вели огневой бой и одновременно готовились к новому наступлению.”

Google translation:

"Fighting these were pozitsitsionnye there is such a thing - fire fighting, that's when troops shot from guns and rifles to the enemy, but not offensive. Troops were fighting the fire while preparing for a new offensive. "

"Preparing for a new offensive" means = waiting untill Warsaw Uprising will be crushed by Germans!

Something about Soviet and German forces at the beggining of August near Warsaw:

Soviets:

Land & VDV forces: 29 TD, 29 MRD, 4 AAD, 6 AD = 68 divisions.

Baltic Fleet: 305 principal surface combatants, 32 SS/SSG, 210 aircrafts

VVS & DA: Frontal - 2000 aircrafts, Smolensk Air Army - 160 bombers, Legnitz Air Army - 340 bombers, Moscow Air Army - 145 bombers = 2766 aircrafts total. (PVO's forces excluded)

Germans:

Heer: 4 TD, 8 MD = 12 divisions

Kriegsmarine: 65 surface combatants, 12 SS, 55 aircrafts

Luftwaffe: 150 fighters, 300 fighter-bombers = 450 aircrafts

TD = tank division
MRD = mitorized rifle division
AAD = air-assault division
AD = artilery division
SS = diesel submarine

Something about number of tanks in soviet TDs:

TD:

A tank division is organised in the same way as a motor-rifle division, except that it has three tank regiments rather than one and one motor-rifle regiment instead of three. In addition, a tank division has no independent tank or anti-tank battalions, since its anti-tank strength is much greater than that of a motor-rifle division.
A tank division has 10,500 men. It is equipped with 341 tanks, 232 infantry combat vehicles, 6 rocket launchers, 6 heavy assault guns, 126 self-propelled howitzers, 78 mortars and multiple rocket launchers, 62 self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery complexes and hundreds
of light anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons. While it has fewer personnel, a tank division has far greater striking power than a motor-rifle division.

Tank Army:

(1) An All-Arms Army has five divisions, one of which is a tank division. A Tank Army has only four, all of which are tank divisions.
(2) A Tank Army does not break through the enemy's defences. This is done for it by the All-Arms Armies. Therefore a Tank Army does not have an artillery brigade, of which it has no need. But while it is operating deep in the defences of the enemy it may suddenly encounter strong enemy forces against which massed intense fire must be brought down very quickly. For this purpose, in place of an artillery brigade, a Tank Army has a regiment of multiple rocket launchers.
(3) A Tank Army does not fight to hold areas or lines: its task is solely to attack the enemy. It therefore has no anti-tank regiment (which
holds territory) or independent anti-tank battalion (which harasses the advancing enemy). It has no need of these sub-units, which would contribute nothing to its proper function.

In all, in wartime, a Tank Army has 54,000 men, 1416 tanks, 993 infantry combat vehicles, 894 guns, mortars and multiple rocket launchers, 42 rocket launchers, 314 heavy anti-aircraft guns and thousands of light anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons.

Front:

A Front comprises:

- command staff.
- communications regiment--the nerve system.
- engeenering brigade, a intelligence regiment and a battlefield surveillance regiment--the eyes and ears of the Front.
- one Air Army.
- one Tank Army--the Front's striking force.
- two All-Arms Armies.
- a lot of auxiliary units

Fronts used for operations in Europe had up to 5600 tanks, 772 combat aircraft, 3000 infantry combat vehicles, 3000 armoured personnel carriers, and up to 4100 guns, mortars and salvo-firing rocket-launchers together with a large quantity of other arms and combat equipment.

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