http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_Nat ... ial_Region
http://translate.google.com/translate?s ... rytorialny
And before that:
http://translate.google.com/translate?s ... _Radziecka
Despite all of post-1945 deportations, ethnic Poles were still the majority in the region in 1990. And they still are the majority in the countryside around Vilnius today (even though the city itself has been thoroughly ethnically cleansed from Poles).The Polish National-Territorial Region (Polish: Polski Kraj Narodowo-Terytorialny) was an autonomous region in Lithuania, self-proclaimed by the local Poles on 6 September 1990. The region included areas surrounding Vilnius (Polish: Wilno), capital of Lithuania, where Poles formed the majority (60–90%), This Eastern part of Lithuania had been part of Poland (from 1922) before being attached to Lithuania under the Mutual Assistance Treaty with the Soviet Union in 1939. The autonomy region with capital in Naujoji Vilnia (Polish: Nowa Wilejka) included 4,930 km² and population of 215,000 (66% of them were Poles and 34% in Naujoji Vilnia). The Polish autonomist movement (the leaders of which included Jan Ciechanowicz) was related to the Yedinstvo movement and had tacit support from Moscow (thus, when following the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania the Soviets applied a blockade against Lithuania, the areas of Eastern Lithuania with significant minority population were mostly spared of the blockade, with the aim of gaining minorities' support for Moscow). In the region, the Polish Red-and-White flags were used as official flag and Rota was used as an anthem in the region.
The Lithuanian government declared the formation of the Polish autonomous district in Lithuania unconstitutional. After the August Coup of the Soviet hardliners had failed, the Lithuanian parliament suspended on 3 September 1991 the democratically elected local councils that had sought autonomy or secession from Lithuania.
PKN-T in 1990 - 1991 (excluding the city of Vilnius itself - as since the 1950s Poles were no longer majority there):