Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

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henryk
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by henryk » 30 Jun 2019 19:03

Liepāja was in Soviet Union occupied Latvia. What was the distribution between Latvian Forces and Soviet Union Forces?

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tigre
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 30 Jun 2019 20:08

Hello to all :D; AFAIK......................................................

Latvian Forces and Soviet Union Forces.

On 17 August 1940, the Soviet people’s commissar of defence, Marshal Semyon Timoshenko, ordered that the military forces of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania be reorganized into the 22nd, 24th and 29th Red Army Territorial Rifles Corps, respectively. A rifle corps was to consist of a little more than 15,000 men. On 17th-19th June 1941, in compliance with a received order the 183rd division of the 24th Territorial Corps set off from the camp near Gulbene to march to Carnikava-Gauja training ground in the vicinity of Riga. The 181st division and the artillery units remained in the Ostrovieshi camp.

As for the 67th Rifle Division was formed from militia brigades in the Leningrad Military District in 1923 as the 20th Rifle Division (territorial defence). On May 21, 1936, it was named the 67th Rifle Division. In June 1941, was part of the Baltic Special Military District.

Sources: http://bazhum.muzhp.pl/media//files/Ech ... 65-170.pdf

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).

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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by Kelvin » 01 Jul 2019 13:53

Kelvin wrote:
30 Jun 2019 08:54
Hello, Raul M, your OOB data are Wonderful, do you have casualties on Soviet side, killed, wounded or POW ? Thank
Hello, Tigre, u omit my Question. :(

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henryk
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by henryk » 01 Jul 2019 18:56

tigre wrote:
30 Jun 2019 20:08
Hello to all :D; AFAIK......................................................

Latvian Forces and Soviet Union Forces.

On 17 August 1940, the Soviet people’s commissar of defence, Marshal Semyon Timoshenko, ordered that the military forces of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania be reorganized into the 22nd, 24th and 29th Red Army Territorial Rifles Corps, respectively. A rifle corps was to consist of a little more than 15,000 men. On 17th-19th June 1941, in compliance with a received order the 183rd division of the 24th Territorial Corps set off from the camp near Gulbene to march to Carnikava-Gauja training ground in the vicinity of Riga. The 181st division and the artillery units remained in the Ostrovieshi camp.

As for the 67th Rifle Division was formed from militia brigades in the Leningrad Military District in 1923 as the 20th Rifle Division (territorial defence). On May 21, 1936, it was named the 67th Rifle Division. In June 1941, was part of the Baltic Special Military District.

Sources: http://bazhum.muzhp.pl/media//files/Ech ... 65-170.pdf

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
Thank you tigre. A very interesting article.
Some interesting excerpts:
When the war broke out in the night of 24th-25th June, the two former submarines
of the Latvian Navy, on the order of the chief of the basis of Liepaya Military
Port, where they were stationed, were taken out of the port and blown up together
with other submarines
This leads us to the conclusion that the destiny of the 24th Corps, with particular
clarity, illustrates the historical tragedy that all the Baltic nations were pulled in
against their will in 1939-1945 and that left permanent marks on these nations,
namely, the first Soviet occupation with the subsequent Sovietisation measures and
repressions, unsubstantiated hopes sparkled by the breaking out of German-Soviet
war and the attitude of both occupation powers towards Latvians, Lithuanians and
Estonians that resulted in one of the heaviest losses of human resources in the
history of the Baltic nations.
16

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tigre
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 06 Jul 2019 15:40

Hello to all :D; more................................

Defense of Libava (Libau) in 1941.

The attackers

Sources: https://www.forum-der-wehrmacht.de/wcf/ ... -6-41-jpg/

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 13 Jul 2019 18:58

Hello to all :D; more................................

Defense of Libava (Libau) in 1941.

Actions of the 67th Rifle Division on the eve of the war.

There are no documents of the General Staff, nor are there any records of witnesses, but it can be said that some units of the 67th Rifle Division left Liepaja / Libau and on June 21, 1941 they were deployed to defense exercises on the coast.

Two battalions of the 281st Rifle Regiment headed south of Nitsa, and two battalions of the 56th Rifle Regiment arrived in Grobin and Medze between 6 and 12 km north of Liepaja. On June 21, 1941, the division CP was located in the forest near the village of Kapsēde. On June 22, 1941, the CP of the 281st Rifle Regiment also departed for Barta, the unit occupied defensive positions from the sea north of Nitsa to the Barta River and along the Barta River in the center of town. There was not a solid line of defense. The 3rd Battalion of the 281th Rifle Regiment remained in the city. To the north of Barta, several batteries of howitzers from the 242th Artillery Regiment and a battalion of mortars were deployed for defense.

In the area of attack of the 291. Infantry Division, the Red Army could oppose only five or six companies of the 62nd Rifle Regiment of the 10th Rifle Division, reinforced by artillery.

Sources: http://xn--80afaddfnecahkg3akbiaetpiq8m ... 1-god.html
https://www.litres.ru/aleksey-isaev/vto ... yn/page-3/

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 20 Jul 2019 17:24

Hello to all :D; more................................

Defense of Libava (Libau) in 1941.

Advance to Libau.

According to the German documents, the 291. ID advanced towards Liepāja / Libau in two ways: with the main forces, through the cities of Skuodas and Priekule, to reach the port city from the land, from the east; the second way along the coast from the south to the villages of Rutsava and Nitsa. Here, on June 22, 1941, the guards of the border posts 24 and 25 of the 12 Liepaja Border Guard District, faced the division first at 8:45 am ............

Sources: http://xn--80afaddfnecahkg3akbiaetpiq8m ... 1-god.html
http://www.nashapobeda.lv/1519.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 03 Aug 2019 14:17

Hello to all :D; more................................

Defense of Libava (Libau) in 1941.

Direction Nitsa - Barta - June 23, 1941.

On the second day of the war, the situation in Libau / Liepaja became even more complicated. Everyone expected more news from Barta and Nitsa, where events began on the morning of June 23. The defensive line ran from the sea coast through Nitsa and along the northern shore of Barta to the Barta settlement (about 25 km). Nitsa was defended by the 2nd Battalion of the 281st Rifle Regiment and Barta, by the 1st Battalion. There was no depth in the defense, with the exception of Nitsa, where detachments of workers and groups of sailors arrived during the day; forming a second defensive line between the sea and the lake.......................

Sources: http://xn--80afaddfnecahkg3akbiaetpiq8m ... 1-god.html
http://www.nashapobeda.lv/1519.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 17 Aug 2019 14:53

Hello to all :D; more................................

Defense of Libava (Libau) in 1941.

Grobin - June 24, 1941.

Having determined the main direction of the enemy attacks, the Command of the 67th Rifle Division hurriedly concentrated the units of the 56th Rifle Regiment in the northeastern sector on the outskirts of Libau. In addition, the units of the 281º Rifle Regiment and the 242º Artillery Regiment retreated and also began to move in this direction. The 3rd Battalion of the 281st Rifle Regiment under Captain N. I. Slavyagin also arrived in the direction of Grobin and defended to the left of the Liepaja-Grobin road.

The Siege of Liepaja from the north ended around 12:00 hours on June 24, when a group of German motorcyclists who left Grobin broke into Tashi and Vergal, and then from the side of Materi stormed into the sea at the old school Shked. The systematic siege of the city from the northeast side continued. The 2nd Battalion of IR 504 took positions under Capseda, and the 1st and 3rd Battalions deepened the density of their defense. The connection of the HQ of the 67th Rifle Division with the Baltic Military District and the 114th Rifle Regiment in Ventspils was interrupted, and the 12th Liepaja Border Detachment was cut in two halves.

Sources: http://xn--80afaddfnecahkg3akbiaetpiq8m ... 1-god.html
http://www.nashapobeda.lv/1519.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 24 Aug 2019 14:37

Hello to all :D; more................................

Defense of Libava (Libau) in 1941.

Libau does not give up - June 25, 1941.

June 25 is the day of stubborn and bloody battles everywhere, but especially in the east, near Grobin. The main attack was directed along the Grobin road in the direction of the railroad crossing. The city was well defended because it was accessed by an isthmus of 3 kilometers wide secured by two lagoons on both sides. In that isthmus, well-built forts were established, so a quick blow should be ruled out, so four days of intense fighting followed.

On June 25, 1941 at 01:30 hours the assault on the fortress began, but was soon arrested in front of the fortifications of the isthmus and had to be suspended during the morning. On the morning of that day, the Commander of the 67th Rifle Division decided to strengthen the Liepāja garrison by ordering the 114th Rifle Regiment, located in Ventspils, to move to Libau / Liepaja. For this, elements of the border guard, as they knew the land, were commissioned. Half of the border guards died, but the order was fulfilled.

The Soviet general carefully studied the situation of the units and subunits of detachments of workers in combat positions and, at noon on June 25, he was at an observation post located in the ruins of Fort Grisup. During a massive artillery bombardment launched by the Germans, one of the enemy projectiles exploded nearby. Many were injured, even fatally, as the Commander of the 67th Division N. A. Dedaev.

Sources: http://xn--80afaddfnecahkg3akbiaetpiq8m ... 1-god.html
http://www.nashapobeda.lv/1519.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 31 Aug 2019 14:28

Hello to all :D; more................................

Defense of Libava (Libau) in 1941.

Waiting for help - June 26, 1941.

This day there was a relative calm in Liepaja, obviously, due to the fact that the attention of the German 291. Infantry Division was nailed in the battles that were fought with the Soviet units that came to the aid of the besieged city.

There was an attempt to the north where a group of 25 raiders formed from the border guards with a vehicle and two anti-tank guns made a reconnaissance that failed and only 14 guards survived. At the same time, a combined detachment sent by Colonel G. E. Muravyev moved in aid of the citizens of Liepaja from Ventspils along the coastal road. The consolidated detachment, made up of a company of the 114th Rifle Regiment and border guards of the Office of the Northern Commander (3rd and 4th) of the 12th Border detachment. On the night of June 26, the detachment passed to Pavilosta, and later in the village of Vergale. However, the enemy resisted fiercely and, 36 km north of Liepaja, the advance of the convoy was suspended. Having lost 76 troops between dead and wounded, the detachment could not enter Liepaja and began to retreat to Riga.

To the south of Aizpute, the 28th Rifle Regiment Motorized (commander - Lieutenant Colonel S. N. Sherazedishvili) led another offensive. After crushing the enemy mobile group on the road, the regiment advanced almost to the fork in the road in Aizpute and Durba (16 km from Liepaja), where it participated in a prolonged and bloody battle. After suffering losses, the regiment on the night of June 26 began returning to Riga. Not far from the area of ​​operations of the 28th Regiment, the cadets of the Riga Infantry School attacked the enemy. Upon reaching the outskirts of Aizpute, the cadets, stretching in a chain of almost a kilometer, with a shout of "Hurray!" They ran towards the enemy, after a half-hour battle, the city was liberated. However, when leaving the city they found an intense machine gun fire from the enemy, suffering significant losses. On the night of June 26-27, the order was given to sent back urgently to the school cadets in the direction of the depth of the rear.

Sources: http://xn--80afaddfnecahkg3akbiaetpiq8m ... 1-god.html
http://www.nashapobeda.lv/1519.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 07 Sep 2019 15:45

Hello to all :D; more................................

Defense of Libava (Libau) in 1941.

Attempt of Breaktrhough - June 27, 1941.

The distribution of the forces that were going to attempt the rupture was determined by their position during the defense of the city. The partial regrouping of the troops was carried out in secret (at night). In the north direction, in Shkeda, the offensive was launched by the soldiers of the 56th Rifle Regiment, the 32nd Independent Rifle Battalion, the 23rd coastal battery under the general command of Major A. P. Kozhevnikov. Here groups of workers, port workers, units of sailor were concentrated.

The second direction was Grobin-Grisupskoe, in Capseda (northeast). In this section of the front attacked, units of the 281st Rifle Regiment, the 43rd Fleet AA Artillery Group, cadets of the naval air defense school, sailors, border guards, fighters of the 389th Anti-Aircraft Group of the 67th Rifle Division and a group of workers. The last element was the crew of the coastal battery number 27 of the south, destroying the material before leaving. The second group was headed by the Chief of Staff of the 67th Rifle Division, Colonel V.M. Bobovich, who, according to many authors, died at the beginning of the advance.

It was planned that most of the injured were evacuated by sea, but this could not be done. A small boat, the Veniba, was able to evacuate the seriously injured. The ship managed to leave the port and at a distance of no more than 10 miles (about 18 km), two German planes appeared in the air. First, they attacked two torpedo boats that accompanied the Veniba. The Nazis managed to damage one of them and then attacked the ship. The ship began to sink for the damage. The depths of the sea swallowed hundreds of doctors, wounded and the entire crew of the Veniba. They were only rescued, as we know now, no more than 25 people.

On June 27, a new message arrived from 291. ID to the HQ of the 18th German Army: “The Russian attack in the north is intensifying. The Russians are launching an offensive to the left of the flank of IR 506. Measures are being taken to repel the enemy. ” On this day the fight reached its climax, when the Russians concentrated all their efforts to break the siege. They finally achieved their goal with very high losses, making their way over the dune sector adjacent to the coastal road that ran north, leaving behind 7 tanks and 43 trucks. Another group broke northeast along the "Red Road"; Here a critical moment was generated along the broken front in whose restoration the artillery cooperated decisively, which in some sectors fought as infantry, as in the case of the 10./ AR 291 (Oberleutnant Guckel). However, the rupture was incomplete since only disorganized groups could escape, without vehicles and without heavy weapons and were later captured in the cleaning actions carried out in Curlandia.

Sources: http://xn--80afaddfnecahkg3akbiaetpiq8m ... 1-god.html
http://www.nashapobeda.lv/1519.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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Re: Battle of Libau/Liepaja in june 1941

Post by tigre » 14 Sep 2019 15:05

Hello to all :D; more................................

Defense of Libava (Libau) in 1941.

Fighting in urban environment - June 28, 1941.

Since the defenders on June 27, making a great effort in the north and northeast directions, weakened their positions in the southern part of the old fortifications of the city, the Germans reached the line at the end of the day with forces of the Infantry Regiment 505 and the two assault battalions of the Kriegsmarine. Rainis Park was the first serious point of resistance for the troops of the 291. ID. The German offensive in the park began on the morning of June 28 and lasted until the afternoon.

Seeing that it was not possible to break the resistance of Rainis Park with a direct attack, the German command decided to maneuver along the north shore of the lake and the railroad. Under the threat of encirclement, the Soviet defenders were forced to retreat to the Commercial Canal, where they took positions in the area of ​​the bridges (they had not been destroyed due to lack of explosives). The embankment of the Canal was the last line of resistance of the defenders of the city. The battles here took place from approximately 17:00 hours on June 28 until late at night. Upon reaching the bridges, the Germans tried to cross the canal, but the defenders received them with a hurricane of fire and withdrew and fortified themselves in the nearest houses.

The Germans tried to penetrate the city through the railroad bridge, but even here they were blocked by well-directed fire of machine guns. Then they decided to use boats. Covering themselves behind the nearby island of Attekas, they rushed across the canal, but also failed. After a brief respite, the Germans opened artillery and mortar fire over the Olympia hotel on the banks of the canal. Soon, the fire swept the entire promenade. When it got dark, Liepaja's defenders opened heavy fire with machine guns, wasting the last ammunition. Then with great pain around 23:00 hours, the defenders on the canal began to retreat to Bernata.

Sources: http://xn--80afaddfnecahkg3akbiaetpiq8m ... 1-god.html
http://www.nashapobeda.lv/1519.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8-).
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