I have to disagree : even in the summer of 1941 the German presence in NA was very limited : 2 non complete divisions against a strong British military superiority .Sid Guttridge wrote: ↑10 Aug 2020 14:40Hi ljadw,
From February 1941, the war in North Africa essentially was between the Germans and the British Commonwealth. The Italians had proved incapable of sustaining the campaign on their own and were auxiliary to the Germans thereafter.
Without the Italian army, Air Force, Navy and merchant fleet, Rommel would not last a month in NA.
Richard Carrier ( a Canadian ) said the following in ''Some Reflections on the Fighting Power of the Italian Army'' P 505 :
''There was a steady improvement of the Italian forces between March 1941 and May 1943 .''
''The Italians were widely believed by the Germans to be weak, lazy,cowardly and military incompetent .''
Source :Some Myths concerning Italian Leadership,Morale and Combat Performance .
The presence of the Germans ADDED to an increase of Italian morale and performance but were not the originator of them .(Same Source 0 .