Easter Offensive

Discussions on other historical eras.
Globalization41
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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 13 Apr 2014 07:12

3/30/1972, North Vietnamese Forces Launch Coordinated Assaults Below DMZ, U.S. Computerized Gunship Shot Down

Photo, AC-130 Gunship, Ubon Royal Thai Air Base

AC-130 Spectre

Fixed-Wing Gunship History

8th TFW, Ubon Royal Thai Air Base, Aircraft & Aircraft Assigned Losses 1965-1973

Map, Fighter & Reconnaissance Refueling Areas, Vietnam War

Map, Indochina Airfields, 1970 (Click to Enlarge)

3/31/1972, North Vietnamese Onslaught Drives South Vietnamese from Two More Bases, Civilians Being Evacuated

4/1/1972, North Vietnamese Forces Pouring Across DMZ & Striking South Vietnamese Bases in Bloodiest Fighting Since 1968

4/3/1972, Communist Forces Push Deeper into South Vietnam as U.S. Bombers Prepare to Raid North, Part 1

4/3/1972, Communist Forces Push Deeper into South Vietnam as U.S. Bombers Prepare to Raid North, Part 2

4/4/1972, Reds' Blitz Breaches Allied Lines, U.S. Fighter-Bombers Report SAMs Being Fired Like it Was 4th of July, Part 1

4/4/1972, Reds' Blitz Breaches Allied Lines, U.S. Fighter-Bombers Report SAMs Being Fired Like it Was 4th of July, Part 2

4/4/1972; Nixon Rules Out U.S. Ground Role, but May Resume U.S. Air Strikes Inside North Vietnam

4/5/1972, North Vietnamese Tanks Close in on Quang Tri, U.S. Warplanes Raid North Vietnam Missile Sites, Part 1

4/5/1972, North Vietnamese Tanks Close in on Quang Tri, U.S. Warplanes Raid North Vietnam Missile Sites, Part 2

4/5/1972, Nixon Bolsters B-52 Fleet in Guam & Thailand by 25%, Two Additional Aircraft Carriers to Join Others off Vietnam Coast

Photo, Anderson Air Force Base, Guam

Photo, Anderson Air Force Base, Guam

B-52 Route Map, Guam to Vietnam

Satelitte Map, Guam

4/5/1972, Six Days of Fighting Near DMZ Sends 50,000 Refugees Southward, Emergency Food & Supplies Airlifted to Hue

4/5/1972, South Vietnamese & U.S. Delegations at Paris Peace Talks Charge North Vietnam with Openly Invading South Vietnam

4/5/1972; North Vietnam Offensive Intensifies Carnage; Thousands of Lives to Be Sacrificed, but Communists Willing to Pay

4/6/1972, U.S. Retaliates Against North Vietnam with Air & Naval Bombardments, Communist Divisions North of Saigon, Part 1

4/6/1972, U.S. Retaliates Against North Vietnam with Air & Naval Bombardments, Communist Divisions North of Saigon, Part 1

Photo, Aircraft Carrier, USS Oriskany

Photo, Battleship, USS New Jersey, en Route to Vietnam

4/6/1972, North Vietnamese Units Cross Cambodian Border Toward Saigon; Thieu Asks Nixon for Max Air & Naval Support, Part 1

4/6/1972, North Vietnamese Units Cross Cambodian Border Toward Saigon; Thieu Asks Nixon for Max Air & Naval Support, Part 2

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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 14 Apr 2014 13:20

4/7/1972, U.S. Warplanes & Destroyers Counter Three-Front Offensive by Pounding Targets Inside North Vietnam, Part 1

4/7/1972, U.S. Warplanes & Destroyers Counter Three-Front Offensive by Pounding Targets Inside North Vietnam, Part 2

4/7/1972, U.S. Orders Squadron of F-105s from McConnell AFB Kansas to Southeast Asia in Continuing Buildup of Air Power

Map, Thailand, U.S. Air Bases, Vietnam War, from F-105 Wild Weasel vs. SA-2 "Guideline" SAM, Vietnam 1965-1973

Note: The above map does not indicate Nakhon Phanom ("Ph" prounce as "p" not "f"), northeast Thailand, as a U.S. base.

Nakhon Phanom During The Secret War 1962-1975

Photo, F-105 Thunderchief in-Flight with Full Bomb Load

Photo, F-105s Parked on the Flightline Ramp

Photo, F-105s Preparing to Takeoff from Thailand on a Long-Range Mission to North Vietnam

Note: During the era of forced communist expansionism, Thailand successfully defended its neutrality by authorizing U.S. air bases to provide tactical air support against Russian- and Chinese-supplied communist aggression in Indochina (North Vietnam, South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia). Thailand, the only country in the region never colonized by European powers, was not inclined towards prejudice against European-looking westerners. U.S. air bases in Thailand operated, in general, without coming under terrorist attacks. ... Meanwhile, U.S. bases in South Vietnam were constantly under insurgent/terrorist assaults, sniper fire, rocket attacks, assassinations, and enemy infiltration. ... South Vietnamese military forces were not well led nor motivated due to corruption. Only with the support of Nixon and U.S. air power could they defend South Vietnam against elite North Vietnamese communist units bent on aggression. ... Nixon's support in Congress began to wane in 1973 because of the ongoing Watergate scandal (Nixon's offenses were essentially the same type of hardball politics waged by other Presidents) combined with the length of the Vietnam war and antiwar feelings due to the draft of the 1960s. Consequently, Congress cut off funding for the war in Southeast Asia, effective August 15, 1973. ... Minus U.S. air support, which left a power vacuum, Indochina fell to communist aggression in the Spring of 1975, resulting in unspeakable mass atrocities, genocide, and executions. ... However, Thailand did not fall to communist expansionism and thus remained free, due in part to Nixon's deployment of U.S. air power.

4/8/1972, U.S. Bombers Breakup Enemy Troop Concentrations, North Vietnamese Tanks Surge Across Cambodian Border, Part 1

4/8/1972, U.S. Bombers Breakup Enemy Troop Concentrations, North Vietnamese Tanks Surge Across Cambodian Border, Part 2

4/8/1972, By William F. Buckley Jr., N. Vietnam's Offensive Tests Resources of Nixon, U.S. Air Force Provides Balanced of Power

4/8/1972, By James Reston, Giap's Risky Adventure, Another Dien Bien Phu? Some Early Success Due to Cloudy Weather

4/10/1972, Nixon Launches B-52 Raids on N. Vietnam, Heavy Fighting Near Highway 13, Gunships Pound Communists, Part 1

4/10/1972, Nixon Launches B-52 Raids on N. Vietnam, Heavy Fighting Near Highway 13, Gunships Pound Communists, Part 2

Photo, B-52 Bomber on Static Display

Photo, B-52 Delivering Eggs

4/11/1972, U.S. Bombers Widen Air War, N. Vietnamese Offensive Slows, Helicopters Supply Encircled S. Vietnamese, Part 1

4/11/1972, U.S. Bombers Widen Air War, N. Vietnamese Offensive Slows, Helicopters Supply Encircled S. Vietnamese, Part 2

Photo, Helicopter Staging Area, Vietnam Era

4/11/1972, Evans & Novak: Nixon Unconvinced Kremlin Instigated Invasion, N. Vietnam Balancing Between China & Russia

4/11/1972, Commandos of the Trotskyite Revolutionary Army in Argentina Execute Industrialist, General, & Woman Bystander

4/11/1972, Dow Jones Closes at 958

4/12/1972, Saigon Reports N. Vietnamese Assault Repulsed in Cambodia, B-52 Wipes Out 27 Tanks with "Lucky Shot," Part 1

4/12/1972, Saigon Reports N. Vietnamese Assault Repulsed in Cambodia, B-52 Wipes Out 27 Tanks with "Lucky Shot," Part 2

4/13/1972, North Vietnamese Launch All-Out Assault on An Loc, One EC-47 Shot Down, Three Damaged, Part 1

4/13/1972, North Vietnamese Launch All-Out Assault on An Loc, One EC-47 Shot Down, Three Damaged, Part 2

EC-47 Electronic Reconnaissance Aircraft

4/13/1972, Northern Half of An Loc in N. Vietnamese Hands, Radio Hanoi Reports Large-Scale U.S. Air Raids on N. Vietnam, Part 1

4/13/1972, Northern Half of An Loc in N. Vietnamese Hands, Radio Hanoi Reports Large-Scale U.S. Air Raids on N. Vietnam, Part 2

4/13/1972, Forty U.S. Ships Now Concentrated off Vietnam Coast—Four Aircraft Carriers; Nixon Boosts B-52s to 130, Part 1

4/13/1972, Forty U.S. Ships Now Concentrated off Vietnam Coast—Four Aircraft Carriers; Nixon Boosts B-52s to 130, Part 2

4/13/1972, Senate Passes Bill to Limit President's War Powers, House Unlikely to Act this Year, Nixon Wouldn't Sign Anyway

4/13/1972; Two Hijackers Commandeer 737 Out of Albuquerque; F.B.I. Surrounds Phoenix Airport, but Plane diverts to L.A.

4/13/1972, North Korea Builds 33 Mile-Long Buffer Inside Korean Demilitarized Zone

4/14/1972, Baseball Strike Ends, Season Starts Saturday, Previously Scheduled Games Cancelled, Bucs to Play 155 Games, Part 1

4/14/1972, Baseball Strike Ends, Season Starts Saturday, Previously Scheduled Games Cancelled, Bucs to Play 155 Games, Part 2

4/14/1972, Peace at Long Last (Baseball)

4/14/1972; Fire Base Bastogne (Near Hue) Under Pressure; B-52s Carpet Bomb North Vietnamese Concentrations at An Loc, Part 1

4/14/1972; Fire Base Bastogne (Near Hue) Under Pressure; B-52s Carpet Bomb North Vietnamese Concentrations at An Loc, Part 2

4/14/1972, Senate Bill Would Limit President's Authority to Wage Future Wars to 30 Days, Bill Faces Uncertain Fate in House

4/14/1972, Industrialist Willard F. Rockwell Says Nation's Survival Depends on Creation of 30 Million Jobs thru Rest of Century

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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 16 Apr 2014 06:28

4/15/1972, Nixon OKs B-52 Strikes 200 Miles Above DMZ, Heavy Firepower Employed to Cut Supplies & Support S. Viet Troops

4/15/1972, U.S. Fighter-Bombers & Gunships Halt N. Viet Onslaught on An Loc, B-52 Night Raids Support S. Viet Defenders, Part 1

4/15/1972, U.S. Fighter-Bombers & Gunships Halt N. Viet Onslaught on An Loc, B-52 Night Raids Support S. Viet Defenders, Part 2

4/15/1972; Leftist Tupamaro Guerillas Stage Series of Fatal Ambushes in Montevideo, Uruguay, Setting off City-Wide Warfare

4/15/1972, Police Estimate 38 Explosions in N. Ireland in 36 Hours, Autos Banned from Belfast to Decrease Parked-Car Bombs

4/15/1972, Iraq, Iran Clash for 19 Hours Near Khannakin Along Common Border

4/15/1972, William F. Buckley Jr., Vietnamese Offensive: Hour of Decision for Nixon

4/15/1972, Saturday's Opening Day Baseball Schedule & Starting Pitchers, 1971 Final Standings

4/16/1972; B-52s Raid Haiphong Harbor, U.S. Command in Saigon Says B-52 Raids in Retaliation for N. Viet Invasion Across DMZ

4/16/1972, McCovey 2-Run HR in 6th Breaks Up Marichal-Johnson Scoreless Duel, Giants Win 5-0 on Opening Day in Houston

4/17/1972; U.S. Bombers Raid Hanoi, Haiphong — Targeting Petroleum Storage, Truck Parks, & Logistic Facilities, Part 1

4/17/1972; U.S. Bombers Raid Hanoi, Haiphong — Targeting Petroleum Storage, Truck Parks, & Logistic Facilities, Part 2

4/17/1972, U.S. Warplanes Encounter Heavy AA Fire in Hanoi, U.S.A.F. F-4 Phantoms Shoot Down Three MIGs, Part 1

4/17/1972, U.S. Warplanes Encounter Heavy AA Fire in Hanoi, U.S.A.F. F-4 Phantoms Shoot Down Three MIGs, Part 2

Photo, F-4 Parking & Maintenance Area, 8th TFW, Ubon Air Base, Thailand

Photo, Armed F-4, 1971

4/17/1972, Cub Rookie Burt Hooton No-Hits Phillies in Chicago, Billy Williams & Ron Santo Contribute Three Hits Each

4/18/1972, North Vietnam Placed on Alert, Hanoi Prepares to Evacuate Young & Aged in Expectation of American Air Raids

4/18/1972, Nixon Will Take Whatever Steps Are Necessary to Stop the North Vietnamese Invasion of South Vietnam

4/18/1972, Antiwar Protesters Stage Demonstrations in Several Cities, Joan Baez Sings at Alameda Naval Air Station Rally

Joan Baez

4/18/1972; Radio Hanoi Reports Haiphong Harbor Bombed, Four Soviet Ships Hit; Haig & Kissinger Tour Below DMZ, Part 1

4/18/1972; Radio Hanoi Reports Haiphong Harbor Bombed, Four Soviet Ships Hit; Haig & Kissinger Tour Below DMZ, Part 2

4/18/1972, Antiwar Cartoon, U.S. Now Batting for South Vietnam

4/18/1972, Cards Rally Against Phils, Willie Davis & Manny Mota Pace Dodgers Over Braves, McNally Blanks Yanks

4/19/1972, North Vietnamese Overrun South Vietnamese Battalion Headquarters & Capture Nearby Town of Hoai An

4/19/1972, Nixon Curtails Bombing Above DMZ, Ground War Dwindles, Hanoi Delegation in Paris May Be Willing to Talk

4/19/1972, Apollo 16 Nears Moon's Gravitational Field, Ground Controllers Help Overcome Guidance Problem, Part 1

4/19/1972, Apollo 16 Nears Moon's Gravitational Field, Ground Controllers Help Overcome Guidance Problem, Part 2

4/19/1972, McCovey Suffers Broken Arm, Out Two-to-Three Months; Giants Top Padres; Bobby Bonds HR; Healy HR

4/19/1972, White Sox Turn on the Power, Carlos May 6RBIs; Nolan Ryan Blanks Twins 2-0, Fans 10

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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 18 Apr 2014 04:14

4/20/1972, North Vietnamese Outflank S. Vietnamese Forces, U.S. Launches 600+ Air Strikes, MIGs Attack U.S. Destroyers, Part 1

4/20/1972, North Vietnamese Outflank S. Vietnamese Forces, U.S. Launches 600+ Air Strikes, MIGs Attack U.S. Destroyers, Part 2

4/20/1972, House Democrats Move to Fix War End Date, Goldwater's Resolution Praising Nixon Blocked by Democrats, Part 1

4/20/1972, House Democrats Move to Fix War End Date, Goldwater's Resolution Praising Nixon Blocked by Democrats, Part 2

4/20/1972, Premier Chou En-lia Says China Will Back North Vietnam to the End in the Fight Against U.S. War of Aggression

4/20/1972, Apollo 16 Settles into Lunar Orbit, Craft & Spacemen Fit & Ready for Scientific Exploration, Part 1

4/20/1972, Apollo 16 Settles into Lunar Orbit, Craft & Spacemen Fit & Ready for Scientific Exploration, Part 2

4/20/1972, Presidents of Eight Ivy League Schools Issue Joint Statement Condemning Bombing & Criticizing Student Strikes

4/20/1972, Carlton Outduels Gibson 1-0, Sutton Flips Two-Hitter at Dodgers, Tiger Manager Billy Martin Fights Fan in Parking Lot

4/20/1972; Gosbank, National Bank of Russia Located at Leningrad, Orders Two Large Honeywell 600 Series Computers

4/21/1972, Two Astronauts Land on Moon, Failure of Main Engine in Apollo Delays Mission by Six Hours, Part 1

4/21/1972, Two Astronauts Land on Moon, Failure of Main Engine in Apollo Delays Mission by Six Hours, Part 2

4/21/1972, U.S. Bombers & Fighter-Bombers Strike Supply Depots, Transportation, & Air Defenses 80 Miles South of Hanoi

4/21/1972, North Vietnam Backs Off Demand for U.S. to Cease Bombing of North as Condition for Resuming Paris Peace Talks

4/21/1972, Stargell Homers, Sanguillen & Hebner Add Three Hits Each, Giusti Halts Cubs in 9th to Save 7-5 Win at Three Rivers

4/21/1972; U.S.A.F. Rescues Two Airmen Shot Down, but Seven Airmen Lost to North Vietnamese Ground Fire, Part 1

4/21/1972; U.S.A.F. Rescues Two Airmen Shot Down, but Seven Airmen Lost to North Vietnamese Ground Fire, Part 2

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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 19 Apr 2014 20:15

4/22/1972, North Viet Forces Score Gains in South, U.S. Warplanes Strike Near Hanoi in Effort to Blunt N. Viet Invasion, Part 1

4/22/1972, North Viet Forces Score Gains in South, U.S. Warplanes Strike Near Hanoi in Effort to Blunt N. Viet Invasion, Part 2

Photo, B-52 Landing at Utapao AB Thailand, 1972

4/22/1972; Two Astronauts on Moon Collect Rock Samples, Ride in Electric Car, Set Up a Monitoring Station, Etc., Part 1

4/22/1972; Two Astronauts on Moon Collect Rock Samples, Ride in Electric Car, Set Up a Monitoring Station, Etc., Part 2

4/22/1972, Senate Approves Using Internal Revenue Service & Social Security Administration to Sue Deserting Fathers

4/22/1972, Antiwar Demonstrations Erupt on College Campuses, Most Peaceful & Small, Boston Sees 5,000 Protesters

4/22/1972, Reds Tie Braves 3-3 in 8th on Joe Morgan HR, Pete Rose RBI Single in 9th Provides 4-3 Winning Margin

4/22/1972, North Vietnamese Forces Backed by Tanks Overrun South Vietnamese Artillery Base Delta in Central Highlands

4/22/1972, V.P. Agnew Explains Nixon's War Strategy, Peace with Honor, Democrats More Critical of Nixon than Aggressors, Part 1

4/22/1972, V.P. Agnew Explains Nixon's War Strategy, Peace with Honor, Democrats More Critical of Nixon than Aggressors, Part 2

4/22/1972, North Vietnamese & Communist Allies Kill 100 Montagnard Tribesmen as Revenge for Cooperating with Saigon

4/22/1972, U.S. Fighter-Bombers Targeting North — Railroads, Locomotives, MIG Bases, Bridges, Missile Sites, Warehouses, Etc.

Photo, F-4C, 1967, Ubon, Thailand

Photo, F-4D & Thai T-28, 1972, Ubon, Thailand

Photo, F-4 Phantom Landing on USS Midway

Photo, Navy A-6As, Dropping Mk-82 Bombs

4/23/1972, Communist Forces on Offense All Across South Vietnam; Helicopters Remove Wounded from Besieged An Loc

4/23/1972, North Vietnamese Forces Continue Capturing Government Outposts, Communists Execute 100 Montagnard Tribesmen

North Vietnam Attempts to Establish Sovereignty Over South

Types of Governments

4/23/1972; N. Vietnamese Surge Forward Ominously in Central Highlands, Cutting Highways & Attacking Supply Convoys, Part 1

4/23/1972; N. Vietnamese Surge Forward Ominously in Central Highlands, Cutting Highways & Attacking Supply Convoys, Part 2

4/23/1972, Navy Lieutenant Commander Kenneth Mattingly II Mans Lunar Orbiter for Apollo 16 Moon Mission

4/23/1972, U.S. Communist Delegation to Hanoi Visits Home of Late Ho Chi Minh & Witnesses Brutal Bombing of Populated Areas

4/23/1972, Nixon Holds Top-Level Pow Wow as North Vietnamese Widespread Offensive Upsets U.S. Withdrawal Plans

4/23/1972, Eugene Linale of Miami Sentenced to 22 Years in Prison for Selling "Assassination Kits" (Firing Briefcase with Silencer)

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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 21 Apr 2014 19:23

4/23/1972; Moon Team Drives Lunar Rover Half Way Up a Moon Mountain, Moon Excursion Lasts Seven Hours, 23 Minutes; Part 1

4/23/1972; Moon Team Drives Lunar Rover Half Way Up a Moon Mountain, Moon Excursion Lasts Seven Hours, 23 Minutes; Part 2

4/23/1972, 30,000 Antiwar Protesters March in New York City, 25,000 Turn Out in San Francisco, Part 1

4/23/1972, 30,000 Antiwar Protesters March in New York City, 25,000 Turn Out in San Francisco, Part 2

4/23/1972, Jack Anderson: Pacific Commander Admiral John McCain Urges Nixon to Bomb Haiphong Harbor

Photo, KC-135 Tanker Refueling F-4s & F-105s, 1972

4/23/1972; Expos Remain Undefeated, Edge Cards in Montreal 6-5 in 10 innings; Jim Fairey Singles Home Winner

4/23/1972, Laurel & Hardy on the Moon

4/24/1972, North Vietnamese Tanks Smash Northern Defenses of Kontum City in Central Highlands, Part 1

4/24/1972, North Vietnamese Tanks Smash Northern Defenses of Kontum City in Central Highlands, Part 2

4/24/1972, Astronauts Reunite with Moon Orbiter; Apollo 16 Plagued by Frightening Failures Falling Short of Tragedy; Part 1

4/24/1972, Astronauts Reunite with Moon Orbiter; Apollo 16 Plagued by Frightening Failures Falling Short of Tragedy; Part 2

4/24/1972, North Vietnamese Offensive Now in 4th Week, Shows No Sign in Diminishing Intensity Despite Stalemate; Part 1

4/24/1972, North Vietnamese Offensive Now in 4th Week, Shows No Sign in Diminishing Intensity Despite Stalemate; Part 2

4/24/1972, Antiwar Students from Across Nation Meet at New York University to Plan Nationwide Street Protests

4/24/1972, Yippie (Radical Left Organization) Leaders Endorse McGovern, Threaten Riot at Convention if He's not Nominated

4/24/1972, New White Sox Slugger Dick Allen Singles, Triples, & Homers in 3-2 Win Against KC, Allen Says He Likes it in Chicago

4/24/1972, Study Shows Cost of Building Two Nuclear Aircraft Carriers & Upgrading 20 Missile Frigates will Exceed Navy Estimates

4/24/1972, U.S.S.R. Will Continue to Provide Maximum Aid to the Heroic Vietnamese People & Their Fight Against U.S. Aggression

4/24/1972, U.S. & Thai Officials Worried About Insurgents in N.E. Thailand Next to Laos, Thai Army Needs Improvement

4/25/1972, South Vietnamese Abandon Fire Bases No. 5 & 6, U.S. Bombers Slow North Vietnamese Advance on Kontum City

4/25/1972, Gallop Poll (1,483 Persons): Favor Bombing 47%, Oppose Bombing 44%; Approve Nixon 48%, Disapprove Nixon 44%

4/25/1972, Fishermen Find Microphones in Nets After Soviet Fishing Boats Work Area Near French Atomic Sub Testing Area

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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 22 Apr 2014 21:24


Globalization41
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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 24 Apr 2014 04:45

4/26/1972, Kontum Swells with Refugees Fleeing War Zone, B-52s Pound North Vietnamese Formations Besieging Kontum, Part 1

4/26/1972, Kontum Swells with Refugees Fleeing War Zone, B-52s Pound North Vietnamese Formations Besieging Kontum, Part 2

4/26/1972, Antiwar Protesters at Columbia University Start Melee with Responding Police Squad, 12 Minor Injuries

4/26/1972, Picnic Is Over for Computer Experts, Many Are Intellectual Dilettantes Who Do Not Work at Profit-Making Tasks

4/26/1972, Richie Hebner's Game-Winning HR in 13th Gives Pirates 5-2 Win Over Reds at Frigid Three Rivers Stadium, Part 1

4/26/1972, Richie Hebner's Game-Winning HR in 13th Gives Pirates 5-2 Win Over Reds at Frigid Three Rivers Stadium, Part 2

4/26/1972, Nixon to Speak About Vietnam on TV Tonight, Must Weigh Impact of U.S. Pullout vs. All-Out N. Viet Offensive

4/26/1972, N. Viet Offensive Threatens to Cut S. Vietnam in Half, U.S. Fighter-Bombers & Gunships Destroy Tank & Truck Column

Loading Configuration for F-4, M-117 GP Bomb, from Military Technical Order

Photo, Advertisement, F-4 Phantom Fighter-Bomber

Photo, F-4, On Alert

4/26/1972, Vietcong Burn Down 23 Villages (the Viet Cong Were South Vietnamese Supporters of Hanoi)

4/26/1972, Knuckleball Pitcher Wilbur Wood Tosses Shutout for Third Complete Game Win, White Sox Defeat Cleveland 6-0

4/26/1972, Apollo 16 Drifting Back to Earth, Splashdown Thursday Will Be Near Christmas Island in the Pacific

Satelitte Map, Christmas Island

4/26/1972, Paris Talks to Resume, Waves of B-52s Hit Communist Staging Areas, C-130 Explodes After Hit by Ground Fire, Part 1

4/26/1972, Paris Talks to Resume, Waves of B-52s Hit Communist Staging Areas, C-130 Explodes After Hit by Ground Fire, Part 2

4/27/1972, Bobby Bonds Caps Giant 4-Run Rally in 10th at SF with 2-Run HR to Top Phillies 8-6, Kingman 2HRs

4/27/1972, Nixon Refuses N. Viet Demand to Stop Bombing Prior Peace Talks, U.S. to Pull Out 20,000 from Vietnam, Part 1

4/27/1972, Nixon Refuses N. Viet Demand to Stop Bombing Prior Peace Talks, U.S. to Pull Out 20,000 from Vietnam, Part 2

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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 25 Apr 2014 20:02

4/27/1972, Nixon Wants Reduction of Ground Troops in Vietnam but No Reduction in Objectives, N. Viet Invasion Can Be Halted

4/27/1972, Paris Peace Talks Resume After Five-Week Suspension, North Vietnamese Deny Invading South Vietnam

4/27/1972, Willie Crawford's Two-Run Home Run in Home 9th Breaks up Stoneman-Osteen Scoreless Duel, Dodgers Top Expos 2-0

4/27/1972, North Vietnamese Units Closing in on Quang Tri City from All Directions, U.S. Planes Bomb 35 Miles from Hanoi

4/27/1972, Rep. Bella Abzug Wants Figures for U.S. Troops in Vietnam & Statistics for Bombing Sorties & Tonnage Dropped

4/27/1972, Secretary General Kurt Waldheim Wants U.N. to Mediate the Vietnam War

Ex-U.N. Chief Kurt Waldheim's Service in the German Army in WWII Draws Attention, 5/19/1986

4/27/1972, Nixon Refuses N. Viet Demand to Stop Bombing Prior Peace Talks, U.S. to Pull Out 20,000 from Vietnam, Part 1

4/27/1972, Nixon Refuses N. Viet Demand to Stop Bombing Prior Peace Talks, U.S. to Pull Out 20,000 from Vietnam, Part 2

4/27/1972, Torrid White Sox Down Indians 7-5, Richie (Dick) Allen Crashes Homer to Upper Leftfield Deck in Home 10th to Win

4/27/1972, Nixon Says Communist Offensive Has Failed Due to U.S. Air Support, Only Congress Can Lose the War, Part 1

4/27/1972, Nixon Says Communist Offensive Has Failed Due to U.S. Air Support, Only Congress Can Lose the War, Part 2

4/27/1972, Milwaukee Loses 3-1 to California, Batting Slump Sends Brewers to Cellar, Brews Batting .171 in Seven Games

4/27/1972, Apollo 16 Returns from Moon, Parachutes into Pacific, 6-Ton Module Lands from 3,000-Ton Rocket at Blast Off, Part 1

4/27/1972, Apollo 16 Returns from Moon, Parachutes into Pacific, 6-Ton Module Lands from 3,000-Ton Rocket at Blast Off, Part 2

4/27/1972, Billy Martin Predicts Tigers Will Overtake Orioles This Season, Weaver Protests Oriole Loss Called Early for Rain in KC

Note: Detroit won the American League Pennant in 1968. The Major Leagues added four teams and split into divisions in 1969. The Baltimore Orioles and Detroit Tigers went into the American League East. The Orioles won the A.L. East Championship in 1969, 1970, and 1971 with 109-108-101 wins. The 100+ winning seasons have only been accomplished two other times by the Orioles.

4/27/1972, North Vietnamese Negotiator in Paris Says Vietnamese, American, & World Opinion Forced U.S. to Resume Talks

4/27/1972, Jack Anderson: Showdown Battle Over South Vietnam Now Raging on Several Fronts, Timing Upsets Nixon's Strategy

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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 28 May 2014 04:26

4/28/1972; Hanoi Force Rips Northern Defenses, Offensive Closing in on Hue; U.S. Air & Naval Power Defend Quang Tri

4/28/1972, U.S. Charges Hanoi Showing Bad Faith in Peace Talks, Nixon Threatens More Air Strikes Unless Offensive Lifted

4/28/1972, Antiwar Protests Widely Scattered, 75 Students Suspended at Cornell, 44 Protesters Arrested in Boston

4/28/1972, Poor Weather Limits Air Strikes on North, South Vietnamese Casualties for Last Week Heaviest of War, Part 1

4/28/1972, Poor Weather Limits Air Strikes on North, South Vietnamese Casualties for Last Week Heaviest of War, Part 2

4/28/1972, Apollo 16 Astronauts & Spacecraft with Moon Samples Steaming Full Speed for Hawaii on U.S. Aircraft Carrier, Part 1

4/28/1972, Apollo 16 Astronauts & Spacecraft with Moon Samples Steaming Full Speed for Hawaii on U.S. Aircraft Carrier, Part 2

4/28/1972, Oakland Manager Williams Not Crying the Blues Over Vida's Long Holdout, Predicts A's Will Win Western Division

4/28/1972, Baseball Standings

4/28/1972, Wind at Candlestick Blows Out for Visitors, Phillies Edge Giants 7-6, Don Money 2 HRs, Kingman HR to Lead League

4/28/1972, Astronauts Return to Home Planet After 1.2-Million Mile Trip to Moon, Record Haul for Lunar Samples, Part 1

4/28/1972, Astronauts Return to Home Planet After 1.2-Million Mile Trip to Moon, Record Haul for Lunar Samples, Part 2

4/28/1972, U.S. Trade Deficit Reaches Three-Month Record of $1.5 Billion

Note: The U.S. trade deficit in 1972 totaled $5.5 billion. In 2006, the trade deficit reached $753 billion. A hundred dollars in 1972 would be worth $567 in 2014. In 1972, the U.S. could afford the Vietnam War, the Cold War, and sending men to the moon because it had not yet begun to run massive trade deficits. ... Currently, the U.S. budget deficit is $16 trillion. One dollar of trade deficit for the U.S. equals two dollars in budget deficit. The redistribution of wealth creation away from America resulted in a poor China becoming rich and a rich America becoming broke.

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U.S. Trade Balance, 1960-2012

Globalization41.
Last edited by Globalization41 on 28 May 2014 19:52, edited 2 times in total.

South
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Re: Easter Offensive

Post by South » 28 May 2014 18:43

Good afternoon Globalization 41,

Ref: post 2 of 14 April Note;

I recall Thailand was a member of SEATO and thus not a neutral.

There is much more to: "South Vietnamese forces were not well led nor motivated dues to corruption". A major factor is also that some of the members of the South Vietnamese forces ("ARVN"[ Army of the Republic of Vietnam]) worked for the North Vietnamese government.

See: THE COMMUNIST INSURGENT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH VIETNAM: A STUDY OF ORGANIZATION AND STRATEGY by Michael Charles Conley, 1967, DA Pam 550-106.

.....

I want to address the link entries' date of 4/8/1972 by William Buckley And James Reston. Again, it's the date I'm commenting on. Had not read the links.

On 9 July 1971 (again: 1971) Kissinger secretly went to Beijing

In November, 1971, PR China joins the UN, an organization where the US had a veto.

On 27 February 1972, PRC and the US issue the "First Joint Communique" ("Shanghai I")

My 3 entries above can be used to say Hanoi's Politburo experienced a cold sweat panic attack.

Chairman Mao and President Nixon signed something that involved the Vietnam War. Lee Duk Tho and Kissinger spending time in Paris was more about wine sampling. The die was cast before the Buckley and Reston material and well prior to the Kissinger and Tho's sightseeing in Paris.


Warm regards,

Bob

FN: I take note of the mention of Joan Baez and Bella Abzug.

Globalization41
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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 28 May 2014 20:34

Thailand wanted neutrality. It did what was necessary to defend its neutrality. Defending one's neutrality is not necessarily neutrality. The revolutionary communists were the aggressors, supplied by Russia and China. Had Thailand not allowed U.S. bases, it would have suffered the same fate as Cambodia. Communist aggression in Southeast Asia ran out of steam after Cambodia due to the accumulative affect of U.S. interventionism from the early 1960s. In fact, Thailand defended its neutrality during the Cambodian Genocide by not allowing communist atrocities to spill over into Thailand.

Globalization41.

South
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Re: Easter Offensive

Post by South » 29 May 2014 07:56

Good morning Globalization 41,

I'm following your thinking and agree - however - I would have said Thailand's efforts were to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity. The word "neutrality" was a "curve ball" when I read it.

.......

Re your post 10 of 27 May 14, 22:26;

The Note says "In 1972, the U.S. could afford the Vietnam War, the Cold War, and sending men to the moon because it had not yet begun to run massive trade deficits".

No ! They started when LBJ concurrently ran the Vietnam War and the Great Society domestic programs. This was accomplished with deficit spending.

In March, 1968, Secretary of the Treasury Henry Fowler complained to LBJ that the US dollar was soon to be threatened. He was correct. Again, this was 1968. Massive trade deficits alone could not cripple the US. All these accumulated economic problems could - and did - . President Nixon inherited the Bretton Woods headache and the blame.


Warm regards,

Bob

Globalization41
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Easter Offensive

Post by Globalization41 » 30 May 2014 05:18

Hi Bob. I tend to disagree that the trade deficit is of less significance than deficit spending. It was easy to find a job during the deficit-spending days of WWII and the Vietnam War. Now days you have to have an appointment just to get an application. Had FDR's and LBJ's economic policies included running massive trade deficits, it would have increased deficit spending from what it was. ... Buying more while producing less is not a good business model. ... The dollar has inflated by 5.7 since 1972. The trade deficit is 100 times greater now than in 1972. The redistribution of wealth-creating factories away from America, means less tax revenues from those becoming unemployed and more food stamps needed for redistribution by a poorer Uncle Sugar. ... Maybe it's only a coincidence regarding the trade deficit, but in 1972 America could afford to send men to the moon while now days the U.S. has to hitch a ride just to reach orbit. ... An overflow of American wealth, as in WWII, would be better for the world economy than pulling the economic-protectionism partition.

4/28/1972, Vietnam Peace Conference Resumes with Both Sides Accusing Each Other of Aggression & Refusal to Negotiate

4/28/1972, Seven Sailors Abandon Ammunition Ship Nitro Leaving for Vietnam, But Are Found by Coast Guard & Returned to Ship

4/28/1972, Losing Close Games Becoming Habit for World Champion Pirates, Reds Shade Bucs 5-4 at Pittsburgh, Part 1

4/28/1972, Losing Close Games Becoming Habit for World Champion Pirates, Reds Shade Bucs 5-4 at Pittsburgh, Part 2

Globalization41.

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Re: Easter Offensive

Post by South » 30 May 2014 08:10

Good morning Globalization 41,

I'm following your train of thought and reasoning.

There was (is) a close link between the deficit spending and the trade deficit.

Prior to and blending into the Vietnam War the economic environment was:

-FDR's Social Security retirement program (the disability programs funded from the same apparatus arrived later [Glob, I'm writing these extra points for other AHF participants not familiar]).

-LBJ's Medicare program, a major feature of the LBJ Great Society domestic programs (Medicare was mostly government-funded medical care for the old (~65 years old). Both these programs siphoned away investment capital from the US market economy as these programs matured.

The oil embargoes arrived and besides the need for energy for the American economy's increased activity, the pension funds were loaded with oil company stocks (shares) along with the economic cousins like Penn Central Railroad shares.

All above allows me to offer a comment in re Cold War - Vietnam War - Easter Offensive specifically focused to:

"...wealth-creating factories away from America, means less tax revenue..."

One large example can explain. At the end of the Vietnam War and the new US-China opening, Boeing went to China and opened 13 state-of-the art facilities....best logistics...best telecommunications and etc. To exxagerate the point.....if Boeing didn't go to China to make components for civil airliners, Boeing might have met the same fate as Penn Central RR.

The Vietnam War was the straw on the camel's back too late for veterinary intervention to help.

We witnessed this history.


Warm regards,

Bob

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