It is generally true that the various first-hand accounts of Soviet policy on Germany and of the GDR's origins become fully clear only when viewed in context. Individual quotations, which are frequently available to us only in fragmentary form, tell us little about the intentions of the actors and essentially nothing about the constancy or inconstancy of their views unless we know the context from which they stem. On the other hand, corroborative passages in parallel texts dispel doubts as to the meanings of individual statements. Many events and contexts are first illuminated only through comparing different sources. In this way, it first comes to light by such a comparison of internal discussions and public pronouncements that the Communist functionaries hardly thought any differently from how they spoke in public and that they were persuaded of the possibility of persuading others with their words. A study of the source materials covering a period of several years demonstrates above all that there was great consistency in Stalin's thinking. At the same time, it can be seen that other actors pursued thoroughly independent conceptions.
Overall, the comparative analysis of new sources leads to findings which will surprise many: Stalin wanted no GDR. He wanted neither a separate state in the Soviet Occupation Zone nor a socialist state in Germany at all. Instead, he sought a parliamentary democracy for all of Germany, one which would rob fascism of its social base and one which would allow the Soviet Union access to the resources of the Ruhr industrial area. This was to be achieved through the shared responsibility of the victorious powers. The separatist socialist GDR is above all a product of Walter Ulbricht's revolutionary zeal, which was able to unfold given the background of the Western walling-off policy.
Wilfried Loth " Stalin's Unwanted Child" The Soviet Union, The German question and the Creation of the GDR".
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