Yuri wrote:The Finnish army had 14 infantry divisions and 7 brigades.
It is considered to be, that two brigades are equivalent to one division. Then we receive, that the Finnish army had 17,5 divisions.
That figure was true sometime during the Continuation War and includes also some coastal brigades. At the beginning of the Winter War in 1939 Finnish Army had nine infantry divisions and Cavalry Brigade. There were also three replacement divisions (two activated during the war in 1940) and one brigade (activated in December 1939) as well as about 30 separate infantry battalions (including three independent Jäger Battalions). Basically they did present a remarkable force (of about 3 divisions) but had only light mortar support.
Three infantry brigades formed 1st Division while the fourth one was composed of two separate battalions. At that time Finnish infantry brigades had only three battalions and they were reinforced with a light artillery battalion which later formed the Field Artillery Regiment 1 of the 1st Division. Basically Finnish brigades were reinforced regiments from which the artillery, engineer and signals units of the 1st Division were later formed.
Yuri wrote:Number of one Finnish division made, approximately, 18 thousand men. Hence, only one infantry Finns had had 315,0 thousand men.
Finnnish division was never that strong.
Yuri wrote:However, in the Finnish army there were still special parts: artillery, an antiaircraft artillery, sappers, connection, supply and so forth. We shall add here military pilots and military seamen, and as frontier guards. It is necessary to remember and about spare and accessories.
All armies have "special parts".
During the Winter War USSR had a crushing superiority both in aircraft (more than 1:10) and naval forces altthough Finland did have a considerable strong coastal artillery.
At the beginning of the Winter War Finnish divisions didn't have organic anti-aircraft units. Anti-Aircraft Detachments (It.Os.) formed since 1.2.1940 consisted of two light 7.62 mm twin AAMGs and two 20 mm heavy AAMGs. Also each army corps was to be equipped with one Light Anti-Aircraft Battery (4x 40 mm Bofors) and one heavy AAMG Company (6x 20 mm guns).
Finnish field artillery was relatively weak because infantry divisions didn't have any heavy artillery pieces. there was only one light field artillery regiment usually with one light howitzer battalion (122 mm) and two light cannon battalions (76 mm). 12th and 13th Division which mauled soviet forces north from Lake Ladoga had only light short barreled cannons.
All heavy units (equipped with bigger than 105 cannons or 150 mm howitzers) belonged either to the troops of the army corps or Finish Supreme HQ.
Yuri wrote:It is impossible to forget and about, so-called, foreign volunteers whom was 11,5 thousand men.
Thus, when Molotov spoke, that the Finnish army totaled about 600,0 thousand men he most likely, has underestimated number of the Finnish army, than has overestimated.
Actually, in 1939 the Finnish army totaled more, than 600,0 thousand men.
Foreign volunteers fought mainly only in the Finnish Air Force and at Salla fron since January 1940 (Swedish Volunteer Group [SFR] which also had Norwegians).
Molotov was a well know liar, so I would not take quite seriously what he has said.
Yuri wrote:This figure finds confirmation in the book "World war". In this book Vermaht's general-lieutenant Ditmar writes, the truth, about the Finnish army of the sample of 1941. However it is improbable, that the Finnish army of 1939 and the Finnish army of 1941 could strongly will distinguish.
General-lieutenant Ditmar writes, that the population of Finland made 3,8 million person, and in lines of armed forces 18 % from an aggregate number of the population of the country that gives figure 684,0 of thousand men have been called.
It is possible to not doubt that the mobilization potential of Finland in 1939 was above, than in 1941. Hence V. Molotov was right, when spoke, that in 1939 the Finnish army totaled 600,0 thousand men.
Are you talking about the year 1939, 1940, 1941 or 1944?
Yuri wrote:P. S. If, how us here assure, the Finnish army in Winter war has lost only 24,0 thousand killed there is a reasonable question and why, as a matter of fact, then the Finnish army capitulated on March, 12th, 1940? In fact, at Finns still more more than 600 thousand military men?
Finnish Army did not capitulate. Soviet troops could not bet any Finnish Army units during the Winter War. Signing a peace agreement is not same as capitulating.
Yuri wrote:To the beginning of March, 1940 against Finland were 46 divisions of Red Army are directed in total. This grouping had 800,0 thousand soldier and officers. From this 46 divisions of Red Army have taken participated in operations no more than 35 Soviet divisions.
Further, to the beginning of March, 1940 the Red Army has lost killed, missing, wounded and freezed more than 350,0 thousand person. Hence, in the beginning of March, 1940 against the Finnish army with number more than 600,0 thousand men operated no more than 450,0 thousand soldier and officers of Red Army.
Certainly, in Winter war of loss of the Finnish army there were less, than losses of Red Army. But the difference could not be so big as to us here draw.
Find out the correct figures first known well today.
Yuri wrote:It is impossible to believe that the Finnish army capitulated, having lost only 4-5 % from the aggregate number.
It is impossible to believe because Finnish Army didn't capitulate like said above.
Yuri wrote:Perhaps that not understanding, but the one who confirms similar, offends the Finnish army and its brave the soldier.
24,0 thousand killed Finns during Winter war - this figure for propagation. Unfortunately, neither in Finland, nor in Germany, in any other country there is no capital historical work about losses armed forces. Such work is available only in Russia: it is capital work of the professor and the general-colonel G. F.Krivosheev " Russia and the USSR in wars of XX century. Losses of armed forces. Statistical research ".
Finnish loss figures are well known and anyone can go to check these from archives. Finland did announce these figures already in the 1940's. It didn't take 60 years.
Yuri wrote:P. P. S. In the summer and autumn of 1941 the Finnish armies and German 20-th army (army " Norway ") had in total more than 800,0 thousand men.
This Finnish and German grouping was resisted by Soviet 23th, 7th and 14th armies which had in total 147,0 thousand men.
Why in this case Finns and by means of Germans could not take in top above Russian if Russian perished six times more?
It at that Russian this time was almost five times less than their opponents.
What this has to do with the Winter War? Anyway it strongly depends on how you count the figures. More than half of the Finnish and German soldiers were in home area or auxiliary duties, not combat troops. Finns and Germans didn't basically receive any considerable reinforcements during the war unlike the Soviet side. Troops were just arranged from the front to another.
And AFAIK Finnish troops did conquer Karelian Isthmus and East Karelia like was planned?