End of WWII in Finland

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krimsonglass51
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End of WWII in Finland

Post by krimsonglass51 » 01 Sep 2020 19:23

This probably should have been asked back in May, but how is the end of the Second World War honored/celebrated in Finland?

Is April 28th considered to be the last day of the war following the departure of the last German troops from the country? If I recall correctly, there is a memorial in Kilpisjarvi that marks the area where the last shots of WWII were fired in Finland.

Seppo Koivisto
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Re: End of WWII in Finland

Post by Seppo Koivisto » 02 Sep 2020 11:48

It is actually April 27th, which is also Veterans' Day. This year's celebrations were restricted by the Corona virus, but a virtual choir presented the Finlandia hymn. https://youtu.be/kG1WcTLDJ1E

There is a memorial plaque of the last battle.
Image
https://fi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luettel ... eist%C3%A4

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JTV
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Re: End of WWII in Finland

Post by JTV » 02 Sep 2020 20:28

In general there are three notable annual remembrance days related to World War 2 in Finland:
- Remembrance day for ending of Winter War - 13th of March.
- National veteran's day - 27th of April.
- Remembrance day for those (Finns) who got killed in wars - 3rd Sunday of May.

Two other more festive events also related to matter with military parades etc:
- Armed Forces flag day - 4th of June (which was also Mannerheim's birthday).
- Independence Day - 6th of December

As noted this year was an exception in that sense that the public events usually organized that day had been cancelled. Under normal circumstances National veteran's day is rather low key remembrance day very much in the same manner as the two annual remembrance days. It is not a national holiday and most people are likely to notice the day only because it is one of the days in which national flag is being put on all flag posts and television may have some programming related to the war. Typical public events for the day include events for putting up the flags, events organized by war veteran's organizations and placing wreaths on monuments of heroes cemeteries (parts of graveyards dedicated to soldiers died in wars).

The song for the day is Veteraanin iltahuuto (Veteran's Evening Call) - hymn about sacrifices of the generation that fought the war and the need for remembering the heavy cost that they paid for keeping Finland independent even after they are gone. I suspect very few Finns can listen the hymn without getting misty eyed. National veteran's day was added to Finnish calendar in year 1986 and the hymn is also from late 1980's, so when it was introduced even the youngest of veterans were already about 60 years old.

Veteran's Evening Call performed by Jorma Hynninen, the Great Choir of Veterans, male choirs of Turku region and Finnish Navy Band of Musicians in year 2010:



I was able to find only single translation of the hymn's lyrics and I find it somewhat lacking, so here is my attempt to translate it:

Veteran's Evening Call

On the shore of a dim cove
The sun has already set
The trumpet call for the evening rollcall has been blown
The burden has been laid down
Remember thy father at that moment
His footfall is already gone weary
Children and our grandchildren
It is your turn now

Nurture, the brothers will be gone soon
Remember, the country is precious to them
Tell the grandchildren with songs
The memory must never dim down

The hymn is playing quietly in a vault
It plays dark longing
Time has harvested grain
The field has already been plough up
A long time ago two of us marched
The sky and the earth were blazing with fire
From the shores of the cove of (Lake) Ääninen (/ Onega)
Whom can one tell it to, now?

Nurture, the brothers will be gone soon
Remember, the country is precious to them
Tell the grandchildren with songs
The memory must never dim down

In waves the might of (Lake) Laatokka (Ladoga)
Which no-one can chain up
The brothers were guarding its shores
Soon the dawn will break
Proud tribes of Carelia
Have carried their torment
Mother Earth will close into her protection
The sentry is already gone

Nurture, the brothers will be gone soon
Remember, the country is precious to them
Tell the grandchildren with songs
Memory must never dim down

The Shepard of earth and heaven
Is our safety and our shield
His mercy is incredibly vast
Vast and unfathomable
The Sun, the Moon and the stars
The mounds and the blossoming ground
He takes care of everything
No-one can get lost

Sing again Glory of the Lord
Look how beautiful is the earth
Praise the Lord, He will nurture and carry
Even when the (funeral) bells will call

Touch the Lord with your gaze
When you are having difficult time
His grace, in the mornings and the evenings
Is priceless for us
We are walking along the path in silence
In the valleys covered by shadows
Up there, by our Creator
I may see your face (again)

Sing again Glory of the Lord
Look how beautiful is the earth
Praise the Lord, He will nurture and carry
Even when the (funeral) bells will call

Another translation: https://lyricstranslate.com/en/veteraan ... teran.html

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tramonte
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Re: End of WWII in Finland

Post by tramonte » 11 Sep 2020 07:53

Last Finnish soldier KIA according database of deceased soldiers was private soldier Olli Matias Koikkalainen, KIA in Saarenpää Enontekijö, 25 April 1945. In fact there were only 3 cases during March-April 1945.
"Military history is nothing but a tissue of fictions and legends, only a form of literary invention; reality counts for very little in such affair."

- Gaston de Pawlowski, Dans les rides du front

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