Beheadings in the Third Reich

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Pete26
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Josef Wagner

Post by Pete26 » 24 Jul 2018 03:35

Josef-Wagner.jpg

Josef Wagner was guillotined in Berlin Plötzensee prison on 1 September 1943.
Am 1. September 1943 um 13 Uhr wird Josef Wagner in der Haftanstalt Berlin-Plötzensee von Staatsanwalt Jaager mitgeteilt, dass er um 18 Uhr hingerichtet werde. Er darf noch zwei Briefe schreiben: an seine Frau Lena und Tochter Maria und an seine Mutter und Geschwister. Er schreibt: „Nun ist es soweit, dass ich von Euch Abschied nehme für immer. Macht Euch aber keinen Kummer und keine Sorgen. Ich sterbe ruhig und mutig.“

Über die Vollstreckung des Urteils wurde Protokoll geführt: „Um 18.00 Uhr wurde der Verurteilte, die Hände auf dem Rücken gefesselt, durch zwei Gefängnisbeamte vorgeführt (...). Der Verurteilte, der ruhig und gefasst war, ließ sich ohne Widerstreben auf das Fallbeilgestell legen, worauf der Scharfrichter die Enthauptung mit dem Fallbeil ausführte und sodann meldete, dass das Urteil vollstreckt sei. Die Vollstreckung dauerte von der Vorführung bis zur Vollzugsmeldung 9 Sekunden.



Translated:
At 1 pm on September 1, 1943, Josef Wagner was informed in the Berlin-Plötzensee Detention Center by Public Prosecutor Jaager that he would be executed at 6 pm. He is allowed to write two more letters: to his wife Lena and daughter Maria and to his mother and siblings. He writes: "Now it's time for me to say goodbye forever. But do not worry. I die quietly and courageously. "

The execution of the sentence was recorded: "At 6:00 pm, the convict, with his hands tied behind his back, was presented by two prison officials (...). The condemned man, calm and collected, was unhesitatingly placed on the fallbeil, whereupon the executioner carried out the decapitation with the fallbeil and then reported that the sentence was enforced. The execution took 9 seconds from the presentation to the act of execution.





https://www.rosalux.de/fileadmin/static ... _05_b.html
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Pete26
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Executions in Plötzensee prison

Post by Pete26 » 25 Jul 2018 04:29

Pete26 wrote:
05 Jun 2014 02:41
http://www.gdw-berlin.de/fileadmin/bild ... _klein.pdf

Between 1933 and 1936, 45 people were beheaded with an axe in the yard of Plötzensee prison.

In 1937 a guillotine was secretly transported from Bruchsal prison to Plötzensee and installed in an execution shed. In 1937, 38 people were guillotined, in 1938 it was 55, and in 1939 it was 95. The executions in Plötzensee reached their peak in 1943 when 1180 people were executed there.
Here is a more detailed breakdown of executions in Plötzensee prison by year:


1933: 4

1934: 13

1935: 21

1936: 7

1937: 38

1938: 55

1039: 95

1940: 190

1941: 87

1942: 535

1943: 1180

1944: 534

1945: 132


TOTAL: 2891

1437 were Germans, 677 were Czechs and Slovaks, 253 were Poles, 245 were French, 89 were Austrians, 68 were Belgians, 35 were Dutch, 24 were Soviets, and 14 were Yugoslavians. Other nations accounted for less than 10 executed each (e.g. Spain: 9, Italy: 6, Switzerland: 4, Romania: 4, Hungary: 3, Bulgaria: 2, Norway: 1, Afghanistan: 1, Egypt: 1, Luxemburg: 1)

https://www.selected.de/fileadmin/user_ ... er_deu.pdf

Pete26
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An article on Brandenburg-Görden memorial

Post by Pete26 » 01 Aug 2018 04:39

http://www.maz-online.de/Lokales/Brande ... elkabinett

https://translate.google.com/translate? ... edit-text=

Brandenburg-Gorden memorial.jpg
This is not the original fallbeil. The original Brandenburg-Görden fallbeil was a Tegel type and it is presently located in Deutsches Historisches Museum in Berlin.

Image

http://boisdejustice.com
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Pete26
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30 March 1943 Vienna Regional Court execution list

Post by Pete26 » 02 Aug 2018 02:51

30March1943list.jpg
https://restituta.at/wp-content/uploads ... k_HP17.jpg

A handwritten list of 15 of 19 people guillotined at Vienna Regional court on 30 March 1943. The list was written by the prison chaplain Eduard Kock.

The names of the executed and times of execution were:

1. Kohut, Ludwig, 1800 hrs

2. Jurica, Emil, 1803 hours

3. Strouhal, Franz, 1805 hours

4. Ondras, Franz, 1807 hours

5. Gebauer, Josef, 1810 hours

6. Wiegand, Friedrich, 1812 hours

7. Fischer, Maria, 1815 hours

8. Ulbrich, Leopoldine, 1817 hours

9. Kafka, Helene, 1820 hours

10. Stix, Friedrich, 1823 hours

11. Kupsky, Ludwig, 1825 hours

12. Slaby, Leopold, 1828 hours

13. Friedl, Josef, 1830 hours

14. Plocek, Johann, 1832 hours

15. Papouschek, Johann, 1834 hours


The last four executed in 30 March 1943 execution session (not on this list) were:

Czapka, Josef

Kodek, Alois

Komarik, Josef

Schmidt, Rudolf


Note the time intevals between each execution. They are only 2 or 3 minutes, therefore very similar to times recorded by the executioner Alois Weiss in Pankrac prison execution book.

The victim number 9 on the list is Helene Kafka, or Sister Restituta Kafka, the only nun beheaded by Hitler. Her body was buried in a mass grave in Vienna Central Cemetery, group 40. The authorities refused to allow her body to be buried by the nuns of her convent.


Here are some photographs of these victims:
Josef Gebauer.png
Maria Fischer.png
Helene Kafka.png
Friedrich Stix.png
Image

Fallbeil floor drain in the Vienna Regional Court former execution room. Blood of about 1200 beheaded people flowed down this drain.

https://restituta.at/wp-content/uploads ... 1_HP17.jpg
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Last edited by Pete26 on 02 Aug 2018 15:16, edited 3 times in total.

Pete26
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30 March 1943 excution photos (continued)

Post by Pete26 » 02 Aug 2018 04:08

Ludwig Kupsky.png
Leopold Slaby.png
Josef Friedl.png
Johann Plocek.png
Source: http://doew.at
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marko10
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by marko10 » 07 Aug 2018 14:00

It is known that some executions were video footage about hanging. Did the same thing happen with the fallbeil condemned?

Pete26
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by Pete26 » 08 Aug 2018 05:04

marko10 wrote:
07 Aug 2018 14:00
It is known that some executions were video footage about hanging. Did the same thing happen with the fallbeil condemned?
It is quite possible that some fallbeil executions were photographed, or even filmed, however I was not able to find any such photographs or videos on internet or anywhere in literature. If such material still exists it is probably locked up somewhere in German archives and not shared with the public.

On the other hand, quite a few photographs exist of authentic French guillotine executions, even an authentic video of the last public guillotine execution in France in 1939 of Eugen Weidmann. Check boisdejustice.com for many of such photos.


I was able to find names of two Italians who were executed in Plötzensee prison:


Joseph Andreasi, born on 8 October 1920 in Milano, executed on 13 October 1944.

Ambroise Piantoni, born 7 January 1924 in Dezensano/Bergamo, executed on 11 July 1944.
Last edited by Pete26 on 08 Aug 2018 05:17, edited 3 times in total.

Pete26
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Charlotte Garske

Post by Pete26 » 08 Aug 2018 05:08

Charlotte Garske.jpg
https://www.ebay.com/itm/CHARLOTTE-GARS ... itleDesc=0

Charlotte Garske was guillotined in Plötzensee prison on 16 December 1943.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_Garske
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Pete26
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Anna Kraus

Post by Pete26 » 08 Aug 2018 05:31

Anna Kraus.jpg
Anna Kraus was guillotined in Plötzensee prison on 5 August 1943.

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annie_Krauß
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Pete26
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Alfred Schmidt-Sas

Post by Pete26 » 11 Aug 2018 05:12

Alfred Schmidt-Sas.jpg
Alfred Schmidt-Sas was guillotined in Berlin Ploetzensee prison on 5 April 1943.

https://portal.ehri-project.eu/units/de ... -nl-ed_176
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Pete26
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5 August 1943

Post by Pete26 » 11 Aug 2018 05:46

3 men and 13 women were guillotined in Ploetzensee prison on 5 August 1943.

Between 1900 and 1945 hours, these men and women were guillotined in approximately 3 minute intervals:


Stanislaus Wesolek

Emil Hubner

Dr Adam Kuckhoff

Frida Wesolek

Ursula Goetze

Maria Terwiel

Oda Schottmuller

Rose Schlosinger

Hilde Coppi

Klara Schabel

Else Imme

Eva-Maria Buch

Anna Krauss

Ingeborg Kummerow

Cato Bontjes van Beek

Liane Berkowitz


Note: Emil Hubner was the oldest prisoner executed in Ploetzensee prison (age 83). Frida Wesolek was his daughter and Stanislaus Wesolek was his son-in-law.


https://books.google.com/books?id=8oD6G ... ek&f=false

marko10
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by marko10 » 11 Aug 2018 14:11

I read that those condemned to death were brought to the guillotine wearing a disposable paper suit. Is there any picture that our this particular dress?

Pete26
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by Pete26 » 12 Aug 2018 20:02

marko10 wrote:
11 Aug 2018 14:11
I read that those condemned to death were brought to the guillotine wearing a disposable paper suit. Is there any picture that our this particular dress?

This was only mentioned in several articles about certain execution sites. I think only very few execution site provided such clothing. I have not seen any photographs of such disposable clothing.

marko10
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by marko10 » 12 Aug 2018 20:48

in which execution sites is mention of this?

Pete26
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Re: Beheadings in the Third Reich

Post by Pete26 » 13 Aug 2018 00:21

marko10 wrote:
12 Aug 2018 20:48
in which execution sites is mention of this?
I think it was Breslau and Brandenburg-Gorden execution sites. Possibly for some executions in Ploetzensee. This was discussed some time ago:

search.php?keywords=paper+smock&t=35191&sf=msgonly

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