I sometimes get the impression that you do not even bother to read my posts, since you keep raising points that I have already deal with and ignoring the comments I made on them.
Take for example the gassing of sick and exhausted Jews sent from the Schmelt labour camps in Upper Silesia in the early Spring of 1942. In my post of Friday 15 I gave a quote from the book "Auschwitz 1270 to the Present" by Van Pelt, which explained how that came to pass; I will repeat here, for your edification, what I wrote then:
So was the despatch of sick and exhausted Jewish labourers from the Schmelt camps in Upper Silesia to Auschwitz for killing a part of the "Final Solution"?However the gassing of Jews unfit for work had begun at Birkenau even before Himmler issued that order in July 1942 that Hoess described. Here is what Van Pelt says on the matter in his book "Auschwitz: 1270 to the Present":
Pages 301-2It should be noted that the conversion of the crematorium in the Auschwitz main camp into a gas chamber had been carried out for the purpose of killing Soviet POWs who were sent to Auschwitz for execution.While negotiations were carried on between the German Foreign Office and the Slovak government, Auschwitz already had become the destination for one particular group of Jews residing on Reich territory: those considered unfit for work in the so-called Schmelt program. A high-ranking Ss officer and senior civil servant in the provincial administration, Albrecht Schmelt had established a special organisation in 1941 to monopolise the forced labor of jews left in Upper Silesia after the deportations to the Government General had been halted. Schmelt emplyed some 50,000 jews, and he felt that his program was burdened by too many mouths to feed. He knew about the Gestapo Summary Court executions in Auschwitz, and in mid-February he shipped some 400 older Jews to the camp.
The morgue of the crematorium in the main camp had been transformed in September 1941 into an effective gas chamber which could hold 900 people, so there was plenty of room to kill the elderly Jews with ease.
According to Van Pelt, the use of the crematorium as a killing station for the Jews unfit for labour sent from the Schmelt camps interrupted the life of the camp, and for that reason it was decided to shift the killing operation to a location near the new sattelite camp being constructed at Birkenau. For that purpose, a peasant house, left over from the demolition of the village of Brzezinka to make way for the new camp, was converted into the gas chamber known as Bunker I.
I consider that it was not, but rather a component of the extension of the Euthanasia Program to the concentration camps, which was known officially as "Sonderbehandlung 14f13", which had begun in April 1941.
The objective of the "Final Solution of the Jewish Problem", a policy description first used by the German Foreign Ministry in 1938, was to make Germany "Jew-free" by expelling all persons classified as Jews from German territory. As German control spread over other countries in the course of the war, the objective expanded to one of making all of the "German Area of Influence in Europe" "Jew-free" also.
As far as implementation was concerned, the "Final Solution" went through a number of stages, although the underlying aim remained unchanged. Before the outbreak of war, implementation was by forced emigration to anywhere outside Germany. After the conquest of Poland, implementation was to be by concentrating the Jews of all areas under German control (Altreich, Austria, Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia, annexed areas of Poland, Generalgouvernement), a total of two million, in a reservation in the Lublin District of the GG.
After the defeat of France, implementation was to be by shipping all the Jews of the countries occupied by Germany and of Germany's allies, an estimated total of four million, to Madagascar. From early 1941, after the invasion of the Soviet Union had been decided on, implementation was planned to be by mass deportation into the interior of the Soviet Union; Eichmann's office worked on that plan all through 1941, and it was the plan presented by Heydrich at the Wannsee Conference.
So many implementation plans were gone through because in turn proved unworkable; even the final version could not be implemented due to the failure of barbarossa, but as of January 1942 deportation into the Soviet Union was still the official version of the "Final Solution".
Therefore, the despatch of sick Jews from the Schmelt camps to Auschwitz for "euthanasia" from February 1942 onward was not part of the "Final Solution", since those Jews were not being sent into the interior of the Soviet Union. In fact, they were not even being sent out of German territory, since Auschwitz was situated in the area annexed from Poland, in the enlarged province of East Upper Silesia.
Can we say that the initial incarceration of Silesian Jews in the Schmelt labour camps was part of the "Final Solution"? No, we cannot, because the policy of using Jews for forced labour was quite separate from the "Final Solution", and was intended as a temporary measure until the "Final Solution", that is the expulsion of all Jews from German territory, could be implemented. The forced labour of Jews in Germany had been initiated in Germany before the war; all Jews in Germany were thus liable for compulsory labour service until they emigrated. The sending of Jews to the Schmelt camps occurred within the overall program of Jewish forced labour, and was therefore not part of the "Final Solution", but a preliminary measure.
When the 14f13 program began in April 1941, doctors from T-4, the office overseeing the adult Euthanasia Program, went to the concentration camps to select sick prisoners for "euthanasia". The selected inmates were then sent to the various Euthnasia Centres in Germany for gassing. That was because the concentration camps at that time did not have their own gas-chambers; selected prisoners were even sent to those centres from Auschwitz in 1941.
By the end of 1941, the Auschwitz camp had its own killing methodology using Zyklon-B, and sick prisoners no longer needed to be sent to the distant Euthanasia Centres; they could be killed in the camo itself by gassing, which was considered by the German administrators as a "humane" method, suitable for prisoners who were not being punished but simply disposed of as unusable, like farm animals no longer fit for work. The gassing of the jews sent from the Schmelt camps was simply a component of the killing of camp inmates no longer fit for work, an action that was not targeted specifically against Jews.
Now for Himmler's order of late Janaury 1942, to send 150,000 Jewish labourers to the concentration camps. Was that a part of the "Final Solution"?
I consider that it was not, since it did not involve sending Jews from Germany to the interior of the Soviet Union, which as of January 1942 was the official implementation plan for the "Final Solution", but rather involved diverting Jews from the stream which was already flowing to destinations in the occupied Soviet territories (Minsk and Riga), and retaining them within Germany, on territory that was slated for full germanisation. As I wrote previously, it actually involved a derogation from the "Final Solution".
Uberjude, you are quite mistaken when you claim that the forced labour of Jews was always a component of the "Final Solution". As I have shown, it was not, but a temporary measure for making use of Jews before they were deported. To be sure, the implementation plan for the "Final Solution" did contain an element of forced labour, but that was to consist of road construction deep within the conquered Soviet territories, not working in war-related industries on German territory. In fact, small numbers of non-Soviet Jews were sent into occupied Soviet territory for road-building work (under very harsh conditions), but the vast program of deportation presented at Wannsee never got off the ground because the Soviet Union remained unconquered.
The transports of Jews from Slovakia and France sent to Auschwitz in the Spring and early Summer of 1942, pursuant to Himmler's order of January 1942, were likewise not part of the "Final Solution", since those Jews were being sent to a destination within Germany for forced labour, not being expelled from Europe, which is what the "Final Solution" meant. The fact that the initial transports of Jews from France were not part of the "Final Solution" is demonstrated by the plan to send them to a labour camp near Duesseldorf so as to save the cost of sending them all the way to distant Auschwitz, a plan that did not eventuate but was still under serious consideration in September 1942, and involved retaining Jews in the very heart of Germany, the diametrical opposite of the objective of the "Final Solution".
Given that the original purpose of sending transports of Jews to Auschwitz for labour was not part of the "Final Solution", how did Birkenau come to be a place where many hundreds of thousands of Jews perished, either by gassing or by starvation, disease and exposure?
I think I have already answered that question in this same post of Friday 15, when I wrote:
By the way, you have still not identified the historical anomaly in Hoess''s description of Himmler's visit to Auschwitz in July 1942, in his post-war staement "My meetings with Himmler". Here is another example of the anomaly:Gradually the element of extermination became more important. In my opinion, the reason for that was the failure of Heydrich's plan to deport all European Jews into conquered Soviet territory, which was a logical consequence of the failure of Barbarossa. Sending West European Jews to Auschwitz became an alternative to sending them to a now unattainable destination in the vast expanses of the Soviet Union, and they were no longer sent primarily for labour, but simply to get rid of them by the gassing procedure that had already been set up for the elimination of prisoners who were no longer fit for labour. In that way, overcrowding of the camp could be prevented, and the number of inmates could be kept down to the level needed for labour.
http://www.archive.org/stream/commandan ... p_djvu.txt
If you want to find out what the anomaly is, google "Gypsies Auschwitz", and pay close attention to the sequence of dates.Then Birkenau was visited, including the Russian camp, the gypsy
sector, and also a Jewish sector. He then climbed the gate tower
and had the different parts of the camp pointed out to him and also
the water drainage systems which were being built, and he was
shown the extent of the proposed expansion. He saw the prisoners
at work and inspected their living quarters and the kitchens and
the hospital accommodation. I constantly drew his attention to the
defects in the camp, and he saw them as well. He saw the emaciated
victims of disease (the causes of which were bluntly explained by
the doctors), he saw the crowded hospital block, he learned of the
mortality among the children in the gypsy camp, and he saw chil-
dren there suffering from the terrible disease called noma. He also
saw the overcrowded huts and the primitive and insufficient latrines
and washhouses. The doctors told him about the high rate of sick-
ness and death and, above all, the reasons for it. He had every-
thing explained to him in the most exact manner and saw it all
precisely as it really was, and he remained silent. He took me back
to Birkenau furious at my perpetual complaints of the miserable
conditions in the camp and said: "I want to hear no more about
difficulties! An SS officer does not recognize difficulties; when they
arise, his task is to remove them at once by his own efforts! How
this is to be done is your worry and not mine!" Kammler and
Bischoff were told much the same sort of thing.