Estonia. The Bloody trace of nazism.1941-1944

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Alex Yeliseenko
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Estonia. The Bloody trace of nazism.1941-1944

Postby Alex Yeliseenko » 21 Apr 2007 15:58

Selection of archival documents on crimes of estonian collabrators during the WWII.

The book is placed in an easy approach. It is not infringement of copyrights.

Weak places of the book: German documents are not used.

http://europeliberty.com/userdata/Estonia_book.pdf (700 KB)

Authors are not specified. Their relatives live in Baltic. They are afraid of reprisals.

INTRODUCTION

The Republic of Estonia, independent since 1991, has passed a long way in
buildings its state and economy, becoming a full member of the European Union,
NATO, and other international structures. Along with this, Estonia has been painfully
searching for a way of national self-identification. The independent history of the
Estonian State has not been long in historical measures, it only began in the previous
century when Estonia first received the status of autonomy from the Provisional
Government of Russia, and then, in 1920, the Bolsheviks declared its independence.
The first period of Estonia's existence as an independent State was extremely short,
and in 1940, Estonia lost the independence.
From the moment of Estonia's regaining independence in 1991, Estonian rightwing
politicians and nationalist historians have been exercising in justifying Estonian
own historical way which they see as constant antagonism with the “Russian
aggressors”. The Second World War and participation of Estonian armed groups in
this war on the side of the Nazi Germany looks to them logically consistent with the
struggle against the “Soviet invaders”. Estonian authorities also actively participate in
romanticizing Nazi criminals, thus creating grounds for independent observers'
speaking not only about separate rhetorical statements of “irresponsible politicians”
but a systemic policy on behalf of the Estonian state to revise of results of the Second
World War.
On October 15, 2005, on the territory of a private “Museum of struggle for
liberating Estonia” in Lagedi the monument to the 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of
the SS (1st Estonian) consisting of Estonians and dismantled in 2004 in a small town
of Lihula under international pressure, first of all on the part of Russia and the USA,
was set up again. On June 8, 2006, this private museum received a state grant of 375,
000 crones (nearly 25 thousand Euros) from the government of Estonia.
During the solemn ceremony marking the end of the Second World War on
May 9, 2006, Minister of Defense of Estonia J. Ligi addressed with words of
gratitude Estonians who were fighting on the Nazi Germany side, having declared:
“Your struggle in 1944 was the struggle for Estonian freedom”. The former prime
minister of Estonia, one of the leaders of the national radical party Pro Patria Union
(or Fatherland Union) and the adviser of the Georgian president Michael Saakashvili
Mart Laar assured that “sooner or later” a law in the interests of Estonians who
battled on the side of the Hitlerite Germany will be passed in Estonia. On July 8,
2006, at the Võru city meeting of Estonian “fighters for independence” - veterans of
the 20th Estonian voluntary Waffen SS division and gangs of the “forest brothers” -
the prime minister of Estonia A. Ansip addressed participants. In his opinion, their
struggle “was a feat which should be appreciated highly now and in the future”. “You
4
say to yourself - we have lost that battle, but on the whole we have still won that war.
You have won, and all the people have won... I cannot agree with those who consider
your struggle senseless. How is it possible to consider senseless that people carried
out their duty before their people and the state?”.
Simultaneously, defilement of memorials of soldiers killed at liberation of
Estonia from fascist armies proceeds in the country. In May 2006, the monument to
the Soviet soldiers located in Tallinn downtown called “The bronze soldier” (on
Tõnismägi) was profaned twice. Instead of condemning these acts of vandalism,
Estonian authorities voiced support of the demolition of this monument. The head of
the Estonian government A. Ansip called the monument “a symbol of occupation”
and supported its prompt dismantling.
Thus in today's Estonian political literature and in media the opinion has been
established that the Estonian soldiers fighting for Wehrmacht did not participate in
punitive actions and executions of peaceful population in Estonia, and in other
territories. Former president of Estonia Arnold Rüütel claimed that he had no data on
Estonians who would participate in executions of Jews during World War II and that
he was not aware of such facts to ever take place in Estonia.
Thus, if one would take for granted the official position of Estonian politicians
and authorities, he could get quite an idyllic picture of Estonian history of the 20th
century: Estonians in German uniforms battled for freedom of Estonia in the territory
of the country only against the Soviet authority and did that “to create a basis for
continued resistance that led to restoration of independence of Estonia decades later”
(Laar M. Estonia in the Second world war. - Tallinn: Grenader, 2005).
However, real documents and eyewitnesses' testimonies make one see these
events otherwise.
The Estonian punitive police battalions and other divisions of collaborators,
which became the basis for formation of the 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the
SS (1st Estonian), left a bloody trace during the Second World War in the territory of
Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Poland, and Estonia, participating in massacres of civilians.
Estonian Waffen SS members were qualified as war criminals by the Nuremberg
Trials: “Examining the SS case, the Tribunal includes here all persons who have been
officially accepted as members of the SS, including members of “the general SS”, SS
armies, SS “The Dead Head” formations, and members of any police services
which were SS members. The tribunal does not include here the so-called cavalry
SS formations” (The Nuremberg Trials. Collection of materials: In 8 volumes.
Moscow, 1999. Volume 8. Page 655).
The Estonian members of punitive expeditions participated in slaughtering
Jews in Vilnius Ghetto and convoyed Jews transported from Vilnius to concentration
camps of Estonia. Besides, the Estonian police and “self-defense forces”
(“Omakaitse”) liquidated adherents of the Soviet regime (in some villages and cities,
every ethnic Russian was considered to be one), Estonians who didn’t share radical
political right views, and peasants who received land during agrarian reform of 1940.
5
The Estonian police and Omakaitse were also actively used in fighting the anti-
Hitlerite coalition forces. So, in July 1943, the management of the Estonian political
police issued a circular concerning the struggle against the “Anglophiles”. It reads, in
particular, as follows: “Along with Bolsheviks we have a known amount of persons
which by their way of life represent no less danger than the former... Among them are
first of all the Anglophiles who up to 1940 adhered to the so-called English
orientation...” (Marinson E. Servants of Swastika. - Tallinn, 1962).
In this documentary volume, a number of documents are published, including
the recently declassified ones, which present an alternative view of 1941-1944 events
in the territory of Estonia and other territories of the former Soviet Union under the
Nazi German occupation.
The work on the volume became possible owing to the help of the “Free
Europe” non-governmental organization.
The collection's editors express special gratitude to the management and
employees of the State Archive of the Russian Federation and the Central Archive of
the FSB of Russia who helped presenting these unique archival materials.

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Alex Yeliseenko
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Postby Alex Yeliseenko » 21 Apr 2007 16:06

List of persons shot by fascist criminals in Pärnumaa Uyezd of the
ESSR

Last name, name, patronymic # of act Year of birth Killed on Killed by
TUUL Oswald Johanovich 3 7/21/41 SD
KISKE Johan Hendrickovich 4 7/11/41 SD
SUTT Martin Martinovich 5 10/29/1903 06/17/42 SD
ERMAA Salmo 7 1941 Political Police [PP]
SAAR Leopold Antonovich 8 12/4/41 PP
LELLE Majde 8 12/4/41 PP
POLU Edward 9 7/8/41 German soldier
SOONTACK Juri 10 8/14/41 PP
PUMBU Oscar Janovich 11 8/17/41 PP
RESSAR Johan Antonovich 12 8/21/41 PP
MERE Valdemar Gustavovich 15 9/12/41 PP
LAAS Dimitriy Michaelovich 18 9/29/1901 9/21/41 SS
LERG Michael Evaldovich 19 8/10/41 PP
VILMANN Johannes Annevich 20 8/9/41 German soldier
KIRS 22 9/22/44 SS
RISTIKIVI Johan Johan. 23 8/18/41 Omakaitse
GRUNBERS Johan Jurjevich 26 8/17/41 PP
MARISF Laba 27 1941 PP
PILENISH Johannes
Georgievich
28 2/6/41 Omakaitse
PILENISH Kristian Georgievich 29 1942 German
VIILIN August Antonovich 32 12/17/1908 1/18/42 Omakaitse
PJARMANN Alexey Jakovich 33 Aug.1941 German soldier
MASSO Josep Jacovich 34 8/12/41 PP
MARDICK Zynaida 36 1914 8/25/41 PP
SAMSONOV Alexey
Danilovich
37 1905 8/1/41 PP
LUUR Artem Antonovich 38 1905 8/1/41 German on court
decision
149
Last name, name, patronymic # of the act Year of birth Killed on Killed by
SIIVESTI Anton Antonovich 40 8/17/41 Omakaitse
ERNITS Vera Andreevna 41 1943 PP, Omakaitse
MARTINSON Martin Mar. 47 5/21/1902 8/6/44
PULCK Jacob Jakovl. 50 1912 4/17/41 German soldier
MERILA Libya Carlovna 51 1920 1944 PP
POOMA Mlita Mih. 52 1941 PP
RESUSICK JAN 53 1915 1941 Omakaitse
RESDICK Erens 54 1941 Omakaitse
WHIST Elza Mihael. 62 1907 9/19/1941 SS
KALTOV Isaak Leopold. 66 1905 1941 PP
KRABUSLE David Vif. 67 1908 1941 PP
HAITOVA Fried 68 1941 PP
HAITOVA Nilla 69 1941 PP
HAITOV Abram Isaakovich 70 1896 1941 PP
MAITOV Jette Leopoldovich 73 1909 1941 PP
VESSET Boris Elis. 74 1941 PP
PARZ Gunnar Petrovich 75 1929 09/19/41 SS
HAITOV Leopold Isaakovich 76 1941 PP
HAITOV Moses Isaakovich 77 1941 PP
Vesset Max Elis. 78 1918 1941 PP
HAITOV Ester Abramovich 79 1927 1941 PP
HAITOV Palo Abramovich 80 1936 1941 PP
ROHTLA Hendrick Adovich 64 1944 German soldier
OLDERMANN Alex. Mer. 48 Omakaitse
TAMMELA Jonenski 1 1941 Omakaitse
HERNITS Ajre 39 1941 Omakaitse
VIIRA August Johim. 108 6/7/1909 1942 Omakaitse
SAALISTE Johan 109 1913 PP
OSTAVI Friz Yanovich 110 1899 9/22/44 SS
SIIM Rudolf Kristan. 112 2/21/1925 10/10/42 German soldier
LAUS Dimitriy 114 1941 PP
PRIIDICK Andres Lizavich 115 8/9/41 Omakaitse
KARUMAS Jan Lenavich 115 8/9/41 Omakaitse
KJAAR Voldemar 116 8/41 German soldier
JANIMARI Rihard Yanovich 117 1922 8/30/41 PP
150
Last name, name, patronymic # of the act Year of birth Killed on Killed by
MELLIKOV Modis Modis. 119 8/28/41 Omakaitse
TOMINGAS Johan Mih. 120 8/15/41 PP
LYMPS Johaness Mih. 121 8/30/41 SD
VELMANN Lena Vilun. 122 1893 PP
MEYMRE Arnold Jurevich 123 1941 Omakaitse
MEYMRE Linda Jurevna 123 1941 Omakaitse
POOLACK Arnold
Anatolievich
124 1909 9/13/1941 PP
HAITOV Solomon
Leopoldovich
81 1941 PP
PAZPIJANDI 82 1941 German soldier
PINSON Edward Janovich 83 7/20/41 Omakaitse
ROOIMERE Tamara 34 1919 7/15.41 PP
ERKMAN 85 1864 7/25.41 PP
SILDMAN 86 7/25.41 PP
KOITMA 87 7/25.41 PP
ITTER 88 7/17.41 PP
RULL Voldemar 89 10/13.41 PP
HIRFELD 90 10/13.41 PP
ADU Dimara 93 7/17.41 PP
KURMA Zynaida 94 8/03.41 Omakaitse
LEPP Silme 95 1918 8/03.41 Omakaitse
DITME Juli 96 7/3.41 Omakaitse
KIWI Voldemar 97 7/25.41 Omakaitse
REBECKA Pavlovsk Abrams 98 1901 1941 Omakaitse
VESSET Ceige Iuuder. 99 1941 Omakaitse
PRUUL Peter Jurevich 100 1808 9/4/1941 Omakaitse
VAIKLA Herminda Liz. 107 1910 1941 Omakaitse
KENING Jan Janovich 129 1908 1942 PP
TEINBURG Michael Janovich 130 1890 9/21/1944 SS
ARUJAGI Haldar Karlov. 132 SS

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lebel
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estonian collaborators

Postby lebel » 21 Apr 2007 22:56

Hello Alex

Thank you Alex for that interesting and exhaustive doc showing the degree of implication of Esthonia (or let's say estonians collabos ! ) on german side during ww2
Of course that face of estonia past is hidden to us , french .......; when that country wants to enter the European community !

Dobre Vetcher

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Carnaro
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Postby Carnaro » 21 Apr 2007 23:52

Of course that face of estonia past is hidden to us , french .......; when that country wants to enter the European community !

I don't want to rouse an unuseful polemic but....France has had the largest number to collaborators, pro-nazi parties, organisations etc in western Europe...... notwithstanding this, it founded the European Community: with ex-nazi Germany and ex-fascist Italy.
Or not?

Max

PS: read for example the three-volume set by Lambert/LeMarec about French collaborators (Jaques Grancer éditor): they're very instructive.

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Postby David Thompson » 22 Apr 2007 02:09

Let's get back to Estonia and war crimes there, please. We'd welcome a discussion of the problems in WWII France, but it should be in a separate thread.

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Esthonia

Postby lebel » 22 Apr 2007 08:17

Bonjour
Excuse me David for that digression, just to answer to Carnaro :

Like all nazi occupied countries , France had his lot of collaborators and some frenchs fought alongside with Germans BUT Collaboration was highly despised by the majority of french people , and there was a fierce struggle between Resistance and pro nazi Milice , at the Liberation courts showed no mercy for the traitors ......and as far as I know , NEVER , a french official ( minister or president ) ever praised Milice men or Charlemagne mercenaries or whatever collaboration !!
Furthermore , german soldiers were not warmly welcomed when they occupied France and french girls never threw flowers to Nazis entering Paris !

Please read carefully Alexi quote
The Second World War and participation of Estonian armed groups in
this war on the side of the Nazi Germany looks to them logically consistent with the
struggle against the “Soviet invaders”. Estonian authorities also actively participate in romanticizing Nazi criminals, thus creating grounds for independent observers' speaking not only about separate rhetorical statements of “irresponsible politicians” but a systemic policy on behalf of the Estonian state to revise of results of the Second World War.


and don't compare ,on that matter , France and Estonia !

Amicalement , quand même
and let's return to the topic after clarifying that point

Lebel

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Postby Carnaro » 22 Apr 2007 09:02

and don't compare ,on that matter , France and Estonia !


Obviously it's impossible to compare 5 (five) years of german occupation in France with 50 (fifthy) years of soviet dictatorship, murder & distress in Estonia.

Why we don'try to ask to our friends in the east Europe who they consider the "lesser of the two evils"?

I don't astonished me that Estonian consider as an affront the monument to the Soviet soldier "liberator" of the Estonia: because Red Army carried on the T34 the Stalin's gulags, not certainly the liberty.

Besides, the documents published in the "book" were produced during soviet era: do you would buy an used cars from a KGB apparatcick?
I have not the time nor will to examine deeply these documents. But I take it cum grano salis: at the same way I'd take the statements of an interrogation executed by Gestapo.

Max

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Postby AMVAS » 22 Apr 2007 09:40

Carnaro wrote:
and don't compare ,on that matter , France and Estonia !


Obviously it's impossible to compare 5 (five) years of german occupation in France with 50 (fifthy) years of soviet dictatorship, murder & distress in Estonia.


I'm not going to involve myself in this odd dipute with some crazy persons, who manages to put together Soviet and Nazi regims.

They are incompatible, especially after Stalin's death...
I always is impressed when I hear about "50 years of occupation"...
Yes, the USSR was not the democratic state. But there were lots of historical reasons for this and we can't blame history. It's objective process.
The same with moving of borders in the XXth century.
USSR was not alone in this. I have to remind some folks, that other European countries like Romania, Poland, Italy, Hungary tried to do the same in this historical period.
Leaders of the USSR tried to return us to the borders of former Russian Empire.

Initially relation of Germans to nations of occupied territories and Soviets on the territories included in the USSR was ABSOLUTELY different.
I'll speak only about Nazis on the East.
They considered occupied territories only as a source of resources and profit for the Reich and German citizens. Some portion of attention was drawn also to colloborators, who supplied occupation regime and provided their politics.

Relation of the Soviet power to new (or better old) territories differed much.
first of all there were no any difference between the citizens of differnet nations.
ALL citizens of territories included in the USSR had the same passports (unlike modern "democratic" regimes in Baltic area, where we can find their invention - passport of "non-citizens"). They had the same facilities to learn, work and life like other citizens of the USSR.
Of course, there were some limitations due to specific of the given time period.
for example, people from Baltic states needed to pass through more thorough filtration before they were promoted to some serious position.
Also I can say that USSR also needed to annihilate the "fith column" in Baltic states (and sympaties to Germany were enough high prior to 1940 in all baltic states). Taking in mind patalogical suspicious of NKVD we can get why so many people there suffered from repressions.
But I'm sure, that many of them were against Soviet regime, so, in terms of law, they were convicted absolutely legally.
Imagine, if for example in some state its system convicts civilian person, who hid armed men, will it be called "repression"? I think no...
Political system of the USSR had one feature. Not unique one though, as that time it was common enough. Subjects of repressions could become not only person, which made some crime, but his householders and relatives as well.
And just this caused relatively high percent of convicted persons not only in Baltic republics, but also inside the whole USSR.

Again to remember our western folks, that Soviet regime in 1930s- early 1950s was ABSOLUTELY different to that one, which existed after this.
All the Stalin-type repressions were stopped after his death!
After this there were only selected processes over some anti-soviet elements.
So, to speak about "50 years of murder & distress" is BLATANT LIE!!!! :x

Ths Soviet regime after 1953 of course oppressed anti-communistic ideas. but did it without wide repressions...

So, lets not to "put all eggs in one basket".
I'm not going to say citizens of Baltic states had life better than they could have staying independant from the USSR. But to say they were especially oppressed by Soviet regime, would be lie too...

So, leaving the dispute here.
Otherwise I feel one need to write an article against your misleads

Regards,
Alex

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Postby David Thompson » 22 Apr 2007 09:43

Obviously it's impossible to compare 5 (five) years of german occupation in France with 50 (fifthy) years of soviet dictatorship, murder & distress in Estonia.

Why we don'try to ask to our friends in the east Europe who they consider the "lesser of the two evils"?

We already have a number of open threads on the Soviet occupation of the Baltic states; so let's stay on the topic of war crimes in Nazi-occupied Estonia, please.

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Postby Alex Yeliseenko » 22 Apr 2007 09:53

Obviously it's impossible to compare 5 (five) years of german occupation in France with 50 (fifthy) years of soviet dictatorship, murder & distress in Estonia.

Why we don'try to ask to our friends in the east Europe who they consider the "lesser of the two evils"?

I don't astonished me that Estonian consider as an affront the monument to the Soviet soldier "liberator" of the Estonia: because Red Army carried on the T34 the Stalin's gulags, not certainly the liberty.

Besides, the documents published in the "book" were produced during soviet era: do you would buy an used cars from a KGB apparatcick?
I have not the time nor will to examine deeply these documents. But I take it cum grano salis: at the same way I'd take the statements of an interrogation executed by Gestapo.

Max

..Sometimes to deny documents you must have some other documents. when you have more reliable documents you'll have more strong positions. Just now your words are bla-bla-bla only...

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Postby AMVAS » 22 Apr 2007 10:04

David Thompson wrote:
Obviously it's impossible to compare 5 (five) years of german occupation in France with 50 (fifthy) years of soviet dictatorship, murder & distress in Estonia.

Why we don'try to ask to our friends in the east Europe who they consider the "lesser of the two evils"?

We already have a number of open threads on the Soviet occupation of the Baltic states; so let's stay on the topic of war crimes in Nazi-occupied Estonia, please.


Ok, ok... I simply was pissed off by that odd declaration...

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Postby Carnaro » 22 Apr 2007 11:28

Naturally Soviet Union was a socialist paradise, land of love, friendly, liberty, prosperity, tolerance in & out the borders etc etc and Solzenicyn (just to put a name) was a fascist povoker :lol: :lol: :lol:

My time is too precious to fight against the windmill, so I stop my posts on this matter.

Max

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Alex Yeliseenko
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Postby Alex Yeliseenko » 22 Apr 2007 11:59

Carnaro wrote:Naturally Soviet Union was a socialist paradise, land of love, friendly, liberty, prosperity, tolerance in & out the borders etc etc and Solzenicyn (just to put a name) was a fascist povoker :lol: :lol: :lol:

My time is too precious to fight against the windmill, so I stop my posts on this matter.

Max


You have nothing to say. All your words are only a pack of propagandistic slogans... It's a pity you have no arguments

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Postby AMVAS » 22 Apr 2007 12:13

Carnaro wrote:Naturally Soviet Union was a socialist paradise, land of love, friendly, liberty, prosperity, tolerance in & out the borders etc etc and Solzenicyn (just to put a name) was a fascist povoker :lol: :lol: :lol:

My time is too precious to fight against the windmill, so I stop my posts on this matter.

Max


Hmmm... I don't know from where you found that USSR was paradise...
And again, Solzhenitsyn described Stalin period, but not 1950s-80s..
So, stop off-top here...

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Postby Reigo » 22 Apr 2007 20:03

Alex Yeliseenko:
Weak places of the book: German documents are not used.


The whole book is a "weak place". It's agitprop by its nature. To quote myself:

It is not a serious attempt to research historical events, but instead a collection of documents which are picked to prove some point. By this there is a complete lack of source criticism: there is no attempt to research if the information in the documents is true or not. So the whole nature of this publication is propagandistic no matter that the information in it surely contains also much truth.


viewtopic.php?t=68053&postdays=0&postorder=asc&start=120

For example the problem with Soviet interrogation transcripts is that they may contain fabrications and/or information which was recieved in the result of torture/threats.

For example the Document 2 from 15th July 1948 which contains a confession by Rudolf "Mjaeorga" (actually Mäeorg) how the 36th Police Battalion participated in the mass executions of Jews near Novogrudok in August 1942. Interrogator was a worker of the Saaremaa UO MGB ESSR

However few weeks later Mäeorg was again interrogated in Tallinn and then he said that in August 1942 he didn't serve in the 36th Battalion. This was confirmed by several witnesses. When Mäeorg was asked why he earlier confirmed otherwise, he responded that he was threatened with a weapon. Modern research also confirmed that Mäeorg joined the 36th Battalion already after the events of Novogrudok.

Source: http://www.ekspress.ee/viewdoc/3F0AFF4A ... 070023F230

In the light of this Document 1, which was created by the same "Saaremaa UO MGB ESSR", and which contains similar "confessions" as Mäeorg's, can't be trusted.

Alex Yeliseenko:
Authors are not specified. Their relatives live in Baltic. They are afraid of reprisals.


Oh my-oh my! More likely the gang behind this publication didn't specify the authors because of propagandistic reasons - in order to be able to claim:
Authors are not specified. Their relatives live in Baltic. They are afraid of reprisals.


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