Luxembourg

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ansata1976
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Luxembourg

Post by ansata1976 » 24 Jan 2009 06:03

Can someone give me informations about post war trials in Luxembourg.I know only that Damian Kratzenberg was executed but I think that are more men sentenced after the war in Luxembourg.

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Re: Luxembourg

Post by David Thompson » 24 Jan 2009 16:37

Bauknecht, Dr. Otto -- Special Court (Sondergericht) Judge, Luxembourg {arrested and put on trial 1949 by a Luxembourg court; convicted and sentenced to 4 years imprisonment (Hitler's Justice p. 273).}

Drach, Leon (1905-?) -- Special Court (Sondergericht) prosecutor, Luxembourg {arrested and put on trial by a Luxembourg court; convicted and sentenced to 15 years imprisonment 1949; released by 1954 (Hitler's Justice p. 273) or sentenced to life imprisonment; deported by Luxembourg authorities 1955 as "filth across the Mosel"; later became a West German prosecutor ("Hitler's Legacy" Biographical index).}

Raderschall, Adolf -- German Special Tribunal (Sondergericht) president, Luxembourg {put on trial in absentia by a Luxembourg court; convicted and sentenced to death in absentia 1949 (Hitler's Justice p. 273).}

Simon, Gustav (1900-28.12.1945) [NSKK-Obergruppenführer] -- NSDAP Area Leader (Bezirksleiter der NSDAP) 1928; Reichstag deputy (Mitglied des Reichstages) for electoral district (Wahlkreis) Koblenz-Trier 1930-May 1945; Herausgeber des Koblenzer Nationalblattes; Prussian State councillor (Preussischer Staatsrat); NSDAP Provincial leader (Gauleiter) of Koblenz-Trier (later redesignated Moselland) 1931-1945; chief of civil administration, Luxembourg (Chef des Zivilverwaltung, Luxemburg) May 1940-1944/45 {sought as a war criminal by Luxembourg; killed himself at Koblenz in Apr 1945 after being arrested by allied troops (Encyclopedia of the Third Reich p. 875) or arrested 19 Dec 1945 by British authorities and committed suicide in custody 20 Dec 1945 by hanging himself (NYT 21 Dec 1945:2:7); or sentenced to death by a Luxembourg court and committed suicide in his prison cell before execution of sentence 28 Dec 1945 (ABR-Gaue). (History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 523, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948)}

Wienecke, Josef -- Special Court (Sondergericht) prosecutor, Luxembourg {put on trial in absentia by a Luxembourg court; convicted and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in absentia 1949 (Hitler's Justice p. 273).}

ansata1976
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by ansata1976 » 24 Jan 2009 16:40

David Thompson wrote:Bauknecht, Dr. Otto -- Special Court (Sondergericht) Judge, Luxembourg {arrested and put on trial 1949 by a Luxembourg court; convicted and sentenced to 4 years imprisonment (Hitler's Justice p. 273).}

Drach, Leon (1905-?) -- Special Court (Sondergericht) prosecutor, Luxembourg {arrested and put on trial by a Luxembourg court; convicted and sentenced to 15 years imprisonment 1949; released by 1954 (Hitler's Justice p. 273) or sentenced to life imprisonment; deported by Luxembourg authorities 1955 as "filth across the Mosel"; later became a West German prosecutor ("Hitler's Legacy" Biographical index).}

Raderschall, Adolf -- German Special Tribunal (Sondergericht) president, Luxembourg {put on trial in absentia by a Luxembourg court; convicted and sentenced to death in absentia 1949 (Hitler's Justice p. 273).}

Simon, Gustav (1900-28.12.1945) [NSKK-Obergruppenführer] -- NSDAP Area Leader (Bezirksleiter der NSDAP) 1928; Reichstag deputy (Mitglied des Reichstages) for electoral district (Wahlkreis) Koblenz-Trier 1930-May 1945; Herausgeber des Koblenzer Nationalblattes; Prussian State councillor (Preussischer Staatsrat); NSDAP Provincial leader (Gauleiter) of Koblenz-Trier (later redesignated Moselland) 1931-1945; chief of civil administration, Luxembourg (Chef des Zivilverwaltung, Luxemburg) May 1940-1944/45 {sought as a war criminal by Luxembourg; killed himself at Koblenz in Apr 1945 after being arrested by allied troops (Encyclopedia of the Third Reich p. 875) or arrested 19 Dec 1945 by British authorities and committed suicide in custody 20 Dec 1945 by hanging himself (NYT 21 Dec 1945:2:7); or sentenced to death by a Luxembourg court and committed suicide in his prison cell before execution of sentence 28 Dec 1945 (ABR-Gaue). (History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War p. 523, United Nations War Crimes Commission, London: HMSO, 1948)}

Wienecke, Josef -- Special Court (Sondergericht) prosecutor, Luxembourg {put on trial in absentia by a Luxembourg court; convicted and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in absentia 1949 (Hitler's Justice p. 273).}
Thank You David. Was the death sentence against Damian Kratzenberg the only one?????????

David Thompson
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by David Thompson » 24 Jan 2009 17:44

ansata1976 -- You asked:
Was the death sentence against Damian Kratzenberg the only one?????????
I don't know. Luxembourg is another one of those countries for which war crimes trial information is apparently scarce.

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Heimatschuss
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by Heimatschuss » 26 Jan 2009 20:16

Hello,

according to Neulen (1992, pp.95) Luxembourg courts handed out 12 death sentences of which 8 were carried out. None of the executed was German. The only case where Neulen mentions a defendant's name is that of Kratzenberg.

Further statistics for Luxembourg:
persons imprisoned for suspected collaboration: 5101 (on July 7th, 1945)

persons sentenced to hard labour for 20 - 25 years: 23
persons sentenced to hard labour for 10 - 20 years: 192
persons sentenced to hard labour for 5 - 10 years: 3
persons sentenced to hard labour under solitary confinement: 645

persons sentenced to prison terms of 10 - 20 years: 9
persons sentenced to prison terms of 5 - 10 years: 103
persons sentenced to prison terms of 3 - 5 years: 1254

persons stripped of their Luxembourg citizenship: 1186

References:

H.W. Neulen
An deutscher Seite. Internationale Freiwillige von Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS.
2nd ed.; Universitas Verlag; Munich, 1992

who cites all data from

P. Cerf
De l'épuration au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg après la seconde guerre mondiale.
Imprimerie Saint-Paul, Luxembourg, 1980

which seems to be more or less a 'must have' for Luxembourg's post-war trials.

Best regards
Torsten

David Thompson
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by David Thompson » 27 Jan 2009 17:07

The exchange of posts on sources for Czech executions has been moved to the thread "Trials in Czechoslovakia" at http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=148563 -- DT.

ansata1976
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by ansata1976 » 02 Feb 2009 05:13

Heimatschuss wrote:Hello,

according to Neulen (1992, pp.95) Luxembourg courts handed out 12 death sentences of which 8 were carried out. None of the executed was German. The only case where Neulen mentions a defendant's name is that of Kratzenberg.

Further statistics for Luxembourg:
persons imprisoned for suspected collaboration: 5101 (on July 7th, 1945)

persons sentenced to hard labour for 20 - 25 years: 23
persons sentenced to hard labour for 10 - 20 years: 192
persons sentenced to hard labour for 5 - 10 years: 3
persons sentenced to hard labour under solitary confinement: 645

persons sentenced to prison terms of 10 - 20 years: 9
persons sentenced to prison terms of 5 - 10 years: 103
persons sentenced to prison terms of 3 - 5 years: 1254

persons stripped of their Luxembourg citizenship: 1186

References:

H.W. Neulen
An deutscher Seite. Internationale Freiwillige von Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS.
2nd ed.; Universitas Verlag; Munich, 1992

who cites all data from

P. Cerf
De l'épuration au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg après la seconde guerre mondiale.
Imprimerie Saint-Paul, Luxembourg, 1980

which seems to be more or less a 'must have' for Luxembourg's post-war trials.

Best regards
Torsten
So you do not have names of the other defendants sentenced to death???

ansata1976
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by ansata1976 » 12 May 2011 17:37

Josef Ackermann
26.04.1905 in Arenberg bei Koblenz
Reichstagsabgeordneter der NSDAP
sentenced to 10 years hard labour 21.07.1950 in Luxemburg
commuted to 7 years 23.04.1951

Pierre Prüm
09.07.1886 in Ulflingen
Volksdeutschen Bewegung (VdB)
Sentenced for collaboration to 4 years imprisonment 1946

Fritz Hartmann
07.06.1906 in Rabenstein
SS-Obersturmbannführer
NSDAP Nr.2367334
SS-Nr.107331
Leiter der Staatspolizeileitstelle in Trier und Führer des Einsatzkommandos der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD in Luxemburg/head of gestapo Luxembourg between 1940-43


Josef Decker
??????
founder and leader of the "Stoßtrupp" of the VdB
death sentence 06.06.1945
execution 30.06.1945

steve248
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by steve248 » 13 May 2011 07:36

I find it strange that some European countries, formerly occupied by the Germans, carried out trials of German war criminals and even today continue to deny public access.

I hear that JuNSV are planning a new series of the unpublished Dutch trials.

I am interested in the Luxemburg trial of Sebastian Ranner but so far not found anything.
He was extradited from the US Zone and returned 5 or so years later. What happened in between?

ansata1976
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by ansata1976 » 13 May 2011 15:29

Ackermann Josef 10 years of forced labor commuted to 7 years
Bales Johann
Ballmaier Hans
Balzer Hans
Bauknecht Otto 4 years imprisonment
Bentz Julius
Bergmann Alexander 5 years imprisonment
Bernard Franz
Bieler Karl
Bierschenk Josef
Bohrer Karl
Brauckmann Wilhelm 6 years imprisonment
Brinkmann Karl
Brockmeyer Alfons
Bünder Johann
Conter René
Damitz Emil
Decker Josef death sentence 06.06.1945 execution 30.06.1945
Diehl Wilhelm
Dietrich Herbert-Otto-Waldemar
Doll Julius
Drach Léo 15 years hard labour
Eibes Valentin
Emmerick Gustav von (Generalbeauftragte für Eisenerzgewinnung in Luxemburg)
Erdmann Karl
Faber Albin
Faust Reinhold
Felden Karl sentenced in absentia
Fielitz Karl-Heinrich
Fuhr Ernst-August-Heinrich acquitted
Fürnholzer Willibald ??? years imprisonment
Gärner Jakob acquitted
Gerth Fritz-Albert
Gervers Theodor ??? years imprisonment
Griebler Franz
Grosges Peter hard labor for life
Günther Rolf
Gutheil Rudolf
Hacker Wilhelm
Hänel Fritz
Hannappel Karl
Hantel Otto ??? years imprisonment
Harlos Wilhelm acquitted
Hartmann Fritz ??? years imprisonment
Heesen Wilhelm
Hellbrück Otto
Hemmerling Emil ??? years imprisonment
Hemmingshaus Rudolf
Hengst Richard
Henn Wilhelm
Hill August
Hirth Adolf
Hofmann Kurt-Erich 12 years hard labor
Höhmann Erich August
Höllander Alfred
Hörmann Heinrich Anton
Hormes Andreas ??? years imprisonment
Horn Heinz-Hermann ??? years imprisonment
Hyar Wilhelm
Isfort Theodor
Jäckel Johann
Jöres Hermann
Jost Herbert ??? years imprisonment
Jung Fritz
Kalden Herbert-Richard
Kimmlingen Johann-Adam
Klee Heinrich
Klöcker Hans ??? years imprisonment
Knorr Friedrich-Wilhelm-Bernard
Köpper Karl
Kraft Wilhelm 5 years imprisonment
Kristandt Klaus
Lamberti Willi
Laubig Hermann
Laufer Oscar
Lautwein Josef
Lehnkering Karl-Heinz
Leuffen Franz
Lippemeier Josepf
Lütcke Walter 4 years imprisonment
Luy Peter
Lydorf Kurt
Meder Georg
Mengers Adolf
Merten Paul ??? years imprisonment
Mirbach Josef
Modolin Katharina
Moritz Adolf
Motz Leonard
Müller Jakob
Müller Josef
Müller Karl-Willy
Neugebauer Ernst
Nölle Ernst ??? years imprisonment
Polcher Gabriel
Preusser Paul
Prüm Pierre 4 years imprisonment
Raderschall Adolf
Rahmel Willy acquitted
Ranner Sebastian ??? years imprisonment Kriminalkommissar Gestapo
Rathke Rudy-Willi
Reckmann Fritz ??? years imprisonment
Reif Jakob ??? years imprisonment
Ribstein Helmut
Richter August
Rolgen Heinrich death sentence commuted life
Rummel Karl-Walter
Runge Walter ??? years imprisonment
Sasse Erich
Sauerwein Gottlieb
Schelling Albert
Schild Hans-Ferdinand
Schlöder Peter
Schmidt Albert
Schmidt Erich Ernst Wilhelm acquitted
Schmidt Franz-Georg
Schmidt Rudolf
Schmitz Hans
Schmitz Hans-Peter
Schmitz Josef
Schneider Johann Karl
Schommers Hans-Jakob
Schreder Adolf
Schulte Gustav
Schumacher Josef ??? years imprisonment
Schuster Johann-Konrad
Siekmeier Heinrich-Christian ??? years imprisonment
Simon Gerhard
Spahl Walter
Staudinger Johann
Steffen Carlo ??? years imprisonment
Stempel Hubert-Josef
Stenz Josef
Sterzenbach Friedrich Theodor ??? years imprisonment
Strohmeyer Waldemar
Stuckenbrock Josef (Kriminalsekretär)
Sulzer Gustav
Tielmann Erich
Titz Franz
Titze Reinhard
Trossen Alfons 4 years imprisonment
Tücks Hermann
Unger Hermann ??? years imprisonment
Urmes Albert-Theodor ??? years imprisonment
Veckenstedt Kurt
Venter Karl-August ??? years imprisonment
Weber Franz
Weber Fritz-Karl
Weber Josef
Weis Jakob-Martin
Wendling Josef
Werner Albert acquitted
Wetter August
Wiegand Oscar
Wienecke Josef 10 years hard labor in absentia
Wilke Heinrich
Wittke Horst
Zimmermann Otto





This are the only inforation i found. I need more information about the men,their trials and their sentences

ansata1976
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by ansata1976 » 13 May 2011 22:15

This are some information i found:

Valentin Eibes
26.12.1897
Kreisleiter Saarburg 1931 - 1945
Landrat Birkenfeld (12.03.1945 - 17.03.1945)
died 1964


Fritz Albert Gerth
*15.04.1900
Polizeidirektor


Hengst, Richard, geb. 2. 1. 1903 in Dortmund, 1933 (Juli) Oberbürgermeister in Köthen, Vorsitzender des Aufsichtsrates der Stadtwerke Köthen AG in Köthen



Karl-August Venter
Kreisleiter Altenkirchen since 31.10.1934
10.10.1950 10 years


Dr.Adolf Schreder
Kreisleiter St. Goar, Grevenmacher und Luxemburg
12.02.1899 in Mayen



Kreisleiter Dr. Hermann Unger
26.10.1886 in Kamenz

Wilhelm Diehl
20.12.1889 ins Ausweiler
Kreisleiter Bernkastel und Kreisleiter Esch


Helmut Ribstein
Kampfgruppe I Oberstleutnant d.Gend.


Heinrich Christian Siekmeier
10.01.1901 in Mettmann; † 16.12.1982 in Hilden
Vertreter des „Chefs der Zivilverwaltung“
sentenced 23.12.1949 to 7 years vom luxemburgischen „Cour des Crimes de guerre“

dylan
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by dylan » 14 May 2011 07:53

Hi,

Ranner Sebastian extradited US zone 22/07/1946 sentence acquitted 27/02/1951
already repatriated 23/03/1950
Nara RG 466 Registers of war crimes extradition.

Verteidiger prozesse: Schaeffer and Rechtsanwalt Dr. Servatius : Koblenz All Proz 21/378.

possible more in other files from Dr.Servatius All Proz 21 or Bestand B /305 Zentrale Rechtsschutzstelle
both in Koblenz.

Dylan.

steve248
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by steve248 » 14 May 2011 20:33

Dylan,

Any ideas on why Ranner was repatriated to the US Zone on 23 March 1950 when his trial did not finish until almost a year later. As he was he in Luxemburg custody from 22 July 1950 for 3 and a half years was it possibly a case that the sentence being asked for was less than the time he had been in custody. In other words, period in custody by 23 March 1950 was more than the expected sentence.

Thanks for the info.

dylan
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by dylan » 15 May 2011 21:26

Hallo,

Trial Ranner perhaps you are correct , this is probably the reason for his release before trial but have no proof.

Dylan.

Gerard22
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Re: Luxembourg

Post by Gerard22 » 20 Apr 2013 12:33

In Luxembourg 14 persons were given death sentences. 11 from Luxembourg and 3 Germans. 8 Luxembourger were actually executed. These were, in this order:
1) Jean-Pierre Decker, Ortsgruppenleiter in Kayl
2) Norbert Sinner, Ortsgruppenleiter in Luxembourg-Hollerich, oil tycoon & ex-cyclist
3) Antoine Thill, Ortsgruppenleiter in Luxembourg-Limpertsberg
4) Damian Kratzenberg... you already talked about him
5) Jean Koetz, Ortsgruppenleiter in Esch/Alzette
6) Marcel Sirres, translator for the Gestapo in Dinant, Belgium
7) Égide Wolter, Ortsgruppenleiter in Heinerscheid, who was sentenced to death for an incident where 7 young men died, who were hiding to evade the Wehrmacht
8) Marcel Reuter, traitor. Because of him some 10-15 young Luxembourger died in Lyon, France

Sentenced to death were also a guy called Spierckel (I have no more information about him), the translator for the Gestapo in Clermont-Ferrand (France) Léon Bisenius, the police commander of Mamer Antoine Hillebrand, who wasn't executed, because he was sick. The 3 Germans sentenced to death were Adolf Raderschall, President of the Special Court (in absentia), Fritz Hartmann, chief of the Gestapo & Herbert Dietrich. These sentences were later commuted. Fritz Hartmann was the last German garbage to leave a Luxembourg prison.

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