Treblinka Perpetrators

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trespasser07
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by trespasser07 » 19 Jan 2012 22:16

I assume Eddy that he would be more forthcoming, as I doubt he even injured an inmate but the others had had counts of murder against them proved.
"We believe in what we do!" - written in Friedrich Rainer's Guestbook by Odilo Globocnik in April 1943.

trespasser07
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by trespasser07 » 23 Jan 2012 17:51

I often wonder what Wirth would have to say for himself had he lived and been interviewed. Or Globocnik!
"We believe in what we do!" - written in Friedrich Rainer's Guestbook by Odilo Globocnik in April 1943.

carman
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by carman » 25 Jan 2012 16:16

111005-nazi-trials-hlarge-1230a_grid-8x2.jpg
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carman
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by carman » 25 Jan 2012 16:27

while not a rare photo it is from the Trial,,this photo come from an MSNBC article I found online months ago. My apologies I should have written down the info.Anyway, left is Heinrich Matthes, Gustav Munzenberger,fifth one down from the left is Willi Mentz

Colon
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by Colon » 25 Jan 2012 20:21

first pic are from the Treblinka Trial 1964 and the second are from the Sobibor Trial 1965

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Hecht
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by Hecht » 25 Jan 2012 21:05

Thanks for the pictures!
Very interesting!
Please, keep post them!

carman
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by carman » 25 Jan 2012 21:27

Thank you very much for the correction Colon,,the only one I had right was Willi Mentz. Those are really good photos,hopefully there will be more

trespasser07
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by trespasser07 » 25 Jan 2012 22:14

Fantastic Carman! Is the balding one nearest the photographer Franz?
"We believe in what we do!" - written in Friedrich Rainer's Guestbook by Odilo Globocnik in April 1943.

carman
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by carman » 26 Jan 2012 16:30

Yes,according to the photo Colon posted. the very left is Kurt Franz, Otto Stadie,Heinrich Matthes etc.

trespasser07
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by trespasser07 » 26 Jan 2012 16:33

Like they say they aren't monsters from hell they are respectable looking germans but with a very dark past. Its a shame that the complete trial transcript can be viewed easily but I can't read German.
"We believe in what we do!" - written in Friedrich Rainer's Guestbook by Odilo Globocnik in April 1943.

trespasser07
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by trespasser07 » 27 Feb 2012 14:18

Are there any pictures avaliable of Gustav Wagner in full ss dress? I dont think one eexists but this is strange as many others like Bauer, Bolender etc were pictured in their uniforms.
"We believe in what we do!" - written in Friedrich Rainer's Guestbook by Odilo Globocnik in April 1943.

john h
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by john h » 29 Feb 2012 18:36

Tresspasser here is some information you may be intrested in

The Commander of Aktion Reinhard

Globocnik, Odilo
SS - Brigadefuhrer
SS Number 292 776
Born on the 21st April 1904 in Trieste. The son of an Austrian Croat family of petty officials, and a builder by trade. He joined the Nazi party in Carinthia in 1930 and became a radical leader of its factory cells in the province. In 1933 Globocnik entered the SS and was appointed deputy district leader of the NSDAP in Austria.

After a spell in prison Globocnik re-emerged as a key liaison man between Hitler and leading Austrian National Socialists. Appointed Gauleiter of Vienna on 24th May 1938, but was dismissed from this post for illegal speculation in foreign exchange on 30th January 1939.

Pardoned by Himmler and appointed SS and Police Leader for the Lublin District in Poland on 9th November 1939. He was chosen to be the central figure in Operation Reinhard, the extermination of Polish Jewry, no doubt because of his scandalous past and well known virulent anti-semitism.

By November 1943 with Operation Reinhard being concluded Globocnik was appointed Higher SS Police Leader for the Adriatic Region, based in his hometown of Trieste. At the end of the war, Globocnik succeeded in evading capture by returning to his native country in the mountains south of Klagenfurt.

Arrested on the 31st May 1945 by a British patrol , he committed suicide by taking poison in Weissensee

The Chief of Staff of Aktion Reinhard

Hofle, Herman Julius
SS - Hauptsturmfuhrer
SS Number Unknown

Born in Salzburg Austria, on 19th June 1911, Hofle joined the NSDAP on 1st August 1933, with a party number 307,469. As well as being a trained mechanic, he had been employed as a Salzburg taxi driver, and at one point even owned a taxi company.

After a brief spell in the Sudetenland before the war and after the conquest of Poland, he served in Nowy Sacz, in Southern Poland. In November 1940 he served as an overseer of a Jewish work camp associated with the Bug- Graben, a network of huge anti-tank ditches and tank traps southeast of Lublin, near Belzec.
Up to December 1941 Hofle was in Mogilew Russia, in connection with Globocnik’s role, in building SS strong-points in the East. By mid 1942 he had emerged as Globocnik’s Chief of Staff for Aktion Reinhard, and was responsible for organising the mass deportations from Warsaw, and Bialystok. Hofle was a very poor speller, but was judged to be competent by Globocnik, with a good intellectual grasp of matters. He lived and worked from the Aktion Reinhard headquarters with the Julius Schreck Barracks, Ostland Strasse, in Lublin.

Hofle also played a key role in the infamous Harvest Festival massacre in early November 1943, of Jewish inmates of the various labour camps in the Lublin district. Approximately 42,000 Jews were murdered during this operation. Hofle rejoined Globocnik in Trieste, after various spells in the Netherlands, and Belgium, and Orainienburg.

Hofle survived the war and lived in Italy and Austria, and like Globocnik he committed suicide on 21st August 1962, in a Vienna prison cell, awaiting trial.

Key Administration Staff of Aktion Reinhard
o Lerch , Ernst
o Michaelsen , Georg
o Georg Wippern

Inspector of Aktion Reinhard Camps

Wirth, Christian
SS- Sturmbannfuhrer
SS Number 345 464

Christian Wirth was born on the 24th November 1885 in Oberblazheim , Laupheim District Wurttenburg. After education at a primary school and vocational school in carpentry, he was employed as an apprentice carpenter, with the Buhler brothers timber firm in Oberbalzheim.

Undertook Military and Police service prior to World War One, and during the Great War he served in the Reserve Infantry Regiment 246 (Ulm).

He fought on the Western Front in Flanders, the Somme, and Aisne- Champagne, in October 1914 he was wounded in the upper right arm. Wirth won many medals for his front-line service, including the Iron Cross I and II class, and the Gold Wurttenberg Military Service medal.

In 1919 he joined the Stuttgart Kripo ( Criminal Police) and he rose through the ranks and at 1938 he became head of Kommissariat 5 (Serious Crimes – including murder).

Joined the NSDAP in 1931 and the SD in 1937 and the SS in 1939.

Following special police duties in Vienna and Olmitz, he was transferred to the Fuhrers Chancellery to help with the planning and organisation of the Euthanasia operation, from October 1939. Wirth personally participated in the first gassing experiments in Brandenburg, and straight after that in February 1940 to May 1940 he served at Grafeneck castle killing centre, and then a brief stay at Hartheim castle in Austria killing centre.

Between June 1940 and August 1941 Wirth served as a roving inspector of all euthanasia institutions throughout the Third Reich. His whereabouts between September and December 1941 are unknown, but some sources say he was involved at Chelmno death camp.

On the 22nd December 1941 Wirth arrived in Belzec to inspect the construction of the Death Camp, and he returned with Adolf Eichmann and Hermann Hofle a week later. On the 1st January 1942 Wirth was appointed the first Commandant of the Belzec death camp. He was a brutal commander, who perfected the killing process, with ruthless efficiency.

After Belzec was established Wirth was appointed Inspektor of the SS Sonderkommado Aktion Reinhard, and after a temporary stay in the Aktion Reinhard Headquarters in the Julius Schreck Barracks, he moved to a new Headquarters on the old Lublin airfield.

Wirth frequently visited the three death camps( Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka) bringing fear and terror, which earned him the nickname from his subordinates of “ Christian the Terrible”. Wirth was posted to Trieste in September 1943, but he did briefly return to Lublin for the 1943 Harvest Festival massacre.

In Trieste Wirth commanded the SS-Einsatzkommando R, which was composed of former Aktion Reinhard members. On the 26th May 1944 Wirth was shot and killed by Yugoslav partisans near Kozina, Istria. He was buried with full military honours in the German Military Cemetary in Opcina, near Trieste. His remains were transferred in 1959 to the German Military Cemetary at Costermano, near Lake Garda, northern Italy.

Aktion Reinhard Construction Expert


Thomalla, Richard
SS- Hauptsturmfuhrer
SS Number 41206

Born in Sabine –bei- Annahof, Upper Silesia ( now Sowin n. Niemodlin) on the 23rd October 1903. A builder by profession.Joined the NSDAP 1st August 1932, joined the SS on 1st July 1932.

Married Margarete Bruckner on 5th October 1935. Military service in Falkenberg and Oppeln, and service in the SS in Wohlau and Breslau. On the 6th September transferred from Breslau to the Generalgouvernement. Saw service with the SS- Hilfspolizei in Czestochowa and Radom.

On the 22nd August 1940 transferred by Kruger HSSPF Ost to serve under Globocnik SSPF Lublin. From August 1940 to October 1940 was the Section Construction Leader of the SS-Border Defence Construction Brigade in Belzec.

Thomalla was also in charge of constructing SS-Strong-points in the East at branch offices in Zwiahel then Kiev. Recalled by Globocnik to Lublin, Thomalla in November 1941 he worked for the SS-Bauleitung in Zamosc. Supervised the construction of Belzec, with limited visits to the site.

Thomalla was the construction expert for Sobibor and Treblinka, and as such was the temporary Commandant of these 2 camps. Thomalla was executed by the NKVD in Jicin Czechoslovakia on 12th May 1945.

Aktion Reinhard Camp Commandants


Eberl, Irmfried
SS- Obersturmfuhrer
SS Number Unkown

Born in Bregenz Austria on 8th September 1910. Attended four years elementary school, then Gymnasium with final examinations on 8th December 1931.

Enrolled at Innsbruck University’s medical faculty in January 1933. Became Nazi Socialist representative of the student’s chamber. Member of Motorsturm 1 and SA- Sturm 14. Achieved his doctorate aged 24 years old as a medical doctor.

From 20th February 1935 to the 27th May 1935 at the second medical section of Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung. From 28th May 1935 to the 8th March 1936 at Lungenheilanstalt Grimmenstein. Was unemployed in Austria because the NSDAP was illegal there and went to Germany.

From 1st April 1936 at the Deutsches Hygiene – Institut in Dresden. From 1st May 1936 till the end of March 1937 chief of Amt fur Volkswohlfahrt in Dessau, near Magdeburg. Eberl then served at the Hauptgesundheitsamt in Berlin – section special hygene and from February 1940 served at Gemeinnutzige Stiftung fur Anstaltspfiege (code name for T4)

Recommended for special service from 1940 until 1944. Director of the Brandenburg euthanasia centre and in 1942 of the Bernburg euthanasia centre. After serving briefly at Sobibor, Eberl was appointed as the first Commandant of Treblinka, and his ambition was to excel in the mass murder of Jews, but Treblinka’s capacity was unequal to the task, and this led to a complete breakdown at the death camp. Transports waited for days, thousands of corpses were not buried.


At the end of August 1942 Globocnik and Wirth went to Treblinka, and Eberl was relieved of his command and replaced by SS-Hauptsturmfuhrer Franz Stangl. From 1944 he served in the Wehrmacht and after the end of the war settled at Blaubeuren. His second marriage left him a widower

Imprisoned in 1947 he hanged himself in February 1948 during the pre-trial detention.


Franz , Kurt Hubert
SS - Untersturmfuhrer
SS Number 316909

Kurt Franz was born on the 17th January 1914 in Dusseldorf. He attended elementary school from 1920 to 1928 in Dusseldorf. From 1929 he trained as a cook, at first in the restaurant “Hirschquelle” , then in Hotel Wittelsbacher Hof” in Dusseldorf without passing the final examinations.

Franz served as a soldier during 1935 to 1937. In October 1937 he joined the Waffen-SS 3rd SS-Totenkopfstandarte Thuringen. At the end of 1939 he was summoned to the Fuhrers Chancellery and detailed for service as a cook in the euthanasia institutes at Grafeneck, Hartheim, Sonnestein and Brandenburg.

As a member of the 6th battalion he served at the Buchenwald concentration camp in 1941, in the SS Clothing Department. On the 30th January 1940 he was promoted to SS-Unterscharfuhrer, and in 1941 he was promoted to SS Scharfuhrer.

During the Spring of 1942 he was ordered to the Generalgouvernement. At Belzec death camp Franz worked as a cook, and trained the Ukrainian guards there. In late August / early September 1942 he was ordered to Treblinka and appointed Deputy Commander.

Franz was appointed to the post as the last Commandant of Treblinka, after the revolt in August 1943, and he was in charge of the dismantling of the camp in November 1943. He served in Sobibor death camp for a short time, before going to Italy.

Franz was the dominant personality in Treblinka when it came to the day to day running of the camp and especially with regard to the prisoners. Franz was the most cruel and inspired the most terror, he was known as Lalke, doll in Yiddish, as he was handsome, with a round almost baby- face. When he made his

rounds of the Lower Camp in Treblinka , he was accompanied by his dog Barry, a Saint Bernard, mixed breed, who would bite prisoners, and maul them to death.

Franz was transferred to Trieste, where he took part in killing partisans and Jews. Imprisoned by US Forces after the war, he managed to escape, and found work as a cook.

On 2nd December 1959 he was arrested and imprisoned again. Sentenced to life imprisonment by the German Landgericht Dusseldorf on 3rd September 1965.

Franz died in an old peoples home in Wuppertal on the 4th July 1998.

john h
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by john h » 29 Feb 2012 18:39

Hering, Gotlieb
SS- Hauptsturmfuhrer
SS Number - Hering never joined the SS

Hering was born in Warmbronn , Leonberg District Wurttenberg on 2nd June 1887. Following his education he worked on an agricultural labourer on estates in the Leonberg area. Following brief military and police service just prior to the First World War, in October 1915 he was conscripted into a Machine-Gun Company of Grenadier Regiment 123, where he fought on the Western Front in northern France.

He was decorated with the Iron Cross First Class, and other medals for frontline service. Hering then served as a career police officer with the Criminal Police in Goppingen, and Stuttgart, where he met Christian Wirth.

From December 1939 to December 1940 Hering was stationed in Gdynia, with other Kripo Officers attending to the resettlement of Reichs and Volksdeutsche on the Baltic Coast. Chief of the Registry offices of Bernburg, Sonnenstein, and Hadamar, liquidated the T4 killing centre at Bernburg.

In July 1942 Hering went to Belzec death camp and on the 1st August 1942 he was appointed as the second commandant, as a replacement for Christian Wirth, who had become the Inspector of Aktion Reinhard. After the liquidation of Belzec in the spring of 1943, Hering was appointed to take command of the forced labour camp at Poniatowa.

On 4th November 1943 all Jewish inmates of the camp were shot in the course of Aktion Erntefest. During November 1943 Hering was at Sobibor responsible for the dismantling of the death camp. In 1944 he was ordered to Italy, where he again replaced Wirth, after his death, as chief of R-1 of Einsatz R based at San Sabba. On the 9th October 1945.

Hering died in unknown circumstances in the waiting room of the Katherinen Hospital in Stetten- in – Remstal Wurttemberg


Reichleitner, Karl Franz
SS - Haupsturmfuhrer
SS Number 357065

Reichleitner was born in Ried Austria, on the 2nd December 1906. He was Kriminalsekretar at the Gestapo in Linz. Reichleitner became a
member of the NSDAP (no 6369213) in 1936 and the SS in 1937. Served as chief of the office at the euthanasia killing centre at Hartheim, near Linz. Together with his colleague Stangl he was ordered to eastern Poland, in order to manage the extermination of the Jews.

He was known as a heavy drinker, and Sobibor survivor Stanislaw Szmajzner described him as obese, and nicknamed “Trottel”, (idiot), which was one of his most used expressions. He was appointed to the post of Commandant at the Sobibor death campin September 1942, with the rank of Polizeihauptmann to replace Stangl, who had been sent to Treblinka.

During his time at Sobibor more than a hundred thousand Jews were murdered. He ruled the camp very strictly, but was rarely seen in the Camp itself, only once witnessing the arrival of a transport. During the revolt in Sobibor on the 14th October 1943, he was absent from the camp, but returned to oversee the dismantling of the camp.

Ordered to Italy to fight partisans in the Fiume region, he was killed on the 3rd January 1944. Reichleitner is buried at the Costermano, near Lake Garda, grave number 1,192

Stangl, Franz Paul,
SS - Hauptsturmfuhrer
SS Number 296569

Stangl was born on the 26th March 1898 in Altmunster Austria. After completing his education he trained as a master weaver, but then become a policeman in 1931 and in 1936 he joined the illegal Austrian Nazi party.

In 1940 he worked at the Hartheim euthanasia killing centre, as Police supervisor, and also spent some time at the Bernburg euthanasia centre. Stangl was appointed as the Commandant of Sobibor from March till August 1942. He had very little direct contact with the prisoners, apart from Stanislaw Szmajzner, who made gold jewellery for the SS.

At the end of August 1942 Stangl was transferred to Treblinka death camp to replace Irmfried Eberl. Stangl was commandant at Treblinka from late August 1942 until August 1943, just after the prisoner revolt.

Stangl received an official commendation as the “best camp commander” in Poland, and was responsible for clearing up the state of the camp after Eberl, and re-organising the killing capacity, with enlarged gas chambers.

After the Treblinka revolt he was posted to northern Italy. For a short time he was based at San Sabba concentration camp, but mainly served as commander of Einsatz R ll in the area of Fiume and Udine, where he was engaged in actions against partisans and local Jews.

At the end of the war Stangl fled to Austria, where he was interned by US Forces, because of his SS membership. From the late summer 1947 he was imprisoned in Linz, having been accused of killing mental patients at Hartheim.

In May 1948 he escaped from prison and made his way to Rome, where he was given help by Bishop Hudal to escape to Syria. In Damascus he found work as an engineer. In 1951 he migrated to Brazil where he was re-united with his family.

In Sao Paulo he worked in the Volkswagen factory, and it was not until the mid-60’s that the late Simon Wiesenthal learned of his whereabouts. For a total of $7,000 (one cent for every Jew killed) the informant agreed to divulge Stangl’s address, and Stangl was arrested in 1967.

Stangl was extradited to the then West Germany, where he was tried in Dusseldorf. At his trial Stangl declared that whilst it was true that he had been the the commandant of Treblinka, he had nothing to do with the killing of the Jews. His task he said had been solely to supervise the collection and shipment of valuables brought into the camp by the victims. The individual for the killings had been Wirth.

Stangl was the only commander of a death camp who had been brought to trial. He was tried in the second Treblinka trial in 1970 in Dusseldorf, and was sentenced to life imprisonment.

Stangl died in Dusseldorf prison a few months after the end of the trial on 28th June 1971, of a heart attack, shortly after giving a series of interviews with Gitta Sereny.


Lower Ranking NCO’S & Personnel serving in Aktion Reinhard Camps

Arndt, Kurt
SS - Unterscharfuhrer
SS Number unknown

Served at Hadamar euthanasia centre, as part of a police detachment. According to Kurt Franz his main duties were in Camp ll. He was sent to Sachsenhausen concentration camp for talking about their work in a bar.

No more details known

Bar, Rudolf
SS - Unterscharfuhrer
SS Number Unknown

Born 28th March 1906. Carpenter from Halle. Cook at Bernburg euthanasia centre, perhaps also at Brandenburg. Belonged to the Waffen –SS, rank unknown.

Posted to Treblinka he worked as a book-keeper / accountant in the camp office, located in Stangl’s barracks. Replaced by Matzig, when Stangl took command of Treblinka in late August 1942. Bar also served in Belzec death camp as an auditor.

In May 1945 at the Prisoner of War camp Kirchbach in Karnten, Austria, went into hiding, no more details known.

Barbl, Heinrich
SS- Scharfuhrer
SS Number

Barbl was born on the 3rd March 1900 in Sarleinsbach , Austria. A metalworker by trade, he was a member of the NSDAP and SS. Served at the euthanasia killing centre of Hartheim preparing metal discs for the urns with the names of the deceased. He took the ashes from a big pile.
Therefore the relatives received urns with the right names, but the wrong contents.

Posted to the East in 1942 Barbl went to Belzec where he installed gas pipes for the gas chambers, a feat he repeated in Sobibor during the construction phase, together with Fuchs. Barbl called himself the “Hausklempner”, house plumber in Belzec and Sobibor.

Barbl was only in Sobibor between April and June 1942, according to the testimony of Erich Bauer, he was constantly drunk, but did take part in test gassings at Sobibor. He went to Trieste at the end of Aktion Reinhard.

No further details known.


Bauch, Ernst
SS –Unterscharfuhrer

Bauch was born on the 30th April 1911 in Berlin. Served at Bernburg and Sonnenstein euthanasia centres.

According to evidence of Frenzel and Ittner, he served at Sobibor. Committed suicide in Berlin in 1942, Frenzel attended his funeral.

john h
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Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by john h » 29 Feb 2012 18:41

Bauer , Erich
SS –Oberscharfuhrer
SS Number

Bauer was born on the 26th March 1900 in Berlin. A tram conductor, he was a member of the SA and SS. A driver for T4. Bauer arrived in Sobibor in April 1942 and was there the whole time the camp was in operation.

Taught by Fuchs how to operate the gassing motor, he called himself the gasmeister (gas – expert) of Sobibor, and was in charge of operating the motor in Camp lll. In the last phase of the camp’s operation he was the lorry driver for the camp. He confirmed after the revolt he transported eight coffins to Chelm, the rest went by train.

After Sobibor had been closed down Bauer served in Italy. In 1946 he worked in Berlin, clearing the ruins. There he was recognised in the street by an ex-Sobibor prisoner , Samuel Lerer, who informed the police. He was arrested and sentenced to death on the 8th May 1950, in Berlin-Moabit for his crimes in Sobibor.

After capital punishment was abolished, his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in 1971. He died in the Berlin –Tegel prison on the 4th February 1980.

Becher, Werner
SS –Unterscharfuhrer
SS Number

Becher was born on the 26th April 1912 in Annaberg/ Aue Sacchsen. Affiliation to squad or detachment unknown. Member of NSDAP.

Served as a driver at Sonnenstein euthanasia centre. It was only in 1993 that a photograph appeared of him in the book “Der Euthanasia –Prozess Dresden”.

In Sobibor from August 1942 to November 1942, he was a supervisor of the sorting barracks, and he served to in Camp lll. Was posted to Italy, no further details known.





Beckmann, Rudolf
SS –Oberscharfuhrer
SS Number 305721

Beckmann was born on the 20th February 1910 in Osnabruck, Germany.

He was posted to Sobibor in April 1942, he was in charge of the Sorting Commando in Camp ll and also in charge of the horses.

He was described by Dov Freiberg as a short thin German with a mousy face.

He also managed the camp administation based in the Foresters House, which was where he was killed during the prisoners revolt on the 14 October 1943.

Bauer testified after the war that he transported Beckmann's corpse to Lublin




Biela, Max
SS – Scharfuhrer
SS Number 37401

Born on the 5 August 1905 in Leschen, Kreis Calau

Max Biela was a farm worker in civilian life, after he joined the SS he served in Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp from the 27 January 1940 as a Rottenfuhrer and he served at the Brandenburg and Bernburg euthanasia killing centres as a guard.

He was posted to Treblinka death camp and was deputy to Commandant Irmfried Eberl. He was stabbed to death by Jewish prisoner Meir Berliner, on the 11 September 1942, whilst carrying out a selection.

He died of his wounds in the military Reserve hospital at Ostrow – Mazowiecki, and in his honour, the Ukrainian barracks at Treblinka were named the “Max Biela Kaserne.”


Blaurock, Gunter Erich Werner
SS – Unknown
SS Number

In the middle of April 1942 when the building of Sobibor was close to completion, experimental killings were carried out there. About 250 Jews were brought from the Krychow Labour camp. Wirth arrived in Sobibor to attend these experimental gassings.

With Wirth came a chemist from the euthanasia program whose pseudonym was Dr Blaurock. No further details known.




Boelitz,
SS – Scharfuhrer
SS Number - Unknown

Belonged to a police detachment. According to Kurt Franz Boelitz served mainly in Camp ll. Also part of the squad that received transports on the ramp, along with Gentz, they had to make absolutely sure that no-one was left in the cattle cars, after they were unloaded.

Boelitz was remembered by survivor Richard Glazar.Boelitz is quite another type, made of more solid stuff. He is strong, lean young man. Its not just that his hair is cut short, shaved high in the back, but its also the impression that the sun has bleached the eyebrows and lashes blond, on his oval, rosy pink face.

No more details are known




Bolender, Heinz, Kurt
SS – Oberscharfuhrer
SS Number -

Born on 21st May 1912 in Duisberg. Served as a “Burner” at Sonnenstein euthanasia centre, as well as Brandenburg, Hartheim and Hadamar.

Was a member of both the NSDAP and SS. Arrived at Sobibor on the 22nd April 1942 together with Stangl, Frenzel, Gomerski and others.

He testified at the Hagen trial “ I was during my service at Sobibor constantly in Camp lll, where I was a supervisor of the Jewish working command. It is correct that Jews were gassed there. I sorted the working prisoners into groups. After the gassing took place a group of them had to empty the gas chambers. Another group took the corpses to the mass graves”.

In July 1942 he was arrested for perjury during his divorce case. He was punished by an SS-court in Krakow on 19th December 1942, and was sent to the SS-penal camp Matzkau, near Gdansk. Shortly after the revolt in Sobibor he was called back to help with the dismantling of the death camp.

After Sobibor he was ordered to the Deutsche Ausrustungswerke (DAW) in Lublin, at the old airfield. For his part in Aktion Reinhard he was awarded the Iron Class second class on the 18th January 1945.

Posted to Italy he survived the war. After the war his wife declared him as dead, as he had a number of criminal offences to his name, he found it better to disappear off the records.

He lived under the false name of Heinz Brenner, the name he went by at Hartheim. The Justice Department became aware of him, and arrested him in May 1961.

Instead of confessing to his crimes Bolender claimed to be a fighter against partisans, in the Lublin area. During the trial he constantly maintained that there were sick and crippled people were not executed at Sobibor, but under cross-examination he admitted the truth about Sobibor.

During the first Hagen trial, he committed suicide shortly before his sentence was pronounced on the 10th October 1966.


Bootz, Helmut
SS – Unknown
SS Number - Unknown

Born on 25th June 1907 in Stettin. After extended elementary school he worked as a security man at AEG. Member of NSDAP and SS since 1933, he was posted to T4 in the autumn of 1939.

Served at Bernburg euthanasia centre from late October 1940 until the spring of 1942, as a guard and at the post office, in Grafeneck euthanasia centre too. In early 1942 he was posted to Treblinka, where he worked as a supervisor of the camp guards.

Bootz was removed by Wirth because of illness. He survived the war.




Borner, Gerhardt
SS – Untersturmfuhrer
SS Number - Unknown

Born on the 28th October 1905. Chief of economics at Sonnenstein, member of NSDAP and SS. At Sobibor no details are known of his role, but likely to be in administration, but served in Italy.

No further details known.





Borowski, Werner
SS – Untersturmfuhrer
SS Number - Unknown

Born on the 23rd October 1913 in Sprottischdorf (Silesia). Affiliation to squad or detachment unknown. Served at Bernburg euthanasia centre as economic chief. Posted to Belzec in early 1942 together with Niemann, Barbl and Graetschus. He was subsequently posted to Treblinka, as head of the economics section, because of a typhus epidemic he was sent back to Bernburg.

He served with the German Airforce, and was listed as missing, presumably killed in action.

john h
Member
Posts: 204
Joined: 27 Oct 2004 18:47
Location: bradford england

Re: Treblinka Perpetrators

Post by john h » 29 Feb 2012 18:43

Bredow, Paul
SS – Unterscharfuhrer
SS Number - Unknown

Born in 1902, apparently from Silesia, by profession a Male nurse, he served at Grafeneck and Hartheim euthanasia centres. He was posted to Sobibor in April 1942, along with Stangl and others, as the first group of SS-men in Sobibor.

Bredow was in charge of the Lazarett, at Sobibor, a former chapel. He was extremely brutal, his hobby was “target shooting”. He set himself a daily quota of killing 50 Jews a day with his pistol. In the spring of 1943 Bredow was posted to Treblinka where he was appointed the Head of Barracks A, the clothing sorting barracks, by the ramp.

After Aktion Reinhard was completed he served at San Sabba, Trieste, and after the war worked together with Karl Frenzel in Giessen as a carpenter until November 1945.

In December 1945 he was killed in an accident in Gottingen




Bree, Max

SS – Scharfuhrer
SS Number - Unknown
Born in Lubben (Spreewald).

Served at Grafeneck and Hadamar. After service in Treblinka, he came to Sobibor in June 1943. There he supervised the Ukrainian guards, and the Jews working in the sorting barracks.

Bree was killed on the 14th October 1943 during the prisoner uprising in Sobibor.





Dachsel, Artur
Polizei Wachtmeister
Polizei Number - 12003

Born in 1890. Dachsel was a “burner” at Sonnestein. Served at Belzec and Sobibor, as Wachtmeister. Promoted to the rank of Oberwachtmeister by Himmler.

Remembered by Thomas Blatt as one of the less brutal SS men, he carried a whip but never used it. Served in Italy, but no further details known.





Dietze, Erich
Polizei Rott -Wachtmeister
Polizei Number - 12010

Born on 2nd November 1905. Worked at the office in Sonnestein. Served in Sobibor

No further details known.





Dubois, Werner Karl
SS - Oberscharfuhrer
SS Number

Born in Wuppertal on 26th February 1913. Brought up by his grandmother. Educated in an elementary school for eight years. Worked as a joiner, brush-maker, printer and on a farm.

Member of the SA since July 1933, NSDAP and SS since January 1937. Driver at SS- Gruppenkommando Oranienburg, and a guard at Sachsenhausen.

In August 1939 to T4 – Bus driver in Brandenburg and Grafeneck, “Burner” and bus driver in Bernburg from early 1941 to mid 1941 and burner at Hadamar. In late 1941 he went to the Eastern front, as part of the Organisation Todt, as a driver for wounded soldiers in Viazma. In early April 1942 Dubois was ordered to Lublin for service in Aktion Reinhard.

He served at the Belzec death camp from April 1942 until June 1943. There he worked as a lorry driver and supervised the Jewish special commando at the gas chambers. During his trial he gave detailed evidence of how he killed six people in the camp – even remembering after 28 years that he used a 9mm Belgian FN-pistol. He also supervised the arrival of transports in one instance, he shot 6 incapacitated Jews on Wirth’s order and threw them into the ditch.

Early in June 1943, after the liquidation of Belzec, he was transferred to the Sobibor death camp. At Sobibor he supervised the Waldkommando (Forest Commando), served at the ramp and the Lazarett at the former Chapel.

A fellow SS-man typified him as a Draufganger – a daredevil who stopped at nothing and nobody and was always shooting a lot. He was in charge of the Waldkommando in which seven prisoners escaped and survived, on 20th July 1943.

During the revolt on 14th October 1943 he was heavily wounded at the armoury by blows from an axe, a knife attack and being shot in the lungs. He had to be treated at the hospital in Chelm- Lubelski. Posted to Italy to serve in Action –R to fight the partisans.

In May 1945 he was arrested by US troops, but released in December 1947. He worked as a locksmith, until his arrest to stand trial for his crimes at Belzec.

Notwithstanding the fact that he murdered six Jews, he was acquitted at the 1963-64 Belzec trial in Munich. However, in the Sobibor trial at Hagen in 1966, he was sentenced to 3 years imprisonment due to his involvement in the murder of at least 15,000 in Sobibor.
He died in Munster on the 22nd October 1971.


Eiselt, Karl
Civilian – Excavator Operator
SS Number

Operated the excavator at Treblinka, as a civilian employee of the SS. No further details known.




Eisold, Johannes
Civilian – Excavator Operator
SS Number

Born on 13th November 1907. Male nurse in Sonnenstein euthanasia centre. Member of NSDAP and SS. Civilian appointed, he worked for the Wollenweber construction firm in Berlin.

Operated the excavator at Treblinka, in the extermination area, upper camp. After Treblinka he was posted to Trieste. No further details known.




Emmerich, Rudolf
Deutsche Reichsbahn / Ostbahn
No information on background

As a member of the German railways, Emmerich was responsible for shunting the deportation trains from Treblinka station to the camp some 4km distant.

The other German railway official who also shunted the deportation wagons was Willi Klinzmann. The two drivers played an integral part of the illegal smuggling of stolen Jewish property, out of the death camp. No further details known.


Feix, Reinhold
SS - Oberscharfuhrer
SS Number

Born in Gablonz ( now Jablonec nad Nisou , Czech Republic) on the Neisse river, on the 3rd July 1909. Described by Budzyn prisoner Ilse Domke “Feix 35 years of age, medium height, slim, dark hair.

Feix came to Belzec death camp from Trawniki, and he commanded the Ukrainian guard complement of 60-80 men. Feix was one of the most sadistic of all the SS-men at Belzec, even though he was a married man with two children. Rudolf Reder a survivor doubted the man’s sanity.

The cruelty he inflicted was of the most blatant kind, whipping and beating his victims about the face while screaming hysterically.

He considered himself musical and played the violin and under his instigation the camp orchestra was formed under Wassermann, a conductor.

Feix particularly liked the Polish melody “Highlander have you no regrets”. When Belzec ceased its operation Feix was transferred to the Budzyn labour camp as Lagerfuhrer in the spring of 1943.

At Budzyn Feix was equally brutal, and was guilty of many war crimes. Feix survived the war and died in Amberg in Bavaria on the 30th May 1969, aged 60.




Felfe, Hermann,
SS Unknown
SS Number

Born on the 4th January 1902. Member of NSDAP , Felfe was a slim, tall man with light blond hair. Male nurse at Sonnenstein euthanasia centre, served at Grafeneck euthanasia centre as well.

A bricklayer by profession he probably was the builder of the first water tower in Camp l in Treblinka death camp. According to Mentz and Matthes he only served for a short time in Treblinka.

Arrested in 1945 by the NKVD, he was sentenced to death in the Dresdner Arzteprozess.on the 7th July 1947. Felfe committed suicide in the remand prison on the 15th October 1947.

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