Greek economy during WW2/German occupation

Discussions on the Holocaust and 20th Century War Crimes. Note that Holocaust denial is not allowed. Hosted by David Thompson.
User avatar
WW2Researcher
Member
Posts: 15
Joined: 01 Jun 2016 12:22
Location: Greece

Greek economy during WW2/German occupation

Post by WW2Researcher » 13 Jun 2016 08:03

Greece's economy collapsed during the German occupation and the population suffered from famine (except the Nazi collaborators).

Who was more responsible for the famine, the Germans or the British, who had imposed a naval blockade?

Stiltzkin
Member
Posts: 1068
Joined: 11 Apr 2016 12:29
Location: Germany

Re: Greek economy during WW2/German occupation

Post by Stiltzkin » 12 Oct 2016 00:16


michael mills
Member
Posts: 8837
Joined: 11 Mar 2002 12:42
Location: Sydney, Australia

Re: Greek economy during WW2/German occupation

Post by michael mills » 12 Oct 2016 01:08

The document linked by Stiltzkin is a League of Nations publication dating from April 1945, ie just before the end of the war.

It states that in Greece there had been a "desperate scarcity of food and other supplies in a country which had been highly dependant on sea-borne trade and had lost its best farming region to Bulgaria".

That suggests two causes of the famine in Greece:

1. The ending of imports of food by sea, caused by the British blockade.

2. The ending of imports of food from the main food-producing region in the north of Greece, due to the annexation of that region by Bulgaria.

The famine was brought to an end when the British Government agreed to modify its blockade so as to allow shipments of food organised by the Red Cross to reach Greek ports. That suggests that the British blockade had been the main factor in causing the famine.

pugsville
Member
Posts: 853
Joined: 17 Aug 2011 04:40

Re: Greek economy during WW2/German occupation

Post by pugsville » 12 Oct 2016 01:59

michael mills wrote:The document linked by Stiltzkin is a League of Nations publication dating from April 1945, ie just before the end of the war.

It states that in Greece there had been a "desperate scarcity of food and other supplies in a country which had been highly dependant on sea-borne trade and had lost its best farming region to Bulgaria".

That suggests two causes of the famine in Greece:

1. The ending of imports of food by sea, caused by the British blockade.

2. The ending of imports of food from the main food-producing region in the north of Greece, due to the annexation of that region by Bulgaria.

The famine was brought to an end when the British Government agreed to modify its blockade so as to allow shipments of food organised by the Red Cross to reach Greek ports. That suggests that the British blockade had been the main factor in causing the famine.
The Management of Greece by the Occupation authorities certainly had a significant effect , read the wikipedia article.

"Moreover, the Bulgarians forbade any transportation of grain from their zone, where 30% of the Greek pre-war production took place, to the rest of the country["
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Famine_(Greece)

michael mills
Member
Posts: 8837
Joined: 11 Mar 2002 12:42
Location: Sydney, Australia

Re: Greek economy during WW2/German occupation

Post by michael mills » 12 Oct 2016 06:13

.........the population suffered from famine (except the Nazi collaborators).
A statement based on ignorance.

Whether a component of the population starved or had enough to eat was totally unrelated to "collaboration" or "resistance". It was entirely a factor of where that component was situated.

The famine of winter 1941-42 was concentrated in Athens and the Aegean islands, areas that had traditionally relied on seaborne food imports. Rural food-producing areas had enough to eat and did not suffer starvation.

The "collaborationist" Greek Government actually tried to organise food deliveries from rural areas to the famine-stricken cities, but the farmers resisted the requisition teams, sometimes with armed force, because they preferred to sell their surplus produce on the black market where prices were much higher.

Stiltzkin
Member
Posts: 1068
Joined: 11 Apr 2016 12:29
Location: Germany

Re: Greek economy during WW2/German occupation

Post by Stiltzkin » 12 Oct 2016 23:59

The "collaborationist" Greek Government actually tried to organise food deliveries from rural areas to the famine-stricken cities
The contrary would result in upstirs and revolts, additional unrest the Wehrmacht surely tried to avoid. However collaborationists profited in an exponential way (but they usually made up only a small percentage). Special treatments for elites and conformists like in the communist satelleties represent a good analogy.

Return to “Holocaust & 20th Century War Crimes”