Auschwitz Birkenau

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MrFurious
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Auschwitz Birkenau

Post by MrFurious » 14 Mar 2002 13:30

So what was the actual name of this camp? Was it Auschwitz camp in some place named Birkenau or was it Auschwitz-Birkenau?

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Roberto
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Post by Roberto » 14 Mar 2002 13:32

The latter. The Auschwitz concentration camp and the Birkenau prisoner of war camp were put together into the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex.

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Helly Angel
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Post by Helly Angel » 14 Mar 2002 14:30

I think was "Oswiecin".

:P

Dan
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Polish sounding word.

Post by Dan » 14 Mar 2002 15:21

I think what Helly meant was that was the Polish name for Auschwitz before it got Germanized.

Dan

Tarpon27
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Official Auschwitz Site Info

Post by Tarpon27 » 14 Mar 2002 16:23

The following is the introduction to the histroy of Auschwitz at the official site:

http://www.auschwitz-muzeum.oswiecim.pl ... /index.php

[...]

All over the world, Auschwitz has become a symbol of terror, genocide, and the Holocaust. It was established by the Nazis in 1940, in the suburbs of the city of Oswiecim which, like other parts of Poland, was occupied by the Germans during the Second World War. The name of the city of Oswiecim was changed to Auschwitz, which became the name of the camp as well.

Over the following years, the camp was expanded and consisted of three main parts: Auschwitz I , Auschwitz II-Birkenau, and Auschwitz III-Monowitz. It also had over 40 sub-camps.

At first, Poles were imprisoned and died in the camp. Afterwards, Soviet prisoners of war, Gypsies, and prisoners of other nationalities were also incarcerated there. Beginning in 1942, the camp became the site of the greatest mass murder in the history of humanity, which was committed against the European Jews as part of Hitler's plan for the complete destruction of that people. The majority of the Jewish men, women and children deported to Auschwitz were sent to their deaths in the Birkenau gas chambers immediately after arrival. At the end of the war, in an effort to remove the traces of the crimes they had committed, the SS began dismantling and razing the gas chambers, crematoria, and other buildings, as well as burning documents.

[...]

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