German Concentration Camps, Industry and War Crimes

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German Concentration Camps, Industry and War Crimes

Post by David Thompson » 29 May 2003 06:23

As an aid to researchers, this is the third in a series of "stickys" which will group war crimes allegations by unit or administrative office. This "sticky" will deal with concentration camps, slave labor camps, and industries implicated in war crimes.

The JuNSV website lists West German war crimes trials by the defendants' assignment or agency in German at:

http://www1.jur.uva.nl/junsv/brd/Dienstdeufr.htm

and in English [partial translations only] at:

http://www1.jur.uva.nl/junsv/brd/Dienstengfr.htm

The East German war crimes trials are organized the same way. They may be found at:

http://www1.jur.uva.nl/junsv/ddr/ddrdienststfr.htm

This allows one to view the concentration camps, slave labor camps, and industries whose members were tried in postwar German courts for war crimes. Off to the side of the unit are the case numbers of the trials involving that camp or industry. One only has to click on the case number to get the details on the case. For all German trials on this subject, here's the list:

West German Trials
http://www1.jur.uva.nl/junsv/brd/Dienstdeufr.htm

Haftstättenpersonal und Funktionshäftlinge [Detention Personnel and Prisoner Treatment]

Arbeitserziehungslager [Labor Education Camps]
- Frankfurt/M.-Heddernheim 267
- Hirzenhain 268
- Hückelhoven 213, 299
- Innsbruck-Reichenau 457
- Oberndorf-Aistaig 295
- Salaspils 307

Arbeitshaus Schloss Kaltenstein in Vaihingen/Enz 100, 386
Emslandlager I (Börgermoor) 484
Emslandlager II (Aschendorf) 610
Erweitertes Polizeigefangenenlager Mainz 164
Fremdarbeiterlager Beiertheim-Albufer 366

Gefängnisse [Prisons]
- Bochum 141
- Fort Queleu 705
- Giessen 025
- Lublin 165

Gestapohaftanstalt Kleine Festung in Theresienstadt 218, 356
Häftlingstransportkommando 049
HJ-Wehrertüchtigungslager Marktheidenfeld 085

Kriegsgefangenlager [POW Camps]
- Fulda 139
- Hommerich 294
- Wien-Ottakring 471

Konzentrations- und Vernichtungslager [Concentration and Death Camps]
- Ahlem 827
- Aslau 818
- Auschwitz 340, 450, 462/1, 468, 483, 500, 595, 637, 680, 740, 829, 884, 902, 909
- Bad Gandersheim 156
- Belzec 585
- Berta 214
- Bisingen 625
- Blizyn 510
- Breslau- Deutsch Lissa 387
- Brockzetel 300
- Buchenwald 145, 188, 262, 322, 358, 376, 377, 464, 616, 742, 766, 903
- Chelmno 594, 603
- Dachau 496, 525, 824
- Dautmergen 625, 717
- Dora 731
- Ebensee 779
- Ereda 841, 857
- Esterwegen 340, 473
- Flossenbürg 161, 181, 370, 422, 436, 448, 449, 614, 650
- Gassen 862
- Gleiwitz 346
- Gleiwitz II 340
- Golleschau 379, 416, 866, 882
- Görlitz 297
- Gross- Rosen 387, 392, 535, 734, 889
- Günthergrube 375, 817
- Gusen I 246, 451, 505, 692
- Gusen II 478
- Gut Jungfernhof 307
- Hamburg- Eidelstedt 880
- Hannover- Mühlenberg 873
- Hannover- Stöcken 549, 576
- Happurg 223
- Helmbrechts 713
- Hersbruck 223
- Jaworzno 863
- Kaufering 221
- Kelbra 837
- Lagischa 866, 907
- Lieberose 598
- Majdanek 852, 855, 869, 906
- Markirch 625
- Mauthausen 493, 659, 738, 900
- Meissen 181
- Melk 468, 502
- Neckarelz 625, 640
- Neckargerach 625
- Neuengamme 286
- Niederhagen Wewelsburg 397, 747
- Niedersachswerfen 346
- Obertraubling 379, 416
- Porta Westfalica 321
- Radegast 184
- Ravensbrück 222, 224, 273
- Rechlin 835
- Riga- Kaiserwald 896
- Riga- Lenta 227
- Rottleberode 888
- Sachsenhausen (Akdo 12.SS-Baubrigade) 532
- Sachsenhausen 093, 327, 340, 394, 405, 473, 488, 497, 504, 529, 537, 545, 591, 719, 721, 729
- Schömberg 625
- Schörzingen 625
- Sobibor 212, 233, 641, 642, 746, 885, 897
- Sollstedt 417
- Sonneberg 281, 744
- Spaichingen 625
- St. Valentin 336
- Stempeda 888
- Steyr- Münichholz 502
- Stutthof 240, 446, 584
- Treblinka 270, 596, 746, 761
- Vaivara 625, 717, 841
- Vivikoni II 625, 717, 841
- Weimar Gustloff Werke 340
- Wiener Neudorf 912
- Woffleben 274
- Zwickau 431

Polizeiarrestanstalt West in Spandau 056
Russenlager in Kamp-Lintfort 311
Selbstschutzlager Resmin 803
SS-Sonderlager Hinzert 516, 523, 527
Straflager für Ostarbeiter bei den Klöckner-Werken in Hagen-Haspe 323, 425
Südlager des Fliegerhorstes Marx 352

Zwangsarbeitslager (für Juden) [Forced Labor Camps (for Jews)]
- Biezanow 506
- Bischadka 414
- Blizyn 839
- Bobruisk 825
- Bochnia 667, 736
- Boryslaw 653
- Buczacz 498
- Budzyn 812
- Czortkow 455, 498
- Drohobycz 355, 646, 763, 798
- Galizien (Inspekteur) 653
- Hluboczek 435, 455, 498
- Jagielnica 498
- Jezierzany 498
- Kamionki 455, 498
- Krasnik 813
- Kreis Heydekrug 579
- Lemberg-Janowskastrasse 849
- Lublin 813, 831
- Luzk 647
- Plaszow 506, 794
- Prokocim 506
- Przemysl 911
- Rozwadow 911
- Ruda-Opalin 158
- Rymanow 735
- Sawin 913
- Skarzysko-Kamienna 654
- Slomczyn 462
- Swidowa 498
- Tarnow 571
- Wolanow 399

Industrie [Industrial Concerns]

Arbeitsgemeinschaft von Bauunternehmen bei Tarnopol 277
Baufirma Schmitt und Junk in Krasnik 289
Bergwerkfirma in Oberhausen 290
Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke Lemberg 756
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schädlingsbekämpfung (Degesch) in Frankfurt/M. 415
Deutsche Werft AG in Hamburg 254
Didier Werke in Duisburg 128
Firma D. und Fis. Petrikauer Holzwerke in Petrikau 463
Firma Hugo Schneider AG (Hasag) Werk Pelzery bei Tschenstochau 186, 275
Firma K. in Heiligenhaus 217
Firma Max Koernig in Posen-Dembsen 204
Firma Rentsch in Schwarzenbach 036, 064
Firma W. in Solingen-Ohligs 092
Grillo-Werke in Oberhausen 238
Hermann Goering Werke in Starachowice 751, 801
Lebkuchenfabrik Häberlein und Metzger in Nürnberg 129
Lederfabrik Fränkl in Schaulen 146
Lemather Kalkwerke 152
Maschinenfabrik Donauwörth 081
Messerschmittwerke in Obertraubling 269
Rheinisch-Westfälische Elektrizitätswerke in Essen 350
Tacho-Schnellwaagenfabrik in Duisburg-Grossenbaum 050
Organisation Todt
Baustelle Hungerburg 130
Baustelle Mitau 130
Baustelle Narwa 130
Baustelle Penkuli 130
Baustelle Steinbruch Ensingen 205
Bautrupp in Saczepka 149
OT-Abteilung in Simiaczice 277

* * * * * * * * * *

East German Trials
http://www1.jur.uva.nl/junsv/ddr/ddrdienststfr.htm

HAFTSTÄTTEN [Detention Facilities]

AEL Berlin-Wuhlheide 1401
AEL Radeberg 1839
AEL Römhild 2016
AEL Süplingen 1327

AL Berlin-Adlershof 2047
AL Munzig 1393
AL Oranienburg 2047

Feldstrafgefangenenabt.III 1320
Feldstrafgefangenenabt. 1482
Feldstraflager III 1352

Fremdarbeiterlager Rehwiese in Harthau 1414

Gefängnis Dresden 1798
Gefängnis Halle 1732
Gefängnis Hannover (Arzt) 2037
Gefängnis Ichtershausen 1265
Gefängnis Königsberg (Arzt) 2037
Gefängnis Plauen 1483
Gefängnis Radom 2035
Gefängnis Stralsund 2017
Gefängnis siehe auch: Polizeigefängnis, Wehrmachtsgefängnis, Zuchthaus

Gestapohaftanstalt Kleine Festung in Theresienstadt 1050

KGL Brückenberg 2002
KGL Bützow 1517
KGL Eidlitz 1373
KGL Falkenberg 2085
KGL Gleiwitz 2085
KGL Oppeln 2085
KGL Zeithain 2019

KL Arnstadt 2050
KL Auschwitz 1060, 1064, 1130, 1218, 1219, 1245, 1312, 1464, 1527, 2062
KL Barth 1055, 2021
KL Börnicke 1096
KL Bostel 1241
KL Braunschweig 1334
KL Buchenwald 1079, 1204, 1315, 1339, 1387, 1583, 1635, 1761, 1793, 2045
KL Dachau 1109, 2030
KL Dora 1406
KL Flossenbürg 1070, 1111, 1217, 1350, 1464, 1676, 1793
KL Genthin 1055, 1099
KL Gross-Rosen 1765
KL Gusen 1109, 1219, 1464
KL Hammerstein 1548
KL Hirschfeld 1765
KL Hohnstein 1268, 1358, 1411, 1430, 1795, 2076
KL Insel Alderney 1467
KL Königstein-Halbestadt 1411, 1473
KL Laura Oertelsbruch 1253
KL Leitmeritz 1111
KL Lichtenburg 1079, 1203, 1518
KL Lobositz 1139
KL Mauthausen 1111
KL Misburg 1334
KL Myslowitz 2001
KL Neu Rohlau 1120
KL Neubrandenburg 1055
KL Neuengamme 1057, 1241, 1334, 1350
KL Oederan 1120
KL Plattling 1521
KL Ravensbrück 1055, 1099, 1120, 1139, 1188, 1561, 1587, 2021
KL Sachsenburg 1814
KL Sachsenhausen 1052, 1059, 1066, 1098, 1109, 1130, 1217, 1381, 1439, 1506, 1769, 2010
KL Sachsenhausen (Baubrigade Düsseldorf) 1066
KL Schloss Osterstein 1640
KL Sonneberg 1315
KL Sonnenburg 1548
KL Treblinka 1345
KL Voigtsberg 1429
KL Warschau 1227

Polizeigefängnis Leipzig 1800

Wehrmachtsgefängnis Torgau 1336, 1482
Wehrmachtsgefängnis Torgau-Brückenkopf 2059
Wehrmachtsstrafgefangenenlager Bitterfeld 1482

ZAL Kattowitz 1130

Zuchthaus Berlin-Moabit 2044
Zuchthaus Brandenburg 1061, 1510, 1551, 1664, 1747, 2009
Zuchthaus Halle 1210, 1509
Zuchthaus siehe auch: Gefängnis, Polizeigefängnis, Wehrmachtsgefängnis

ORGANISATION TODT [Construction Camps]
Organisation Todt 2032
Organisation Todt Assen 1669

WIRTSCHAFT [War Economy Plants]
AEG Bodenbach 1556
Betrieb für Landmaschinen in Bützow 1517
Betrieb Haubold in Chemnitz 1672
Brauereibetrieb in Brandenburg/Havel 1767
Brotfabriekunion Chemnitz 1410
Chemnitzer Elektrizitätswerke Nord 1697
Daimler-Benz Werke Genshagen 1229
Daimler-Benz Werke Kamenz 2015
Eisengiesserei in Meerane 1515

Fa. Alfred Rossner in Bendzin 1343
Fa. Beckert in Hohenstein-Ernstthal 1581
Fa. Colas Kaltasphalt im KL Buchenwald 1615
Fa. Drehmechanik in Hohen Neuendorf 1166
Fa. Ebelt & Stille in Pirna 1809
Fa. F.G. Sohre in Dresden-Freital 1330, 1571
Fa. Frühauf in Walddorf 1735
Fa. Gebr. Cruse und Co Dresden 1780
Fa. Hans Haufe in Dresden 1319
Fa. Hoyer & Klemm Gartenbetrieb in Dresden 1477
Fa. Huhnholz in Gera 1565
Fa. Jaeger und Co Leipzig 1750
Fa. Leonhardt und Söhne in Crossen bei Zwickau 2020
Fa. Lorenz AG in Guben 1554
Fa. Pertrix in Berlin 1209
Fa. Pintsch in Fürstenwalde 1095
Fa. Reh und Co in Cranzahl 1595
Last edited by David Thompson on 29 May 2003 07:13, edited 1 time in total.

Caldric
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Post by Caldric » 29 May 2003 06:40

This is a fantastic source of information... One could read in there for months. Thanks for all of the information on all of these sticky post.

Of course it is not english but I can still make out a great deal of it, places and names are pretty clear.

Maybe I will learn some German while I am at it. :)

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Post by David Thompson » 29 May 2003 06:44

Thanks, Caldric. Credit for this particular idea goes to Marcus, who suggested it to me a day or so ago.

Caldric
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Post by Caldric » 29 May 2003 06:51

I just noticed that many of the links on the web pages have an english button! I guess not all of it has been translated, but those like me that were to lazy to learn a second langauge are not totally lost.

Not to spam the thread but just a bit of information.

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Scott Smith
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Post by Scott Smith » 14 Jun 2003 11:56

Hmmm, a concentration/labor camp called Blizyn is shown in Poland. This sounds like the Blizna SS camp where the V-2 rockets were test fired after the RAF bombing attack on Peenemünde. About half of the rockets built at Norhausen were test-fired in the development process, about 2,500 if memory serves. Funny that General Dornberger never mentioned anything about Jews and a Vernichtungslager. Dornberger had to get special permission from the military to test fire the rockets in case of liability issues if someone was killed by the impacts.

At any rate, with so many labor camps all over the place I am wondering how the Germans ever found Jews to fill them since we are told that everybody taken to the main concentration camps like Treblinka and Auschwitz were gassed on arrival. I suppose it just could not be feasible that someone could be deloused and processed at Treblinka and then sent to an obscure labor camp or road contruction project where he ultimately died.
8O
Last edited by Scott Smith on 19 Jun 2003 02:24, edited 1 time in total.

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Roberto
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Post by Roberto » 16 Jun 2003 16:52

Scott Smith wrote:Hmmm, a concentration/labor camp called Blizyn is shown in Poland. This sounds like the Blitzna SS camp where the V-2 rockets were test fired after the RAF bombing attack on Peenemünde. About half of the rockets built at Norhausen were test-fired in the development process, about 2,500 if memory serves. Funny that General Dornberger never mentioned anything about Jews and a Vernichtungslager. Dornberger had to get special permission from the military to test fire the rockets in case of liability issues if someone was killed by the impacts.

At any rate, with so many labor camps all over the place I am wondering how the Germans ever found Jews to fill them since we are told that everybody taken to the main concentration camps like Treblinka and Auschwitz were gassed on arrival. I suppose it just could not be feasible that someone could be deloused and processed at Treblinka and then sent to an obscure labor camp or road contruction project where he ultimately died.
8O


Discussion of Smith’s above considerations can be found on the thread

Slave Labor Camps and Extermination Camps
http://www.thirdreichforum.com/viewtopic.php?t=24666

Debbie
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JuNSV Website

Post by Debbie » 19 Jun 2003 02:20

Fantastic website and the post with information on how to use it is certainly welcome. Thank you for the helpful information!

What strikes me the most, when looking at the trials by perpatrator's occupations is the relatively small number of Einsatzkommandos and Sonderkommandos that were brought to trial.

Debbie

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Post by David Thompson » 19 Jun 2003 05:28

Here are some concentration camps, forced labor camps and other detention facilities implicated in war crimes trials held by the Netherlands. The arrangement of these trials is very similar to that used for the German trials. The Netherlands trials can be found on the JuNSV website at:

http://www1.jur.uva.nl/junsv/NED/NL-Dienststfr.htm

Haftstättenpersonal [Detention Facilities]

Gefängnis Amsterdam NL016
Gefängnis Scheveningen NL214
KL Amersfoort NL043, NL044, NL045, NL046, NL047, NL057, NL135, NL136, NL224, NL238
KL Rathenow NL056
KL Vught (= KL Herzogenbusch) NL022, NL028, NL030, NL047, NL059, NL060, NL182, NL214, NL237
KL Westerbork NL062
Polizeigefängnis Haaren NL024, NL104
ZAL Doetinchem NL142
ZAL Empel-Rees NL127, NL194, NL195, NL196
ZAL Zöschen NL218
Haftstätte unbekannt NL081

Organisation Todt [OT Construction Combine]

NL009, NL012, NL083, NL112, NL113, NL154, NL198, NL239

Zivilverwaltung [German Civil Administration]

Beauftragter des Reichskommissars für die Provinz Gelderland NL205
Beauftragter des Reichskommissars für die Provinz Gelderland (NS-Volkswohlfahrt Arnhem) NL213
Beauftragter des Reichskommissars für die Provinz Nord Brabant NL111
Beauftragter des Reichskommissars für die Provinz Overijssel NL049
Beauftragter des Reichsministeriums für Rüstung und Kriegsproduktion Aussenstelle Südholland NL091
Bezirksarbeitsamt Meppel NL096
Büro für den Arbeitseinsatz Zeeland NL187
Reichskommissariat (NS-Volkswohlfahrt) NL212
Reichskommissariat Hauptabt. gewerbliche Wirtschaft NL086
Reichsministerium für Rüstung und Kriegsproduktion NL158
Treuhand NL008, NL040, NL065, NL070
Wirtschaftsprüfstelle NL086

Industrie [German Industrial Firms]

Baubetrieb NL008
Firma Westland Hoch- und Tiefbau NL126
Reichsstelle für Hochfrequenzforschung NL215, NL216
Verwalter einer jüdischen Pelzwarenfabrik NL009

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hunor
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Post by hunor » 22 Jun 2003 14:14

WOW...that's a really nice website with a lot of information.

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Post by David Thompson » 28 Jun 2003 21:59

Here are some previous posts and threads on this subject which have appeared in this section of the forum:

Nazi Slave Labor Program
viewtopic.php?t=14625
viewtopic.php?t=16879
viewtopic.php?t=15224

The Nazi Concentration Camp System and the SS-WVHA
viewtopic.php?t=16879

and some outside links to trials of German officials and industrialists for slave labor operations:

Slave Labor
United States v. Erhard Milch, NMT vol. 2
http://www.mazal.org/archive/nmt/02/NMT02-T0355.htm

United States v. Oswald Pohl, et al. NMT vol. 5
http://www.mazal.org/archive/nmt/05/NMT05-T0195.htm

United States v. Friedrich Flick, et al. NMT vol. 6
http://www.mazal.org/archive/nmt/06/NMT06-F001.htm

United States v. Carl Krauch, et al. NMT vols. 7-8 (I.G. Farben case)
http://www.mazal.org/archive/nmt/07/NMT07-F001.htm
Last edited by David Thompson on 06 Feb 2004 00:36, edited 1 time in total.

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Post by Groscurth » 18 Dec 2003 02:11

Why did not you mention "Breendonk", most people of the resistance were jailed and executent there, the camp still can be visited since it was as sollid fort before the war.
Flanders, Belgium (between Antwerp and Brussels near the A12 Highway.)

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Post by David Thompson » 18 Dec 2003 03:08

Groscurth -- You asked:
Why did not you mention "Breendonk"?

The Breendonck transit camp is in Belgium, and I haven't been able to find any systematic reports of Belgian war crimes trials. Here's what I do have on Breendonck trials:

De Bodt or De Bode, Richard – Belgian national; service, Breendonck concentration camp {arrested and put on trial by a Belgian court for collaboration and the torture of concentration camp inmates; convicted and sentenced to death; sentence commuted to life imprisonment at hard labor late Aug 1952 (NYT 3 Sept 1952:10:3; NYT 4 Sept 1952:5:5; LT 30 Aug 1952:3e).}

Canaris, Dr. jur. Constantin (11.8.1906-?) [SS-Standartenführer und Oberst der Polizei] – NSDAP-Nr.: 1032858; SS-Nr.: 280262; commander of the German Security Police and Security Service (Sicherheitspolizei und Sicherheitsdienst - Sipo/SD) in Belgium and northern France; Inspector of German Security Police and Security Service (Insp.d.Sipo u.SD) in Military District I (Wehrkreis I) at Koenigsberg (Königsberg) 1944; {put on trial 1951 by a Belgian court on charges of responsibility for the murders of inmates at Breendonck concentration camp, torture, execution of hostages and deportations of Belgian Jews to the death camps of Poland; convicted and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment at hard labor 4 Aug 1951 (LT 6 Aug 1951:3f); released from Belgian custody 12 Apr 1952 (NYT 13 Apr 1952:25:6); impending trial by a West German court at Kiel on charges of participating in the deportation and death of 26,000 Jews from Belgium and northern France between Aug 1942 and Jun 1944 announced 13 Feb 1980 (NYT 14 Feb 1980:3:1); subsequent disposition unknown (Axis Biographical Research, SS und Deutschen Polizei [SS and German Police], http://www.geocities.com/~orion47/SS-PO ... izei.html; Holo. Ency. 243; Dienstaltersliste der Shutzstaffel der NSDAP [9 Nov 1944]).}

Schmitt, Filipp (1902-9.8.1950) [SS-Sturmbannfűhrer] -- commandant, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager - KL) Breendonck 1940-1944 {put on trial by a Belgian military court at Antwerp Sept 1949 for torture and mistreatment of civilian prisoners at KL Breendonck (LT 29 Sept 1949:3c); convicted and sentenced to death 25 Nov 1949 (NYT 26 Nov 1949:4:7); executed 9 Aug 1950 (NYT 10 Aug 1950:7:3; Camp Men p. 207, 287).}

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Groscurth
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Post by Groscurth » 18 Dec 2003 14:15

De Bodt is known in Flanders as "the beast/butcher" of Breendonk, he is the one that tortured and raped.

Thank's for the info!
Great post, your list above, very useful!

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Post by Rob - wssob2 » 22 Dec 2003 19:13

Hi everyone - I just picked up an excellent book on the subject:

THE BUSINESS OF GENOCIDE; The SS, Slave Labor, and the Concentration Camps by Michael Thad Allen

Here's the publisher's blurb:

"A study of the Nazi Business Administration Main Office of the SS and how, with a comparatively small staff of nor more than 200 managers and engineers, it worked closely with German business and industry during WWII to supply slave labor, and also how this overall operation was linked to ideology and genocide. 2002: 448 [pages, softcover. (North Carolina Press)"

The book is very well researched, and not only provides an overview of the SS-WVHA and the SS economic activities in general but discusses various academic viewpoints concerning the significance of SS economic activities in the context of the Third Reich.

There is a lot of information here about Eicke's early efforts to use KZ prisoners for slave labor; the SS Construction Corps, DESt, the garment manufacturing, soft drink and bottled water enterprises, the Allach porcelain factory, Kammler and the V-2 programme, and the relationship to economics czar Albert Speer's organization.

Although some forum members may find the book academic and in parts focused on economic theory and corporate management practices, it is overall IMHO an excellent and detailed introduction into the sordid economic activities of the SS superstate.

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Post by David Thompson » 08 Feb 2004 23:34

The human soap posts -- the 70th thread we've had in this section of the forum on the subject, are now at:

viewtopic.php?t=42821

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