c.g. wrote:.....(only in single cases) by the 1. Para division.
Which was the 1. Para division case? The hanging of 3 partisans in Piazza Giulio Cesare in Rimini ?
The experience of "exterminationist" counterinsurgency policies certainly has its origins in traditional German military anti-partisan doctrine dating from the Franco-Prussian War, perhaps even going back to Napoleonic doctrines used in Spain 1808-1814. The campaign in Russia married this "traditional" approach to Nazi racial and political goals which saw anti-partisan war as an opportunity to liquidate entire groups proscribed by the SS.
c.g. wrote:....To Gabriel Pagliarani:
The hanging of three young partisans in the main square of Rimini on August 16th 1944 was executed by members of the 162. (Turk) Infanterie-Division. It is one of the very few executions of Italians by German troops that has an original (German) photographic documentation that I know of...
michael mills wrote:I take it that the three partisans executed in Rimini were in fact persons captured while engaged in acts of violence against German forces, ie illegal combatabts to use the current US-speak.
If so, that was not a case of killing innocent civilians in revenge for partisan attacks. It was a punishment of actual perpetrators.
I think a clear distinction needs to be made between the punishment of illegal combatants and acts of violence against non-combatant civilian populations as a reprisal for the actions of illegal combatants.
I am really not sure if America's "war on terrorism", "Freedom for Afghanistan" operation or "invasion of Afghanistan", as you write, can really be compared with Hitler's wars and invasions of European countries. The Afghan people - or at least large parts of it - is surely better off now then under the Talibans. Personally I wouldn't have minded to live in France, Holland or Belgium before the war but I surely wouldn't have spent a minute under Taliban's rule.
michael mills wrote:...The United States has not yet executed any of the "illegal combatants" it is holding, but that is solely due to the pressure exerted by the civilised world.