The SS-WVHA: violent police entrepreneurs

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Post by David Thompson » 11 Nov 2004 18:24

Document NO-1021, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 492-493.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1021

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 448

EXTRACT FROM LETTER OF BOBERMIN TO HOHBERG, 23 NOVEMBER1941, SUGGESTING THAT WVHA TAKE OVER BUILDING MATERIAL PLANTS ONLY IN BALTIC PROVINCES, UKRAINE AND CRIMEA, AND NOT IN THE ENTIRE RUSSIAN TERRITORIES

The Chief of Office W II Ac/Schi

To Dr. Hohberg
Berlin-LichterfeldeWest,
Unter den Eichen 127
[Handwritten] 2031

Poznan, 23 November 1941
Wilhelm Gustloffstrasse 5375

Subject: Russia -- Tileries Report to Reich Leader SS

Reference: Yours of 20 September 1941 WL/N.

[Stamp] Delivered: 27 November 1941
Distribution:
St. W.L
St. W.St.
St. W.R.
St. W.V.
St. W.P.
file z.d.A

Dear Dr. Hohberg:

In regard to the above-named letter I am of the following opinion:

[Re] to 1

The Reich Marshal stated in his letter to the Reich Leader of 28 August 1941, that the closing of the managements of the industrial forces of the Russian territory can only be accomplished by strong concentration. I, too, have always expressed that opinion on my part in regard to the treatment of the Russia plants. In my opinion, it cannot be a question of the SS, acting through the Administration and Economy Main Office, occasionally taking over the management of the one or the other building-material plant in the entire Russian territory; but rather, an able and interested branch of the movement or some other organization must be appointed for each geographical district of the Russian territory. Since if only for lack of personnel the SS would scarcely be able to manage the brickworks and the other building-material plants in the entire Russian territory, we must limit ourselves to choosing those districts which are of particular interest to the Reich Leader SS. These are described in the letter of the Reich Leader SS to SS Gruppenfuehrer Pohl (probably in August this year). I remember particularly the districts of the former Baltic provinces and the Ukraine together with the Crimea. I think it would be to the best purpose if the Reich Marshal were to order the Reich Leader SS to take over all the building-material plants of those two districts and manage them. The other districts, as for instance White Russia, could be managed by the Organization Todt, another district by the SA, another perhaps by the Hermann Goering Plants.

Such a regulation would bring about the strong concentration, which is requested by the Reich Marshal and would prevent the members of various organizations within a geographical district from passing each other when inspecting their plants which lie helter-skelter. The transport question and thousands of other problems connected with the management of the plants can also be solved much more easily if a definite closed district is united in one hand.

According to the facts, which were established in the former Baltic provinces, the plants there could be operated with the original personnel, so that only a comparatively small office is necessary as a work center for the entire management.

The Ukraine is proposed, because as far as I know the SS has a special interest in it.

I assume, that the report of the Reich Leader SS to the Reich Marshal about the present results of the general-trustee administration will convince the Reich Marshal, that the V and W Main Office is quite able to accomplish such far reaching industrial tasks.

[Re:] to 2

* * * * * * *

The Chief of Office W II
[Signed] Dr. BOBERMIN
SS Sturmbannfuehrer

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Post by David Thompson » 11 Nov 2004 18:40

Document NO-2147, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 493-500.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-2147

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 30

REPORT CO-SIGNED BY VOLK, GEORG LOERNER AND OTHERS [See final statement of defendant Hans Loerner concerning Sturtthof concentration camp, pp. 940 to 941.], 9 JANUARY 1942, CONCERNING ACQUISITION, EXPANSION AND INDUSTRIAL UTILIZATION OF CONCENTRATION CAMP STUTTHOF NEAR DANZIG, AND TWO PRECEDING MEMORANDA BY MAURER 17 DECEMBER 1941 AND 11 DECEMBER 1941

The Chief of Amt II -- Buildings
To the Chief of the Main Office
Berlin, 19 January 1942
[handwritten notes]
F
decision making
P 12

Subject: Concentration Camp Stutthof, Inspection on 8 January 1942
Reference: Establishment order by the Reich Leader SS of December 1941
Journal No. I. 13/42.

As ordered, representatives of the Amt II and the W offices inspected on the 8th instant, the site of the concentration camp Stutthof. The following participated in the inspection:

Chief of Office [Amt] II.
The Inspector of all W offices SS Stubaf. Maurer.
Chief of W Amt V, SS Stubaf. Vogel
Chief of W Amt IV SS Hstuf. Dr. May, and SS Stubaf. Bestle
From the Staff, Chief Main Office SS Ostuf. Dr. Volk.
From the Main Sector [Oberabschnitt], SS Stubaf. Schilling.
For SS Gruf. Hildebrandt, SS Staf. Dethof.
The Commandant of concentration camp Stutthof SS Hstuf. Pauly.

The outcome of the conference was agreed to later on in all respects by SS Gruf. Hildebrandt. The following sites were inspected: the real estate of the CC Stutthof including the brickworks and the estate Werderhof as well as the building plot which had been earmarked for the General SS in Gotenhafen [Gdynia].

Based on the inspection the following suggestions are being made by the undersigned:

1. According to the "Establishment order" given by the Reich Leader SS the CC Stutthof is supposed to house 25,000 prisoners, including PW's.

It is necessary for this to purchase the existing real estate and to buy additional ground.

The Main Sector [Hq], has already prepared, in cooperation with the competent agencies of the Prussian Forest Administration, the purchase of the site on which the existing real estate including the forestry buildings are situated.

The Reich grants to the amount of RM 300,000, made up to now by the Chief of the Order Police from the Reich Fund for the reconstruction of Danzig, have already been accounted for with the Budget Court of the German Reich.

The Reich Security Main Office took over the camp in October 1941, but did not allocate any funds up till now. Consequently only a formal taking-over of the jurisdiction over the camp from the Reich Security Main Office by the Waffen SS, Inspector of CC's and the Main Office Budget and Buildings is necessary.

The value of the real estate of Stutthof, lock, stock, and barrel, as set up by the Oberabschnitt [Main Sector] is said to be appraised by the competent agencies at 1.4 millions, not including living or dead inventory.

Amt II-Buildings will immediately dispatch an appraiser to Stutthof in order to carry out its own appraisal.

The thereby established appraisal value should then, according to the wish of the Higher SS and Police Leader SS Gruf. Hildebrandt, be put at the disposal of the Oberabschnitt by the Reich through the Main Office Budget and Buildings for the purpose of financing a settlement for officers and NCO's of the Oberabschnitt. The Oberabschnitt though, in the case of a transfer of Reich funds, would be obliged to report these funds to the Reich Treasurer [NSDAP] who would have to account for them with the Reich. These sums would consequently be lost to the Oberabschnitt.

For this reason it is proposed to let the DWB [German Economic Enterprises Ltd.] act as legal agent and purchaser of the real estate Stutthof, which would then appear towards the Reich as owner and proprietor, after the purchase with the Oberabschnitt had been carried out.

[marginal note] Yes

This procedure is necessary because at present the land on which the real estate is situated has not been validly purchased from the Oberabschnitt.

A draft for a purchase agreement is on hand.

For the erection of a CC for approximately 25,000 inmates including the erection of a special camp for free labor (Poles), this for the running of the factories, the drawing-up of a master building plan is necessary; in this connection the agricultural buildings outside the territory of the CC Stutthof, as requested by the chief of office W V [5], are to be taken into consideration.

The Reich Leader SS has ordered that the already existing massively built school is to remain as officers' club and headquarters building and that a new school building is to be erected near the sea for the Oberabschnitt, as an exchange. Furthermore, a number of block houses are to be constructed for recreational purPoses in connection with the school building at the seaside.

Office II -- Buildings will draw up right away a building plan in order to secure the necessary land purchase and submit the same to the chief of the Main Office.

The additional land purchase is to be prepared by the Oberabschnitt for this purpose in connection with negotiations already carried out.

Recommendation:

Office II [should] evaluate the real estate Stutthof and draw up a building plan. The German Economic Enterprises Ltd. [should] purchase the site Stutthof from the Prussian Forest Administration and resell the real estate to the Reich represented by the Main Office Budget and Buildings.

Office II [should] establish a central construction office of the Waffen SS and Police, taking over into their service, the present construction manager SS Ustuf. Naubauer.

2. A brickwork with farm, Gut Werdershof is located near Stutthof. In order to ascertain a permanent employment of the prisoners etc., of the concentration camp Stutthof aside from the shops, it appears necessary that the Reich obtain the brickworks which have a clay supply for 60 years and a yearly output of eight million perfect bricks.

The competent Amt W I has no objections against the purchase of the brickworks, and no objections are raised by the competent office, Amt W [5] against the purchase of the annexed farm of 360 Morgen.

Expert opinion of SS Hstuf. Schondorff will be submitted separately.

Recommendation:

Amt W I and Amt W V [should] purchase brickworks and farm Werdershof.

[Marginal note] YES

3. Part of the prisoner camp Stutthof are the following labor camps:

a. Potultz near Nakel, at present filled up with evicted Polish families, counting about 5,000 souls. They are billeted in the existing buildings on a ground of 30,000 qm; it is church property leased by the Reich Security Main Office.

At present barracks for 10,000 prisoners are built; under construction are seven barracks. The families are occupied with the construction of the barracks and work for other employers.

The guards are billeted in Schloss Potulitz which is 1,800 Morgen large and has a sawmill with two frame-saws. At present the estate is managed by the Ostlandbereitschaft.

It is suggested to lease the estate as a labor camp of Stutthof Amt W V for the further labor allocation of the Polish families who are to be kept [in confinement] for at least another 2 or 3 years, and to take over the lease of the castle from the Reich Security Main Office.

[Marginal note] YES

Amt II is going to reorganize the plan, according to the principles of the concentration camps.

b. Labor camp Muehltal near Bromberg.

At present filled up with evicted Polish families counting 1,500 souls, they are at present billeted in the carbide plant. Because the carbide plant will have to be evacuated in spring 1942, the above-mentioned Polish families are to be transferred to Potulitz; at present the barracks for them are under construction. The labor camp Muehltal is thus going to be dissolved in spring 1942.

c. Thorn [Torun].

At present filled up with evicted Polish families, counting 4,000 souls. They are billeted in what was once a factory for edible fat. Labor allocation for Wehrmacht and civilian employers. Because the families have to be kept in confinement for another 2 or 3 years, it is suggested to establish an economic enterprise in the former fat factory, as labor camp of Stutthof (clothing manufacture or carpentry shops) and to declare this enterprise as labor camp of Stutthof. The lease of the former fat factory should not be difficult; it is at best carried out by a W Amt.

[Marginal note] YES

The decision of the Main Office will be submitted to the Oberabschnitt in Danzig, the Commander of the Concentration Camp Stutthof, the Inspector of the Concentration Camps and the concerned Aemter I and II, as well as to the Aemter Staff W and I, W I, W IV, W V.

[Marginal note] F.

[Signed] DR. VOLK
[Signed] MAURER
Amtschef W IV
Amtschef W V
[Signed] VOGEL
[Signed] LOERNER

**************************************
Memorandum

Subject: Civilian internment camp Stutthof.
Reference Conference of 12 December 1941.

On the 12th of this month a conference took place with the chief of the Main Office regarding the taking over of the civilian internment camp Stutthof. Beside the chief of the Main Office and me, SS Standartenfuehrer Dethof, SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Pauly, and SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Schilling took part in this confer

The following was stated by the chief of the Main Office:

1. As a concentration camp, the civilian internment camp falls under the jurisdiction of SS Brigadefuehrer Gluecks. SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Pauly is to be camp commandant of the new concentration camp. The administrative head is to be SS Untersturmfuehrer von Bonin. He had been appointed by SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Kaindl. The economic enterprises change over to the realm of the German Equipment Works Ltd. [Deutsche Ausruestungswerke G.m.b.H.], effective 1 January 1942. These are under the jurisdiction of the chief of the Main Office. All other buildings and installations will be turned over to the German Reich since the policy treasury has paid RM 300,000 in Danzig.

At the conclusion of the conference with the Chief of the Main Office, SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Schilling said to me that it was the idea of the Oberabschnitt to obtain funds for the Oberabschnitt Vistula for the intended construction of settlements by the Oberabschnitt by selling to the German Reich the buildings and installations of the present camp Stutthof which were not turned over to the German Equipment Works, but which will belong to the new concentration camp. In connection with this I have explained to SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Schilling that this affair can once again be discussed in Danzig. The fact is, that until now buildings have been constructed by the camp which have a far higher value than the amounts received from the police treasury at the time.

2. The brickworks at Stutthof are to be inspected and examined by SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Schondorff. SS Sturmbannfuehrer Vogel will inspect the estate Wedershof. SS Gruppenfuehrer Pohl is in agreement with this if both plants are acquired from the county, insofar as they are both found to be suitable.

3. With regard to the question of the settlement construction the chief of the Main Office explained that the SS Oberabschnitt and thus the Reich treasurer, shall not appear as supporter of settlement, which is to be carried out on the initiative of and for the purposes of the SS Oberabschnitt Vistula [Weichsel] and as such is incorporated for the first time in the General SS, but that the existing enterprise of the SS, the Cooperative House and Home Building G.m.b.H., Dachau [Gemeinnuetzige Wohnungs- und Heimstaetten Ltd., Dachau] shall be used as the intermediary.

SS Oberfuehrer Dr. Kammler and SS Obersturmfuehrer Dr. Volk will accompany me to Danzig in the beginning of January 1942. The Chief of the Main Office expects a report from me on 15 January 1942.

Berlin, 17 December 1941
[Signature] MAURER
SS Sturmbannfuehrer

Memo: As per agreement, SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Schondorff is traveling to Danzig on 17 December 1941 for inspection of the brickworks because the Landrat [County Councillor] wants to have a speedy decision on the question of the purchase of the brickworks.


* * * * * * *
Report on an inspection of the Civilian Prisoners' Camp Stutthof and the workshops therein, which took place on 10 December 1941

1. Civilian internment camp.

The camp is situated in an area which has been acquired from the county of Danzig. It has been bought in order to erect an SS School for SS Main Sector Vistula. But in September 1939 it became necessary to find quarters for civilian prisoners (anti-social persons and Poles). That is how the camp Stutthof came into being. The main building is massively built. Camp headquarters and the guards are billeted there.

At present the camp has 1,024 inmates; out of which 100 are women; 650 are employed in the camp, about 250 thereof in the workshops. The remaining 376 prisoners work in outside [of camp] labor detachments in Elbing with contractors, normal wage for unskilled workers being paid to camp headquarters. The prisoners are accommodated in barracks. The workshops, viz, tailor shop, shoemaker shop, tinsmith shop, electrical workshop, locksmith shop, smithy, carpentry shop, upholstery, and painters shop, are also in barracks.

The camp is very neat and properly equipped. After the Reich Leader SS has ordered the camp to be taken over as a regular concentration camp and the accommodation there of about 25,000 Russian prisoners of war, I consider the completion of the existing workshops and the taking over by the German Equipment Works Ltd. as very favorable. The written instruction by the Reich Leader is not yet in hand.

In 1939, the camp received 160,000 marks from Reich funds through the order police. In the opinion of the chief of administration, this amount has to be considered as a lost contribution. The camp did not need any additional funds. It paid itself for all constructions as well as for the food of the camp inmates. The camp has considerable returns from detailing prisoners to building contractors at normal wages for unskilled labor, and from the work done at the workshops of the camp at normal prices.

2. Agriculture.

The camp does agricultural work too. For this purpose, 25 ha of soil was leased. The products are used mainly for supplying the camp. Pig and angora [sheep] are bred.

It may be mentioned on this occasion that the Werderhof estate is situated in the vicinity of the camp. This farm belongs to the county and is for sale. The price is said to be 240,000 marks. The farm includes 100 ha soil (heavy soil). Mainly cultivated are wheat, rapeseed and turnips. The estate has 20 horses, 40 cows, and 60 pigs.

[Handwritten] VOGEL

3. A brick plant, also belonging to the county, is situated about 1 kilometer from the camp. I looked this brick plant over. It was built in the year 1937 to 1939. It consists of an annular kiln with 16 chambers, and produces 8 million bricks a year. At present, the "stout size" is sold to the army building office at 135 marks for one thousand.

The plant employs 41 men, 14 of them are provided by the camp. The plant is situated directly on the river bank. Shipment of the stones [bricks] is done by water. The clay deposit is said to be sufficient to produce 8 million bricks a year for 80 years, according to the manager. In addition, the plant produces tile and pipes.

According to information by the manager, the county asks 800,000 marks. The plant makes a faultless impression. The possibility of an extension by building a second kiln is given.

[Marginal note] Schondorff
Berlin, 11 December 1941
[Signature] MAURER
SS Sturmbannfuehrer

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Post by David Thompson » 11 Nov 2004 18:54

Document NO-2150, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 500-501.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-2150

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 31

LETTER FROM POHL TO SS GRUPPENFUEHRER HILDEBRANDT, 17 JANUARY 1942, INFORMING HIM OF THE STUTTHOF TRANSACTION AND OFFERING PART OF THE PROCEEDS OF THE TRANSACTION FOR SS SETTLEMENT NEAR DANZIG

Berlin-Lichterfelde-West, 17 January 1942
Unter den Eichen 127.
StabJ Ma/Pe.

To the Fuehrer of the SS Main Sector Vistula
SS Gruppenfuehrer and Major General of the Police Hildebrandt Danzig

Subject: 1. CC Stutthof.
2. SS settlement near Danzig.

My dear Hildebrandt:

After my representatives reported to me about the inspection on the 8th of the month, I ordered that the land on which the concentration camp is now located is to be acquired and after an evaluation of the estate on hand to be sold together to the German Reich.

A construction plan will be set up for the enlargement of the concentration camp and the workshops. The brickworks which are situated near the CC should be acquired or leased and the nearby agricultural estate also. The negotiations about the acquisition or lease will be carried out in the next days by my representatives in Danzig.

To what extent the work camps Potulitz, Muehltal, and Thorn [Torun], which are at present in the charge of SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Pauly, could be used for our purposes, can be ascertained only after the inspection is accomplished. I have delegated SS Sturmbannfuehrer Maurer to carry out this inspection in the next coming days.

The planning of the contemplated SS settlement near Danzig, shall be continued here, taking into account the plans which are already on hand there.

Besides, I am ordering the compilation of an estimate of cost for this settlement. I shall take into consideration as far as possible your wish to put at [your] disposal the resources left from the sale of properties in Stutthof for the purposes of the SS settlement. As soon as the estimate is at hand, you [shall] hear from me again.

Heil Hitler!
Your
[Signed] POHL
SS Gruppenfuehrer and Major General of the Waffen SS

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Post by David Thompson » 11 Nov 2004 19:00

Document NO-2155, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 501-502.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-2155

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 441

NOTE FROM DEFENDANT MUMMENTHEY TO STAFF W OF WVHA, 19 AUGUST 1943, LISTING PLANTS AND WORKSHOPS OF HIS DEPARTMENT WHICH EMPLOY PRISONERS

Office Chief W 1
RDr. Schn/Kl
Berlin, 19 August 1943
[Stamp] Mail Received 26 August 1943
Distribution
St.W.L .
St.W.St
St.W.V. [illegible initial]
St. W.R.
St.W.P.
Filed

Subject: Adjustment Fund

Reference: Your letter of 17 August 1943.

The following plants and workshops of my department are employing prisoners:

1. Oranienburg:
a. Large Brick Works.
b. Stone Masonry Works.

2. Clinker Works Hamburg-Neuengamme.

3. Clay Works Berlstedt near Weimar.

4. Clay Works Stutthof-Hopehill with the workshops:
a. Brick Works Stutthof.
b. Brick Works Hopehill.

5. Blast Furnace Slag Works Linz.

6. Granite Works Flossenbuerg.

7. Granite Works Mauthausen.

8. Granite Works Gross-Rosen.

9. Granite Works Natzweiler.

10. Upper Silesian Gravel Works Auschwitz. (Allocation of prisoners here to be terminated soon.)

11. Gravel Works Treblinka.

12. Bohemia -- Neurohlau.

13. Porcelain Manufactory Allach with the workshops:
a. Dachau.
b. Allach.

[Signed] MUMMENTHEY
SS Sturmbannfuehrer

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Post by David Thompson » 11 Nov 2004 19:34

Document NO-549", in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 503-505.
PARTIAL TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-549

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 447a

MONTHLY BUSINESS REPORT FROM CHIEF OF OFFICE W IV TO POHL, 10/16/1942

The Chief of Office
W IV Re/T
Berlin, 16 October 1942

[Handwritten] very good

To the Chief of the Main Office in the building
[Handwritten] for information
[of] staff W [Initial illegible]
Subject: Monthly reports
Enclosures: 4

Obergruppenfuehrer,

I herewith transmit to you the reports on the industrial enterprises centralized in office W IV for the month of September 1942 with the following remarks:

W IV/1 a, German Equipment Ltd. Enclosure 1

Profits for the month of September amount to RM 248,079.68; total profits from 1 January 1942 until 30 September 1942 amount to RM 1,625,717.81. The turn-over in September was RM 789,295.01.

The repair order for skis of the Wehrmacht has been completed after the rest of the bindings had been supplied by the Wehrmacht. The skis still on hand at the different workshops will be dispatched immediately on request.

The plant in Dachau during the last month has completed the rest of the furniture for settlers.

During the month of September 6,000 packing-containers were taken over by the sales committee of the OKH without objection so that 10,000 could be supplied in the meantime. A further 3,000 will be completed shortly. The plant Buchenwald continues supplying the fittings of the containers, as before.

In the plant in Auschwitz a further 3,000 three-storied wooden bedsteads and 3,000 plank-beds were completed for camp headquarters during the last month.

The plants in Dachau, Buchenwald, Auschwitz, and Sachsenhausen started immediately with the production of doors and windows on order for the Construction Staff Speer, notwithstanding the fact that the required authorization slips for timber and the rest of the iron consignments repeatedly claimed for, have not been made available so far.

During the period covered by this monthly report the plant in Stutthof has started with the repair of the 10,000 pairs of military boots on order.

b. Timber and saw mills Bachmanning Ltd. Enclosure 2

The turn-over amounted to RM 21,430.86 during the last month. 275 cbm. of logs were sold.

[Marginal note] Is Bachmanning still allowed to do business?

W IV/2 German High-quality Furniture Company Enclosure 3

Profits of the plant for the month of September amounted to RM 45,389.40. The turn-over amounted to RM 257,407.54 during the month of the report. The foundation for the machinery for one wing of the factory I, as well as the drains including the concrete floor of the hall, have been completed.

The machines on hand have been installed.

W IV/ German Homemaking Ltd. Enclosure 4

Net profits for the months August and September 1942 amounted to RM
24,319.80. The turn-over during the same period was RM 122,977. Sales
during September also developed favorably

[Signed] OPPERBECK
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer

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Post by David Thompson » 11 Nov 2004 19:46

Document NO-1270, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 505-509.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1270

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 61

QUERIES CONCERNING THE PROPOSED ESTABLISHMENT OF "OSTI" LTD. IN
GOVERNMENT GENERAL, AND FILE MEMORANDUM, 13 FEBRUARY 1943, ABOUT CONFERENCE OF POHL, GEORG LOERNER, VOLK, AND HOHBERG CONCERNING THESE QUERIES [These documents refer to the founding period of the "OSTI." For additions documents concerning the "OSTI," see Document NO-1271, and sections concerning the evacuation of Jews and Jewish enterprises in Lublin on pp. 607-763.]

[Handwritten notation] Poniatowa near Lublin or KL in the Ghetto

Queries re OSTI Ltd.

I. Mandate:

The Ostindustrie Ltd. is to utilize

1. The Jewish manpower in the GG [Government General] in the sphere of the labor service for priority armament production.

2. The entire movable properties. Is this mandate complete?

II. Jewish Manpower:

[Handwritten notation] both

1. Must this mandate be regarded primarily from a political police or from an economic point of view? If it is primarily of a political-police nature, political considerations (concentration of the
Jews) have to rank foremost, economic considerations have to remain in the background. If it is to be primarily of an economic nature, economic considerations must, however, predominate in the matter of the concentration of the Jews, as ordered.

2. How many Jews live in the GG, how are they split up as to sex and professional groups, who has the respective figures?

3. Where in the GG do Jews live and where are there "Jewish Enterprises at present? (Enterprises employing Jews.)

III. Jewish property:

1. Who can give information about the nature, extent, and location of the existing Jewish movable property? Does such property still exist outside the Warsaw ghetto? Are the private hereditary estates of the Jews -- as far as valuables are concerned -- still handled outside the OSTI as they were formerly by the Special Action "Kersten" or Gruppenfuehrer Frank?

2. Clarifying the legal position

a. Who is the owner? Who is the possessor of the Jewish moveable property? [Illegible handwritten marginal notation.]

b. Which office handles the transfer of Jewish property to the OSTI

(1) Legally? (in pursuance of a directive ordinance yet to be issued by the GG Government or by the Reich Ministry of Economics)

(2) de facto?

c. How is the Jewish property to be taken over? Under a trusteeship or directly? How is the OSTI to render accounts?

3. When are the Jewish enterprises -- hitherto not under the charge of the SS -- to be taken over? Immediately? Gradually? In which form are they to be taken over, with indemnifications?

IV. Economic Question:

1. Buildings.

a. Where and to what extent are there premises in GGnot needing much in the way of alterations or extensions suitable for storage or manufacturing purposes, and where are these premises?

b. Have investigations already been made as to whether in such cases adequate supplies of water, coal, and raw material and, also railroad connections are available? If not, who is going to undertake the requisite, expert investigations? The main offices C or D?

c. How soon could manufactory and storage sheds be erected if required additionally?

2. Is it correct that in the GG new constructions of a certain size can no longer be erected in 1943?

Is it possible for the OSTI to acquire iron, timber, and other allotments of material obtained through forced labor for the remodeling and extension of their buildings?

Is it possible to obtain the necessary supplies of coal and electric current later?

3. Since the German machine industry is figuring on deliveries over a period of one, two, or three years, new machines will not be available for some time to come. Do the machines belonging to the Jewish movable properties suffice on an estimate to * * * [Bottom of page cut off.]

4. Which firms, of what branches of the trade, and of what working-capacity are to be taken over by the OSTI?

a. In Warsaw?

b. Elsewhere?

Is anything known about the mechanical lay-out utility, location, present working capacity, and the kind of merchandise produced by these plants?

5. Should these Jewish enterprises be transferred to the OSTI without exceptions or would it not be more advisable at least for the time being to transform these enterprises into KZ factories in such a way that the Jews are concentrated in camps and carry on their work -- at least for the time being -- in trustworthy private firms, namely in all cases where the OSTI does not command a sufficient number of skilled workers?

V. What possibilities has the OSTI for manufacture?

1. What tasks has the OSTI's mandate in the textile-sector?

a. Utilizing old material? [Crossed out in original.]

b. Utilizing torn material? [Crossed out in original.]

2. What process of utilizing old material is the OSTI supposed to undertake? Sorting, tearing, spinning, weaving, ready-made clothing? [Handwritten] and anything else?

3. Manufacture of ready-made clothing from material suppliedrepair of old uniforms, old garments, etc.?

4. According to the opinion of experts, sorting, tearing, spinning, and weaving are not possible as the requisite installations are lacking. It might be considered to let the tearing of old material be done in craftsmen's shops concentrated in camps. The same with ready-made clothing, as long as raw material and orders are obtainable. Furthermore, the repair of old uniforms and of old garments might be handled after the fashion of the Lublin DAW (German Equipment Works).

6. Is there a chance of obtaining orders from the Wehrmacht for ready-made clothing or uniforms in the GG to the same extent a given to the ghetto-works? Is there a chance of obtaining orders from the Waffen SS? (These questions have been answered in the negative by experts.)

6. Therefore, if the work in the textile industry sector is confined to the tearing-up of old material and making repairs, how can the Jewish manpower be employed for armament priority in addition to the continuation of the armament industries outside of the textile sector?

7. Which are the priority armament-industries branches beside the textile sector (iron-industries, aircraft-manufacturing works)?

8. What kind of raw materials available in the GG could, if necessary be utilized for new priority armament industries?

9. Transport -- with reference to the future Lublin works.

Are the transport facilities such, that a large size industrial plant can be established in Lublin without difficulties? Has the industrial site railroad connection?

Have investigations been made as to how many tons of raw material and manufactured articles, how many tons of coal and other auxiliary material are required monthly or annually for the planned capacity of the Lublin plant, and also if the existing railroad system can cope with this tonnage?

VI. Queries regarding Personnel:

1. How many assistants will be placed at the disposal of the OSTI.

a. By the SS and Police Leaders?

b. By the SS Economic Administrative Main Office?

2. Is there a chance that the present commercial management of the Jewish enterprises -- to be taken over now -- can be taken over too?

VII. Line of Demarcation between the OSTI and the Labor Service:

1. Are KZ's to be established according to the German pattern which assigns the prisoners to the OSTI and other trustworthy firms?

2. Who is to be competent for the labor service? The SS Economic Administrative Main Office? The Higher SS and Police Leader in Krakow?

3. If query 1 is answered in the negative what other solution has been suggested?
File -- Memorandum

With reference to the conference held on the 13 February 1943 with the SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl in regard to "OSTI"

Present:
SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl.
SS Brigadefuehrer Loerner.
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Dr. Volk.
SS Obersturmfuehrer Dr. Horn.
Dr. Hohberg.

SS Obersturmfuehrer Dr. Horn has asked for this meeting with the object of getting a clear line of directions for the newly founded OSTI. The discussions were based on the attached query sheet.

Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl answered the question I and III declaring that these were questions which would be answered better in due time at the proper spot instead of theoretically from a board of councillors and that it would moreover be the task of the management of the OSTI, i.e., SS Gruppenfuehrer Globocnik and the undersigned to decide between themselves. Only if SS Gruppenfuehrer Globocnik and the undersigned could not agree with the board of directors to be applied to, then he would make the decision. The query as to whether the Jews were to be concentrated as in the German KZ's and under German administration was answered in the negative by the Obergruppenfuehrer. He declared that at least for the time being it would be a matter for the OSTI to decide, later it could be discussed whether these Z's were also subordinated or to be attached to office group D of the SS Economic Administrative Main Office.

Moreover he considered it important to work out the service regulations for the managers. These service regulations were to be submitted to him at the meeting on Tuesday.

With regard to the question, whether the Jewish properties were to be taken over under trusteeship or de facto the SS Obergruppenfuehrers standpoint, was that the machinery and other equipment required by the OSTI must be acquired from the Reich Ministry of Economics. It follows, therefore, that the capital of the OSTI must needs be considerably extended.

The result of today's conference held at the Oberfuehrer's office for the undersigned is that the managing directors of the OSTI have a free hand for all necessary decisions and measures to be taken concerning the OSTI.

Berlin, 13 February 943 Hn/N
[Signed] DR. HORN
SS Obersturmfuehrer


Footnote. With reference to the question of assistants SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl decided that the undersigned should first observe the conditions in the GG and that he should then apply to him [Pohl] the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office respectively for assistants

michael mills
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Post by michael mills » 11 Nov 2004 22:36

The Reich Leader penetrated into the sphere of the mineral water and soft drinks industry because in his capacity as chief of the German Police he is fighting a campaign against the misuse of alcohol, and since his appeal to the economy, to initiate an arrangement of equal prices for drinks containing alcohol and those free of alcohol was very little favored. Now he himself is going to see to it that mineral water will not be more expensive than beer.
The more you look at Himmler, the more politically correct he appears. He would not be out of place in the liberal establishment of today.

Given the social mischief created by alcohol abuse and its role in crimes of violence, Himmler's initiative to reduce alcohol consumption can only appear praiseworthy and enlightened.

xcalibur
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Post by xcalibur » 11 Nov 2004 23:21

michael mills wrote:
The Reich Leader penetrated into the sphere of the mineral water and soft drinks industry because in his capacity as chief of the German Police he is fighting a campaign against the misuse of alcohol, and since his appeal to the economy, to initiate an arrangement of equal prices for drinks containing alcohol and those free of alcohol was very little favored. Now he himself is going to see to it that mineral water will not be more expensive than beer.
The more you look at Himmler, the more politically correct he appears. He would not be out of place in the liberal establishment of today.

Given the social mischief created by alcohol abuse and its role in crimes of violence, Himmler's initiative to reduce alcohol consumption can only appear praiseworthy and enlightened.
Just how many anti-semitic mass murderers are part of the "liberal establishment of today"?

It's posts like this which lead me to give you the folowing piece of advice: If you don't drink, start immediately. If you do drink, stop immediately.

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Post by David Thompson » 12 Nov 2004 00:01

Michael -- You said:
The more you look at Himmler, the more politically correct he appears. He would not be out of place in the liberal establishment of today.
What's liberal about slaving? Have things really gone that far downhill in Australia?

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Post by David Thompson » 13 Nov 2004 22:52

Document NO-1265, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case').
US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 509-512.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1265

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 482

LETTER OF DR. MAX HORN TO THE DEFENDANT HOHBERG, 26 FEBRUARY 1943, CONCERNING THE CONTRACT ESTABLISHING "OSTI"

Lublin, 26 February 1943

Dr. Max Horn
SS Obersturmfuehrer
Dr. H./T

[Handwritten] file OSTI

Dr. Hohberg
Chief of Office Staff W
SS Economic Administrative Main Office
Berlin

[Stamp]
Received: 8 March 1943
St. W.L.
St.W.St.
St.W.R.
St.W.V.
St.W.P.
File

Dear Herr Hohberg,

The letter you get almost daily from the GG [Government General] is somewhat more extensive today.

During the last few days SS Gruppenfuehrer Globocnik has put at the disposal of the OSTI an apparently very useful secretary who will be released from the HJ here in Lublin on 15 March Under these circumstances I can do without Fraulein Druschke. I have already written to Fraulein Druschke concerning this stating, however, that possibly she might be needed temporarily for the office in Warsaw. In the meantime, however, it occurred to me that you are considering to place somebody for good in your anteroom, in replacement of Frau Neuschaeffer. In case you should decide to replace Frau Neuschaeffer by Fraulein Druschke, I should naturally try to find another solution for Warsaw, the more so as I do not know at present, whether Warsaw needs Fraulein Druschke at all.

The question of financing the OSTI is solved. There is sufficient money for the OSTI, a fact of which I have had repeated confirmation by SS Gruppenfuehrer Globocnik and which I myself have been able to establish too. Therefore, an original capital of 25,000 Reich marks will do. However, I do not know whether an increase in capital can be effected from the Government General. In any case there is sufficient credit at the disposal of the OSTI. I applied already to the competent office in Krakow in regard to an eventual increase in the OSTI's capital by deposits in the GG.

During my next stay in Berlin which I have tentatively set for 8 to 14 March, the company's contract, about which SS Gruppenfuehrer Globocnik will again write to SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl tomorrow, should be "safely under shelter." I do believe this will be possible, even if SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Dr. Volk will be on leave.

Perhaps you will be kind enough to have all necessary preparations made meantime.

Up to now the only alteration of contract desired by SS Gruppenfuehrer Globocnik is an enlargement of the Aufsichtsrat [supervisory board] by SS Obergruppenfuehrer Krueger and SS Oberfuehrer v. Sammern. Probably it will be enough if you fix a date on which SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl, SS Brigadefuehrer Loerner, and the notary will be available.

The organization of the OSTI cannot be effected at the originally intended pace. The resettlement of the Jewish enterprises will probably last until June of this year, so that the OSTI will only be able to start properly by July of this year. Besides, the utilization of the movable Jewish property in Warsaw must be started, a matter which I have not been able to attend to so far. I will start to take up this problem next week.

However, the utilization of the movable Jewish property will fully occupy an office which must be staffed by at least 10 men; that much can be said now. At present I am still puzzled how to staff this office.

For the future OSTI itself the following plants are being considered:

1. At Trawniki.

a. A factory for bristles and brushes, for which a manager is wanted apart from the necessity to examine, whether the existing Jewish labor will suffice to staff the bookkeeping department.

b. An enterprise working on skins and hides, which is still owned by an Aryan proprietor who will move with his Jews to Trawniki.

2. At Poniatowa.

a. An enterprise in ready-made clothes which is still owned by an Aryan proprietor, too.

b. A newly to be established basket makers' workshop.

c. A test plant for the utilization of textile rags also to be set up by OSTI.

3. In Lublin.

a. An assembly shop for bicycles, to be set up by the OSTI.

b. The iron processing plants established in the ghetto of Warsaw up to now.

c. Factory for clogs.

d. The former plants of the DAW, plant Lublin.

In regard to this last point I apply to you in the first place asking you to think it over. The OSTI is in its main parts nothing but the enlarged Lublin plant of the DAW. A number of small ghetto plants already removed are incorporated in the Lublin plant of the DAW [German Equipment Works]. What are we to take out again? How shall we fix the limits of the different branches of factories and fields of activity when DAW and OSTI will be existing side by side in Lublin in future? Who is to manufacture clogs and who is to manufacture shoes of straw? Who is to take over the iron processing plants? Who is to erect barracks, and so on. Where are the Jews of the DAW and of the OSTI to be employed if there will be a temporary close-down for want of raw materials in one or another part of the plants?

Furthermore the Lublin plants do not have at their disposal a second technical manager besides SS Untersturmfuehrer Mohwinkel (DAW). Moreover the DAW plant has at its disposal the necessary trained Jewish office and other workers which might serve as a frame for all plants to
be newly established. In one word, the future OSTI works in Lublin will and can be established only as an extension of the Lublin works of the DAW existing already.

Advantages -- the process of absorbing the Jewish enterprises to be transferred to Lublin is being carried out smoothly. A second technical manager who, incidentally is not available, is not necessary. Questions of jurisdiction concerning DAW and OSTI will not arise. It is not needed to start a second administration for which, moreover, the personnel would not be available. Buying and sales departments can be managed uniformly and centrally.

I should be grateful if you would consider all these matters and let me have your personal opinion, without getting into touch before my return to Berlin with the SS Obergruppenfuehrer and SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Opperbeck, to whom I would like to report personally on these problems.

For the trouble you take in this matter I thank you in advance and remain with kindest regards and

Heil Hitler!
[Signed] Your MAX HORN
SS Obersturmfuehrer

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Post by David Thompson » 13 Nov 2004 23:25

NO-1271, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 512-528.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1271

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 491

EXTRACTS FROM AUDITING REPORT, 21 JUNE 1944, CONCERNING ACTIVITIES AND FINANCIAL RESULTS OF "OSTI" FROM ITS FOUNDATION IN MARCH 1943 UNTIL 29 FEBRUARY 1944

Report by the SS Unterscharfuehrer Johann Sebastian Fischer on a rough audit of the books of the Ostindustrie G.m.b.H., Berlin ("Osti") concerning the period from the foundation of the company until 29 February 1944

Prefatory Remarks

In April 1944 I received through SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Mummenthey the order to audit the Ostindustrie G.m.b.H., Berlin ("OSTI"). For the purpose of carrying out this order I was sent to Wolomin in the Government General for the period of 21 May 1944 until 26 May 1944.

On 1 March 1944 the dissolution of "OSTI," which had been founded in March 1943, was decided. A balance sheet was drawn up as of 29 February 1944, which had the character of a balance sheet for the initiation of liquidation. I have audited the hooks for the period between the foundation of the company and the date of the liquidation balance sheet.

In view of the volume of the enterprise, the time at my disposal (5 days) was by no means sufficient to carry out the audit which is customary and necessary according to the usage practiced in the final audit of a joint stock company. Nevertheless, I have become so thoroughly acquainted with the management of the company's affairs that I am in a position to make the statement contained in the paragraph entitled "Final Remarks."

I obtained information from the former business manager of "OSTI," SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Dr. Horn, who has been appointed to wind up the business particularly from SS Sturmmann Tschech, who has worked with the company since November 1943.

I herewith submit the following report on the execution and the results of the auditing.

A. The Legal Basis of the "OSTI"

The company was founded on 12 March 1943 (No. 169/43 of the company register of notary, Dr. Wilhelm Schneider) and the society's charter was enacted. The company signs "Ostindustrie Gesellschaft mit beschraenkter Haftung" (East Industries Limited Liability Company). It has its domicile in Berlin and is entitled to establish branches. The object of the company, according to the statute, is

To operate commercial enterprises, especially in textile and iron-processing industries, and to have a financial interest in such industries. The company can engage in any business which is designed to promote its own object.

The paid up capital was fixed by the charter at RM 100,000. Of this, Ministerialdirektor Oswald Pohl held RM 75,000 and Diplom Engineer Georg Loerner RM 25,000. Twenty-five percent of the capital of the company was paid in cash.

For the supervision of company management, the charter provides for a supervisory board [Aufsichtsrat] whose consent is necessary for certain legal transactions. Otherwise, the charter has no special features.

By virtue of a resolution of the partners of 19 March 1943, the following supervisory board was appointed:

Ministerialdirektor Oswald Pohl, Berlin, chairman. Friedrich Wilhelm Krueger, Krakow, deputy chairman. Dipl. Kaufmann Georg Loerner, Berlin. Dr. Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg, Warsaw.

SS Obergruppenfuehrer Krueger retired from the supervisory board on 20 May 1943. Dr. von Sammern-Frankenegg has withdrawn from the supervisory board. SS economist [of] Krakow Schellin, [at] Krakow, was newly elected.

The company was entered in the Trade Register at the Local Court, Berlin on 30 April 1943 under No. 564 HRB 59548. Managers appointed were Odilo Globocnik, Engineer, Berlin, and Dr. Max Horn, merchant, Berlin.

At the company meeting on 1 March 1944, the liquidation of the company was decided. The Local Court, Berlin, was notified of this decision on 10 March 1944 and it was entered in the trade register on 22 March 1944. Dr. Max Horn, Berlin-Wannsee, was appointed liquidator.

B. The Tasks of the Company

Vaguely as the aims of the company were circumscribed in the charter in fact the tasks of "OSTI" were originally very extensive. According to an order of the Higher SS and Police Leader, Krakow, "OSTI" had to administer all Jewish property within the territory of the Government General except cash, jewelry, and clothing and, in particular, to utilize the manpower of the Jews living in the Government General for tasks benefiting the Reich. In a discussion which took place on 1 June 1943 with the Higher SS and Police Leader of Krakow, the activity of "OSTI" was, however, very much restricted. After this, the following tasks were left to the company:

1. Utilization of the working capacity of the Jews by erecting industrial plants in the Government General in connection with the Jewish Labor Camps.

2. Taking over commercial enterprises which had been maintained by the agencies of the SS and Police Leaders in the Government General.

3. Taking possession of movable, formerly Jewish, property especially machines and raw materials. The machines were to be installed in the "OSTI" plants and the raw materials to be used there.

4. Utilization of machines, tools, and merchandise, formerly Jewish property, which had been transferred in the meantime to non-Jewish ownership.

"OSTI" has worked in a variety of branches of trade and industry during its existence. Thus, glassworks were operated in Wolomin, a peat-cutting plant was established in the marshes near Lublin, brushes were manufactured, a big textile factory was taken over, an iron-processing plant was erected, etc. It may seem at first sight that this organization of factories is inorganic and that an enterprise controlled by the Schutzstaffel should not operate in so many different fields. This seemingly inorganic organization can only be understood in view of the development of 'OSTI.'' In summer 1943 a great number of Jews were put at the disposal of "OSTI" as workers who had to be employed at once. The conditions for employing these workers in the textile and iron processing industries did not yet exist at that time because the plants and materials were not available. The available manpower had to be utilized in some way and the Jews had to be employed. It was planned and intended eventually to employ the workers mainly in the ironworks in Lublin and in the textile factory in Radom.

The main task of "OSTI" consisted definitely in utilizing Jewish manpower for the interests of the Reich. When in November 1943 "OSTI" was deprived of these workers, the basis of its activity was taken from it and liquidation remained the only possible way. This liquidation actually began in November 1943 after the withdrawal of the workers, as it was impossible to staff the enterprises with civilian workers.

As I was informed in the meantime, the liquidation decision of "OSTI" is to be cancelled and the glassworks at Wolomin, a plant which did not employ Jewish workers, is now to remain as the only enterprise of "OSTI." This does not alter the fact that the other factories of "OSTI" will be wound up.

C. Bookkeeping

The various plants of "OSTI" each have their own separate accountants' department and, except for the ironworks, they use the modern loose-leaf file system. The books of the various works were used by the Main Administrative Office for the yearly balance. The books were kept by Jews.

When the company was deprived of its workers in November 1943, the management was also confronted with difficulties in respect of bookkeeping. It is extremely difficult to carry on as an accountant where another bookkeeper left off.

SS Sturmmann Tschech prepared the ledgers of "OSTI" in indefatigable labor and struck the balance. Today, the books give a clear picture of the firm's business; they are kept properly. All documents are filed in a way which permits easy access.

D. Working Out Profits with the SS and Police Leader Lublin. Before describing the various works of "OSTI," I have to point to an agreement which is important for the calculation of profits.

A verbal agreement was made with the SS and Police Leader Lublin -- as I was informed -- according to which "OSTI" had to pay to the SS and Police Leader Zl. [Zloty] 1.60 per Jew per working day.

Besides this, profits permitting Zl. 3.40 was to be paid for male Jews and Zl. 2.40 for female Jews, thus the following maximum amounts were provided for Jewish labor: for each day's work of a male Jew Zl. 5.00; for each day's work of a female Jew Zl. 4.00 The same agreement was made also with the SS and Police Leader at Radom. It applied to all those plants which were located within the districts of the SS and Police Leader concerned. In order to square the account with the SS and Police Leader Lublin, the plants of "OSTI" located within the District of Lublin were to be lumped together, i.e., the profit of the works with surplus was to be balanced against the loss of other works. "OSTI" earned in the plants of the Lublin district the wages-costs amounting to Zl. 1.60, but not the wages-costs amounting to Zl. 5.00 and Zl. 4.00 respectively. According to an estimate, Jews had worked about 285,000 days in the Lublin district by 3 November 1943. If one allocates two-thirds of these days to male and one-third to female Jews, at the rate of Zl. 5.00 and Zl. 4.00, about Zl. 1,330,000.00 would have to be paid to the SS and Police Leader Lublin. In fact, Zl. 457,000.00 was paid to the SS and Police Leader Lublin. Should "OSTI" show a profit on liquidation, Zl. 873,000.00 would therefore have to be paid up. The liquidation profit of the Lublin plants of "OSTI" will certainly not amount to that figure.

In practice therefore the G.m.b.H., [Ltd. Liability Co.] will neither obtain a profit from the factories in the Lublin district nor will it have to bear a loss. Later the compensation for Jewish labor was fixed at a rate of Zl. 3.70 per day with the SS and Police Leader Radom. As to this, I refer to article E, 4 of my report.

E. "OSTI" Factories

1. The Glassworks at Wolomin. In Wolomin in the Government General, about 40 km. east of Warsaw, "OSTI," took over operation of two glassworks, Wolomin and Praca, in April 1943. The glassworks Wolomin formerly belonged to a Jew; it was first confiscated by the Senior SS and Police Leader Krakow and later by the trusteeship office of the Government of the Government General. "OSTI" has to rent these glassworks from the trusteeship office. At the time of my investigation, negotiations for a lease were not yet concluded.

* * * * * * *

The turn-over of the glassworks was around Zl. 3,200,000 during the period from 1 April 1943 to 29 February 1944. The proceeds are from 50 percent to 100 percent higher than they are in the Reich. Compared with a works in the Reich, a turn-over of around RM 1,000,000 was achieved in the period mentioned. The works are under the direction of SS Oberscharfuehrer Mues, who is assisted by 3 members of the SS in supervisory positions. Six hundred and forty-five Polish workers are working in three shifts.

* * * * * * *

This works balance sheet shows a gross profit of Zl. 490,314.74

Deduct for extraordinary expenditure and expenditure not directly concerned with the work Zl. 49,426.70

[Total] Zl. 440,888.04

During the same period the following amount represents extraordinary profits from transactions not directly concerned with the works Zl. 44,064.09

Leaving a net profit of Zl. 484,952.13 for the period 1 April 1943 to 29 February 1944.

I have made several tests of the balance sheet and found no cause for criticism. The results of the 11 months' trading may be considered entirely satisfactory.

2. The Peat Works of Dorohucza. In the spring of 1943 the "OSTI" started an extensive mechanized peat-cutting plant in the marshes east of Lublin. It was intended to assure at least part of the fuel required by the remaining plants of "OSTI" and the Jewish labor camps. An installation for processing the peat was planned to make the plants pay, as peat-cutting, being seasonable work, is not itself economical, but would have been self-supporting with the projected winter processing plant. An experimental oven was already set up. The production of this plant would have greatly exceeded the requirements of solid fuel of the Waffen SS.

Plant manager was SS Unterscharfuehrer Schlimm, whose only assistant and deputy was a member of the police force. About 10 Poles were employed as supervisors.

Something like 1,000 Jews and Jewesses -- their number fluctuated considerably -- worked there.

In the summer of 1943 about 7000 cbm. [cubic meters] peat were cut, which was sold for approximately Zl. 265,000. The works were by no means self-supporting as during the first year Considerable preparatory work had to be done and there are always unforeseen expenses connected with a new enterprise. To cover some of the cost, shares could have been issued in order to distribute the initial outlay over several years, but as the plant was closed down in November 1943, this would have been purposeless.

For the peat plant power and tool machines, rails, vehicles, and so on were bought, value Zl. 1,203,000.00

On closing down the plant, these items were sold at Zl. 1,269,000.00

Showing a profit of Zl. 66,000.00

It is not improbable that the purchaser of the rolling-stock may lodge a complaint on taking delivery.

Against this contingency an amount of Zl. 108,000.00 was set aside in the balance sheet of the "OSTI" leaving a loss on winding up of Zl. 42,000.00

The total assets of the works were sold for 29 February 1944 so that only the above-mentioned reserve was taken into the balance sheet of the chief administration.

The profit and loss account of the works shows a loss of Zl. 180,933.06 which includes the above loss resulting from the final winding up. This loss is borne by the SS and Police Leader Lublin, and balanced against the profits of the works in the district of Lublin.

3. Brush factory in Lublin. In May 1943 the "OSTI" installed in the labor camp in Lublin a bristle-processing works with a brush factory and a shell basket repair works. The manufacture of brushes was formerly carried out in a ghetto and transferred to the labor camp in Lublin. Altogether 31,000 kg. of bristles were processed, 370,000 brushes of every kind were manufactured and 114,000 shell baskets repaired.

The turn-over from bristle-processing was Zl. 496,000, of the brush factory l. 927,000, and of the basket factory Zl 177,000, a total of approximately Zl. 1,600,000.

The over-all management of the plant was in the hands of civilian employee Strauss. Three members of the SS and two other civilian employees assisted him in the capacity of plant managers. Approximately 600 Jews were employed in the bristleworks, approximately 700 Jews in the brush factory and about 500 Jews in the basket factory.

Invested in machines, tools, and mineral equipment in these works which were mostly equipped for manual work, were only approximately Zl. 80,000.

The machines were sold after closing down of the works for approximately Zl. 75,000 so that the liquidation showed a loss of approximately Zl. 5,000.

The trading account of the brush factory shows a profit of approximately Zl. 212,000 which, after deducting the loss of the peat works, is due to SS and Police Leader of Lublin for wages differences.

4. The Equipments Plant in Radom. One of the offices of the SS and Police Leader in Radom ran a plant in Radom which manufactured a variety of articles. They were mainly concerned with textiles. Uniforms were made there, and footwear, uniforms and civilian clothes repaired, but there was also a carpenter's workshop, a repair shop for shell baskets, a peat-cutting plant, and a quarry. "OSTI" took these works over on 1 July 1943.

Manager of the works was the civilian employee Seifert. Five SS and police members as well as two civilian employees assisted him. Six Poles were engaged as supervisors. Approximately 4,000 Jews were working in the labor camp of Radom.

These plants were taken over by the SS and Police Leader Radom at their book values. As these works were mainly set up for manual labor, the capital invested was comparatively small. The following was purchased:

Machines, and machine installations, and works and business equipment approximately Zl. 335,000.00

Tools approximately Zl. 30,000.00

After the workers had been withdrawn, the plants were again disposed of at book values. At book values of the "OSTI," the "German Equipment Works Ltd." took over the works at Radom and Blicyn, the "German Earth and Stone Works Ltd.," the quarry at Blicyn. There were thus no profits or losses in the transfer of these works.

A part of the plants at Radom was taken over by the town mayor there. This transfer shows a gain of about 10,000 Zlotys. The turn-over of the Equipment Works of Radom amounted to about 5,500,000 Zlotys until 31 December 1943. This yield was fully used for the costs of production, leaving no profit for the "OSTI."

* * * * * * *

5. The Iron Foundry in Lublin. When planning the main structure of the "OSTI," the main emphasis was laid on the foundry in Lublin. The Jews confined to the Lublin labor camp were to be employed here for the armament production in an iron foundry. The construction of the plant was begun in August 1943. After the burning of the Warsaw ghetto [See 1061-PS, Pros. Ex. 503, p. 631.] the machines which were still serviceable were brought to Lublin, were repaired and installed again. Machines from the Bialystok ghetto were also brought to Lublin. A very small part of the production was begun still in October 1943. The main work was to commence in the middle of November.

On 3 November 1943 manufacture was stopped, the machines were sold, and the orders already booked were transferred.

The direction of the plant was in the hands of the civil employee Eduard Sauter. The books were kept by the civil employee Josef Peters. Seven members of the SS and police were in administrative positions as experts. The allocation of Jews was increased with the growth of the works. In November 1943 about 1,500 Jews were employed. Until November 1943, capital invested in the foundry amounted to around 480,000 Zlotys. By far, the greatest part of this had been taken over from the Warsaw ghetto.

The major part of the invested capital was taken over by the Lodz ghetto administration when the foundries were dissolved. Against this 300,000 Zlotys were paid to the "OSTI" by way of compensation. Other shares of the investments were sold to several buyers. When it was found that the payments to the "OSTI" on taking over were too large, the differences were again debited. I have examined the entries of the capital accounts and found these to be in order. It is not possible here to give full details of the entries of these accounts. The profit and loss accounts of the foundry do not give a complete picture of the operations of the works as they are set up as itemized cost accounts with a view to obtaining net costs. To draw up the profit and loss accounts in accordance with usual practice would entail a whole week's work.

The foundry being in its initial stages of construction could not, of course, present an actual profit. The profit of Zl. 23,661.66 shown in the profit and loss account is due to extraordinary circumstances. This profit has to be adjusted with the SS and Police Leader Lublin, on account of subsequent wage renumerations.

6. The Fur Manufacturing Works Trawniki. In the SS labor camp Trawniki, a big fur manufacturing plant was run by a German firm specially assigned for this. The "OSTI" took over its direction on 15 October 1943. On 15 November the financial interests of the plants were also to pass into the hands of the "OSTI." Six thousand Jews were employed in the works. The transfer of the works to the "OSTI" could not take place, however, owing to the withdrawal of the workers. Investigations were not made by the "OSTI."

7. The Earth and Stone Works Lublin. The Earth and Stone Works comprising a number of economic enterprises run by the SS and Police Leader Lublin, were taken over by the "OSTI" on 1 August 1943.

In detail the following are concerned:

a. Estate Eschenhof near Lublin with attached brickworks.

b. Lublin brickworks.

c. Brickworks, cemented goods, and the tile factory at Zamosc.

d. The so-called Holland business.

* * * * * * *

To d. The SS and Police Leader, Lublin established a purchasing office in Holland, which was to buy goods there which the SS and Police Leader in Lublin needed for reconstruction work in his district. This purchasing office has had a turn-over of approximately 4,000,000 Zl. The winding up of this purchasing office has given much trouble to the "OSTI" and is not as yet finished.

The Earth and Stone Works were managed by the civilian employee Karl Koelbel, who was assisted by four SS and police members and two civilian employees. During the season approximately 700 Polesno Jewswere employed in the brickworks and on the estate of the Earth and Stone Works.

* * * * * * *

The summary of the yields of the works combined in the Earth and Stone Works gives the following picture:

Profit Zl. 238,985.43

Loss Zl. 184,218.90

On balance a profit remains of Zl. 54,766.53

[Total Profit column] Zl. 238,985.43

[Total Loss Column] Zl. 238,985.43

The winding up of the Holland business can be seen from the following summary:

Purchases of goods were made to the value of Zl. 3,067,000.00

These goods were sold for approximately Zl. 2,116,000.00

Balance Zl. 951,000.00

The stock of Dutch goods per 31 December 1943 amounted at cost prices to Zl.
917,000.00

Thus a loss was incurred of Zl. 34,000.00

Of the stock on 31 December 1943 a considerable depreciation of the purchased material having been ascertained had to be written off. Zl. 482,000.00

The total loss from the Holland business thus amounts at present to Zl. 516,000.00

A part of the depreciation of the materials was charged to the Dutch selling firm in a new account, furthermore claims for damages have been lodged. The outcome of this engagement is still in the balance; only after its definite settlement will it be possible to obtain a conclusive picture. No increase, however, of the loss stated above is expected. Furthermore it should be noted that this loss need not be borne by the "OSTI." The SS Police Leader Lublin will receive proportionately lower post-payments, for Jewish workers' wages.

8. The Sanitary Works. The SS Police Leader Lublin maintained in Lublin a small plant in which pharmaceutical articles of all kinds were manufactured. This also had to be taken over by the "OSTI." It was managed by the SS station [garrison] physician Dr. Seckel. Approximately 85 Jews were employed. On 31 December 1943 this works, with all assets and liabilities, was handed over to the settlers' community Zamosc at book values.

A profit of Zl. 15,000.00 was obtained on a turn-over of Zl. 194,000.00.

9. The Main Administration. There was a centralized bookkeeping department in the main administration of the "OSTI" which dealt with its various plants and which supplied the plants with the necessary funds. On the due date for drawing up the balance sheet, the individual balances of the works were concentrated in the main administration and thus the balance sheet for the entire "OSTI" was drawn up. The main administration charged the works with a share of the administrative costs of from 0.09 to 1 percent for its work according to the amount of the turnover tax.

Furthermore, the main administration accounted for the funds received by the "OSTI" from the utilization of machinery, tools, and goods of former Jewish property. The following should be noted in this respect: the SS and Police Leaders Lublin and Warsaw delegated to the "OSTI" the utilization of the movable former Jewish property. First, there were in the Warsaw ghetto numerous machines which were to be used in the "OSTI" enterprises. This machinery, naturally, could not be taken over by the "OSTI," it being an independent legal entity without a payment in exchange. Furthermore, there were numerous machines and also other assets which formerly were Jewish property, and had in the course of time changed hands to non-Jewish ownership, where appropriate settlement had not been paid to the Reich.

On the one hand the "OSTI" settled with the Reich for former Jewish capital it had taken over and furthermore attended to the orderly utilization of capital values transferred to non-Jewish ownership.

The firm Georg Binder in Warsaw had already before the fire in the Warsaw ghetto received orders from the SS and Police Leader Warsaw, to value the machinery which was formerly Jewish property. It would have seemed natural to use this valuation of the firm Georg Binder as a basis for the valuation of this property. This, however, was not possible because the utilization by the "OSTI" was not carried out until after the fire of the Warsaw ghetto, and because some of the machinery had suffered considerable damage in the fire. There was, therefore, no other possibility left to the "OSTI" but to carry out a fresh valuation of the machinery by their own experts.

From this utilization of former Jewish property the "OSTI" placed an amount of Zl. 14,604,865.64 at the disposal of Reich by 29 February 1944. The costs thus incurred by the "OSTI" were charged up at the really extraordinarily moderate rate of three fourths percent. These valuations, if carried out by another expert, would undoubtedly have cost the Reich much higher fees.

The moneys received by the "OSTI" out of these realizations were placed to the credit of the account "Reich" and till 31 December 1943 were adjusted with the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office Berlin and later with the SS Economist Krakow or with the Reich Commissioner for Strengthening of Germanism respectively.

On 29 February 1944 a total balance of the "OSTI" was drawn up, which I attach as enclosure 1 to my report. I attach two brief explanations regarding this balance. The enclosure 3 shows a confrontation of the expenses and the revenues of the main administration for the period from 1 March 1943 to 29 February 1944. This confrontation shows a profit amounting to Zl.
257,558.13. On compounding the book of the individual plants, already in the final balance on 31 December 1943 some differences arise in the contra-accounts of the plants, which had to be balanced. The above computed excess of the main administration, on settling these differences, is increased by Zl. 70,756.69, total Zl. 328,314.82.

For the purpose of a particularly cautious balancing, rather considerable reserves were set aside in the balance sheets of the Main Administration. For this purpose Zl. 129,674.75 more were used per 29 February 1944. There remains merely from the special account of the Main Administration on 29 February 1944 a profit amounting to Zl. 198,640.07.

Nothing conclusive as yet can be said about the actual result. Of the liquidation of the entire "OSTI," as justly the "Holland-business" is not yet wound up and in this connection no final settlement with the SS and Police Leader Lublin concerning the outstanding payments for the workers assigned could be carried out. Moreover a part of the formed reserves can be written back again. The final calculation by the liquidator will show the necessary clarification of this point. The liquidation-opening-balance of 29 February 1944 shows a profit amounting to Zl. 780,00.00.

F. Final Remarks

* * * * * * *

As the time I had at my disposal was insufficient to examine a comprehensive union [Komplex] such as the OSTI -- the turnover from 1 April 1943 to 31 December 1943 amounted to Zl. 26,500,000.00 in accordance with the rules of joint stock companies, I am unable to account for the balance of 29 February 1944, with the usual certificate. I did not find anything, however, which did not agree with the evidence of the books.

While making my examination, I gained the impression that the bookkeeping covers all business transactions, and that the balance of 29 February 1944 covers all the assets and liabilities of the company.

Berlin, 21 June 1944

[Signed] JOHANN SEBASTIAN FISCHER
SS Unterscharfuehrer
Enclosure 1: East Industries Ltd [Balance Sheet]

Enclosure 1

East Industries Ltd. (Ostindustrie G.m.b.H.)

Total balance on 29 February 1944 [in Zloty=Zl.]

[Main Administration and liquidated plants; Factory I Wolomin; Factory IV Radom; Total]

Outstanding shares on stock-fund: Admin: Zl. 150,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 150,000.00.

Investment in plants:

Built over real estate, factory, and other buildings: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. 40,125.00; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 40,125.00.

Machines and machinery installations: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 19,651.59; Total: Zl. 19,651.59.

Tools, factory and business installations: Admin: Zl. 59,281.90; Wolomin: Zl. 344,050.35; Radom: Zl. 13,301.01; Total: Zl.

Installations under construction: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. 313,527.36; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 313,527.36.

Floating capital:

Raw materials auxiliary and operating materials: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. 308,053.45; Radom: Zl. 47,526.89; Total: Zl. 355,580.34.

Semi-manufactured goods: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. 25,000.00; Radom: Zl. 16,242.21; Total: Zl. 41,242.21.

Manufactured goods, merchandise: Admin: Zl. 133,463.55; Wolomin: Zl. 281,041.45; Radom: Zl. 8,217.45; Total: Zl. 422,722.00.

Warehouse L: Admin: Zl. 238,900.40; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 238,900.40.

Warehouse R: Admin: Zl. 91,032.10; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 91,032.10.

Payments on account: Admin: Zl. 30,110.71; Wolomin: Zl. 126,307.17; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 156,417.88.

Claims resulting from deliveries and services: Admin: Zl. 4,607,964.57; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 689,195.15; Total: Zl. 5,297,159.72.

Cash: Admin: Zl. 1,908.98; Wolomin: Zl. 17,255.12; Radom: Zl. 2,307.35; Total: Zl. 21,471.45.

Bank balances, ZV-Dept., balances: Admin: Zl. 453,156.56; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 453,156.56.

Other bank balances: Admin: Zl. 790,472.77; Wolomin: Zl. 201,945.92; Radom: Zl. 24,945.92; Total: Zl. 1,017,042.74.

Other claims: Admin: Zl. 1,576.00; Wolomin: Zl. 68,707.32; Radom: Zl. 26,532.42; Total: Zl. 96,835.74.

Extraordinary items:

Transitory items: Admin: Zl. 9,594.35; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 9,594.35.

[Totals]: Admin: Zl. 6,567,461.89; Wolomin: Zl. 1,726,012.69; Radom: Zl. 847,618.12; Total: Zl. 9,141,092.70.

Stock-fund: Admin: Zl. 200,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 200,000.00.

Reserves: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. -.

Interest: Admin: Zl. 25,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 25,000.00.

Inmates' damages: Admin: Zl. 342,121.38; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 342,121.38.

Dubious claims: Admin: Zl. 160,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 160,000.00.

Turn-over tax February: Admin: Zl. 20,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 20,000.00.

Liquidation expenses: Admin: Zl. 50,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 50,000.00.

Insurances: Admin: Zl. 20,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 8,596.60; Total: Zl. 28,596.60.

Reich for salaries of members of the SS and police: Admin: Zl. 180,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 50,000.00; Total: Zl.

Repairs water supply: Admin: Zl. 25,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 25,000.00.

Unforeseen items: Admin: Zl. 6,320.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 6,320.00.

Deliveries of rails: Admin: Zl. 80,743.59; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 80,743.59.

Claim Eschenhof: Admin: Zl. 275,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 275,000.00.

Trade tax 1943: Admin: Zl. 58,119.10; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 58,119.10.

Income tax 1943: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. -.

Depreciation:on plants: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. 10,542.00; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 10,542.00.

Rent, wages, etc.: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. 38,770.52; Radom: Zl. 4,560.00; Total: Zl. 43,330.52.

Transport costs, Binder: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 32,845.04; Total: Zl. 32,845.04.

Salaries and other expenses: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 12,382.00; Total: Zl. 12,382.00.

Wehrmacht Deliveries: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 300,000.00; Total: Zl. 300,000.00.

Delivery of goods manufactured by DAW [German Equipment works]: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 100,000.00; Total: Zl.

Account "Adam": Admin: Zl. 400.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 400.00.

Loan account "Reich": Admin: Zl. 2,500,000.00; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 2,500,000.00.

Trusteeship Account "Reich": Admin: Zl. 1,429,196.68; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 95,730.00; Total: Zl. 1,524,926.68.

SS and Police Leader:

Warsaw: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. 103,595.37; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 103,595.37.

Radom: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 1,635,764.29; Total: Zl. 1,635,764.29.

Lublin: Admin: Zl. 132,249.99; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 132,249.99.

Liabilities:

Loans: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. -.

Debts for deliveries and services: Admin: Zl. 58,750.62; Wolomin: Zl. 183,754.61; Radom: Zl. 169,957.03; Total: Zl.

Other debts: Admin: Zl. 20,312.54; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. 8,188.95; Total: Zl. 28,501.49.

Extraordinary items:

Transitory liabilities: Admin: Zl. 21,762.06; Wolomin: Zl. 128.14; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 21,890.20.

Net profit 1943: Admin: Zl. 132,389.51; Wolomin: Zl. -; Radom: Zl. -; Total: Zl. 132,389.51.

Net profit 1944: Admin: Zl. -; Wolomin: Zl. 348,329.52; Radom: Zl. 300,583.16; Total: Zl. 648,912.68.

[Totals]: Admin: Zl. 5,737,365.47; Wolomin: Zl. 685,120.16; Radom: Zl. 2,718,607.07; Total: Zl. 9,141,092.70.
Enclosure 2

Comments on the balance of the "OSTI" of 29 February 1944

1. Factory buildings and other buildings. Sheds and factory fencing put up by the glassworks at Wolomin.

2. Machines and machine installations. Remains of the Radom Equipment Works, which have been taken over by the German Equipment Works [DAW] at the value carried on the books on 29 February 1944.

3. Tools, factory, and business equipment. The equipment of the main administration has been taken over by the SS garrison administration, Lublin. The equipment of the Radom works has been handed over to the German Equipment Works.

4. Installations under construction. Unfinished new constructions at the glassworks, Wolomin.

5. Raw, auxiliary materials, and fuel. The raw materials of the Radom works have been sold to the German Equipment Works on a new account.

6. Half-finished products. See No. 5.

7. Finished products, goods. The goods of the main administration are left over stocks from the Holland business. The goods of the Radom works have been sold to the German Equipment Works on a new account.

8. Warehouse L. Machines, etc. brought to Lodz which have been sold there on a new account.

9. Warehouse H. Left-over goods from the Holland business stored in Holland which will be settled there on a new account.

10. Payments on account. Mainly advanced sums which will be accounted for together with the Holland business.

11. Claims for deliveries and services. For the most part, claims for the sale of investments. Up to 20 May 1944, claims up to about Zl. 3,600,000.00 were made. The current debtors of the glass works are also included here.

12. Other claims. The other claims were settled after the deadline date of the balance.

13. Transitory items. Claims on the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office Office W 1. Received on new account.

14. Reserves.

a. Interests. Interest on the loan of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office for the entire period of liquidation. Cf. figure 15.

b. Inmates damages. Ten percent of the compensation paid to the SS and Police Leaders of Lublin and Radom, for Jewish labor.

15. Loan Account "Reich". Loan from the SS Economic Administration Main Office according to the loan agreement of 15 September 1943. The loan was repaid on 20 May 1944 to the amount of Zl. 1,200,000.00.

16. Trusteeship account: "Reich." Remainder of former Jewish capital confiscated, for the Reich account. The trusteeship account was wound up in March 1944.

17. SS and Police Leader. Current accounts with the SS and Police Leaders regarding after payment for Jewish labor.

18. Supply and labor debts. Mainly current liabilities in RM [marks], which it has not yet been possible to cover because the foreign exchange permits applied for have not yet been granted.

19. Net Profit. The profits shown here belong to "OSTI." Profit tax still has to be deducted from the 1944 tax.

David Thompson
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Post by David Thompson » 14 Nov 2004 00:08

Document NO-1039, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 528-536.
PARTIAL TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1039

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 384

LETTER OF HOHBERG TO POHL, 10 APRIL 1943, SUBMITTING FOR HIMMLER A SURVEY OF CAPITAL AND TURNOVER, OF ECONOMIC ENTERPRISES OF WVHA, WITH A SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE FIRMS

Staff W - WL/Kue.
Berlin W 35, 10 April 1943
Potsdamerstrasse 95

To: SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl
Berlin-Lichterfelde-West
127 Unter den Eichen

Subject: Economic Enterprises of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office.

Obergruppenfuehrer,

Enclosed please find the desired survey of the economic enterprises of the Economic and Administrative Main Office for the Reich Leader SS.

The draft is still somewhat too long to my liking.

[Signed] HOHBERG


* * * * * * *
SS Main Economic and Administrative Office
Tel.: Local calls: 765261
Long distance calls: 765101
Staff W- WL/Kue.
Berlin, Lichterfelde-West
Unter den Eichen 126-135

To the Reich Leader SS
Berlin SW 11
Prinz-Albrecht-Str. 8

Subject: Economic Enterprises of the SS Economic and Administrative
Main Office

Reich Leader,

I am again submitting for your information survey of the economic enterprises of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office at their present state.

Staff W: Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H., Berlin (DWB) [German Economic Enterprises Limited, Berlin].

Parent company of the subsidiary companies hereafter marked "T." The enterprises of the Main Office are guided from here particularly in reference to taxes and prices.

"T": Gemeinnuetzige Wohnungs- und Heimstaetten G.m.b.H., Dachau (Gemeinnuetzige) [Public Utility Dwellings and Homesteads Limited, Dachau].

Exclusive proprietor of real estate in accordance with the Public Utility Decree.

"T": Haus- und Grundbesitz G.m.b.H., Berlin (Grundbesitz) [House and Real Estate Limited, Berlin].

Founded lately for acquiring real estates for dwellings to which the Public Utility Decree does not apply.

"T": Verkaufsstelle Berliner Moebelwerkstaetten e.G.m.b.H. i. Liqu. (VBMW) [Sales Office of Berlin Furniture Factories Registered Limited [Liability Co.] in Liquidation].

The shares of this cooperative society were acquired only in order to obtain a big business building at 95, Potsdamerstrasse Berlin W 35 (in the meantime transferred to DWB).

"T": Deutsche Heilmittel G.m.b.H., Prag (Heilmittel) [German Medicines Limited, Prague].

Medicament Factory in Prague-Wissotschan, taken over by the property office of the Reich Protector during the previous year. "T": Ostindustrie G.m.b.H., Lublin (OSTI) [Eastern Industry Limited, Lublin].

Newly founded company for the exploitation of the balance of Jewish property and of Jewish labor in the Government General. Office W I (stones and earth):

"T": Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke G.m.b.H., Berlin (DEST) [German Earth and Stone Works Limited].

'DEST operates granite quarries at Mauthausen, Flossenbuerg, Gross-Rosen, and Natzweiler; brick and clinkerworks at Oranienburg, Hamburg, Neuengamme, Grosswerder near Danzig, Hopehill near Elbing, and Berlstedt near Weimar; stoneworks at Oranienburg; gravelworks at Auschwitz. Clinkerworks are being built at Linz for utilization of the furnace clinkers from the Linz foundry of the Hermann Goering Works. In the meantime the output of the granite quarries surpassed by far the production of the brick and clinkerworks.

"T"- Porzellan-Manufaktur Allach-Muenchen G.m.b.H., Berlin (Allach) [Porcelain Manufacture Allach-Munich, Limited, Berlin].

Workshops at Dachau and Allach. The sales branches were closed through war measures.

"T": Bohemia Keramische Werke AG., Neurohlau (Bohemia) [Bohemia Ceramic Works, Joint Stock Company, Neurohlau].

The output now adjusted to war purposes was essentially increased by employing prisoners.

"T": Porag Porzellan-Radiatoren G.m.b.N., Elbogen (Porag) [Porag Porcelain Radiators Limited, Elbogen].

The production of porcelain radiators has been postponed in favor of other articles more important during the war.

Office W II (Stones and Earth [in the] East):

"T": Klinker-Zement G.m.b.H., Poznan (Klinker-Zement) [Clinker Cement Limited, Poznan].

The company as lessee operates the brickworks at Bentschin and the clinkerworks at Grodkow.

"T": Golleschauer Portland-Zement AG., Golleschau O/S (Golleschau Portland Cement, Joint Stock Company, Golleschau, Upper Silesia].

The first cement factory in the hands of the SS (annual capacity of 200,000 tons).

"T": Osteutsche Baustowerke G.m.b.H. Poznan (Ostdeutsche) [Eastern German Building Material Works Limited, Poznan].

This company administers all of the approximately 350 brickworks in the East as far as the Chief of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office is the trustee general.

"T": Treuhandverwaltung Lemberg and Bialystok [Trustee Administration at Lwow [Lvov] and Bialystok].

The earth and stoneworks, tile factories, lime and chalk quarries, etc., which were taken over by the trustees are operated without being entered in the commercial register.

Office W III (food concerns):

T": Sudetenquell G.m.b.H., Berlin (Sudetenquell) [Sudeten Springs Limited, Berlin].

Owns wells of mineral waters at Gruen and Neudorf near Marienbad. The well at Niederselters is rented. Negotiations with the Prussian Minister of Finance on the taking over of the Fachingen well have been started.

Heinrich Mattoni AG., Giesshuebl Sauerbrunn near Karlsbad (Mattoni) [Henry Mattoni, joint stock company].

Wells of mineral waters at Giesshuebl Sauerbrunn and Krondorf.

"T": Freudenthaler Getraenke G.m.b.H., Freudenthal/Ostsudeten (Freudenthal) [Freudenthal Drinks Limited, Freudenthal, Eastern Sudeten].

Manufacture of the Freudenthal beer, well-known in the Eastern Sudeten Province, and of the "Vitaborn" juices.

"T": Lesnoplod Orava Soika a spol Dolny Kubin (Lesnoplod).

Founded in Slovakia for large scale gathering of berry crops for "Vitaborn" juices (in the past year already 120 wagons of 10 tons each).

"T": Deutsche Lebensmittel G.m.b.H., Berlin (Lebensmittel) [German Foodstuffs Limited, Berlin].

It operates a bakery and a butcher's shop at Oranienburg; a bakery and a butcher's shop at Dachau; and the butcher's shop at Auschwitz.

"T": Selchwaren- und Konservenfabrik Wolframs near Iglau (Wolframs) [Wolframs Smoked Meat and Canned Goods Factory, Wolframs near Iglau].

One of the most up to date German meat-packing companies. Apollinaris Betriebs- G.m.b.H., in Bad Neuenahr [Apollinaris Limited at Bad Neuenahr].

Is being founded for operating the Apollinaris well at Bad Neuenahr, and the Rheinahr Glasfabrik G.m.b.H. [Rheinahr Glass Factory Limited] at Sinzig on Rhine which are to be rented.

Office W IV (woodworking concerns):

"T": Deutsche Ausruestungswerke G.m.b.H., Berlin (DAW) [German Equipment Works Limited, Berlin].

The workshops are situated at Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Dachau, Lwow, Lublin, and Sachsenhausen. Particularly armament orders

"T": Deutsche Edelmoebel AG., Butschowitz near Bruenn (Edel moebel) [German Fine Wood Furniture Joint Stock Company, Butschowitz near Brno].

Factory at Butschowitz and sales store in Prague ("Triumph" Furniture, Brenntegasse). The serial manufacture of civilian furniture to be stopped in favor of the war orders. Soon the number of employees will be increased from 800 to 2,000 (no prisoners).

"T": Deutsche Meisterwerkstaetten G.m.b.H., Prag (Meisterwerkstaetten) [German Master Workshops Limited, Prague].

The concern, originally intended for the production of precious household furniture, is at present serving the war production too.

"T": Forst- und Saegewerk Bachmanning G.m.b.H., Bachmanning (Bachmanning) [Bachmanning Forest and Sawmill Limited, Bachmanning].

A small sawmill near Linz. During the war the company is being amalgamated with the German Equipment Works.

"T": Deutsche Heimgestaltung G.m.b.H., Berlin (Heimgestaltung) [German Home Furnishing Limited, Berlin].

Only after the war this company will operate on a larger scale as a sales organization fostering the German idea of furnishing a home. At present it is serving as a sales store for office furniture and furniture for SS offices and household furniture for people having suffered damage from bombings.

Office W V (agriculture, forestry, and fisheries):

"T": Deutsche Versuchsanstalt fuer Ernaehrung und Verpegung G.m.b.H., Berlin (Versuchsanstalt) [German Experimental Institute for Nutrition and Alimentation Limited, Berlin].

This company, in addition to the trusteeship in the East, operates for its own account the following concerns: agriculture and peppermill at Dachau, Allenberg, Stralsund, Lauenburg, Hof; nursery and poultry farms at Ravensbrueck, Bretstein, Partschendorf, Freudenthal, Comthurey and Brueckentin, Gilde, Alteneichen, Heimstatt, Autal. Besides the groups of farms at Sucha, Galicia, Beneschau, Debica, Auschwitz, and Heimstatt near Modlin are administered by trustees.

"T": Anton Loibl G.m.b.H., Berlin (Loibl) [Anton Loibl Limited, Berlin].

For practical reasons this company, for the exploitation of patents, is being administered by the same office. Every year it is still earning considerable funds for "Ahnenerbe" [SS "Ancestral Heritage" Research Organization] and "Lebensborn" [Well of Life].

Office W VI (utilization of textiles and leather):

"T": Gesellschaft fuer Textil- und Lederverwertung m.b.H., Ravensbrueck (Texled) [Company for Utilization of Textiles and Leather Limited, Ravensbrueck].

For the time being it is operating only the textiles concerns at the Ravensbrueck concentration camp for women.

Office W VII (books and pictures):

"T": Nordlandverlag G.m.b.H., Berlin (Nordland) [Nordland Publishing House Limited, Berlin].

This publishing house's business has been increasing unexpectedly during the past 2 years. Already its sales compare most favorably with those of big German publishing houses.

"T": Voelkischer Kunstverlag G.m.b.H., Berlin (Kunstverlag) [Peoples Art Publishing Company Limited, Berlin].

This company's work is limited by the war, of course. Office W VIII (special tasks):

Gesellschaft zur Foerderung und Pfluege deutscher Kulturdenksnaeler e.V. (Kulturdenkmaeler) [Association for the Development and Care of German Cultural Monuments, Reg. Assn.]

Externsteine-Stiftung, Horn in Lippe (Externsteine) [Externsteine Foundation, Horn in Lippe].

Koenig - Heinrich - Gedaechtnis - Stiftung (Koenig Heinrich) [King Henry Memorial Institution] and the convalescent homes.

It is intended in the current year to incorporate the convalescent homes in a trading company to replace the losses of the homes from the other corporation's profits exempt of taxes.

Apart from the mentioned corporations and capitals, the following plants are under the supervision of the Economic and Administration Main Office.

Deutscher Reichsverein fuer Volkspege und Siedlerhilfe e.V. [German Reich Association for People's Welfare and Settler's Support, Reg. Assn.] with the Management Property [Gueterdirektion] admont and St. Lambrecht.

Kleiderkasse der Schutzstaffel e.V. [SS Clothing Funds, Reg. Assn.] with the branch offices in Berlin, Kaiserallee and Leipziger Street, Munich, Oslo, Warsaw, Lublin, Riga, Belgrade.

Spargemeinschaft SS e.V., Berlin [SS Savings Association, Reg. Assn.].

The Chief of the SS Main Economic and Administrative Office

Obergruppenfuehrer [Initialed] Ho
*******************************************
[Enclosure]

Capital and Turn-over of the economic enterprises of the SS Economic Administrative Main Office

[Office; Name of the firm; Capital in RM; Percentage thereof in Possession of SS; Turnover 1942 in RM]

Office: Stab W; Name: Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H. [German Economic Enterprises Ltd.]: Capital: 12,000,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 239,800 RM.

Office: Stab W; Name: Gemeinnuetzige Wohnungs- und Heimstaetten G.m.b.H., Dachau. [Public Utility Dwellings and Homesteads Ltd. Dachau.]: Capital: 150,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 114.400 RM.

Office: Stab W; Name: Haus- und Grundbesitz G.m.b.H. [House and Real Estate Ltd.]: Capital: 300,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: newly established.

Office: Stab W; Name: Verkaufsstelle Berliner Moebelwerkstaetten e.G.m.b.H. i. Liqu. [Sales Office of Berlin furniture Factories Registered [Liability Co.] Ltd., in Liquidation].: Capital: 8,500 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 53.400 RM.

Office: Stab W; Name: Deutsche Heilmittel G.m.b.H. [German Medicines Ltd.]: Capital: 450,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 414.600 RM.

Office: Stab W; Name: Ostindustrie G.m.b.H. [Eastern Industry Ltd.]: Capital: 100,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: Newly established.

Office: I; Name: Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke G.m.b.H. [German Earth and Stone Works Ltd.]: Capital: 500,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 8,203,400 RM.

Office: I; Name: Porzellan-Manufaktur Allach-Muenchen [Porcelain Manufacture Allach-Munich.]: Capital: 45,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 849,600 RM.

Office: I; Name: Bohemia Keramische Werke AG Bohemia Ceramic Works Joint Stock Co.]: Capital: 500,000 RM; Possession of SS: 89%; Turnover: 1,250,100 RM.

Office: I; Name: Porag Porzellan-Radiatoren G.m.b.H. [Porag Porcelain Radiators Ltd.]: Capital: 100,000 RM; Possession of SS: 55%; Turnover: 591,700 RM.

Office: W II; Name: Ostdeutsche Baustoffwerke G.m.b.H. [Eastern German Building Material Works Ltd.]: Capital: 20,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 12,896,600 RM.

Office: W II; Name: Golleschauer Portland-Zement AG. [Golleschau Portland Cement Joint Stock Co.]: Capital: 2,100,000 RM; Possession of SS: 98%; Turnover: 2,874,000 RM.

Office: W II; Name: Klinker Zement G.m.b.H. [Clinker Cement Ltd.]: Capital: 150,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 740,400 RM.

Office: W III; Name: Freudenthaler Getraenke G.m.b.H. [Freudenthal Drinks Ltd.]: Capital: 450,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 3,973,900 RM.

Office: W III; Name: Heinrich Mattoni AG. [Henry Mattoni Joint Stock Co.]: Capital: 2,100,000 RM; Possession of SS: 99%; Turnover: 7,150,400 RM.

Office: W III; Name: Sudetenquell G.m.b.H. [Sudeten Springs Ltd.]: Capital: W20,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 2,453,200 RM.

Office: W III; Name: Deutsche Lebensmittel G.m.b.H. [German Foodstuffs Ltd.]: Capital: 200,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 4,485,900 RM.

Office: W III; Name: Selchwaren- u. Konservenfabrik AG. [Smoked Meat and Canned Goods Factory Joint Stock Co.]: Capital: 760,000 RM; Possession of SS: 51%; Turnover: 3,256,400 RM.

Office: W III; Name: Lesnoplod Orava Soika a spoI Dolny Kubin.: Capital: 4,300 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 909,600 RM.

Office: W IV; Name: Deutsche Ausruestungswerke G.m.b.H. [German Equipment Works Ltd.]: Capital: 520,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 9,143,800 RM.

Office: W IV; Name: Deutsche Edelmoebel G.m.b.H. [German Fine Wood Furniture Ltd.]: Capital: 1,000,000 RM; Possession of SS: 94%; Turnover: 2,883,100 RM.

Office: W IV; Name: Forst- u. Saegewerk Bachmanning G.m.b.H. [Forest and Sawmill Bachmanning Ltd.]: Capital: 10,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 214,900 RM.

Office: W IV; Name: Deutsche Heimgestaltung G.m.b.H. [German Home Furnishing Ltd.]: Capital: 20,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 492,000 RM.

Office: W IV; Name: Deutsche Meisterwerkstaetten G.m.b.H. [German Master Workshops Ltd.]: Capital: 20,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 644,000 RM.

Office: W V; Name: Deutsche Versuchsanstalt fuer Ernaehrung u. Verpleglmg G.m.b.H. [German Experimental Institute for Nutrition and Alimentation Ltd.]: Capital: 1,555,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 2,607,500 RM.

Office: W V; Name: Anton Loibl G.m.b.H. [Anton Loibl Ltd.]: Capital: 25,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 550,500 RM.

Office: W VI; Name: Gesellschaft fuer Textil- und Lederverwertung G.m.b.H. [Company for Utilization of Textiles and Leather, Ltd.]: Capital: 1,720,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100 %; Turnover: 1,552,700 RM.

Office: W VII; Name: Nordland-Verlag G.m.b.H. [Nordland Publishing House Ltd.]: Capital: 200,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 7,309,500 RM.

Office: W VII; Name: Voelkischer Kunstverlag G.m.b.H [Peoples Art Publishing Co. Ltd.]: Capital: 200,000 RM; Possession of SS: 100%; Turnover: 153,700 RM.

[Total Turnover for 1942] 76,009,100 RM

*****************************************
Berlin, 3 August 1943

[Handwritten note] to 9/8 to be filed B 9/8/44

Unfinished Works of Staff W:

* * * * * * *

2. Treuhandschaft-G.m.b.H.-Anteile DWB. [Shares of Trusteeship Ltd. DWB.]

The transfer of the trusteeship to some other trustee in case of death of Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl must be stated by will. [Handwritten marginal note] Dr. Volk.

* * * * * * *

16. Approval of the annual balances. A great part of the annual balances of the DWB and the subsidiary companies have not yet been approved by the general meeting and the management was not cleared of responsibility. This must be done. [Handwritten marginal note] Done for Clinker Cement. Dr. V.

17. Reinhardt funds. The contract between the Reich and the DWB concerning the loan from the Reinhardt funds must be drawn up in writing.

* * * * * * *

32. Minorities Bohemia. The minorities of shareholders of the Bohemia can be eliminated by converting the Joint Stock Company into a Limited Liability Company.

[Signed] HOHBERG 6 August [19]43

David Thompson
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Post by David Thompson » 14 Nov 2004 00:27

Document NO-555", in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case').
US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 536-538.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-555

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 451a

EXTRACT FROM BUSINESS REPORT OF GERMAN EQUIPMENT WORKS LTD. (DAW) FOR 1943 CO-SIGNED BY OPPERBECK AND NIEMANN MARCH 1944

Business report of German Equipment Works, Ltd. Berlin, Wannsee, Dreilindenstrasse, for the year 1943

Executive officers of the companies:

1. Josef Opperbeck - Plenipotentiary General.
2. Karl Niemann - Manager
Karl Bestle - Manager
3. Walter Reinartz - Prokurist [Executive with power of attorney] for the entire administration.
Franz Mueller-Strobl - Prokurist for the entire administration.
Rudolf Waner - Prokurist for Auschwitz Works.

In 1943 the company owned the following plants:

1. Auschwitz Plant.
2. Bachmanning Plant.
3. Buchenwald Plant.
4. Dachau Plant.
5. Fuerstenwalde Plant.
6. Lwow [Lvov] Plant.
7. Lublin Plant.
8. Neuengamme Plant.
9. Ravensbrueck Plant.
10. Sachsenhausen Plant.
11. Sword-forge Dachau Plant.
12. Stutthof Plant.

In 1943, the business was furthermore expanded by the taking over of

1. The Neuengamme plant near Hamburg.
2. The Pulawy Sawmill near Lublin.
3. Forestry and Sawmill Plant Ltd. Bachmanning.

Neuengamme is a wood processing plant which still awaits development. At present machine-gun carrying straps, ships bumpers, and camouflage nets are manufactured from cellophane, scrap rubber, and remnants from the textile industry on a large scale.

In June 1943 the sawmill adjoining Pulawy station was acquired. The average contingent is about 20,000 cubic meters per year. The plant meets all demands as for site, output, and equipment and is, in the first place, intended to provide the Lublin Works with the necessary cut wood. About 15,000 cubic meters of logs were taken over. The Bachmanning Forestry and Sawmill plant turns out about 5,000 cubic meters of cut wood per year.

The production of all these plants is characterized by the fact that they are engaged exclusively in armament contracts and essential war work ordered by public authorities for the completion of special war tasks.

The conversion and coordinated replanning of production for the manufacture of serial goods, that had become necessary in order to execute the War Industry contracts, necessitated also the acquisition of a number of new machines and equipment and the construction of new buildings.

In 1943 [funds] were spent on the execution of building plannings RM 1,278,958.92; on purchase of machines and plant installations RM 969,386.46; on purchase of tools and equipment for plants RM 590,430.11.

With an average figure of workers of 318 employees, 167 civilian workmen, and 15,498 prisoners; and with a performance of 40 million working hours a turn-over was obtained of 23,204,032.87 R M.

The working time comprises 32,256,500 working hours (spent on productive work) 80.6 percent and 7,743,500 working hours (auxiliary work)19.4 per cent.

The turn-over amounted to RM 5,366,547.00 (100 percent) in 1941; RM 9,540,219.33 (177.8 percent) in 1942; and RM 23,204,032.87 (432.4 percent) in 1943.

Thus the 1943 turn-over increased by 243.2 percent compared to 1942 and by 432.4 percent compared to 1941.

The large increase in the turn-over, compared to the previous years, is due above all to the introduction of shift work wherever working conditions would allow it. The turn-over figure of 23,204,032.87 RM does not comprise the value of the half-manufactured and manufactured articles, which amount as at 31 December 1943, to RM 2,393,560.49.

The figure of the turn-over, besides, is greatly influenced by the special action carried through in the Lublin and Lvov Plants at the beginning of November 1943, which brought these plants to a complete standstill. A turn-over of about 2,000,000.00 RM was lost through the closing-down of these works and the ensuing loss of about 8,000 workers for the months of November and December.

Berlin, March 1944

DEUTSCHE AUSRUESTUNGSWERKE G.M.E.H.

[Signed] OPPERBECK
[Signed] NIEMANN

David Thompson
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Posts: 23645
Joined: 20 Jul 2002 19:52
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Post by David Thompson » 14 Nov 2004 08:29

Document NO-063, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under
Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950, pp. 536-545
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-063

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 450a

TWO MEMORANDA BY GLOBOCNIK DESIGNATED AS "ENCLOSURES": (a) ORDERS ON HAND OF THE LABOR CAMPS IN THE LUBLIN DISTRICT AS OF 3 NOVEMBER 1943; (b) PROVISIONAL REPORT OF THE CASH OPERATION "REINHARDT," AS OF 15 DECEMBER 1943
Orders on Hand of the shops of the SS labor camp in the District of Lublin on 3 November 1943

I. Total orders on hand according to shops.

1. Ostindustrie G.m.b.H., Lublin [Eastern Industry Ltd., Lublin] Z1. 5,552,700.00 [see] Annex 1

2. Deutsche Ausruestungswerke, Werke Lublin [German Equipment Works Plant Lublin] Zl. 7,989,000.00 [see] Annex 2

3. Textilwerk [Textile Works] Poniatowa Zl. 13,000,000.00 [see] Annex 3

4. Pelzwerk [Fur Works] Trawniki Zl. 4,536,000.00 [see] Annex 4

[Total] Z1. 31,077,700.001 [Since these were almost exclusively orders for the processing of goods supplied to us, these orders on hand represent mainly wages and overhead expenses. The real value of the manufacture, if produced on our own account, that is if we ourselves supply the material, would therefore have been at least 50 percent higher.]

II. These total orders on hand fall in the following production groups:

1. Wood Zl. 5,728,000.00

2. Metal Zl. 4,171,000.00

3. Textiles Zl. 10,338,200.00

4. Leather Zl. 1,970,000.00

5. Furs Zl. 4,816,000.00

6. Others [Under other production groups [sonstige Fertigungsgruppen] are combined, among others, production of peat and/or generator coke; the only roofing-paper factory in the Lublin district; two watch repair shops; one brush factory; the largest bristle-processing plant of the
Government General; basket- and straw-weaving plants; printing shop; production of concrete parts for the construction of barracks.] Zl. 4,054,500.00

[Total] Zl. 31,077,700.00

[Signed] GLOBOCNIK
****************************************
Enclosure 1: Annex 1: Orders on Hand of the Ostindustrie G.m.b.H., Lublin on 3 November 1943


[Plant; Contracts; Contractor; Total Value (Zl.); Wehrmacht contracts included (Zl.); Civilian contracts included (Zl.)]

Plant: II Peat Pit Dorohueza:

Contract: 1. 420 t Peat-coke;
Contractor: Waffen SS;
Value: Zl. 210,000.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 210,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. -.

Contract: 2. 4.5 t Tar;
Contractor: DAW;
Value: Zl. 4,500.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. -;
Civilian contracts: Zl. 4,500.00.

Plant: III Brush factory, bristle-processing plant, and willow-weaving plant:

Contract: 1. 724,000 paint brushes and scrubbing brushes, assorted;
Contractor: WBA, Berlin HWL II of the Waffen SS and others;
Value: Zl. 1,592,000.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 1,392,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. 200,000.00.

Contract: 2. Repair of 135,000 shell baskets;
Contractor: Munition Depot Lublin;
Value: Zl. 216,000.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 216,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. -.

Contract: 3. 15,000 kg. bristles for processing;
Contractor: Various contracts for Wehrmacht and private;
Value: Zl. 210,000.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 105,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. 105,000.00.

Plant: Mechanical and other shops in Lublin:

Contract: 1. Production of 1.5 million fuse screws;
Contractor: Wehrmacht (Planning Office [Planungsring]);
Value: Zl. 1,350.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 1,350,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl.

Contract: 2. Production of 4.5 million buckles;
Contractor: Cossack Division (WM) and others;
Value: Zl. 1,620,000.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 1,620,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. -.

Contract: 3. Repair of 37,500 tin containers;
Contractor: Munition Depot Lublin;
Value: Zl. 150,000.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 150,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. -.

Contract: 4. Dismantling 3,000 airplane gun mounts;
Contractor: Luftwaffe (Planning Office);
Value: Zl. 40,000.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 40,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. --.

Contract: 5. Repair of 15,000 Automobile parts;
Contractor: HKP Lublin (Army motor pool);
Value: Zl. 75,000.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 75,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. -.

Contract: 6. Repair of approximately 3,000 watches and various other repairs;
Contractor: WM and civilian firms;
Value: Zl. 60,000.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 15,00.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl.

Contract: 7.Production of 18,000 pc. of military equipment;
Contractor: Firm of Kienle Stuggart for WM;
Value: Zl. 25,200.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 25,200.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. -.

[Totals]:
Value: Zl. 5,552,700.00;
Wehrmacht contracts: Zl. 5,198,000.00;
Civilian contracts: Zl. 354,500.00.


****************************************
Enclosure 1: Annex 2: Orders on Hand of the Deutsche Ausruestungswerke-Lublin Plant on
3 November 1943

Annex 2

Orders on Hand of the Deutsche Ausruestungswerke -- Lublin Plant on 3 November 1943

[Production Group; Total Value (Zl.); Wehrmacht contracts included (ZL.); Civilian Contracts included (Zl.)]

Production Group: Wood;
Value: Zl. 5,728,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl. 3,899,200.00;
Civilian: Zl. 1,828,800.00.

Production Group: Metal;
Value: Zl. 151,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl. 130,000.00;
Civilian: Zl. 21,000.00.

Production Group: Textile;
Value: Zl. 28,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl. 14,000.00;
Civilian: Zl. 14,000.00.

Production Group: Leather;
Value: Zl. 660,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl. 570,000.00;
Civilian: Zl. 90,000.00.

Production Group: Other;
Value: Zl. 1,422,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl. 162,000.00;
Civilian: Zl. 1,260,000.00.

[Total] Value: Zl. 7,989,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl. 4,775,200.00;
Civilian: Zl. 3,213,800.00.

Note. The above figures include, apart from the current orders for permanent contracts, merely the figures for three months.

The Deutsche Ausruestungswerke were the best equipped plants.

Forty-one Aryan supervisors directed 5,445 Jewish laborers, who in the first 10 months of 1943 performed 1,115,000 work days with a balance of cash on hand and in the bank of 31,000,000 Zlotys.

Wood processing was in the foreground with a lumber turnover of 7,600 square meters. Shoe production had also increased to 337,250 pairs, and should be further increased to 450,000 pairs by the newly added repair shop. 331,770 square meters of roofing paper were produced during that time.

The wood processing should have been expanded considerably by the purchase of our own sawmill and the byproducts utilized, such as the production of fuel wood [Tankholz] and charcoal distillation, whereby the resulting tar products could be utilized again for the production of roofing paper.

A further considerable production was the manufacture of 2,500 tents for the Finns, and the monthly repair of 25,000 tin containers.

71,000 knapsacks and field bags were also repaired, 5,000 pieces of optical instruments were dismantled, and 1,270 motor cars repaired.

The potential production in 1944:

Timber cutting - 20,000 cu. meters

Production of housing equipment - 15,000 pc.

Doors, windows, shelves - 20,000 pc.

Tents for the Finns - 5,000 pc.

Repair of tin containers - 250,000 pc.

Wooden soles - 6,000 pc.

Brush handles - 4,800,000 pc.

Fuel wood (Tankholz) 20,000 cu. meters

Charcoal - 4,500 kg.

Roofing paper - 2,000,000 squ. meters

The capacity can best be indicated by the fact that 312 work cooperatives of the artisans in the Government General had not even doubled the turn-over of the DAW alone.

Eighty-three percent of the contracts were for the Wehrmacht and seventeen percent for civilians.
**********************************
Enclosure 1: Annex 3: Orders on Hand of the Textile Plant Poniatowa on 3 November 1943

[Production group; Contracts; Contractor; Total value (ZL.); Wehrmacht contracts included (Zl.); Civilian contracts (Zl.).]

Production Group: Textile contracts;
Contracts: New production and repair of 1,531,000 articles of clothing of all kinds;
Contractor: Mainly Wehrmacht, HBAe. (Army Procurement Office) Warsaw and Poznan and WBA Berlin and civilian firms;
Value: ZL.10,285,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl.7,200,000.00;
Civilian: Zl.3,085,000.00.

Production Group: Fur garments;
Contracts: Production of 28,100 fur garments of various kinds;
Contractor: Wehrmacht;
Value: ZL.280,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl.280,000.00; Civilian: Zl.-.

Production Group: Leather products;
Contracts: Production of 132,000 pieces or pairs of leather products of various kinds;
Contractor: Wehrmacht;
Value: ZL.1,310,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl.1,310,000.00;
Civilian: Zl.-.

Production Group: Iron contracts;
Contracts: Production of nuts;
Contractor: Arbeitsring D-OKH;
Value: ZL.725,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl.725,000.00;
Civilian: Zl.-.

Concrete construction;
Contracts: Production of 20,200 [sic] concrete
barracks; Contractor: Armament Ministry Speer (Arm. Constr.);
Value: ZL.400,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl.400,000.00;
Civilian: Zl.-.

[Totals]:
Value: ZL.13,000,000.00;
Wehrmacht: Zl.9,915,000.00;
Civilian: Zl.3,085,000.00.

Note.-The above figures include, apart from the current orders for permanent contracts, merely the figures for 3 months.
***********************************************
Enclosure 1: Annex 4: Orders on Hand of the Fur Works Trawniki on 13 November 1943

[Production group; Contracts; Contractor; Total Value (Zl.); Wehrmacht contracts included (Zl.)]

Production group: Fur and winter garments;
Contracts: Production and repair of approx. 600,000 fur and other winter garment "from fur gloves to fur coats and camouflage suits.";
Contractor: Mainly Wehrmacht HBAe. (Army Procurement Offices) Koenigsberg, Warsaw, Poznan Stettin.;
Value Zl. 4,536,000.00;
Wehrmacht: 4,536,000.00

[Totals] 4,536,000.00

Note. The above figures include, apart from the current orders for permanent contracts, merely the figures for 3 months.
**************************************************
Enclosure 2

Provisional Financial Report of the Cash Operation

"Reinhardt" Lublin as of 115 December 1943

Through operation "Reinhardt" Lublin the greater German Reich received in the period from 1 April 1942 to 15 December 1943, inclusive, the following currency and goods:

Cash - RM 17,470,796.66

To Reich Bank Berlin RM bills and coins - RM 3,979,523.50

To Reich Bank Berlin Zloty bills and coins - RM 5,000,461.00

To SS Economist, Krakow - RM 50,416,181.37

Loans to SS economic enterprises - RM 8,218,878.35

Receipts from Title 21/E - RM 656,062.40

[Total] - RM 85,741,903.28

Disbursements

Personal expenditures, Title 21/7a - RM 96,207.28

General expenditures (approx. 40% of which for transports of Jews Title
21/7b) - RM 11,765,552.62

Counterfeit money (Zloty bills) - RM 28,062.64

[Total] - RM 11,889,822.54

Receipts - RM 85,741,903.28

Disbursements - RM 11 889,822 54

Net Profit - RM 73,852,080.74

[Totals] - RM 85,741,903.28

User avatar
HaEn
In memoriam
Posts: 1911
Joined: 13 Mar 2002 00:58
Location: Portland OR U.S.A.

labor(sic)

Post by HaEn » 14 Nov 2004 16:13

Thank you David, Very sobering !!
I've been away from the forum for a little for private reasons.
I made some time, for "wading"through the seemingly endless report. Now for the "Ya But" .
I would dare to say that MOST of German populus, including the Waffen SS, i.e. soldiers in active duty, meaning frontline or other defenses, had no inkling of what was going on behind their backs.
We "heard" about camps, and the "Arbeit macht Frei" principle, and knew that there were rehab camps for wayward military small or big criminals.
We "knew" that jewish people were "put to work", but as there was a little anti-semitism in just about everybody, at the time, the thought went: 'Good ! let them sweat for a change", as the stereotyped vieof many was that most Jews were traders, shopkeepers and bankers.
At present, 2004, of course nobody will admit that tendency, but believe me, it was there.
Anyway, again, thanks. !
H.N.

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