The SS-WVHA: violent police entrepreneurs

Discussions on the Holocaust and 20th Century War Crimes. Note that Holocaust denial is not allowed. Hosted by David Thompson.
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Post by David Thompson » 14 Nov 2004 21:07

HaEn -- I don't think many people knew about the conditions in the camps, or this sleazy profiteering scam either.

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Post by David Thompson » 14 Nov 2004 21:08

Document NO-1036, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 545-549.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1036

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 6

LETTER BY DEFENDANT BAIER, 19 JANUARY 1944, INFORMING OFFICE W IV OF WVHA OF CONVERSION OF LABOR CAMPS IN GOVERNMENT GENERAL INTO CONCENTRATION CAMPS, AND ESTABLISHMENT OF A CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION OF THE DAW AT KRAKOW; MEMORANDUM, 13 JANUARY 1944, ON SAME SUBJECT

Berlin, 19 January 1944
Staff W
WR-Dr. Hf/Ca.
To Chief of Office W IV
Berlin-Wannsee, Dreilindenstr.

Subject: Conversion into concentration camps of forced labor camps at Krakow-Placzow, Lvov, Lublin, and Radom-Blizyn.

Reference: Your memo dated 13 January 1944.

The Obergruppenfuehrer has approved the changes in organization of the German Equipment Works Ltd. [Deutsche Ausruestungswerke G.m.b.H.] resulting from the conversion of the abovementioned forced labor camps into concentration camps. Thus the Central Administration of the German Equipment Works Ltd. for the Government General can establish itself at Krakow, and SS Obersturmfuehrer Mohwinkel be appointed head of the Central Administration. Will you please keep me informed of the start and working progress of the new Central Administration.

Chief W
[Initialled] B [Baier]
SS Oberfuehrer

********************************
Berlin, 13 January 1944

Op — Kp
[Marginal note] O.K
[Initialled] P/14

Memo By agreement between the Main Office Chief, SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl, and SS Obergruppenfuehrer Koppe, Higher SS and Police Leader at Krakow, all forced labor camps at KrakowPlaczow, Lvov, Lublin, and Radom-Blizyn, established by the local SS and Police Leaders, are to be converted into concentration camps.

Between 6 January 1944 and 11 January 1944, to ascertain the details involved, discussions were held by SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Maurer and the undersigned with

1. The Higher SS and Police Leader, Krakow, SS Obergruppenfuehrer Koppe.
2. The SS and Police Leader, Krakow, SS Oberfuehrer Scherner.
3. The SS and Police Leader, Lvov, SS Brigadefuehrer Thier.
4. The SS and Police Officer of Lublin District, SS Gruppenfuehrer Sporrenberg.
5. The SS and Police Officer, Radom, SS Oberfuehrer Dr. Boettcher.

On these discussions the following terms were agreed upon:

1. The Krakow-Placzow Works. Effective 11 January 1944, the forced labor camp Krakow-Placzow will be taken over as a concentration camp. The shops in this camp, hitherto operated by the Higher SS and Police Leader Krakow, will be taken over, effective as of the same date, by office W IV (German Equipment Works Ltd.). The shops will be named "Deutsche Ausruestungswerke G.m.b.H. Werk Krakau." ["German Equipment Works Ltd. Plant Krakow"]. SS Obersturmfuehrer Mohwinkel was charged with the commissary management of this plant.

The factory maintains a --

a. Printing shop, to be enlarged, by request of the Higher SS and Police Leader, so as to serve as a secret printing shop for the Government General.
b. Textile factory.
c. Cobblery.
d. Locksmith workshop.
e. Joinder's and carpenter's shop for repairs.

At present some 4,000 Jews are being employed, who in the majority can be regarded as skilled laborers.

In the course of coordinating all German Equipment Works [DAW] plants in the Government General it was decided on the spot forthwith to move to Krakow the printing shop and textile factories hitherto operated at Lvov. Part of the Lublin Works' printing shop will also be moved to Krakow.

All offices and technical personnel as yet at Krakow and attached to the Higher SS and Police Leader will be taken over by the German Equipment Works. For the time being SS Untersturmfuehrer (F) Neuschel is in charge of management of the works. For the purpose of setting up the accounting system on uniform bases auditor [Revisor] Rohlfs has temporarily been detailed to Krakow there to effect an immediate introduction of the Lublin

In addition, three foremen from the Lvov Works have also been -detailed to set up the printing shop and the textile shops.

2. The Lvov Works. The Lvov Works of the German Equipment Works will shortly resume production. By agreement with Division [Amtsgruppe] D, prisoners held in Germany will be transferred to Lvov. The necessary cadre numbering some 250 men will forthwith be detailed for the German Equipment Works from the plants at Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, and Dachau. At Lvov production will be mainly concerned with iron and wood work.

The textile shops, the cobblery, and the printing shop will be closed down and moved to Krakow.
The premises thus made available will be adapted to production vital to the war effort (probably Siemens & Halske). To this end, Division D will provide female labor from camps in Germany.

The SS and Police Leaders forced labor camp will be converted into a concentration camp. Arrangements for accommodating prisoners from Germany have been made locally by SS Sturmbannfuehrer Weiss, the Lublin camp commander.

3. The Lublin Works. Plant I at Lindenstrasse will resume production immediately. For this purpose 250 skilled men from the German Equipment Works plants at Dachau, Sachsenhausen, and Buchenwald will be transferred to form the cadre. Further labor up to a maximum number of 1,500 men will by and by be transferred to Lublin by Division D.

Wood and ironwork will be mainly undertaken at the Lublin Works.

The printing shop will be maintained on a smaller scale to meet local requirements.

The commander of the concentration camp at Lublin has made available for the German Equipment Works huts and prisoners. In these shops shell baskets will be repaired and a cobblery set up.

4. The Radom Works. The forced labor camps at Radom and BliZYn of the SS and Police Leader will be converted into a branch labor camp of the concentration camp at Lublin after the proper security measures have been taken. The shops hitherto maintained in these labor camps by the Osti G.m.b.H. are at present being closed down and in part transferred to the German Equipment Works.

The printing shop at Radom, run by OSTI, will be taken over by the German Equipment Works effective 1 February 1944.

The textile shops will be liquidated by OSTI. The labor thus available will either be moved to Blizyn or placed at the disposal of the local armament industry.

5. The Blizyn Works. The forced labor camp of the SS and Police Leader will be converted into a branch labor camp of the concentration camp at Lublin. All existing OSTI shops will be taken over by the German Equipment Works on 1 February 1944.

In the future the plant will be occupied mainly with woodwork due to be extended considerably. Conditions are extremely favorable for this purpose, since the works are situated right in the center of a timber district with large sawmills close at hand.

The textile shops and the cobblery maintained at Blizyn will also be taken over by the German Equipment Works.

Business management of the Radom and Blizyn Works will be merged into a joint establishment named "Deutsche Ausruestungswerke G.m.b.H., Werk Radom-Blizyn" [German Equipment Works Ltd. Plant Radom-Blizyn], with offices at Radom. The OSTI staff will be taken over by the German Equipment Works.

A civilian employee, Seifert, will be in charge of works management.

For the time being SS Obersturmfuehrer Mohwinkel has been appointed works supervisor with orders to see that the changes in organization are carried out as rapidly as possible.

By request of SS Obergruppenfuehrer Koppe, Higher SS and Police Leader Krakow, as well as the local police officers, community shops will be set up in all German Equipment Works plants in the Government General, such as cobblers' and tailors' shops. The personnel of the individual community shops is not to exceed 50 to 100 workmen, according to the size of the community. Since no shops of this kind are available locally, it was necessary to arrange for such facilities. Generally speaking, the community shops are only permitted to carry out work for the families of members of the SS and Police forces. All jobs done in these shops must be charged at cost price without any profit whatever.

The undersigned has given a binding undertaking to that effect towards both the Higher SS and Police Leader and the local SS and Police Leaders.

"Deutsche Ausruestungswerke G.m.b.H."(German Equipment Works Ltd.)Central Administration for the Government General, Krakow.

Now that the German Equipment Works [DAW] have at their disposal within the Government General five plants, it becomes necessary to set up a separate central administration, to allow or particular conditions obtaining in the Government General as well as for reasons of foreign exchange. The tasks of this central administration will include the directing of armaments orders in close cooperation with the Armament Inspection authorities dealings in all matters concerning quotas, and continuous supervision and checking, both commercially and technically, of the plants concerned.

The central administration offices are at Krakow. Some rooms in his office premises will be made available by the SS Economist [SS Wirtschafter].

SS Obersturmfuehrer Mohwinkel is herewith appointed head of the central administration.

A civilian employee, Leclercq, will be transferred to Krakow to attend to the business and auditing side of the job.

[Signed] OPPERBECK
SS Sturmbannfuehrer

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Post by David Thompson » 14 Nov 2004 21:14

Document Hohberg 73, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 549-550.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT HOHBERG 73

HOHBERG DEFENSE EXHIBIT 70

AFFIDAVIT OF MARTIN LOEFFLER, 2 AUGUST 1947, CONCERNING ACQUISITION OF FACTORY OF D. DRUCKER A. G. BY WVHA

Dr. Martin Loeffler,
Attorney at the District Court,
and District Court of Appeals (Land- und Oberlandesgericht) Stuttgart,
(14a) Stuttgart-S
Charlottenstrasse 23
Tax expert

I, Dr. Martin Loeffler, born on 25 January 1905 at Bad Cannstatt, residing at Stuttgart-S., 23 Charlottenstr., after being warned that I render myself liable to punishment by giving a false affidavit, state and declare that my statement in lieu of oath is true and that my deposition is to be submitted as evidence to the Military Court II in case 4, at the Palace of Justice, Nuernberg, Germany, state the following:

1. Dr. Kurt May acquired possession of the firm D. Drucker, steam sawmill and furniture factories A.. [joint stock company], Bruenn [Brno, in April 1939 by buying up the very high bank debts of the almost bankrupt enterprise. He acquired the enterprise in a perfectly fair commercial manner. He succeeded in bringing about the emigration of the Jewish owner to New Zealand including ample baggage.

2. Dr. May was arrested by the SS on 3 July 1942. He supposed that the arrest took place at the instigation of Pohl, because during his imprisonment which lasted until 23 April 1943 he was compelled to alienate the factory Drucker AG to the SS Economic and Administrative Main
Office at a ridiculously low sham price. Even this sham price was not paid later. Damage caused: about 1.2 million Reichsmarks.

3. Dr. Hohberg always interceded in this affair for the rights of Dr. May and tried to work against this serious violation of the law. Above facts are known to me as Dr. May's counsel for the defense in his proceedings against the SS.

Stuttgart, 2 August 1947

[Signed] M. LOEFFLER

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Post by David Thompson » 15 Nov 2004 05:35

Document Hohberg 74, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 550-551.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT HOHBERG 74

HOHBERG DEFENSE EXHIBIT 71

AFFIDAVIT OF KONRAD HEIDENREICH, 4 AUGUST 1947, CONCERNING ACQUISITION OF FACTORY OF D. DRUCKER A. G. BY WVHA

Konrad Heidenreich
22 Haussmannstrasse
Residence: Stuttart
16 Alte Weinsteige

I, Konrad Heidenreich, born on 25 May 1882 at Detter/Unterfranken, residing at Stuttgart, 16 Alte Weinsteige, after first having been warned that I render myself liable to punishment by giving a false affidavit, state and declare that my statement in lieu of oath is true and that my declaration is to be submitted as evidence to the Military Tribunal II in case 4, Palace of Justice at Nuernberg, Germany, the following:

I am the father-in-law of Dr. Kurt May who was arrested in 1942. Based on the reports which my son-in-law gave me, I am well informed about the connections of the "Case May."

From my son-in-law I know that his arrest had taken place at the instigation of Pohl by General Nebe in July 1942, that he was imprisoned without reason for about a year, and had then been excluded from the SS.

My son-in-law Dr. May was owner of the furniture factory D. Drucker AG. [joint stock company] at Butschowitz. He had regularly acquired this factory by buying the shares from the Jewish Mr. Drucker through the Boehmische [Bohemian] Excompte Bank. He helped the seller, Mr. Drucker, to emigrate.

During his arrest, Dr. May was compelled by SS Leaders of the Economic and Administrative Main Office to transfer the Drucker AG. shares to the Economic and Administrative Main Office -- by means of contract -- at the nominal value, while the effective market value was more than 250 percent. In particular, Schmidt-Klewenov Dr. Volk, and Dr. Hoffmann had come to see Dr. May in prison, and conducted the negotiations about the sale.

Dr. Hohberg had neither been informed, nor invited to take part. The contract was concluded by Dr. May only because he had been given hope of being released. By these and other intrigues Dr. May was cheated out of at least a million Reichsmarks by Pohl and his accomplices.

The SS Leaders of the Economic and Administrative Main Office who had taken part in these objectionable affairs were afraid since that time, that they might be called to account by Dr. May and his friend, Dr. Hohberg. For this reason, an enormous agitation also against Hohberg was then started in the Economic and Administrative Main Office with a view to eliminating him politically.

[Signed] KONRAD HEIDENREICH

For attestation of above signature.
Hindelang, 4 August 1947
Market town of Hindelang
Local Police Station
[Signature illegible]

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Post by David Thompson » 15 Nov 2004 05:40

Document Klein 9, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 551-552.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT KLEIN 9

KLEIN DEFENSE EXHIBIT 9

CERTIFICATE OF ARCHIEPISCOPAL OFFICE OF THE VICAR-GENERAL IN PADERBORN, 21 MARCH 1947, CONCERNING KLEIN'S NEGOTIATIONS FOR ACQUISITION OF CHURCH PROPERTY FOR CONCENTRATION CAMP WEWELSBURG

Archiepiscopal Office of the Vicar-General
Diary NO.1877/47
(21) Paderborn, 21 March 1947
P. O. BOX 186

Certification

As the church of Wewelsburg, the parsonage, and the convent of the Catholic parish were in the immediate vicinity of the castle, the Reich Leadership of the SS in the year 1939 urged the acquisition of the properties to round out the estate of the castle, and to have in return new buildings erected at another part of the place within the parish.

As the danger of expropriation was to be considered and as the vicinity of the castle might also disturb the church, the archepiscopal authority in Paderborn advised to come to an agreement

The above-mentioned real estate became the property of the "Association for the Development and Care of German Cultural Monuments, Reg. Assn., Berlin SW 68, (Wilhelmstrasse 28)" at the price of 191,000 RM, on the basis of a contract signed on 4 July 1939, the money being guaranteed by the Dresdner Bank in Berlin The purchaser, that is the SS, agreed to render the parish any possible assistance in the procurement of building material and the construction of the buildings. The project was not carried out on account of the war.

The economic negotiations with the parish and the archiepiscopal authority were conducted by Horst Klein, at that time SS Obersturmbannfuehrer, who was sent from Berlin for this purpose. He had nothing to do with the management of the castle.

We certify in accordance with the truth, that during these negotiations Herr Klein conducted himself absolutely loyally and did not exercise any undue pressure on the opposite party.

The result of the contract was considered satisfactory by the late Archbishop Dr. Caspar Klein and the office of the Vicar-General. The execution of the plan would not have meant any harm to the parish of Wewelsburg from an economic point of view, even if for different reasons they would have rather kept their old place of worship.

Archiepiscopal Office of the Vicar-General
LS
[Signed] DR. RINTELEN
Vicar-General

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Post by David Thompson » 15 Nov 2004 05:47

Document Klein 10, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 552-553.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT KLEIN 10

KLEIN DEFENSE EXHIBIT 10

LETTER FROM SS BUILDING OFFICE WEWELSBURG, 20 JUNE 1939 CONTAINING HIMMLER'S DIRECTIVES ON ACQUISITION OF CHURCH PROPERTY

Construction Management
House Wewelsburg

To the Association for the Development and Care of German Cultural Monuments, Reg. Assn.
Berlin SW 68 Wilhelmstr. 28

Acquisition of the Wewelsburg church without B/Pr/Df. Construction Management
Opinion of the Reich Leader SS

I inform you hereby that the Reich Leader SS visited the Wewelsburg on Saturday, 17 June 1939. I discussed the purchase of the church in detail with him under consideration of the counterproposal on the part of the Wewelsburg Catholic parish.

Before you inform the other party of the contract of your opinion, please consider thoroughly the view of the Reich Leader SS:

The Reich Leader SS does not want to enter directly into the counterproposals of the priest of Wewelsburg. He desires that we acquire first of all those parts belonging to the state, i.e., the parsonage and the parish garden as well as the deaconess' home, so that the priest lives in a house belonging to the SS. By means of negotiations with the burgomaster of Bueren, the Landrat [county councillor] and the Minden authorities, the purchase ought to render this possible.

The church should not be acquired for the time being. But one should try, whether a possibility could be found to bring about an expropriation on the strength of the law concerning town-planning and road construction.

The Reich Leader SS again emphasized expressly that, if a purchase should take place anyhow, he would appropriate not a penny more than 200,000 marks.

I will have introductory discussions concerning this new situation with the burgomaster, the Landrat, and the Minden authorities. I shall inform you of the result, i.e., whether the suggestion of the Reich Leader is feasible or not.

SS Sturmbannfuehrer Regional Construction Chief
[Landesbaumeister]
[Initial illegible]

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Nov 2004 06:57

Document NO-3654, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 579-580.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-3654

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 557

CIRCULAR ORDER OF POHL, 11 JULY 1940, CONCERNING PAYMENT TO THE REICH FOR INDUSTRIAL WORK OF CONCENTRATION CAMP PRISONERS

Main Office Budget and Buildings
Amt I/1254 Gr./Qu
Berlin, 11 July 1940

Subject: Payment for prisoner labor.

As of 1 October [April] 1940 a compensation will have to be paid to the Reich for prisoners furnished for industrial purposes. Pending an approval by the Reich Minister for Finances, it has been set at an average rate of RM 0.30 per head and day, as far as SS owned enterprises are concerned.

Other -- not SS owned -- enterprises will pay a sum to be designated by the Main Office Budget and Buildings depending on the type of work and taking into consideration the number of specialists and other circumstances

To take care of the expenses of the Reich for accident care of the prisoners when the labor is furnished, an additional sum of 5 percent is included in these compensation rates. This order is based on Section 7, paragraph 4 of the law concerning accident care for prisoners of 30 June 1900, Reich Law Gazette, page 536.

The work periods are to be reckoned by whole days only, whereby a period of 6 hours is to be considered a whole day. Periods under 6 hours are not to be charged for.

The billing and settling of the accounts is taken care of by the administration of the individual concentration camps. The amounts to be collected by the concentration camps from the SS owned and private enterprises are to be requested by the 10th of each month for the previous month. As far as private enterprises are concerned the actually designated daily rate rather than the average rate of RM 0.30 is to be entered in column 3.

The demand-vouchers are made out in duplicate, one copy being furnished to the employing agency, the other remains with the office. During the war, the amounts are to be entered under the heading 21 E (S).

The concentration camps will report initially and in one sum on 10 October the amounts collected for the period from 1 April up to and including the month of September. This report is also to be submitted to the Main Office Budget and Buildings on 15 January for the third quarter and on 15 April for the fourth quarter.

In the report to be submitted by 15 October it is also to be reported whether this accounting method has proved itself or whether suggestions for improvement are to be made.

The Chief of the Main Office Budget and Buildings
[Signed] POHL
SS Gruppenfuehrer

Certified true copy.
[Signed] PRIETZLER
SS Sturmbannfuehrer

Distribution:
Administration Office of the Waffen SS - 20 copies
(with copies for the troop administrations of the concentration camps.)
Kdo. [Kommando-Detachment] of the Waffen SS - 20 copies
(with copies for the Inspector of Concentration Camps.)
Office [Amt] I - 10 copies
Office [Amt] III/A, III/B, III/C, III/D, 5 each - 20 copies
Garment factory Dachau - 5 copies
Reserve (filed at I/1) - 5 copies
[Total] - 80 copies

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Nov 2004 07:19

As of 1 October [April] 1940 a compensation will have to be paid to the Reich for prisoners furnished for industrial purposes. Pending an approval by the Reich Minister for Finances, it has been set at an average rate of RM 0.30 per head and day, as far as SS owned enterprises are concerned. http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 116#577116
For those interested in calculating costs, the prewar Reichsmark (RM) was pegged at 4.30 to $1 (US). See http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 720#570720

By my calculations these "SS owned enterprises" were getting the concentration camp laborers in 1940 for about 15 cents (US) a day apiece. Reckoned in 2004 prices, that's about $3.25 (US) a day per worker -- just over 40 cents an hour for an eight-hour day (or longer -- at the beginning of 1943 it was an eleven-hour working day, and had been for some time -- See http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic. ... 063#577063 ).
Last edited by David Thompson on 16 Nov 2004 09:48, edited 1 time in total.

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Nov 2004 08:14

Document 3696, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals
Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 581-582.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-369

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 567

CIRCULAR OF MAIN DIVISION 1/5 OF MAIN OFFICE BUDGET AND BUILDINGS, 11 APRIL 1941, INVITING LABOR ALLOCATION OFFICERS OF 6 CONCENTRATION CAMPS TO SECOND LABOR ALLOCATION CONFERENCE, DACHAU; AND ENCLOSED AGENDA

Berlin, 11 April 1941
Main Division I/5
Az. Bur File reference F. .41.
Subject: [Labor] Allocation Officers' Conference
Reference: None
[Handwritten] 15 April 1941
GR[imm]

Copy for travel expenses account furnished to CC administration.
GR[imm]

To the offices of the Main Office
Budget and Buildings,
Branch office I/5 in the CC
Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Mauthausen, Flossenbuerg, Auschwitz, and Neuengamme.

The second conference of the [labor] Allocation Officers will take place on the 22 and 23 inst. in Dachau (see attached program of the day).

I ask all officers to hold their collected material of the last account year, in order to be able to present and discuss them at the meeting. Every [labor] allocation officer has to give a short and clear report on the peculiarities of his work, so that his information can be useful to the other officers at the same time.

The way of cooperation with the headquarters and the various economic enterprises are to be brought out specially at the conference. At the same time every officer will have to give consideration to the usefulness and means of establishing a serviceable prisoner-card index, as this question will have to be settled fundamentally.

A discussion will give the possibility for clearing up general problems.

The necessary requests for duty orders are enclosed.

The Chief of the Main Division I/5
[Signed] BURBOECK
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer

* * * * * * *
[Enclosure]
Berlin, 11 April 1941

Main Division I/5 I/5 4.41/Bur/F.

[Labor] Allocation Officer conference on 22 April 1941 and 23 April 1941 in Dachau

On 22 April 9:30 till 12 o'clock.

Survey of the expired account year, report on experiences and basic orders for future work,

Hstuf. Burboeck.

Discussion on accounts,

Ustuf. Gast.

12 till 14 o'clock, dinner.

14:30 till 17 o'clock.

Continuation of the conference, reports by the individual [labor] allocation officers about their activities and experiences.

20 hours. Visit to a Munich theater.

On 23 April 8 till 12 hours.

Inspection of the CC Dachau, the German Equipment Works, the herb gardens, the porcelain manufacture and the clothing works in Dachau.

12 till 14 hours, dinner.

14:30 till 17 hours.

Final discussions, Hstuf. Burboeck.

Basic explanations of the Amtschef, SS Oberf. Loerner, sometime during the day, exact time will be fixed.

20 hours: Friendly get-together at the Casino of the CC

On 24 April: Return journey.

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Nov 2004 08:20

Document NO-1035, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 582-584.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1035

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 405

LETTER FROM HOHBERG TO POHL, 18 JULY 1942, SUGGESTING TRANSFER OF COMPENSATION FOR PRISONERS' WORK TO THE "LEBENSBORN" ORGANIZATION AND AMENDING LETTER OF 21 JULY

[Marginal note] File with German Equipment Works
21 July 1942

Obergruppenfuehrer,

You are already in receipt of this letter. By mistake the prisoners' daily wages have been referred to as hourly wages.

[Initial] W [Initial] N

[Marginal note:] So what? P/20

* * * * * * *
Staff W-WL/N
Berlin-Lichterfelde, 18 July 1942

To SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl,
Here

Subject: Calculation of prisoners' daily wages.

Obergruppenfuehrer

The advantage of low prisoners' daily wages at RM 0.30 will become evident in the workshops employing prisoners only when all prisoners are aptly assigned to their jobs. Whenever prisoner work comes close to the work performed by free labor, calculations based on actual prisoners' daily wages are rated so low as almost to cause uneasiness in the production branch concerned due to cheap offers from plants employing prisoners.

For the first time, the problem of low prisoners' daily wages has been disagreeably apparent in the case of the Textile and Leather Utilization Company Ltd., [Gesellschaft fuer Textil- und Lederverwertung m.b.H.] in that the prices charged for the company's products have to be (and can be) so low that no private enterprise can compete with them any longer.

It is proposed to eliminate the special advantage of low prisoners' daily wages by the following method:

In the future prisoners for SS run shops will no longer immediately be placed at the disposal of such shops, but will be turned over to the Reich Leadership in its capacity as a Party organization, and represented by the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office [SS Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt]. The Reich Leadership SS as a Party organization will then make prisoner labor available to the firms concerned at rates in excess of RM 0.30. The difference between RM 0.30, as payable to the Reich and the prisoners' daily wages charged by the Reich Leadership SS to the firms, will be collected by the SS Economic Administrative Main Office to be turned over in full or part to the "Lebensborn e.V."

Tentative calculations: Assuming the prisoner's daily wages to total RM 1.00 instead of RM 0.30, the "Lebensborn" will, for 8,000 work days (2 shifts a day will provide 200,000 work days a month) derive a monthly sum of RM 140,000 from the Textile and Leather Utilization Company Ltd.

Assuming that the charge for the prisoner's daily wage is raised to RM 2 the monthly sum for "Lebensborn will amount to as much as RM 340,000.

Meanwhile the most profitable level of prisoners' daily wages for the purpose of calculation is being studied. According to preliminary calculations, prices for products of the Textile and Leather Utilization Company Ltd. will still be low, even when allowing for RM 2 or RM 2.50 as a prisoner's daily wage.

Once the German Equipment Works are in a position where a higher figure for prisoners' daily wages can be allowed for in calculations, the "Lebensborn e.V.," at its present level of additional expenditure amounting to something between RM 1.5 and 2 millions per year will be safe from any financial trouble.

[Signed] DR. HOHBERG

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Nov 2004 08:29

Document 1289, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 584-586.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1289

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 406

CIRCULAR LETTER BY POHL, 30 DECEMBER 1942, CONCERNING NEW SCALES FOR COMPENSATION FOR PRISONERS' WORK; LETTER FROM HOHBERG TO MAURER, 22 DECEMBER 1942, CONCERNING COMPUTATION OF "PROFITS FROM THE EMPLOYMENT OF JEWISH PRISONERS" IN LUBLIN

Copy

Chief of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office
D II/3 20 Ma./Hag.
Berlin, 30 December 1942
[Handwritten] DR. HOHBERG

To
1. Chiefs of Offices W I, W II, W III, W IV, W V, W VI, and W VIII
2. Camp commandants,
Labor mobilization of the concentration camps Au., Bu., Da., Flo., Gr. Ro., Lu., Mau., Na., Nie., Neu., Rav., Sh., Stutth.

By way of information to:
Chief of Amtsgruppe A
Chief of Amtsgruppe B
Chief of Amt A I
Chief of Amt A IV
Staff of W -- Dr. Hohberg

Subject: New wage scales for the prisoners employed in economic enterprises.

[Handwritten] All general offices Ho

Valid from 1 January 1943 the following wage scales are established for the prisoners employed in economic enterprises:

Amt W 1, W II, W III and W IV

Skilled laborers, skilled and un- RM 1.50 per day
skilled helpers and apprentices RM 0.50 per day

Amt W5

For prisoner employed in production (for instance, spice mill).
Skilled workers RM 1.50 per day
Skilled and unskilled helpers RM 0.50 per day
For prisoners employed in experimental work (for instance, medicinal herb gardens)
Skilled workers and helpers RM 0.30 per day

Amt W VI

Skilled workers, skilled and RM 2.50 per day
unskilled helpers RM 0.50

Amt W VIII for cultural tasks

Skilled workers and helpers. RM 0.30 per day
For the present, this regulation is valid until 31 March 1943.

[Signed] POHL
SS Ogruf. and Lt. General of the Waffen SS

[Handwritten] For correctness:
[Signature illegible.]
For correctness.
[Signed] MAURER

* * * * * * *
Staff W-W 1/EK
Berlin-Lichterfelde, 22 December 1942

To SS Ostubaf. Maurer
Amtsgruppe D
Oranienburg
Subject: Wage scales for prisoners.

With reference to the short telephone conversation, which SS Ostuf. Dr. Horn had with you a few days ago on my behalf, about Jewish prisoner enterprises in Lublin, I can inform you as follows:

On the basis of the elaborated system existing in Lublin to establish labor costs, it is possible to ascertain exactly the "norm wage" which is included in the cost of the products produced by the prisoners employed in production. Moreover, the exact cost of the "breaks" taken by the prisoners can be determined. It is therefore possible to determine for any chosen period exactly what profits were derived by the employment of Jewish prisoners. Thus also the 'norm wage" for the Jewish prisoners employed as factory and office help, which is to be included as part of the production and administration overhead expense, can also be exactly accounted for on the plant account sheet, with the daily average rate serving a basis.

The Ogruf. [Pohl] has approved in a short discussion today, that, without prejudice to the investigations to be made by you, an exact computation of the compensation for the employment of prisoners is to be made, for the present by way of trial, for the camp Lublin. This is to be done in such a way that for the first quarter of 1943 an exact computation of the profits "from the employment of Jewish prisoners" is to be made, and the amount arrived at is to be handed over. The German Equipment Works are to report to the Ogruf. about the result of this trial by the 1 April 1943.

I am informing you about this trial, and I shall, taking for granted that you agree with the above, keep you well posted on the results of the attempt in Lublin to ascertain an exact rate of compensation for prisoners.

Should you have any questions regarding this kind of accounting, at present planned for Lublin, or desire information I shall always be glad to be of service.

Heil Hitler!
[Initials] Ho [Dr. Hohberg]

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Nov 2004 08:35

Document NO-1905, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 586-587.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1905

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 353

LETTER FROM POHL TO SS OBERFUEHRER KRANEFUSS (PERSONAL STAFF OF HIMMLER), 15 JANUARY 1944, CONCERNING ALLOCATION OF CONCENTRATION CAMP PRISONERS TO I. G. FARBENINDUSTRIE AUSCHWITZ AND OTHER CHEMICAL FIRMS

[Stamp]
Personal Board Reich Leader SS
Act. No. Sec. 359

Kl
Chief of SS Economic Administrative Main Office
D II/1 Az.; 14 Ma./F.
Journal No. 668/44 sec.

Berlin, 15 January 1944,
Lichterfelde-West
Unter den Eichen 126-135

To SS Oberfuehrer Fritz Kranefuss
Berlin C 2
Schinkelplatz 1
Subject: Prison inmates for chemical industry.

Reference: Your letter dated 7 January 1944 Az.: Kr/Ki.

My dear friend Kranefuss!

I have received your letter of the 7th of this month with the further request for lists of the Plenipotentiary General for Special Questions of Chemical Production and let you know that it is not possible at the present time to start new commandos [labor detachments]. In the list of requests various wishes are expressed which. however, have already been fulfilled for some time. These are-

1. I.G. Farbenindustrie AG., Auschwitz, Upper Silesia. There prison inmates have been committed [eingesetzt] since April 1941. At present 5,300 inmates are employed. [The employment of concentration camp inmates by the I.G. Farben concern was one of the principal charges in the indictment in the case of United States vs. Carl Krauch et al., voL VII and VIII.]

2. Low temperature carbonizing plant [Schwelanlage] Jawischowitz. Jawischowitz, Upper Silesia. In the low temperature carbonizing plant Jawischowitz prison inmates have been used since July 1942. Originally 1,000 inmates were provided for this as is also specified in the list of requests that is now being sent. The labor detachment [Kommando] was, however, enlarged. Already 1,300 inmates are committed [eingesetzt].

3. Luranil and Anorgana G.m.b.H., Dyhernfurth. For Dyhernfurth a total of 2,700 prisoners altogether are agreed upon who also will be sent. Now 450 inmates are committed.

A considerable number of inmates are still needed to fill the Labor allocations [Einsaetze] needed for the most urgent stage of the armament that will decide our victory, and which was begun with the Reich Ministry for Armament and War Production as well as with the Reich Air Ministry. In view of this fact I cannot fulfill further wishes for the present.

I will, however, keep the lists of requests here and will come back to this matter as soon as a possibility for allocation [Einsatz] exists. I ask you to inform Professor Krauch [Carl Krauch, chairman of the supervisory board of director, I. G. Farbenindustrie. Plenipotentiary General for Special Questions of Chemical Production on Goering's staff in the Office of the Four Year Plan. Defendant in case of United States vs. Carl Krauch. et al., vol VII and VIII.] of this.

Heil Hitler!
Yours,
[Signed] POHL

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Nov 2004 08:41

Document NO-517, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 587-588.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-517

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 86

MEMORANDUM, 23 MARCH 1944, SIGNED BY BAIER, CONCERNING "CAMP REGULATIONS FOR PRISONERS"

Chief WCh/Kue
Berlin 23 March 1944
Memorandum for Chief W
[Handwritten] Pay regulations

Subject: Camp regulations for prisoners.

Today when I reported to the chief of the Main Office he informed me for the first time that he wishes to have camp regulations drawn up which at present the chief of Amtsgruppe D, and SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Maurer are working out.

These camp regulations are to contain among others

a. The amount to be fixed as pay for prisoners.

b. The proportion of this pay which must go to the Reich (until now called prisoner's recompense).

c. Which pay must be left to the prisoner (for instance also to the female prisoners who are employed as domestic servants).

d. Which premiums must be paid to the prisoners, etc.

e. How much outside firms have to pay to the Reich for being provided with prisoners.

f. How much their own plants have to pay for being provided with prisoners.

g. Whether social funds ought to be established for prisoners.

h. Whether a special bonus could be granted on the quiet.

The chief of the Main Office emphasized that he does not aim at letting the entire amount paid by the employer for the prisoner go to the Reich, but that part of it could serve other purposes.

Besides, preliminary work was done concerning these camp regulations in form of single ordinances, which have been already issued, should later be incorporated into the camp regulations. Same applies to the pay regulations of 7 February 1944 for prisoners in protective custody.

The chief of the Main Office ordered that I, in my capacity as Chief W, have to participate in the work to draw up the camp regulations. In addition, Oberfuehrer Loerner and Oberfuehrer Dr. Salpeter have to be consulted.

Heil Hitler!
[Signed] BAIER
SS Oberfuehrer

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Nov 2004 08:47

Document NI-638, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 588-590.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NI-638

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 372

CIRCULAR LETTER FROM SPEER MINISTRY, 9 OCTOBER 1944, CONCERNING THE HANDLING OF REQUESTS FOR CONCENTRATION CAMP INMATES, WITH ENCLOSED APPLICATION FORM

The Reich Minister for Armament and War Production
Armaments Office, Allocation of Labor
File No. 460
[Stamp] For the files
[Stamp] received: November 1944

Express Letter

Berlin NW 7, 10/9/1944
Unter den Linden 38
Telephone 11 47 40

To
1. Chairmen of the Armaments Commissions
2. Armaments Inspectors and Chiefs
3. Chiefs of Main CommitteesSyndicates and Production Committees, with extra copies to special committees and syndicates.
4. Reich Association Iron [Reich Association Iron (Reichvereinigung Eisen. abbreviated RVE). See cases United States vs. Friedrich Flick, et al., vol. VI. and United States vs. Alfried Krupp. et al., vol.
5. Plenipotentiary General for Labor
6. SS Economic and Administrative Main Office
7. Distributor A 1

Subject: Requests for allocation and employment of concentration camp inmates.

All applications now under review for the allocation of male or female concentration camp detainee-labor are hereby declared void. The only exceptions are applications already submitted to the SS Economic Administrative Main Office, which have in the meantime been partly complied with. If possible they will be completed so as to meet the applicants' requirements.

New applications for allocation of male or female concentration camp detainees are to be in triplicate as per the enclosed model and forwarded exclusively to the Reich Minister for Armament and War Production, Unter den Linden 38, for attention of Major v.d.Osten, telephone 11 47 40. Applications must previously be checked with the competent labor offices or Gau labor offices in order to avoid duplication of requests for labor, (concentration camp detainees and free workers) right from the beginning. Newly received applications will be examined in collaboration with the Plenipotentiary General for the Allocation of Labor as to their justification and urgency, and will be forwarded to the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office by courier. Subsequently the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office will send a representative to the applicants to examine conditions with a view to separate employment and escape-proof housing. Given these conditions, the requested labor will be allocated, subject to availability.

To ensure orderly proceedings and speedier completion, it is not permissible under any circumstances to communicate direct with the SS offices.

* * * * * * *
Model for express letter Armaments Office, Employment of Labor, File No. 460 of 9 October 1944.

Subject: Armament section—employment of concentration camp inmates or building section.

1. Applicant:
2. Competent specialist
Telephone:
3. Work to be carried out:
4. Number of detainees required:
a. Men
b. Women
5. Housing:
Armaments Office

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Nov 2004 09:16

Document NO-1273, in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 5: United States v. Oswald Pohl, et. al. (Case 4: 'Pohl Case'). US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia: 1950. pp. 487-488.
TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT NO-1273

PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 430

STATEMENT ON LEGAL STRUCTURE AND PLANTS OF DEST (GERMAN EARTH AND STONE WORKS LTD.), 30 MAY 1941, SHOWING POSITIONS OF MUMMENTHEY AND POHL

RDr. Rei/H 30 May 1941

1. Firm: German Earth and Stone Works Ltd.

2. Original capital: RM 500,000

3. Date of incorporation: 10 June 1938

4. Managers [Geschaeftsfuehrer]:
a. SS Standartenfuehrer Dr. Salpeter since 16 June 1939.
b. SS Sturmbannfuehrer Mummenthey since 20 September 1939. [handwritten and crossed out] (Inquire about salary at Herr Foerster)

5. Executives with power of attorney [Prokuristen]:
a. SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Schwarz since 18 January 1940.
b. SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Schondorff since 18 January 1940. [handwritten and crossed out] (Inquire about salary at Herr Foerster)

6. Purpose of the company: According to paragraph 3 of the company's contract:
a. The exploitation of stone quarries.
b. The procurement of natural stones.
c. The production of bricks and clinker stones.
d. The undertaking of road building.
e. The operation of all the other affairs connected with the procurement of stones and utilization of earth.
f. The undertaking of affairs or the participation in affairs which are suitable to promote the aforementioned purposes.

7. Partners [Gesellschafter]:

a. SS Gruppenfuehrer Pohl with a share in the business of RM 480,000.
b. The German Economic Enterprises Ltd. (Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe G.m.b.H.] with a share in the business of RM 20,000.

8. Fiscal organic relationship to the German Economic Enterprises Ltd.

9. Supervisory Board [Aufsichtsrat].

10. Representation of the company according to paragraph 7 of the company's contract.

The company is represented by one or several managers. If several managers are appointed, two of them are jointly representing the company at any given time.

Either partners or other persons can be appointed as managers. Besides the managers, executives with power of attorney may be appointed. An executive with power of attorney is only entitled to represent the company together with a manager or together with a second executive with power of attorney.

11. Plants
a. Clinker Works Oranienburg, Oranienburg near Berlin.
b. Clinker Works Hamburg, Hamburg-Neuengamme.
c. Clinker Works Weimar, Berlstedt near Weimar.
d. Granite Works Mauthausen, St. Georgen on the Gusen.
e. Granite Works Flossenbuerg, Flossenbuerg, O.D.
f. Granite Works Gross-Rosen, Gross-Rosen near Striegau.
g. Granite Works Natzweiler, Rothau (Alsace).
h. Stone Production Works Oranienburg, Oranienburg near Berlin.

Legal Department
[Signed Dr. Reintges
For a correct copy.
[Signature] HIRSCHBERG

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