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A Jew is anyone who descended from at least three grandparents who were racially full Jews. Article 2, par.2, second sentence will apply.
The second sentence of paragraph 2 of Article 2 reads:
A grandparent shall be considered as full-blooded [Jew] if he or she belonged to the Jewish religious community.
Therefore, although the definition of a Jews purported to be based on racial criteria, in fact the decisive factor was the religious adherence of the grandparents. No anthropological test was applied.
However, the grandparents of persons living in 1935 would have lived in the 19th century. At that time, practically all members of Jewish religious communities were also racially Jewish, that is descended from the ancient Jews, although of course a lot of race-mixing had occurred over the centuries, as with any other people. The Jews of Europe did constitute a separate ethnic group; they were not just a religious community.
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It gets really hard to distinguish racially what is a "jew" but what makes a jew a jew is an ethnic background of Israel, and that area of the world. The nazis were very arbitrary in this matter, but the crux of it was that they were discriminating against middle east people more than anything else.