Peter H wrote:Japanese troops with US M1917 rifles,September 1945
These troops are being surrendered in the Philippines, then? with only the Americans in a position to take this photo, although the M1917 Enfield was also issued to the Chinese. My father used this rifle as a reserve artilleryman in the Philippine Commonwealth Army in 1941 -- its recoil and weight were hard on many of the green and small-statured Filipino troops. Although little-remembered for their use in World War II, they remained limited standard US issue for most of it.
Their rifles have open bolts -- a surrender term? -- and no slings, either. Other photos we have seen here of IJA troops surrendering to Americans in Korea show a few of them still under arms and in formation.
The bayonet scabbard just visible would also have been that of the US Enfield, although except for the canteen we can't see other equipment details.
Peter H wrote:SNLF.Man on left holding SMLE.
This photo is identified as on Rabaul, late 1944, although the SMLE is not picked out, in Gary Nila and Robert Rolfe's Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces
Osprey Men-at-Arms series volume 432 (Osprey Publishing, 2006), page 11. So it seems that all those captured Mark IIIs in the earlier photo naturally went to this garrison use -- and probably went back to Australian hands at the end of the war?