Japan at War- Book by Edwin Hoyt

Discussions on all aspects of the Japanese Empire, from the capture of Taiwan until the end of the Second World War.
PassandReviewofWW2
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Japan at War- Book by Edwin Hoyt

Post by PassandReviewofWW2 » 03 Nov 2023 18:55

Japan from late 1800s to 1931 , was considered a World Power, taking part in World affairs in , Korea, China and Russia.
By 1937, Militant Generals took advantage of the levers of Government, concentrating power into their hands, like a crime Mafia operation.
Over several years time, to consolidate power, members of the Government were assassinated, until no one dared take a cabinet position, that was not
a member of the "Club".
Emperor Hirohito, protested without effect against this takeover, considering the prevailing conditions, Hirohito was under threat, The Generals ignored the Emperor.
The Militant Generals then began their war program, not for Japan but for their own personal profit.
Their Program for China did not go according to plan , although it was promoted as a great victory, despite the fact that huge amounts of money and manpower continued to go down the drain,(if it was victory there would not have continued to be the waste) this was not told to the Japanese People, little was ever told to the Japanese people until after the War.
By 1939 the Generals , including Tojo seemed to believe their own lies and they planned to attack Soviet Russia with 20 Divisions, as if there was not enough to deal with with just in China.
Amid all this, Admiral Yamamoto(considered a moderate, against the army Generals) was sent to take charge of the Combined Fleet.
The attack on Pearl Harbor, ultimately left the United States with the problem of saving Japan from its own Generals.

COmentator
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Re: Japan at War- Book by Edwin Hoyt

Post by COmentator » 16 Nov 2023 03:09

How about John toland History of Japan?

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Re: Japan at War- Book by Edwin Hoyt

Post by OpanaPointer » 16 Nov 2023 04:20

1. The revision of the Japanese constitution in, IIRC, 1937, included a clause that the Army and Navy representatives to the Imperial Cabinet had to be active duty military officers. This meant that a government could be brought down by simply reassigning the military member of that cabinet. From then on the government was at the mercy of the militarists.

2. Somewhere in the Monographs the author mentions that at one point the Japanese in China were facing 100 divisions of Chinese troops on one front alone.
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Re: Japan at War- Book by Edwin Hoyt

Post by Eugen Pinak » 16 Nov 2023 14:21

OpanaPointer wrote:
16 Nov 2023 04:20
1. The revision of the Japanese constitution in, IIRC, 1937, included a clause that the Army and Navy representatives to the Imperial Cabinet had to be active duty military officers. This meant that a government could be brought down by simply reassigning the military member of that cabinet. From then on the government was at the mercy of the militarists.
It was 1936 change of ministerial ordinances, constitution had no provisions about this. Ironically this change was made to prevent pro-fascist generals, kicked from the Army, to assume post of the Army Minister via parliament manipulations.

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Re: Japan at War- Book by Edwin Hoyt

Post by OpanaPointer » 16 Nov 2023 19:27

Thanks. Been a few decades since I read a thesis on that, and Indiana wasn't much for pre-war Japan sources.
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fontessa
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Re: Japan at War- Book by Edwin Hoyt

Post by fontessa » 17 Nov 2023 01:30

The Japanese Appointment System
The Japanese appointment system at the time was roughly as follows. The Prime Minister, who was not recommended for Minister of War, was unable to organize a cabinet without the Army's recommendation for the Minister of War, so he had no choice but to decline the post.
(1) 総理大臣 The Prime Minister was appointed by 天皇 the Emperor based on the recommendation of 重臣会議 the Council of Senior Ministers (attended by 枢密院議長 the Chairman of the Privy Council and former Prime Ministers).
(2) The Minister of War was recommended to the Prime Minister by the Army based on the recommendation of 3長官会議 Three Army Chiefs' Meeting (attended by 前陸軍大臣 the former Minister of War, 陸軍参謀総長 the Chief of Staff, and 陸軍教育総監 the Inspector General of Education).

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