Composition of German military expenditures

Discussions on the economic history of the nations taking part in WW2, from the recovery after the depression until the economy at war.
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Guaporense
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Composition of German military expenditures

Post by Guaporense » 01 Feb 2015 23:03

For 1943 I have the following data:

total military outlays -------------------- 112 billion RM
Wehrmacht direct cash expenditures --- 92 billion RM
armaments --------------------------------- 21.7 billion RM
(implied) other military outlays --------- 21 billion RM

In 1943, Wehrmacht manpower by branch, in thousands:
Army (Heer+Waffen SS) ----- 7,000
Airforce ----------------------- 1,700
Navy --------------------------- 780

Armmaments expenditures ------------- 21.7 billion RM
aircraft & equipment -------------------- 8.5 billion RM
naval vessels ------------------------------ 1.5 billion RM
tanks,ammunition,guns, trucks, etc -- 11.7 billion RM

Discounting the armament expenditures we can assume other expenditures of 70.3 billion RM are distributed proportionally to personnel employed. Which yields the following distribution of expenditures by branch:

Army ------------------------ 63.6 billion RM
Airforce --------------------- 21.1 billion RM
Navy ------------------------- 7.3 billion RM

shuniuhutu
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Re: Composition of German military expenditures

Post by shuniuhutu » 15 Feb 2015 07:31

why German cash expenditures cost so much money?about 92/112=82%!!
During wwii,US only spent 20% of its military outlays on cash expenditure. For example,US Navy department spent 88.4 billion dollars during the war of which 17.6 billion were on cash expenditure.For War department,these two are 160.7 and 37.1

steverodgers801
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Re: Composition of German military expenditures

Post by steverodgers801 » 16 Feb 2015 02:04

Germany never developed an efficient economy, there was too much infighting and turf wars despite the efforts of Speer, plus Germany had to spend a lot on occupation costs even though the occupied countries were squeezed.

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stg 44
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Re: Composition of German military expenditures

Post by stg 44 » 16 Feb 2015 22:20

steverodgers801 wrote:Germany never developed an efficient economy, there was too much infighting and turf wars despite the efforts of Speer, plus Germany had to spend a lot on occupation costs even though the occupied countries were squeezed.
It eventually did by 1944, but by then it was far too late to matter.

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Re: Composition of German military expenditures

Post by steverodgers801 » 17 Feb 2015 05:12

not even in 1944, you had the SS competing with the army by creating its own factories and they received first dibbs on what equipment and men were available.

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Guaporense
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Re: Composition of German military expenditures

Post by Guaporense » 13 Mar 2015 23:13

shuniuhutu wrote:why German cash expenditures cost so much money?about 92/112=82%!!
During wwii,US only spent 20% of its military outlays on cash expenditure. For example,US Navy department spent 88.4 billion dollars during the war of which 17.6 billion were on cash expenditure.For War department,these two are 160.7 and 37.1
I used the word cash here differently. It mean direct expenditures of the Wehrmacht, a lot of German military expenditures were officially expenditures of civilian departments:

Wehrmacht outlays september 1939 - april 1945 -------------- 414.0 billion RM
civilian deparments outlays september 1939 - april 1945 ---- 200.4 billion RM

For instance, in terms of military equipment and supplies orders from the metal working sector, direct Wehrmacht purchases were only half of it, civilian departments purchased the other half.
"In tactics, as in strategy, superiority in numbers is the most common element of victory." - Carl von Clausewitz

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