How was a bunker defended?

Discussions on the fortifications, artillery, & rockets used by the Axis forces.
Lasse
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Post by Lasse » 19 Dec 2002 11:07

yes, please continue, its very intresting, and can i have a full picture of that bunker???

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Erik E
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Post by Erik E » 20 Dec 2002 11:31

Thanks for all the Nice comments!

Before I continue, I will do my best to answer all your questions.......

how often did these emergency exits get used?

I have never heard of anyone ever getting used. The emergency exit would only be used if the main doors were blocked, and the enemy had left the area. The only incident I can think of where it could have been used, is after the massive bombing of the battery at Point du Hoc (prior to D-Day)


why no anti grenade netting wasn't fitted

This is becouse these bunkers contains weapons for long-range fire. Normally these bunkers would not be manned when the enemy got too close. Separate bunkers for close defence were allways placed in front of the gun bunkers.

can i have a full picture of that bunker


Actually, I have picked from 3 different bunkers to get the best photos, but I guess you were thinking of this???
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Lasse
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Post by Lasse » 20 Dec 2002 11:58

yes, that were the bunker i tought about. thanks for the pic!

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Erik E
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Post by Erik E » 20 Dec 2002 12:27

The 35P8 (6-Scharten Pz-turm) was a very heavy armoured steel cupola which was equipped with 2xMG-42.
The cupola itself has 6 gas-tight hatches which could be used. The 2 MG`s were mounted on rails which
could rotate 360 degrees inside. Each hatch had it`s own optic for aiming, and a periscope was mounted in the middle
The copula also had its own ventilation system becouse of the toxic gases released when fireing
Normally these copulars were attached in the bunker "Regelbau 634", but som are also found connected with
large underground complexes. Approx. 30-40 of these are still present along the Atlantic-wall
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Erik E
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Post by Erik E » 20 Dec 2002 12:53

A very rare close defence weapon, is the "Machinengranatwerfer M-19".
This 50mm automatic grenadelauncher could fire as much as 120 rounds in one minute! At the end of the war, only 98 of these weapons were built.
It`s weight was allmost 60 tonnes, so it really needed a lot of space.
The aiming was not accurate at all, but it must have had a huge psycological effect on the attacker!
Due to the low number of built units, this weapon was only placed near
important structures like submarine bunkers and large coastal artillery fortifications.
Only a few M-19`s are still around, but many of the bunkers are still present, like this one in "Festüng Fjell" in western Norway.
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