German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Discussions on the fortifications, artillery, & rockets used by the Axis forces.
JKernwerk
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by JKernwerk » 16 Nov 2020 16:09

Eugenius,
If the bunker is for a tankturret (hard for me to make up it is with all the grass and moss) the brickpit next to it is probably for the spend shells.
The pit serves as a bin for the shells that were fired, the cartridges were trown away in the brick recess to prevent the gunners to fall over empty cartridges.
This was usually done for the turrets with heavier guns
JK

Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 16 Nov 2020 19:56

JKernwerk, it really could be as you described, but tank turrets were scrapped right after this territory was taken by the Soviet army, bunkers were blown up using captured munition, so the only thing we have is that album with pictures and drawings made in 1944 and a couple of earth pits. There was the third tank turret position, but is was completely destroyed by lumberjacks several years ago.

Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 27 Feb 2021 15:37

OK, let's try to continue with German fortifications in Pskov region. In the town of Ostrov the Wehrmacht left this strange building (57.34518, 28.3457):

DSCF6645 2 немецких фортсооружения ВМВ, 57.34518, 28.3457.JPG

Actually there are 2 bunkers located end by end with just 1,5 m distance between them. Here is a pass between bunkers:

DSCF6647.JPG
DSCF6660.JPG

Larger bunker has just one entrance from the end:

DSCF6659.JPG

The smaller one has 2 entrances into separate chambers and 2 "windows":

DSCF6650.JPG
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Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 27 Feb 2021 15:42

Chambers are quite small and filled with garbage:

DSCF6654.JPG

Larger bunker has 4... ventilation shafts? Windows?

DSCF6666.JPG

In the other end of larger bunker there was a kind of garage or loading ramp:

DSCF6668.JPG
DSCF6669.JPG

No idea what it could be.
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Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 27 Feb 2021 15:55

Moving further to the north we find German observation post at 57.52304, 28.41792:

DSCF4620 Немецкий НП, 57.52304, 28.41792.JPG

Small chamber accessible from the trench and then higher observation tower:

DSCF4624.JPG
DSCF4625.JPG
DSCF4628.JPG

Top view:

DSCF4644.JPG
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Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 27 Feb 2021 15:57

Another top view:

DSCF4645.JPG
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Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 27 Feb 2021 16:10

Another observation post is located at 57.64752, 28.22308 in dense forest not so suitable for making pictures:

DSCF4542 Немецкий НП, 57.64752, 28.22308.JPG
DSCF4547.JPG
DSCF4550.JPG
DSCF4559.JPG

Note one of the wall is made of concrete "bricks". Those bricks are ca. 2 times larger than standard clay brick and were a kind of standard construction material of the Wehrmacht on the Eastern front. Sometimes steel rods were used as fittings to make a building stronger:

DSCF4556.JPG
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Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 27 Feb 2021 16:20

Steel fittings are visible here:

DSCF4561.JPG

Let's get inside, but there is only one chamber there:

DSCF4569.JPG

The floor was made with tree trunks:

DSCF4570 Деревянное основание фундамента.JPG

View from inside to the entrance:

DSCF4583.JPG

A hatchway in the ceiling. Of course, no any ladder remained.

DSCF4584.JPG
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Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 27 Feb 2021 16:23

Most likely this object had a wooden tower on the roof, for which a hatchway was designed. There are probably tower fittings remained on the roof:

DSCF4595 Предположительно остатки крепления деревянной вышки.JPG

To be continued...
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herring
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by herring » 27 Feb 2021 19:55

As for me - very interesting. From perspective of Poland, german fortifications "left" Poland in 1941 with most advanced regelbauten series R100 and R500, and "came back" in late 1944 with monocuture of Rs58c/R668/R701. All the evolution connected with eastern front specification happened in Russia and Belarussia (unfortunatelly not much was happening in Ukraine AFAIK).
In terms of identification - pictures are only additional information, basic are drawings with measurements.

Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 27 Feb 2021 20:56

I should note that most of objects built in Russia were examples of field fortifications built ad hoc, and most of them have no any exact Regelbau reference. The only exception is various Ringstand samples. Additionally those objects were built in hostile conditions and with limited resources. Leningrad region has probably the widest selection of various German fortification objects as frontline south of the city was more or less stable for 1,5 years. But first we will continue with Pskov region...

Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 28 Feb 2021 16:51

OK, let's continue. This typical shelter/pillbox made of concrete bricks is located at 57.7933, 28.21, on a backyard of local power station or a kind of similar nearly abandoned enterprise:

DSCF4194 Немецкий 3-амбразурный ДОТ, 57.7933, 28.21.JPG
DSCF4202.JPG

As usual, all possible pieces of metal were used for reinforcement:

DSCF4203.JPG

The bunker had 3 windows/embrasures; the entrance is fully buried, so this picture was made through one of windows:

DSCF4221.JPG

All constructions on top of the roof were added after WWII, when this bunker was used as a basement for stretching a kind of mast or a pipe.
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Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 28 Feb 2021 17:11

Many German objects in the city of Pskov are difficult to explore - they are turned into actually scrapyards and are fully covered with vegetation, almost nothing to see and even less to picture. But there are some exemptions.

This bunker is located near local marshalling yard at 57.80088, 28.35834:

DSCF4080 Немецкое бомбоубежище, башенка предположительно советского периода, 57.80088, 28.35834.JPG

Probably it was used for guarding the railway. The façade was obviously restored not so long ago:

DSCF4087.JPG

The entrance is blocked with bricks; the only view you may see above of the brick wall is this:

DSCF4088.JPG

The observation tower was added after the war:

DSCF4090.JPG
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Last edited by Eugenius on 28 Feb 2021 20:26, edited 1 time in total.

Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 28 Feb 2021 18:18

This one at 57.79844, 28.42454 was most likely a storage bunker. After the war it was extensively modified with many new entrances built, and finally was turned into a storage by local residents. The remarkable thing is the inscription made on top of former entrance - "Bunker Bulle". As in most of such cases, Bulle was likely a head of detachment, which constructed/operated this bunker:

DSCF4099 Немецкий предположительно склад, 57.79844, 28.42454.JPG
DSCF4101.JPG
DSCF4110.JPG

Another bunker of unknown purpose is located at 57.79571, 28.41849. There is only view from the entrance as all other sides are still banked up:

DSCF4119 Немецкий бункер, 57.79571, 28.41849.JPG
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Eugenius
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Re: German shelters in Pskov region, Russia - a Regelbau type?

Post by Eugenius » 28 Feb 2021 18:45

Observation post at 57.84768, 28.36535:

DSCF3923 Немецкий ДОТ, 57.84768, 28.36535.JPG
DSCF3924.JPG
DSCF3928.JPG
DSCF3934.JPG
DSCF3941.JPG
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