Elsass-Lothringen

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tyskaorden
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Elsass-Lothringen

Post by tyskaorden » 17 Nov 2003 11:33

After 1871, was there any plans to carry out a "Germanification" of the provinces? Naturally the cities changed thier names ie. Strasbourg became Strassburg in Elssas. But what about the schools did they all began to theach in German or was some French-speaking schools allowed?

And one question about the Regiments recruited in Elssas-Lothringen, was there any doubts about thier loyalty during WW1? Did the French punish those Elsassians and Lothringians who had served in the German Army after the War?

//Tyskaorden (Marcus Karlsson)

viriato
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Post by viriato » 17 Nov 2003 16:17

tyskaorden wrote:

After 1871, was there any plans to carry out a "Germanification" of the provinces? Naturally the cities changed thier names ie Strasbourg became Strassburg in Elssas.


The Germans didn't need to change the name of most of the towns. They simply reverted to the names they had before the French conquest in the XVII/XVIII century. Thus Mülhausen instead of the Frenchified Moulhouse or Diedenhofen instead of Thionville. An exception might have been Salzbergen instead of Château Salins.

But what about the schools did they all began to theach in German or was some French-speaking schools allowed?


In Elsass the population was for the most part German speakers and the schools reverted to German as could be expected. In the German annexed Lothringen/Lorraine German speakers were some two thirds of the total population. In the area where German speakers were the majority (North and East) German became the medium of instruction. In the French speaking zones (West and South) French (one third of the population) was the medium of instruction.

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tyskaorden
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Post by tyskaorden » 17 Nov 2003 18:38

Thanks Viriato,

Do you know if the French allowed instruction in German in the Schools when they gained control of Elsass-Lothringen ?

viriato
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Post by viriato » 18 Nov 2003 18:02

After the French annexation the entire scholar system became one where only French was used in all grades from kindergarten to University. German was allowed to be taught only as the main foreign language.

Outside the official system especially in Church Sunday schools German continued to be in use in most places especially in Protestant circles (some 1/4 of the total population in Elsass). There were cases where in the first school grades teachers used German to their pupils as this was the only language in which they could be understood. However this option was not legal and the French state was allways vigilant. If caught teachers were punished. One could be expelled alltogether from the profession or as a mildly punishment he would have to move to another area in the centre of France. At the same time many French teachers arrived in Elsass and Lothringen where they would earn more than in the rest of France (just like in any other French colony) .

As to the University of Strassburg many if not most of the professors were expelled (many went to the University of Frankfurt) and again were substituted for French professors. In this case the French state tried to call some important names to the University of Strassburg as to mantain the level of professionalism achieved by the University in the German years. Think of Marc Bloch for instance. But in the end this was to no avail. From one of the main Universities in Germany the Strassburg University became just one avarage University in France.

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matafu
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Post by matafu » 29 Jan 2004 21:11

if you want to no more about the "reichsland elssas lothringen" you should visit this website... its one of the most interesting websites about imperial germany! if you have problems with translating ask me for help!

best wishes
matafu

http://www.deutsche-schutzgebiete.de/reichsland_elsass-lothringen.htm

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Egon95
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Post by Egon95 » 29 Jan 2004 22:35

SS men like Theodor Eicke or Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger were born in Elsass-Lothringen ...

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