Eugen Fischer visits DSWA

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Peter H
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Eugen Fischer visits DSWA

Post by Peter H » 19 Feb 2006 02:31

Dr. Eugen Fischer

Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics from 1927 to 1942, Fischer authored a 1913 study of the Mischlinge (racially mixed) children of Dutch men and Hottentot women in German southwest Africa. Fischer opposed “racial mixing,” arguing that “Negro blood” was of “lesser value” and that mixing it with “white blood” would bring about the demise of European culture. After 1933, Fischer adapted his institute’s activities to serve Nazi antisemitic policies. He taught courses for SS doctors, served as a judge on Berlin’s Hereditary Health Court, and provided hundreds of opinions on the paternity and “racial purity” of individuals, including the Mischlinge offspring of Jewish and non-Jewish German couples.

[POSTWAR CAREER] Fischer retired in 1942 as Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics. After the war he worked to secure university teaching positions for many of his former students (including Otmar von Verschuer). As professor emeritus at the university of Freiburg, Fischer continued to lecture and publish articles in anthropological journals. He died in 1967. ... 01-fischer

Some of his medical studies:

1907...The "geneticist" Eugen Fischer uses German South West Africa as a field site for the development of later notorious theories on European racial superiority. Fischer studies the bodies of 17 Nama prisoners of war who have perished in a concentration camp on Shark Island near Lüderitz. These Nama fighters, including Nama leader Cornelius Frederiks of Bethany (who dies in the Shark Island concentration camp on 16.02.1907) who had surrendered to the Germans in March 1906, are decapitated. A published photograph of three heads supposedly provides visual evidence to support the "scientific" arguments for German racial superiority over the Africans. For the year 1906 it is reported that altogether 778 post-mortem tests were conducted. Consequently also skulls are collected, which Ovaherero female prisoners-of- war are forced to scrape clean with the aid of glass shards.
Graphic photo: ... heads1.jpg

A more extreme view:
During this time, a man named Dr. Eugen Fischer was invited to German Southwest Africa as an anthropologist to study the Herero. He wrote the famed book Principles of Human Heredity and Racial Hygiene in which he claimed that the Herero were animals, that German race was superior and he applauded the concentration camps. While Adolf Hitler was jailed, he read Dr. Fisher's book. Fischer's ideas of a German supreme race and the ideas for concentration camps inspired Adolf Hitler to write Mein Kampf (2, 3, 9, 19, 22, 30, 31, 32, 37, 41, 46, 50). Many people attack Hitler without looking at Dr. Fischer, when Fischer was Hitler's inspiration and where Hitler got all of his ideas about race, genetics and the ideas of concentration camps in the first place. You could say that Adolf Hitler was both Eugen Fischer's pet and creation.

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Chris Dale
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Post by Chris Dale » 19 Feb 2006 18:10

Sad but true. Another feature of the Third Reich that came from DSWA was the concentration camp. In this case the Germans had originally got the idea from seeing how the British treated boers.

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