mihu wrote: ↑
01 Apr 2020 17:28
- What was Mussolini and Fascist Italy's reaction to the German-Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939?
- Did Fascist Italy intern Polish citizens during WW2? If so, is there any account of their treatment in Italian captivity?
- Did Italian and Polish forces ever see direct combat against each other during WW2?
- Did the two nations maintain any diplomatic or secret relations during the war, or did they completely sever ties with each other? I know that Poland secretly maintained cooperation with Japan through to at least 1944, so this is why I ask.
1) The Italian reaction was extremely negative. The German pact with USSR was seen as a violation of the Anticomintern pact and the act of war towards Poland as a breach of the additional protocols to the Pact of Steel. This older post of mine is the first of a series of translations that I made of Rosaria Quartararo's great book about Italian diplomacy on the eve of WW2 and it will provide a clearer reply to your question: viewtopic.php?p=1720252#p1720252
2) I have never read of Polish citizens' internment, but, unless they were involved in political o military activity, there would have been no reason, because the two nations were not at war, at least from the Italian point of view (see point 4).
3) I know that there were Polish Army units in Tobruk and Polish naval units in the Mediterranean. The subs Sokol and Dzik attacked Italian units, but I don't know more details than you may find online:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORP_Sok%C ... sh_service
4) Italy severed its diplomatic relations with Poland after its declaration of war on UK and France on 10 June 1940 (the Polish embassy in Rome was closed on 13 June 1940), but kept informal diplomatic relations throughout the war. AFAIK, Polish forces were retreated from Tobruk due to Italian diplomatic pressure, for example. Yet, Poland was among the signatory Allied powers of the Treaty of Peace with Italy of 10 Feb. 1947, so maybe the Polish government in exile in UK (not recognized by Italy) declared war on Italy during WW2?