Executions at Dongo 28 Apr 1945

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David Thompson
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Executions at Dongo 28 Apr 1945

Post by David Thompson » 11 Aug 2002 18:06

Can anyone add any information to this list?

Executions at Dongo 28 Apr 1945

Barracu, Francesco Maria (1895-1945) -- Cabinet vice-chairman, Italian Social Republic {taken prisoner and executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio) (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1; Fascist Italy p. 60).}

Bombacci, Nicolo (1879-1945) -- "former communist"; Italian advisor to Benito Mussolini {taken prisoner and executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio). (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1; LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g; Fascist Italy pps. 79-80).}
Calistri, Pietro (?-1945) -- Italian pilot of Benito Mussolini {captured and executed by Italian partisans at Dongo c. 28 Apr 1945 (LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Casalnuovo, Vito (?-1945) [Italian Colonel] -- officer, Italian Social Republic National Guard (Guardia Nazionale Repubblicana) {captured and executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio). (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1; LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Coppola, Prof. Goffredo (?-1945) – Italian rector of the University of Bologna; president, Italian Social Republic Court of Justice {executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio) (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1; LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Daquanno, Ernesto (?-1945) -- Italian editor of the Fascist periodical Stefani {executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio) (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1).}
De Facci, Marcelio (?-1945) -- officer, Italian Social Republic espionage service {captured and executed by Italian partisans at Dongo c. 28 Apr 1945 (LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Gasti, Guidi (?-1945) -- Prefect, Italian Social Republic {captured and executed by Italian partisans at Dongo c. 28 Apr 1945 (LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g). (same person as Luigi Gatti?).}

Gatti, Luigi (?-1945) -- Prefect, Italian Social Republic {captured and executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio). (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1). (same person as Guidi Gasti?).}

Gazanno, Ernest (?-1945) – Italian editor, Stefani News Agency {captured and executed by Italian partisans at Dongo c. 28 Apr 1945 (LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Liverani, Augusto (?-1945) -- Minister of Communications, Italian Social Republic {executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio). (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1; LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Luigi, Mario (?-1945) -- member, Italian Fascist Agricultural Association {executed by Italian partisans at Dongo c. 28 Apr 1945 (LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Mezzasoma, Dr. Fernando (1907-1945) – joined Italian National Fascist Party (PNF) 1921; Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs and Secretary to Amedeo Fani, 1929-1932; Vice-President of Mystic Fascist School, 1930; Member, Federal Directory in Perugia, 1932-1935; Service, Fascist University Youth (Gioventú Universitaria Fascista / GUF) for Perugia Province, 1932-1935; General vice-secretary of Fascist University Youth (Gioventú Universitaria Fascista / GUF), 1935-1937; Member of National Fascist Party (PNF) National Directory, 12 Jan 1937-23 Feb 1939; National counselor, 23 Feb 1939; PNF Vice-Secretary, 23 Feb 1939 - 9 Mar 1942; Lieutenant (Tenente) 7.Rgt Rural Artillery Division "Cremona", Jun 1940; service, 1st Blackshirt Division "March 23" (1.Div Camice Nere "23 Marzo"), 1942 (African Campaign); General Director of Italian Press for Minister of Popular Culture, Mar 1942-25 Jul 1943; First Italian Social Republic (RSI) Minister Popular Culture, Sept 1943; liaison between RSI and the German Adriatic Coast/ Alpine Frontier (Adriatische Küstenland/Alpenvorland) commands, Sept 1943; Minister of Popular Culture, Italian Social Republic 23 Sept 1943-28 Apr 1945 {executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio); body hung 29 Apr 1945 with Benito Mussolini at the Piazzale Loreto, Milan (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1; LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g; Fascist Italy p. 337).}

Mussolini, Benito (1883-1945) -- Italian Prime Minister (President of the Council of Ministers) 31 Oct 1922-25 Jul 1943; head of government of the Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiano - RSI) 23 Sept 1943-28 Apr 1945; Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs 31 Oct 1922-12 Sept 1929, 20 Jul 1932-11 Jun 1936 and 6 Feb-25 Jul 1943; Italian Minister of the Interior 31 Oct 1922-17 Jun 1924 and 6 Nov 1926-25 Jul 1943; Italian Minister of Colonies 17 Jun-1 Jul 1924, 18 Dec 1928-12 Sept 1929, 17 Jun 1935-11 Jun 1936 and 20 Nov 1937-31 Oct 1939; Italian Minister of War 4 Apr 1925-12 Sept 1929; and 13 Feb 1933-25 Jul 1943; Italian Minister of the Navy 8 May 1925-12 Sept 1929 and 6 Nov 1933-25 Jul 1943; Italian Minister of the Air Force 30 Aug 1925-12 Sept 1939; and 6 Nov 1933-25 Jul 1943; Italian Minister of Public Works 30 Apr-12 Sept 1929; Italian Minister of Corporations 2 Jul 1926-12 Sept 1929 and 20 Jul 1932-11 Jun 1936; Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Italian Social Republic 23 Sept 1943-28 Apr 1945 {taken prisoner and executed by partisans 28 Apr 1945 near Milan (NYT 29 Apr 1945:13:1; 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1); body stolen 23 Apr 1946 (NYT 24 Apr 1946:1:6; LT 24 Apr 1946:3e); recovered 12 Aug 1946 (NYT 13 Aug 1946:1:6; LT 21 Aug 1946:4g) (Fascist Italy pps. 358-364).}

Nitri, Filimberto (?-1945) -- Italian fascist propagandist {captured and executed by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio) at Dongo c. 28 Apr 1945 (LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Nudi, Mario (?-1945) -- President, Italian Fascist Agricultural Association {captured and executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio) (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1).}

Pavolini, Alessandro (1903-1945) – Italian Fascist; Vice-Federal of Florence May 1927; Federale of Florence 1929; elected Deputy to the Chamber of Fascists and Corporations (Camera dei Fasci e delle Corporazioni) 1934; appointed Minister of Popular Culture (Ministro della Cultura Popolare), Oct 1939-Jan 1943; appointed Fascist Republican Party General Secretary 15 Sept 1943; responsible for the execution of "traitors" of the session of the Fascist Grand Council (Gran Consiglio) 11 Jan 1944; assassination attempt at Milan by Italian partisans Sept 1944 (NYT 26 Sept 1944:6:5) {captured and executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio) (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1) (Fascist Italy pps. 415-6; ABR-Italy).}
Petacci, Clara (1912-1945) -- mistress of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini {captured and executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio) (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1; Fascist Italy pps. 420-1).}

Porta, Paolo (?-1945) -- party inspector, Italian Social Republic {captured and executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio) (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1).}

Romano, Ruggero (?-1945) -- Minister of Public Works, Italian Social Republic 3 Oct 1943-28 Apr 1945 {executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio). (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1; LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Salustri, Pietro (Jeno) (?-1945) -- personal pilot of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini {executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio). (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1).}

Starace, Achille (1889-1945) [Italian Lt. General] -- founded the Fascist movement (Fascio) in Trento, North Italy 1920; Vice-Secretary of National Fascist Party 1921; appointed Inspector for Sicily and near Isles, 1922; Deputy at Parliament 1924; Commander adjutant of the Milizia 1926; General Secretary of Italian Fascist Party (PNF) (as substitute for Giurati) 1931-1939; organized anti-semitic and anti-bourgeois campaign 1938; chief of staff of Milizia 1939-1941{captured by Italian partisans 28 Apr 1945 (NYT 29 Apr 1945:13:2); executed 29 Apr 1945 at Dongo near Milan. (NYT 30 Apr 1945:7:2; LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g); or at Piazzale Loreto, Milano (ABR-Italy).}

Teruzzi, Attilio (?-1945) -- Italian Governor of Cyrenaica 23 Nov 1926-18 Dec 1928; Italian Undersecretary of the Colonial Ministry 20 Nov 1937-31 Oct 1939; Italian Minister of Colonies 3 Oct 1939-25 Jul 1943{executed by Italian partisans c. 28 Apr 1945 (LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).(Fascist Italy pp. 586, 602).}


Zerbini or Zebino, Paolo or Valerio (?-1945) -- Undersecretary of the Interior, Italian Social Republic 6 May 1944-21 Feb 1945; Minister of the Interior, Italian Social Republic 21 Feb-28 Apr 1945 {executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio). (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1; LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g Fascist Italy p. 595).}

gabriel pagliarani
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Some errors in Dongo executed list

Post by gabriel pagliarani » 11 Aug 2002 22:28

There are some errors in your long list. I had not the time to control any data, but surely:

1)This man never existed:
Salustri, Pietro (Jeno) (?-1945) -- personal pilot of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini {executed 28 Apr 1945 at Dongo by Italian partisans commanded by "Colonel Valerio" (Walter Audisio). (NYT 30 Apr 1945:1:3 & 7:1).}

2)This man was really executed, and he was not a fascist:

Calistri, Pietro (?-1945) -- Italian pilot of Benito Mussolini {captured and executed by Italian partisans at Dongo c. 28 Apr 1945 (LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

How many bullets there were in the machine-gun of Walter Audisio? It sounds like a movie of Schwarzenegger....

David Thompson
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Post by David Thompson » 11 Aug 2002 22:47

Thanks Gabriel. It looks like the entries refer to the same fellow, and while the London Times reporter got the spelling right, the New York Times reporter (or the typesetter for the NYT back in the States) got a garbled version of the name.

As for Audisio ("Colonel Valerio"), he didn't have to rely solely on his own weapon, but had some comrades in the Volunteer Liberty Corps (Corpo Volontari della Liberta) to help with the work.

varjag
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'Smoking' Mussolini

Post by varjag » 13 Aug 2002 12:55

By some quirk of fate the executioners are said to have used a rather rare weapon - French MAS 38 submachine-guns - true or false? At least
pertaining to the 'Duce' and his mistress.

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The struggle for the remains.

Post by gabriel pagliarani » 17 Aug 2002 11:33

The mortal remains of the man called Duce were offended for 10 days after his death. His Body was hang upside down in piazzale Loreto then abandoned to any sort of abuse from villains. These facts happened in Milano, Italy and not among the cannibal tribes of New Guinea, demostrating that our western civilization is only a thin coating over dominant deeper Cro-Magnon' s primitive habits..Only after such a horror finally the Body of the man that leaded the Country for 20 years was examined by a forensic medic. After autopsy, during wich an American examiner took off 50 grams of the brain of the Duce, the remains were finally cut in 3 pieces and disposed in a 75cm. carton-box in which soap was previously stored. Because there was not a crematory still standing in whole North Italy, the Allied Command decided to bury the Body in the temporary German War Cemetery in Musocco near Milano, without any external I.D. But a german prisoner having in charge the cemetery, diligently noted the strange burying in the graveyard N° 348 of such a small carton box for soap! So in summer 1946 a fascist kommando, after 1 year of investigations, prepared the extreme liberation of the remains of Duce. All the fascists imprisoned in the jails of Milano at the end of WW2 began a violent riot stopped 3 days after by Carabinieri Special Units by using machine-guns and bombs. Their sacrifice allowed the police was suddenly sent and crushing such a violent riot in the jails, in the while the streets were freed from any control. A car with 3 men armed with pistols leaded by Ten. Col. Domenico Leccisi (actual deputy in the Parliament) suddenly occupied the Musocco Cemetery. The Dux was freed for the 2nd time! The kommando, after a dangerous travel, finally reached the Certosa of Pavia where the frairies lovely and secretly took care of the remains. Fascists choose Pavia because, in their opinion there was not a site performing more holy requirements! Pavia was the capital of the Lombard and Frank Kingdom of Italy, where"la Corona di Ferro", the "Iron Crown" was held by the first barbaric cristian kings of Italy as the main symbol of the unity of the Country after the Fall of the Roman Empire. But both Rachele and Edda Ciano claimed for the Body to be buried in Predappio, Mussolini's own homeland. After the fascist riots in the jails, during which a lot of them were killed, the goverments decided secretely to destroy definitively those remains, but no one had the courage to profane the holyness of Certosa di Pavia, therefore Benito Mussolini was held there since Aug 30, 1957. A new democristian Prime Minister, born in Predappio, gave to Donna Rachele the possibility to bring back the body of Mussolini (always stored in the same soap carton-box!) in Predappio, but only in private form and 12 years after His death. Since Aug 30, 1957 there is a fascist "Guardia d' Onore" always caring and defending the" Tomba del Duce", day and night, forever. All these facts happened really in Italy: I wrote all this story as written before in the book "Il corpo del Duce" published by Einaudi.

Luca
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Re: Executions at Dongo 28 Apr 1945

Post by Luca » 16 Sep 2002 02:08

David Thompson wrote:Can anyone add any information to this list?

Executions at Dongo 28 Apr 1945

You search informations concern the biogaphy of these men or also concern the facts of Dongo related with these men?

If You want i can show the pics of some men and also the common pics of the execution.

Luca
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Re: Some errors in Dongo executed list

Post by Luca » 16 Sep 2002 02:12

gabriel pagliarani wrote:How many bullets there were in the machine-gun of Walter Audisio? It sounds like a movie of Schwarzenegger..

Probable, cause the "raffiche ripetute" (what in english?) during 3 minutes!

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Post by Luca » 16 Sep 2002 02:19

Sorry for the multiple emails.
Looking the list appare that is no listed another name,probable cause the particular dinamic of he execution.
I know he history but now no remeber the exact name.
03.18 here.
Maybe tomorrow with the help of some book.

Luca
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Re: Some errors in Dongo executed list

Post by Luca » 16 Sep 2002 02:25

gabriel pagliarani wrote:2)This man was really executed, and he was not a fascist:

Calistri, Pietro (?-1945) -- Italian pilot of Benito Mussolini {captured and executed by Italian partisans at Dongo c. 28 Apr 1945 (LT 30 Apr 1945:4:g).}

Very sad and dirty history.
Im very sad that i cant write here in good english the facts of the execution of this man.

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Post by David Thompson » 16 Sep 2002 16:33

Any information to add to either the biographies or the facts surrounding the executions would be very helpful. If you have photographs, Luca, I'd be very interested to see them. All I have are from old microfilmed newspapers.

Custermen
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The 15

Post by Custermen » 16 Sep 2002 18:00

My reference books state that the National Liberation Committee agreed to select 15 of the prisoners to be turned over to the Communist partisans for execution. However, due to circumstances and such, several more were shot, including Marcello Petacci, Clara's brother, who tried to escape by jumping into the lake.
One source seems to imply that Archille Starace was shot in Milan on the scene.

Here is 'my list' of those executed. Can anyone identify the bodies of those hanging next to Mussolini in Milan??

1 Benito Mussolini, Il Duce
2 Francesco Barracu - Undersecretary in cabinet office
3 Fernando Mezzasomma - Ministry of Popular Culture(i.e. propoganda), Sept 1943
4 Nicola Bombacci - Minister of Interior. Former communist.
5 Luigi Gatti - Duce's private secretary after organizing his new cabinet.
6 Pisenti Liverani - Minister of Communications
7 Alessandro Pavolini - ex-Ministry of Popular Culture. Editor of Rome's "Messagero". Pushed for speedy execution of Ciano in January, 1944. Tried to organize the Fascist Army to make a last stand near Alps.
8 Paolo Zerbino - Minister of Interior, Dec 1943
9 Ruggero Romano - Minister Public Works
10 Paolo Porta - Head of Fascist Party in Lombardy
11 Alfredo Coppolo - Rector of the Bologna University
12 Ernesto Daquanno - Director of Stefani agency
13 Mario Nudi - President of Fascist Agriculture Association
14 Colonel Vito Casalinuovo - Mussolini's adjutant
15 Pietro Calistri - Air Force pilot
16 Utimberger - an obscure journalist, selected at random from the prisoners.
17? Archille Starace - Secretary of Fascist Party 1931-1939. Killed on the spot and, one source says, he was hung to left of Duce.
18 Clara Petacci - Mussolini's mistress. She refused to leave Mussolini and followed his convoy into the Alps. She met up with Mussolini and was at his side when he was gunned down.
19 Marcello Petacci- her brother, was executed at his capture while attempting to escape.

(Some refrences incorrectly list the names of Salustri and Hintermayer.)

My References:
"One Afternoon At Mezzegra: The Story of Mussolini's Death" by Peter Whittle. This is the story of the last 5 days of Mussolini. 195 pages. Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1969.

"Fall of Mussolini" - Farrar, Straus & Co., 1948.

Custermen

Luca
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Re: The 15

Post by Luca » 17 Sep 2002 02:39

Custermen wrote:My reference books state that the National Liberation Committee agreed to select 15 of the prisoners to be turned over to the Communist partisans for execution. However, due to circumstances and such, several more were shot, including Marcello Petacci, Clara's brother, who tried to escape by jumping into the lake.

When the 15 men was in execution line in the border of the lake, the "colonnello" Valerio was again into the Municipio house of Dongo.
During the trip from the house to the fire line he take the decision of add Marcello Petacci to the group of 15.
He was immediatly take from the Municipio jail where he stay with 2 closed partisans..but this is another bad history...and was conduct to the fire line.
When the 15 man look the terrorizated Petacci that arrive in the group, all the men start a strong protest cause they no want dead with Petacci.
All the 15 man says "Non lo vogliamo con noi! "
Cause was the last ask of the condaned to death (or MUCH more probable for others motivations,cause the proved no humanity of the "collonello" concern several facts in Dongo.) after short privat speak with the capitain of Alpini Davide Barbieri and the Father Accursio ,Valerio agree and Petacci was sent back.
During the trip for the Municipio,Petacci,that was a gigant man, was able to escape.He open a street into the people (the square was completly full for look the "show") and when he arrive in a relativity tranquil place into the people ,he ,with tranquill face, dissemble of look the execution as all others people.
Immediatly he was identificated from some men that take Petacci with kicks and spits, so he escape again, and transit in the place of the Hotel Dongo ,where was closed he wife and he 2 yougs childrens.
Back Petacci was 8 or 10 partisans that start to fire into the street full of people.
When Petacci arrive in the border of the lake , he jumping into the water, but after some meters the partisans fire kill him and Petacci go down in the water.
The body was take immediatly, in the same time of the execution of the 15 but is unkonw if he dead immedialy after or before the 15 cause the execution fire of the 15 continue for 3 minutes.
The body of Petacci stay long time in the street and was the last that was put up the truck starting for the big show in Piazzale Loreto.

Luca
Last edited by Luca on 17 Sep 2002 03:05, edited 1 time in total.

Luca
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Post by Luca » 17 Sep 2002 03:02

David Thompson wrote:As for Audisio ("Colonel Valerio"), he didn't have to rely solely on his own weapon, but had some comrades in the Volunteer Liberty Corps (Corpo Volontari della Liberta) to help with the work.

Very funny say "volunters" cause Valerio pretend add 4 partisans from another band for add to he men for the execution platoon.
The motivation of this fact was clear during the post war process of Padova.

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Post by David Thompson » 17 Sep 2002 21:08

Luca -- The title of Audisio's unit is a little grandiose. So what is the story on the trial at Padua (Padova)? All I know about it is that there was a trial at Padua in Jun 1951 in which 178 members of the Banda Carita were prosecuted, and all I've ever seen of the proceedings was a photograph of the cover of a pamphlet or record of the trial, with the defendants name in handwriting so small I couldn't read it, at
http://www.library.wisc.edu/libraries/d ... arita.html
Carita, Mario (1904-1945) -- commander, Italian Social Republic's police Special Service Department (Reparto di Servizi Speciali - RSS) {accused of the torture and murder of captured Italian partisans and civilians; shot while resisting capture by American troops at Alpe di Siusi, Alto Adige, Italy May 1945 (Fascist Italy p.03).}

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Dongo Execution Site

Post by JLEES » 18 Sep 2002 02:13

Has anyone ever visited the execution site? I understand the town is very beautiful and worth while seeing. It shouldn't be too far from where Il Duce was also executed before taking there bodies to Milan. Has anyone checked-out these areas? Is it worth seeing if I ever go to the Milan area?
James

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