Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Discussions on High Command, strategy and the Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) in general.
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Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Post by PanzerKing » 24 Jun 2008 04:16

Why don't we create an Axis History Forum dictionary or index of German military terms so non-German speakers can easily look-up needed translations? We could make it a "sticky" thread!

This might be in the wrong forum, I didn't know where to post it!

For Example:

Deutsch - English
Heer - Army
Zug - Platoon
Rifle - Gewehr


What do you guys think?

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Michael Emrys
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Re: Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Post by Michael Emrys » 24 Jun 2008 08:29

I think it is a pretty good idea worth trying and have moved it where I think it will best fit.

Incoming fire has the right of way.

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Tom Houlihan
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Re: Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Post by Tom Houlihan » 24 Jun 2008 14:49

Funny you should mention that! Mine will be published as soon as I can finish wading through this last reference. At the moment, in a 10-pt font, single-spaced, it's running about 500 pages.

David Thompson
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Re: Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Post by David Thompson » 24 Jun 2008 22:47

TM 30-506 German Military Dictionary (May 1944) ... ionary.pdf
German Military Abbreviations (War Department: Apr 1943) ... ations.pdf
Handbook of WWII German Military Symbols and Abbreviations 1943-45 By Terrence Booth ... lt#PPR3,M1

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Re: Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Post by PanzerKing » 25 Jun 2008 04:43

It looks as though others have beaten me to it! I was also pointed to the dictionary.

The idea was to have everyone of the forum to participate so we could all have a dictionary on this forum, but I guess we really don't need one after all!

Thanks guys!

Laurence Strong
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Re: Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Post by Laurence Strong » 25 Jun 2008 05:12

Hi David

Many thanks for those links. I have been looking for something along those lines as my online translating service I use lets me down once in a while.

David Thompson
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Re: Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Post by David Thompson » 25 Jun 2008 12:39

See the "Damnable German Abbreviations" thread at viewtopic.php?f=76&t=9397 for an early attempt to put something together.

See also:

Handbook on German Armed Forces (Mar 1945)

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Michael Miller
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Re: Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Post by Michael Miller » 26 Jun 2008 01:24

Here are two of my own little glossaries (which I'm using in my various book projects).

~ Mike

Glossary of German Military & Political Terms

Abitur (Abi.): Most prestigious of several certificates issued after completion of secondary schooling in Germany. It typically allowed admission to university in any subject
Abschnitt (Abs.; Abschn.): Sector; district. In the SS: Regional division of Germany and its headquarters; In the SD: Subordinate Regional HQ and its area
Abteilung (Abt.; A.): Unit, battery, battalion, department
Abwehr (Abw.): Wehrmacht intelligence service
Abwehrpolizei: Counter-espionage police. A function of the Grenzpolizei under the jurisdiction of the Gestapo
Abzeichen (Abz.): Badge of rank, appointment, or distinction
Adjutantur: i. Staff department dealing with routing personnel and administrative matters; ii. The earlier title of the Persönlicher Stab RfSS
Agrarpolitischer Apparat (a.A.): The NSDAP's Office for Agricultural Policy.
Ahnenerbe Forschungs- und Lehrgemeinschaft: Society for Research into and Teaching of Ancestral Heritage.Administered by the Pers.Stab RfSS, this office promoted research of family and national hereditary history and dissemination of racial theories
Akademie für Deutsches Recht": The Academy of German Law, founded by Reichsleiter Dr. jur. Hans Frank in 1933 and based in München
Allgemeines Heeresamt (A.H.A.): General Army Directorate
Allgemeine-SS (Allg.SS): The general body of the SS, composed of part-time, full-time, and honorary members
Allgemeines Wehrmachtsamt (A.W.A.): General Armed Forces Office in OKW, concerned with matters of personnel, training, equipment, etc.
Alte Kämpfer: “Old Fighter". Designation applied to members of the NSDAP or its affiliated organizations prior to the Nazi assumption to power on 30.01.1933
Amt: A main office, branch, or directorate of a Ministry, or an independent Ministry such as the Auswärtiges Amt (Foreign Office)
Amtsgruppe: A subordinate branch of a Hauptamt
Anhaltelager: Temporary detention camp
Anschluss: The unification of Germany and Austria on 13.03.1938
Anwärter (Anw.): Cadet or candidate.
Arbeitsgemeinschaft: Labor collective. Associations of former Freikorps members formed to facilitate finding employment and maintaining contact as a covert military force
Armee-Korps (A.K.): Infantry corps
Armee-Oberkommando (A.O.K.): Army (H.Q.)
Artillerie-Kommandeur (Arko): Artillery commander
Artillerie-Regiment (Art.Rgt.; A.R.): Artillery regiment
Aufklärung (Aufkl.): lit. enlightenment; military reconnaissance
Aufstellungsstab: Formation staff
Ausbildung (Ausb.): Training
Ausbildungs- und Ersatz (Ausb.u.Ers.; A-u.E.): Training and replacement
Ausland/Abwehr (Ausl./Abw.): Amt (previously an Amtsgruppe) of OKW responsible for Espionage, Counterespionage, Sabotage, and Foreign Information. Headed by Admiral Wilhelm Canaris until his arrest for anti-Nazi activities in 1944, whereupon it was absorbed by the RSHA
Auslands-Organisation (AO): Foreign Organization. The NSDAP agency concerned with care and supervision of Germans in foreign countries. Ranked as the 43rd Gau of the NSDAP under Gauleiter and Foreign Office Staatssekretär Ernst Wilhelm Bohle
Aussendienststelle or Aussenstelle (Aust.): Outstation or outpost of the Sipo and SD
ausser Dienst (a. D.): retired; on inactive list
Auswärtiges Amt (AA): Foreign Office; the Reich Ministry for Foreign Affairs

Bahnschutzpolizei: Railway protection police. Transferred to SS control in 1942
Bann: A subdivision of the Hitler-Jugend Gebiet (region), approximately comparable to a Kreis (district) of the NSDAP
Bataillon (Btl.): Battalion
Batterie (Bttr.): Battery (artillery troop)
Bayern: Bavaria. The southernmost Land (State) of Germany, comprising the following Regierungsbezirke (government districts; capital cities follow in parentheses): Unterfranken (Würzburg); Oberfranken (Bayreuth); Mittelfranken (Ansbach); Oberpfalz (Regensburg); Niederbayern (Landshut); Oberbayern (München); and Schwaben (Augsburg).
Bayerisch: Bavarian
Bayerischen Landtages: Bavarian State Parliament.
Beamter: An official or functionary
beauftragt (b.): authorized; commissioned; in charge
Beauftragter (Beauftr.): A representative, commissioner, or administrator
Befehl: An order or command
Befehlshaber: Senior commander
Befehlshaber des Ersatzheeres (B.d.E.): C.-in-C. Replacement Army
Befehlshaber der Ordnungspolizei (BdO): Commander of the Orpo in a Wehrkreis or similar territory
Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolzei und des Sicherheitsdienstes (B.d.S.)L=: Commander of the Sipo and SD in a Wehrkreis or similar territory
Behörde (Beh.): An authority or administrative body
bei / beim (b.): on / near
Bereitschaftspolizei: Mobile barracks police units of the Landespolizei, administered by the various Länder before the police were centralized in 1935/1936
Bevollmächtigter (Bev.): Plenipotentiary
Bezirk (Bez.): A district; sub-region; administrative unit
Blockleiter: Lowest official of the NSDAP, responsible for the political supervision of 40 to 60 households. Subordinate to a Zellenleiter
Bund: League, Federation
Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM): League of German Girls. The Hitler-Jugend organization for girls aged 14 to 18
Bund Oberland: A Wehrverband (paramilitary formation) of predominantly Bavarian membership formed from the Freikorps Oberland. Under the leadership of Dr. med. vet. Friedrich Weber, it was the primary ally of the Nazi Party during the Munich Putsch of.11.1923
Bund Wiking: A Wehrverband formed by Hermann Ehrhardt, led by members of his former Freikorps
Bürgermeister: Mayor of a mid-size town or smaller community

Charakterisiert (Char.): Brevet rank (a temporary promotion, generally render as “Charakter als [Oberst, etc.]”).
Chef (Ch.): chief
Chef des Ausbildungswesens (Chef-AW): A covert military training organization based in part on the SA which instructed young men in military skills, 1933 - 1935
Chef der deutschen Polizei (Ch.d.Dt.P.; ChdDtP; ChdDtPol.): Commander-in-Chief of the German Police (Heinrich Himmler)
Chef der Heeresrüstung und Behfehlshaber des Ersatzheeres (Ch.H.Rü.u.B.d.E.): Chief of Army Equipment and Commander of the Replacement Army (Generaloberst Friedrich Fromm until July 1944, then Heinrich Himmler)
Chef der Ordnungspolizei (CdO): Chief of the Order Police (Kurt Daluege, then Wünnenberg assumed duties due to Daluege’s illness)
Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD (CSSD): Chief of the Security Police and SD (Reinhard Heydrich until 04.06.1942, then Himmler until 30.01.1943, and finally Dr. jur. Ernst Kaltenbrunner)
Chef der Zivilverwaltung (CdZ): Head of the Civilian Administration in an occupied territory

der Reserve (d. R.): of the Reserve
deutsch (dt.): German
Deutsche Arbeitsfront (DAF): The German Labor Front. Largest of the NSDAP's affiliated organizations comprising all the corporations, guilds, and professional associations. Led by Reichsleiter Dr. Robert Ley
Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (DAP): German Workers’ Party. Founded in München, January 1919. Later redesignated National-Socialist German Workers’ Party
Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (DAW): German Equipment Works, SS enterprise founded in 1939
Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke GmbH (DEST): German Clay and Brickworks Ltd. SS enterprise established in 1938, primarily to construct brickworks and exploit quarries by the use of prisoner labor
Deutsches Rotes Kreuz (DRK): The German Red Cross
Deutschnationale Volkspartei (DNVP): The conservative German National People’s Party
Deutsch-Völkischer Schutz- und Trutzbund (DVSuTB): German-Folkish Protection and Defense League. Founded in 1919 with support of the Pan-German League. An anti-semitic organization specializing in publication of propaganda and rallies among the folkish movement in Germany. Its branch leaders were
designated as Gauleiter, and this system was duplicated by the NSDAP. This league was officially banned in 1922
Deutsche Umsiedlungs-Treuhand GmbH (DUT): German Resettlement Trust Ltd., affiliated with the RKFDV
Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe GmbH (DWB): German Economic Enterprises Ltd., an enterprise controlled by the SS-WVHA
Deutsches Jungvolk (DJV; DJ): German Young People. The Hitler-Jugend branch for boys aged 10 to 14
Deutschnationaler Handlungsgehilfen Verband (DHV): German National Trade Assistants' Association. A rightist union of white-collar clerks
Deutsch-Nationale Volkspartei (DNVP): German Nationalist People's Party. The leading German conservative party during the Weimar era
Deutsch-Sozialististische Partei (DVP): German People's Party. An anti-semitic political party that merged with the NSDAP in 1923
Deutsche Volkspartei (DVP): German People's Party. A moderate political party active during the Weimar years
Deutschevölkische Freiheitspartei (DVFP): German Völkisch Freedom Party. A splinter party of the DNVP with an anti-semitic slant operating in northern Germany until ca. 1929
Dienstgrad: Rank or grade
Dienststelle: Headquarters, administrative office, station, or depot
Dr. agr.: Doctor of Agricultural Sciences
Dr. chem.: Doctor of Chemistry
Dr. Ing.: Doctor of Engineering
Dr. jur.: Doctor of Jurisprudence / Law
Dr. med.: Doctor of Medicine
Dr. med. vet.: Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
Dr. phil.: Doctor of Philosophy
Dr. phil. nat.: Doctor of Natural Science
Dr. rer. pol. & Dr. sc. pol.: Doctor of Political Science
Dr. theol.: Doctor of Theology or Divinity
Durchgangslager (Dulag): POW transit camp

Ehrenführer: Honorary leader. Distinction accorded by Himmler to leading NSDAP and State figures nominally attached to his staff
eingetragener Verein (e.V.) : A registered society (e.g., Lebensborn e.V.)
Einheit (Einh.): Unit
Einjähriger Freiwilliger (Einj.Frw.): One-year volunteer. A type of voluntary officer cadet in the Imperial German Army
Einsatz: Action, operation, employment
Einsatzgruppe (EGru.): Operational group or task force of the Sipo and SD for special missions (particularly liquidiations of Jews, communist officials, etc.) in occupied territory
Einsatzkommando (Ekdo.): Detachment of the Sipo and SD; subordinate element of an Einsatzgruppe
Einwandererzentrallstelle (EWZ): Central Immigration Office administered by the RSHA and part of the RKFDV
Einwohnerwehr: Part-time citizens’ militia formed by the German Government during the revolutionary period, 1918/1919
Ergänzungs- (Erg.-): Reserve; supplementary
Erlass: Edict, decree, or order
Ernährung (Ern.): Food; nutrition
Ersatz (Ers.): Training; depot; reinforcement
europäisch (europ.): European

Fachreferat: A specialist subsection or “desk” in an office or headquarters
Fähnrich: Officer candidate (second stage)
Fahnenjunker: Officer candidate (first stage)
Feldgendarmerie (Feld.): Military police
Feldjägerkorps (FJK): A shock formation of the SA, dissolved 1935 and incorporated into the Police
Feldkommandantur (F.K.): Administrative headquarters in occupied countries (of regimental status)
Feldlazarett (Feldlaz.): Field hospital
Feuerschutzpolizei (FSchp.): Fire Protection Police; a branch of the Orpo
Fördernde Mitglied der SS (F.M.): Sponsoring member of the SS paying monthly dues for that status; did not hold actual SS rank. In many cases the wives of SS officers held this title
Freiherr (Frhr.): Baron (aristocratic title; e.g. Constantin Freiherr von Neurath)
Freikorps (F.K.): Temporary and voluntary paramilitary formations created by the German Army and Navy during the 1918/1919 revolutionary period in Germany
freiwilligen (freiw.): volunteer
Freiwilliger Arbeitsdienst (FAD): Voluntary Labor Service. Formed under Government control as a remedy to unemployment during the Great Depression. Forerunner of the obligatory Reichsarbeitsdienst
Frontbann: Front Union. An enormous Wehrverband established by Ernst Rohm and other nationalist leaders in 1924
Führer (Fhr.; F.): Leader; commander; chief. The title "Der Führer" was only used in reference to Adolf Hitler.
Führerhauptquartier (FHQ): Hitler's Field Headquarters
für (f.): for
Funk: Radio

Gau: Main territorial division of the NSDAP. There were 42 Gaue in the Reich and annexed territories, with a further 43rd Gau comprising the Auslandsorganisation (AO; Foreign Organization of the Nazi Party)
Gauleiter (GL): Highest ranking NSDAP official in a Gau, with responsibility for all matters of politics, economics, labor mobilization, and civil defense
Gauwohnungskommissar: Regional Housing Commissioner, title held by the majority of the Gauleiter. In this capacity, they were subordinated to Reichsleiter Dr. Robert Ley, who was appointed as “Reichskommissar für den sozialen Wohnungsbau” (Reich Commissioner for Social Housing Construction on 15.11.1940 (redesignated as Reichswohnungskommissar [Reich Housing Commissioner] on 23.10.1942).
Gebirgs-Armee: Mountain Army; a formation of the German Army
Gebirgs-Division (Geb.Div.): Mountain Division of the Heer or Waffen-SS
Gebirgs-Korps: Mountain Corps (a formation of the Heer or Waffen-SS)
geheim (geh.): secret (adj.)
Geheime Feldpolizei (GFP): Secret Field Police
Geheimes Staatspolizei (Gestapo): Secret State Police; Amt IV of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt from 01.10.1939
Gemeinde (Gem.): Municipality, community
Gemeindepolizei (Gem.Pol.): Municipal Police
genannt (gen.): Called; named; known as
Gendarmerie (Gend.): Rural police, including motorized traffic control units
Generalbevollmächtigter: Plenipotentiary General
Generalgouvernement (Gen.Gouv.; GG): Government General. German-occupied Poland and the administration thereof under Dr. jur. Hans Frank
Generalkommando (Gen.Kdo.): Headquarters of an Army Corps
Generalquartiermeister des Heeres: Quartermaster-General of the German Army
Generalstab des Heeres (Gen.St.d.H.): The German Army General Staff
Germanische Leitstelle: Germanic Liaison Office of the SS-Hauptamt, responsible for supervision of Germanic SS.
gottgläubig: Lit.: “God-believing.” Essentially a form of agnosticism, this designation was used in place of a religious denomination after one had left the church (“Kirchenaustritt”). This action was strongly encouraged and expected of SS members by Himmler, however it was not mandatory.
Graf: Count (aristocratic title; e.g. Georg-Henning Ernst Adolf Graf von Bassewitz-Behr)
Grenadier (Gren.): adj.: Infantry; n.: infantryman
Grenzpolizei (Grepo; GP): Frontier Police (a branch of the Gestapo)
Grenzschutz: Border protection. Military formations tasked with the defense of Germany’s, particularly in the east and northeast following World War I
gross (gr.): great; large
Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft (GDVG): Greater German People's Community. Organization composed of the NSDAP remnants in southern Germany, 1924 - 1926
Grosser Generalstab (Gr.Gen.St.): Great General Staff. The General Staff of the Imperial German Army
Gruppe (Gr.): Group; section. From 1927 to 1931, term used to identify a group of 3 to 13 men (redesignated as Schar in 1931). From 1931 on it was applied to a large regional unit of the SA and SS (SS-Gruppen were redesignated as SS-Oberabschnitte in late-1933)
Gymnasium (Gymn.): Type of secondary school in German-speaking countries. Its primary purpose was preparation for university study and positions of higher administrative work. The following are names for the different grades in a Gymnasium:

5th grade = Sexta
6th grade = Quinta
7th grade = Quarta
8th grade = Untertertia
9th grade = Obertertia
10th grade = Untersekunda
11th grade = Obersekunda
12th grade = Unterprima
13th grade = Oberprima

Passing into the Untersekunda equals a Hauptschulabschluss (basic-level school graduation); successfully finishing the Untersekunda is equal to the Realschulabschluss (mid-level school graduation); successfully finishing the Unterprima means having Fachholschulreife (qualification for certain general higher education studies); and successful completion of the Oberprima means having Abitur, i.e. the Hochschulreife, necessary for university studies (e.g. in medicine or law).A Gymnasium provides a classical education including subjects such as history, geography, biology, and foreign languages (including Latin).

Handelsschule: Secondary school emphasizing business skills
Hauptamt (HA): Main office
hauptamtlich: full time; fully paid; professional
Hauptaussenstelle (HAust.; HASt.): Large branch office of the SD
Heer: Army
Heeresgruppe (Hgr.): Army Group
Hilfsgemeinschaft auf Gegenseitigkeit (HIAG): A postwar Mutual Aid Society for veterans of the Waffen-SS
Hilfspolizei (Hipo): Auxiliary Police formed in 1933 from SA, SS, and Stahlhelm members
Hitler-Jugend (HJ): Hitler Youth. The Nazi youth organization
Höhere SS- und Polizeiführer (HSSPF): Higher and Police Leader
Hundertschaft: Century. Units of around 100-men, approximately equivalent to a company (often found in the Polizei and SA)

in; im (i.): in; in the
Infanterie (Inf.; I.): Infantry
Infanterie-Division (Inf.Div.; I.D.): Infantry division
Infanterie-Regiment (Inf.Rgt.; I.R.): Infantry regiment
Ingenieur (Ing.): Engineer
Inspektor; Inspekteur (Insp.): Inspector
Inspekteur der Ordnungspolizei (IdO): Original title for the BDO (see Befehlshaber der Ordnungspolizei)
Inspekteur der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienstes (Insp.d.Sipo u.d.SD; IdS): Inspector of the Security Police and Security Service
Inspektion (Insp.; In.): Inspectorate

Jäger: Hunter
Jungdeutscher Orden (Jungdo): Young German Order. Described by Harold J. Gordon, Jr. (Hitler and the Beer Hall Putsch) as "a national, relatively moderate, rightist paramilitary organization that was led by Arthur Mahraun."

Kadettenanstalt: Designation for a military academy of the Imperial German or Austro-Hungarian Army
kaiserlich und königlich (k.u.k.): Of or pertaining to the Imperial and Royal armed forces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Kampfbund für Deutsche Kultur: Fighting League for German Culture. A Nazi organization established to combat Jewish influences in German cultural life
Kaserne (Kas.): Barracks
Kavallerie (Kav.; K.): CavalryKavallerie-Division (Kav.Div.; K.D.): Cavalry division
Kavallerie-Regiment (Kav.Rgt.; K.R.): Cavalry regiment
königlich (kgl.): Royal
Kommandant (Kdt.): Commandant
Kommandantur (Kdtr.): Administrative HQ; Garrison HQ
Kommandeur (Kdr.): Commander
Kommandeur der Ordnungspolizei (KdO): Commander of the uniformed police in a general commissariat; subordinate to the BdO
Kommandeur der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienstes (Kdr.d.Sipo u.d.SD; KdS): Commander of the Security Police and Security Service
Kommando (Kdo.): Command; detachment; detail
kommissarisch (k): Acting; temporarily put in charge
Kompanie (Komp.): Company
Konzentrationslager (KL-[official abbr.]; KZ [unofficial abbr.]): Concentration Camp
Kraft durch Freude (KdF): The Nazi "Strength through Joy" movement
Kreis (Kr.): District (US: County)
Kreisleiter (KL): District Leader,. Head of an NSDAP Kreis
Kriegs- (K): war-; wartime
Kriminalpolizei (Kripo): Criminal Police; Amt V of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt from 1939
Kriminalpolizei-Aussendienststelle (KPAuDSt.): Large branch office of the KripoKriminalpolizei-Aussenposten (KPAuP.): Small branch office of the Kripo
Kriminalpolizei-Leitstelle (KPLSt.): A regional HQ of the Kripo
Kriminalpolizeistelle (KPSt.): A sub-regional HQ of the Kripo
Kyffhäuserbund: A large German veterans’ organization which evolved into the NS-Reichskriegerbund, the primary veterans’ organization of the Third Reich

Land: State or Province (Plural: Länder). One of the 15 territorial divisions of Republican Germany, each with its own government. Controlled by the central Reich government through Reichsstatthalter from 1933
[Kasernierte] Landespolizei (Lapo): [Barracks-housed] State Police. Militarized Barrack Police Forces of the Länder; taken over by Reich after 1935 and placed under Wehrmacht control
Landwirtschaft (Landw.): Agriculture
Landtag: The Parliament of a Land (State).
Lebensborn e.V.: The "Fountain of Life" society. Established by the SS in 1936. Attached to the Personal Staff of the Reichsführer-SS and affiliated with the SS-RuSHA. Main functions of the society were adoption of "racially suitable" children for childless SS families, encouragement and facilitation of procreation between "Aryan" men and women, and the promotion of the racial policies of the SS
Leitabschnitt: Regional HQ: of the SD, approximately coinciding with a Wehrkreis
Legationsrat (Leg.Rat): Legation or embassy counselor in the Foreign Office
leitend(er): governing; leading; executive
Leitender Regierungsdirektor (LtRDir.): Title of an executive assistant in a high government office
Leiter (Ltr.): chief; head
Leitstelle: Regional HQ: of the Gestapo or Kripo, established at the HQ of a Wehrkreis or capital of a Land
Luftschutzpolizei (LSP): Air raid protection police established in 1942 from personnel of the SHD and TeNo as an element of the Schutzpolizei. Recruited primarily from reservists of the Polizei

Marine Küsten Polizei (MKP): Naval Coastal Police
Mark (Mk.): Region; province; also type
Maschinengewehr (MG.): Maschine gun
Militär; militärisch (Mil.; milit.): military
Minister (Min.): Minister
Ministerialdirektor (Min.Dir.): A senior civil service official. Department head in a ministry with the approximate equivalent of Generalleutnant
Ministerialdirigent (Min.Dirig.): Executive official in a Ministry approximately equivalent to a Generalmajor
Ministerialrat (Min.Rat): Senior ministerial counselor in civil service; usually head of a section within a ministry; approximately equivalent to an Oberst
Ministerpräsident (Min Präs.): Minister-President; Prime Minister of a Land government
mit (m.): with
mit der Führung der Geschäfte beauftragt (m.d.F.d.G.b.): Temporarily charged with the conduct of affairs
mit der Führung beauftragt (m.d.F.b.): Temporarily charged with leadership or command
mit der vertretungsweisen Führung beauftragt (m.d.vertretungsw.F.b.): Temporarily charged with the conduct of affairs
mit der Wahrnehmung der Geschäfte beauftragt (m.d.W.d.G.b.): Temporarily charged with the conduct of affairs
Mitglied (Mitgl.): Member
Mitglied des Reichstages (M.d. R.): Member of the Reichstag
mit Patent vom (m.Pat.v.): A term relating to seniority for promotion (later known as “Rangdienstalter” [RDA]; see below). An example: If an officer was promoted Oberstleutnant der Polizei on 18.12.1934 mit RDA vom 01.10.1934, he would actually receive the promotion on 18.12.1934 but the date of calculation for salary, retirement pay, etc. would be 01.10.1934. Term later replaced by Rangdienstalter
mit Wirkung vom (m.W.v.): With effect from; effective date (e.g.- of rank). For example, if an officer was promoted to SS-Obergruppenführer on 08.04.1944 mit Wirkung vom 20.04.1944, he was not entitled to wear the uniform or receive the salary of that rank until 20.04.1944. Between 08.04.1944 and 20.04.1944, the officer in question would remain in the rank of Gruppenführer
motorisiert (mot.): motorized
München: Munich. Capital city of the German state of Bayern (Bavaria)

Nachrichten (N; Na.; Nachr.): Signals
Nationalsozialistische Betriebszellenorganisation (NSBO): National-Socialist Industrial Cell Organization. The Nazi factory workers’ organization
Nationalpolitische Erziehungsanstalten (NPEA; Napola): National Political Educational Institutes. Secondary schools organized along the lines of the Hitler-Jugend and under the jurisdiction of the Dienststelle Heissmeyer
Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter Partei (NSDAP): National-Socialist German Workers' Party (commonly known as the Nazi Party).
Nationalsozialistische Deutscher Ärzten-Bund (NSDÄB): National-Socialist German Association of Physicians
Nationalsozialistische Deutscher Juristen-Bund (NSDJB): National-Socialist German Association of Jurists
Nationalsozialistische-Fliegerkorps (NSFK): National-Socialist Flying Corps. The NSDAP flying enthusiasts’ organization
Nationalsozialistische Freiheitsbewegung (NSFB): National-Socialist Freedom Movement. Formed as a continuation of the völkisch movement during the ban on the NSDAP and other such organizations following the München Putsch
Nationalsozialistische-Kraftfahrkorps (NSKK): National-Socialist Motor Corps. Played an important role in the military and paramilitary training. Initially known as the Nationalsozialistische Automobilkorps (NSAK)
Nationalsozialistische Volkswohlfahrt (NSV): National-Socialist People's Welfare Organization. Primarily responsible for the care of mothers and juveniles and headed by Erich Hilgenfeldt
Nord (N): North
Nordost (NO): Northeast
Nordwest (NW): Northwest
Nummer (Nr.): Number

Ober (O.): higher; senior
Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres (OB d.H.): Commander-in-Chief of the Army
Oberbürgermeister: Lord Mayor of a large town or city
Oberkommando: Headquarters Staff
Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH): High Command of the Army
Oberkommando der Marine (OKM): German Navy High Command
Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW): High Command of the Armed Forces (Hitler was supreme commander, while GFM Wilhelm Keitel headed OKW)
Oberpräsident (OPräs.; OPrs.): Chief administrator and government executive of a Prussian Province
Oberregierungsrat (ORR): Senior government counselor of the civil service; approximately equivalent to a Lieutenant-Colonel
Oberschlesien (O.S.; OS.): Prussian Province of Upper Silesia
Oberste SA Führer (OSAF): Supreme SA Leader (title held by Adolf Hitler from 1930)
Oberstes Parteigericht: Supreme NSDAP Court under Reichsleiter Walter Buch
Offizier (Offz.; Off.): Officer
Offiziers-Aspirant: Probationary or aspirant officer
Offizierstellvertreter: A German Army rank created during World War I, used to denote an NCO acting as an officer
Ordnungspolizei (Orpo): Order Police. Regular uniformed police force of the Reich, consisting of the Schutzpolizei, Gendarmerie, and Feuerschutzpolizei as well as various technical and auxiliary services (such as the Technische Nothilfe [TeNo])
Ordonnanz-Offizier (Ord.Offz.): Orderly officer
Organisation Todt (Org. Todt; OT): Semi-military government construction force, established 1933 under Dr.-Ing. Fritz Todt, responsible for building strategic highways and military installations/fortifications. Controlled by Todt's successor, Albert Speer, after Todt's death in February 1942
Ortsgruppenleiter: Local Group Leader. NSDAP official in charge of one or more parts of a town; subordinate to a Kreisleiter
Osten (O): East
Ostindustrie GmbH (Osti): Eastern Industries Ltd. SS economic concern formed in March 1943 with the primary purpose of exploiting Jewish labor in Poland
Ostpreussen (Ostpr.): Prussian Province of East Prussia

Panzer (Pz.): Armor; tank
Parteikanzlei (PK): Hitler's chancellery as leader of the NSDAP. Headed by Reichsleiter Martin Bormann
Personalhauptamt (SS-PHA): Main personnel office of the SS, responsible for records of all SS officers
Politische Bereitschaft: Political alarm squad. Forerunner units of the SS-Verfügungstruppe
Politische Organisation (PO): The NSDAP’s political organization (as separate from its paramilitary branches, such as the SS and SA)
Polizeidirektor (Pol.Dir.): Police Director. Head of the regular police in a small city
Polizeipräsident (Pol.Präs.): Police President. Head of the regular police in a large city
Polizeiverwaltung (PV): Police administration
Polizeiverwaltungsgesetz (PVG): Police Administration Law
Preussen / preussisch: Prussia / Prussian
Preussischen Landtages: Prussian State Parliament.

Rangdienstalter (RDA): A term relating to seniority for promotion (previously known as “Patent” [see “mit Patent vom” above for definition])
Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt (RuSHA): SS Race & Settlement Main Office. Responsible for racial purity of the SS and settlement of SS colonists in occupied territories
Realschule: A type of secondary school, less prestigious than the Gymnasium, with the purpose of preparing students for employment in practical or technical fields
Redner: Speaker; orator
Referat: A sub-section or "desk" within an Amtsgruppe
Referent: Official in charge of a Referat
Regierungsbezirk (Reg.Bez.): Sub-division of a Prussian province. Also, an administrative district of Bavaria
Regierungsdirektor (Reg.Dir.): Rank of administrative official in a regional government, approximately equal with that of Colonel
Regierungspräsident (Reg.Präs.): Senior government official in a Regierungsbezirk
Regierungsrat (Reg.Rat; RR): Government counselor. Lowest rank in the higher civil service; approximately equivalent to the rank of Major
Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD): Reich Labor Service. A national compulsory labor service, organized along paramilitary lines (superseded the earlier Freiwilligen-Arbeitsdienst [FAD])
Reichsarbeitsministerium (RAM): Reich Labor Ministry
Reichsbevollmächtigter: Reich Plenipotentiary controlling the civil affairs of an occupied country (e.g.- SS-Obergruppenführer Dr. jur. Karl Werner Best in Denmark)
Reichsfinanzministerium (RFM): Reich Ministry of Finance
Reichsführer-SS (RF SS): Reich Leader of the SS. The following men held this title:
Josef Berchtold: 1926 - 1927
Erhard Heiden: 1927 - 1929
Heinrich Himmler: 1929 - 28.04.1945
Karl Hanke: 30.04.1945 - 08.05.1945
Reichsführer-SS und Chef der Deutschen Polizei (RF SS u. Chef d. Dtsch.Pol.): "Reich SS Leader and Chief of the German Police". Heinrich Himmler's title from 17.06.1936 to 28.04.1945. He was succeeded by Karl Hanke
Reichsführung-SS: Supreme command of the SS, comprising the Persönlicher Stab RfSS and the Hauptämter
Reichsgau: One of eleven regions formed from territories annexed from Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland in 1938 and 1939
Reichsgesetzblatt (RGB): Official legal gazette issued in two parts by the Reichsministerium des Innern. Part 1 concerned current legislation; Part 2 dealt with international treaties, etc.
Reichskommissar für die Festigung Deutschen Volkstums (RKFDV): Reich Commissioner for the Strengthening of Germanism. Title given to Heinrich Himmler in October 1939 when Hitler entrusted him with the repatriation of Volksdeutsche ("racial Germans") and the settlement of German colonies in the East. A Stabshauptamt RKFDV was established under Ulrich Greifelt to put Himmler's plans for Germanic mastery into effect
Reichskommissariat (RK): Title for the German civil administration in various occupied territories, headed by a Reichskommissar. The occupied Eastern Territories were divided into Reichskommissariat Ostland (comprising the Baltic States [Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania] and White Russia), under Reichskommissar Hinrich Lohse while Reichskommissariat Ukraine, under Reichskommissar Erich Koch, controlled the Ukraine and portions of the Crimea and Caucasus. These Reichskommissariate were broken down into Generalbezirke [general districts] under the control of Generalkommissare. Subordinate to the Generalbezirke were Kreisgebiete [district regions] headed by Gebietskommissare).
Reichskriminalpolizeiamt (RKPA): The headquarters of the Kriminalpolizei (Amt V of the RSHA)
Reichsleiter (RL): The highest rank in the NSDAP hierarchy
Reichsluftschutzbund (RLB): Reich Air-Raid Protection League
Reichsministerium für die besetzten Ostgebiete (RMBO; Ostministerium; Ostmin.): Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories, run by Reichsminister Alfred Rosenberg and his deputy, Gauleiter Dr. Alfred Meyer from 1941 to 1945.
Reichsministerium des Innern (RmdI): Reich Ministry of the Interior (Dr. Wilhelm Frick, 1933 - 1943; Heinrich Himmler, 1943 - 1945)
Reichsnährstand (RNS): Reich Food Estate. Established in 1933 by Richard Walter Darré to control agricultural production
Reichsparteitag der NSDAP (RPT): Reich (National) Party Day of the NSDAP. The annual Nazi Party Congress. On 30.08.1933, Hitler designated the city of
Nürnberg as the “Stadt der Reichsparteitage”. A total of ten RPT’s were held as follows (the 11th, very ironically named the “Reichsparteitag des Friedens” (Reich Party Day of Peace), was cancelled due to the outbreak of war on 01.09.1939).

Dates: City Where Held: Title:
27.-29.01.1923 München --
03.- 04.07.1926 Weimar --
19.-21.08.1927 Nürnberg --
01.- 04.08.1929 Nürnberg --
30.08- 03.09.1933 Nürnberg "Reichsparteitag des Sieges [Victory]"
05.-10.09.1934 Nürnberg "Reichsparteitag der Einheit und Stärke [Unity and Strength]"
10.-16.09.1935 Nürnberg "Reichsparteitag der Freiheit [Freedom]"
08.-14.09.1936 Nürnberg "Reichsparteitag der Ehre [Honor]"
06.-13.09.1937 Nürnberg "Reichsparteitag der Arbeit [Labor]"
05.-12.09.1938 Nürnberg "Reichsparteitag Grossdeutschland [Greater Germany]"
[To start 02.09.1939] Nürnberg "Reichsparteitag des Friedens [Peace]"

Reichsrat: One of two legislative organs under the Weimar Republic in Germany. The Reichsrat was the representative body for the various German Länder (states), superseding the former Bundesrat in 1919, while the Reichstag dealt with the nation as a whole.
Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA): Reich Security Main Office
Reichsstrafgesetzbuch (RStGB): Reich Penal Code
Reichstag: The German National Parliament. Largely a figurehead body after its legislative powers were taken away and granted to the Reich Government by way of Hitler's "Enabling Act" of 24.03.1933
Reichsstatthalter (Rsth.): Reich Governor; Hitler's representative in a German Land or Reichsgau
Reichsverteidigungskommissar (RVK): Reich Defense Commissioner. Official in charge of a Reichsverteidigungsbezirk (Reich Defense Region). These regions originally corresponded to the Wehrkreise, but following a decree of 16.11.1942 they were made identical to the 42 NSDAP Gaue in Germany. From that date onward, each Gauleiter also held the post of Reichsverteidigungskommissar
Reichswehr (RW): Reich Defense. The armed forces of Germany from 06.03.1919 until the enactment of the Wehrgesetz (Defense Law) of 21.05.1935; on that date, its title was changed to Wehrmacht
Reichswirtschaftsministerium (RWM): Reich Ministry of Economics

"SA-Aufmarsch in Braunschweig" ("SA-Treffens Braunschweig 1931"): A rally of over 100,000 SA and SS members held in Braunschweig on 17./18. October 1931. It was hosted by SA-Gruppe Nord (under then-SA-Gruppenführer Viktor Lutze). John R. Angolia writes of the rally in For Führer and Fatherland, Volume II: "It was at this assembly, which followed closely on the heels of the Stennes putsch, that Hitler gained the assurance of the SA rank and file and at which Lutze gained a reputation as a totally loyal Party member... It was at this meeting also that Hitler authorized the creation of 24 new Standarten, thus expanding the SA, and recognized the Motor-SA and NSKK. All Party members who had officially attended the rally were authorized to wear the [Abzeichen des SA-Treffens Braunschweig 1931 {see Awards Glossary}] on their left breast."
Sachbearbeiter: Officer or official responsible for a specific matter
Sanitätsdienst: Medical service
Schar: An SS or SA unit consisting of 3 to 13 men
Schutzmannschaften (Schuma): Auxiliary police units composed of foreign elements and Volksdeutsche; the first Schuma unit was set up in the Ukraine in August 1941
Schutzpolizei (Schupo; Schp.): Protection Police. The regular uniformed municipal and country police forces, comprising most of the membership of the Ordnungspolizei
Schutzstaffel (SS): lit. Protection or Guard Detachment. Officially established in 1925, the SS became, under Heinrich Himmler, the most powerful organization in the Third Reich
Selbstschutz: i. A German nationalist self-protection organization formed in Silesia in 1920; ii. A self protection militia recruited from the Volksdeutsche in Poland by the SS; iii. Self-Protection Service, an element of the Luftschutzdienst composed of air raid wardens and other nonmilitary air raid protection personnel
Sicherheitsdienst des RfSS (SD): The SS Security Service established by Reinhard Heydrich in 1931 as the intelligence organization of the Nazi Party
Sicherheitspolizei (Sipo): Security Police, composed of the Gestapo and Kripo
Sicherheits- und Hilfsdienst (SHD): Security and Assistance Service. An auxiliary police unit responsible for air raid-related tasks. Superseded by the Luftschutzpolizei, 1942
Sigrunen: The runic double "S" insignia of the Schutzstaffel
Sonderkommando (Skdo.): Special commando of the Sipo or SD
SS- und Polizeiführer (SS-u.Pol.F.; SSPF): SS and Police Commander in the occupied territories, subordinate to an HSSPF
Staatssekretär (Sta.Sek.): State Secretary in a Reich or Land Government Ministry
Stab (St.): Staff
Stabschef: Chief of Staff of the SA
Stabsführer (Stabsf.): Chief of Staff (e.g., to the Führer of an SS-Oberabschnitt)
Stadthauptmann: Senior administrative official in a Stadthauptmannschaft, a subdivision of a district in the Generalgouvernment (occupied Poland)
Stahlhelm: “Steel Helmet”, also known as the Bund der Frontkämpfer (League of Front Soldiers). The most prominent German veterans’ organization, established by Franz Seldte on 25.12.1918
Standortführer: Garrison commander
Stellvertreter (Stellv.): Deputy
Sturmabteilungen (SA): Storm Troops. The original defense formations of the NSDAP, founded in 1921. Purged in June/July 1934 when it became too radical and unwieldly for Hitler's tastes, prompting him to wipe out numerous members of its leadership, including SA-Stabschef Ernst Röhm. The purge of the SA was carried out by Himmler's SS, initially a subunit of the SA, and in its wake the SS gained considerable power
Sturm: A company-sized unit of the SS, SA, or NSKK, consisting of several Truppen
Sturmbann: A battalion-sized unit of the SS, SA, or NSKK consisting of several Stürme

Technische Nothilfe (TeNo; TN): Technical Emergency Corps, established in 1919. Auxiliary force of the Ordnungspolizei consisting of engineers, technicians, and specialists involved with construction work, communications, salvage, public utilities, etc.
Teilkommando: A sub-unit; Smallest element of an Einsatzgruppe of the Sipo and SD
Totenkopfverbände (SS-TV): Death's Head units, employed in the concentration camps as guards. Formed the nucleus of the SS-Totenkopf-Division when it was formed in October 1939
Trupp (Tr.): Squad or detail. An SA (and in its early years, SS) unit equivalent to a platoon, composed of several Scharen
Truppenübungsplatz: Troop training area

Unterführer: Non-commissioned officer of the SS, SA, or NSKK
Unternehmen: Operation; undertaking; enterprise

Verband (Verb.): A formation or unit
Verbindungsoffizier (Verb.Offz.) or Verbindungsführer (Verb.Fhr.): Liaison officer
Vernichtungslager: Extermination camp (designation applied to the death camps in Poland- Belzec, Treblinka, and Sobibór)
Vertrauensmann (V-Mann): Intelligence agent or informer
Verwaltung (Verw.): Administration
Verwaltungspolizei: Administrative branch of the Ordnungspolizei and Sicherheitspolizei
völkisch: “An adjective denoting an ultranationalist, antidemocratic populism that claimed to represent a kind of integral Germanness. Xenophobic in general, the völkisch movement was particularly identified with a virulent anti-Semitism. It was strongly influenced by Social Darwinism.” (definition from Prof. Bruce Campbell’s The SA Generals and the Rise of Nazism)
Verein [later redesignated Volksbund] für das Deutschtum im Ausland (VDA): The League for Germans Abroad. Pre-Nazi organization concerned with activities of the Volksdeutsche (ethnic Germans). Taken over by the NSDAP, 1930 and eventually absorbed by the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle under SS- Obergruppenführer Werner Lorenz
Volksdeutsche: Ethnic German
Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle (VoMi): Ethnic German Assistance Office. Established as the Büro von Kursell, 1936 and renamed in 1937. Led by SS- Obergruppenführer Werner Lorenz, it obtained the status of a Hauptamt of the SS in 1941
Volksgruppe: Ethnic group
Volkstum: Nationality
Vorsitzender: Chairman
Vorsitzender des Aufsichtsrates: The Chairman of a Supervisory Board (in business and industry)
Vorstand: Board (or directors/management); Governing body
Waffen-SS (W-SS): The fully militarized combat formations of the SS
Wehrkreis (Wkr.): Military District
Wehrmacht (WH; Wehrm.): The German armed forces, consisting of the German Army (Heer), Navy (Kriegsmarine), and Air Force (Luftwaffe)
Wehrmachtbefelshaber: Senior Armed Forces commander in an occupied territory.
Wehrmachtführungsstab: Armed Forces Operations Staff, headed by Generaloberst Alfred Jodl
Wehrwirtschaft: Military or war economy
Wehrwirtschaftsamt: War Economics Directorate of OKW
Wien: Vienna. The capital city of Austria

zur besonderer Verwendung (z.b.V.): For special employment
Zellenleiter: Cell leader. An NSDAP official responsible for four to five blocks of households; subordinate to an Ortsgruppenleiter
Zollgrenzschutz: Border Customs Protection Service. Controlled by the Sicherheitspolizei, with personnel from the Customs Service
Zug: Platoon
Zugführer (Zugfhr.): Platoon leader

Glossary of
German Military, Political, and Civil
Decorations & Awards

Abzeichen des SA-Treffens Braunschweig 1931: Badge of the SA Meeting at Braunschweig 1931. Instituted 1931 and officially recognized as a Party honor award on 06.11.1936. Issued to commemorate the rally of 100,000+ members of the SA and SS at Braunschweig on 17/18.10.1931.
Ärmelband “Afrika”: “Afrika” cuff title. Instituted by order of Army General Staff, 15.01.1943. Equivalent of a campaign medal.
Allgemeines-Sturmabzeichen (Allg.St.Abz.): General Assault Badge

Bandenkampfabzeichen (BKA): Anti-Partisan War Badge. Instituted by Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler on 30.01.1944. Issued in three classes (Bronze, Silver, and Gold)
Blutorden der NSDAP (Ehrenzeichen vom 9.11.1923): Blood Order (also known as the Honor Decoration of 9.11.1923). Instituted 15.03.1934 by Hitler to honor participants in the Munich Putsch of 09.11.1923. The conditions were expanded on 30.05.1938, with the inclusion of non-Putsch participants who had rendered outstanding service to the Party during the “Time of Struggle.” These included:
1. Receipt of a death sentence (later commuted to life imprisonment);
2. Imprisonment for one or more years for Nazi political activities;
3. Suffering severe wounds in the service of the NSDAP.

Coburger Abzeichen: Coburg Badge. Instituted by Hitler on 14.10.1932 to commemorate participation in the patriotic rally- known as the “3.Deutscher Tag in Coburg”- of 14/15.10.1922 (to which Hitler and other Nazis, including 700 or 800 SA men, had been invited); the rally was occasioned by many street skirmishes between Nazis and communists, Hitler’s followers emerging victorious (436 men were registered as recipients of this extremely rare award, which was declared an official NSDAP and Reich decoration by Führer decree on 06.11.1936)

Danzig Kreuz (aka Kreuz von Danzig): Danzig Cross. Instituted 31.08.1939 to recognize meritorious service to the NSDAP in Danzig. Awarded in two classes.
Deutsche Olympia-Ehrenzeichen: German Olympic Games Decoration. Instituted by Hitler on 04.02.1936 in two classes (I. & II. Klasse) to recognize contributions toward the preparation and execution of the XIth Summer and IVth Winter Olympic Games (in Berlin and Garmisch-Partenkirchen, respectively).
Deutscher Orden: German Order. Instituted by Hitler on 11.02.1942 as the highest decoration of the Nazi Party. The first award was presented posthumously to Reichsminister / SA-Obergruppenführer Dr.-Ing. Fritz Todt after his death in an air crash on 06.02.1942. Deutsches Kreuz (DK): Shortened form of Kriegsorden des Deutschen Kreuzes (War Order of the German Cross). Instituted by Adolf Hitler on 28.09.1941. Issued in Gold (DKiG; for combat bravery or leadership) and Silver (DKiS) for meritorious service in furtherance of the war effort.
Deutsches Reichssportabzeichen: German National Sport Badge. Instituted in 1913 by the Deutscher Reichsbund für Leibesübungen (German National Physical Training Union). Initially available only in Bronze and Gold, a silver edition was introduced in 1920. Award was based on various tests of physical skill, endurance, and completion time of athletic events.
Deutsches Reitersportabzeichen: German Horseman’s Sports Badge. Instituted by the German National Federation for the Breeding and Testing of Thoroughbreds, 09.04.1930. Awarded in three classes: 3rd class (bronze) for achievement in horse racing; 2nd class (silver)- awarded for achievement in equestrian shows and tournaments; 3rd class (gold)- for outstanding accomplishments in equestrian sports.
Deutsches Schutzwall-Ehrenzeichen: German Defense Wall Honor Award. Instituted 02.08.1939 to recognize planning and labor (between 15.06.1938 and 31.03.1939) which led to completion of the “Siegfried Line” defenses.
Dienstauszeichnung der NSDAP (D.A. D. NSDAP): Long Service Awards of the NSDAP. Instituted by Hitler on 2.04.1939 in three classes: Bronze (for ten years service in the NSDAP); Silver (for 15 years service in the NSDAP); and Gold (for 25 years service in the NSDAP). The Kampfzeit (“Time of Struggle”) years 1925 to 1933 counted as double toward service time accumulation).

Ehrenblatt-Spange des Heeres (EBSdH): Honor Roll Clasp of the Army. Instituted by order of Adolf Hitler on 30.01.1944. Awarded to those who already held the Iron Cross I. and II. Class and again distinguished themselves in action.
Ehrendegen des Reichsführers-SS: Sword of Honor of the Reichsführer-SS
Ehrendolch der SS: Honor Dagger of the SS
Ehrenkreuz 1914-1918: Cross of Honor 1914-1918. Instituted by Reich President Generalfeldmarschall Paul von Hindenburg on 13.07.1934. Issued in three forms:
1) für Frontkämpfer (for Combatants); with Swords
2) für andere Kriegsteilnehmer (for non-combatants)
3) für Witwen und Eltern (for widows and parents)
Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer: (see Ehrenkreuz 1914-1918 above)
Ehrenplakette für die Mitglieder des Reichs-Kultur-Senats: Honor Badge for Members of the National Senate of Culture. First awarded on 28.11.1936 (to all 125 members of the Reichskultursenat)/
Ehrenwinkel für alte Kämpfer: Honor Chevron for Old Fighters. Issued for wear by all persons who had entered the NSDAP, the SS, SA, NSKK, or any other Party affiliated organizations prior to Hitler’s assumption of power on 30.01.1933. Another version, the Ehrenwinkel mit Stern (Honor Chevron with Star), was instituted on 25.07.1935 to recognize SS members who had formerly served in the Wehrmacht and Polizei
Ehrenzeichen des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes: German Red Cross Decoration. Originally instituted in 1922. Redesigned with Third Reich motifs in 1934. Issued in a number of classes. Superseded by Führer order of 01.05.1939 with the introduction of the Ehrenzeichen für Deutsche Volkspflege (German Social Welfare Decoration), as Hitler believed awards should cover all facets of social welfare, rather than the limited area of the Red Cross)
Ehrenzeichen für Deutsche Volkspflege: German Social Welfare Decoration. Instituted 01.05.1939 to supersede the Ehrenzeichen des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes (see above).
Ehrenzeichen “Pionier der Arbeit”: Pioneer of Labor Decoration. Instituted by Hitler, 07.08.1940 to recognize exceptional achievement in industry and society.
Eisernen Kreuzes (EK): Iron Cross. The basic German award for bravery. Originally instituted in 1813, reinstituted again in 1870, 1914, and finally on 01.09.1939 by Adolf Hitler. Awarded in two classes (Eisernes Kreuz II. Klasse / EK II and Eisernes Kreuz I. Klasse / EK I) for bravery in combat. Open to all members of the Wehrmacht, Waffen-SS, personnel in organizations providing direct support to the German military, and personnel of Germany’s Axis allies and foreign volunteer units.In cases where an individual had received one or both classes of the Iron Cross in the First World War, he would receive the 1939 Spange zum 1914 Eisernes Kreuz I. or II. Klasse (1939 Clasp to the 1914 Iron Cross). (see also des Eisernes Kreuzes).

Flugzeugführerabzeichen: Luftwaffe Pilot’s Badge. Instituted by Hermann Göring on 12.08.1935. Awarded to all active military personnel who had qualified for a military pilot’s license.
Frontbannabzeichen: Frontbann Badge. Instituted 1932 by SA-Gruppe Berlin-Brandenburg (under Kurt Daluege). Officially recognized as an honor badge of the NSDAP in 1933. Authorization for wear of this badge was discontinued in 1934.
Frontflug-Spange: Operational Flight Clasp (Luftwaffe). Instituted by Hermann Göring on 30.01.1941, initially in three design pattes (for Fighters, Bombers, and Reconnaissance), later expanded and broadened to include Tagjäger (Day Fighters), Kampf- und Sturzkampfflieger (Heavy, Medium, and Dive Bombers), and a number of other categories of air units. Issued in Bronze for 20 operational missions, silver for 60, and gold for 110.

Gau-Ehrenzeichen des Gaues Sudetenland der NSDAP: Gau Sudetenland Commemorative Badge . Instituted by Gauleiter Konrad Henlein on 25.12.1943.
Gau-Traditionsabzeichen Berlin: Gau Berlin Commemorative Badge. Instituted by Gauleiter Dr. Goebbels on 29.10.1936, awarded in silver and gold classes.
Gau-Traditionsabzeichen des Gaues Danzig-Westpreussen: Gau Danzig-West Prussia Commemorative Badge. Instituted ca. 05.1939 by Gauleiter Albert Forster.
Gau Wartheland-Traditionsabzeichen: Gau Wartheland Commemorative Badge. Instituted by Gauleiter Arthur Greiser, probably early in 1940, to commemorate the establishment of the Warthegau on 26.10.1939.
Gau-Traditionsabzeichen Essen: Gau Essen Commemorative Badge. Instituted by Gauleiter Josef Terboven, 1935 in commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the establishment of NSDAP Gau Essen.
Goldenes Ehrenzeichen der NSDAP (aka~ Goldenes Parteiabzeichen): Golden Badge of Honor of the NSDAP. Instituted by Adolf Hitler in 1933. A Führer decree of 13.10.1933 stated that all NSDAP members with uninterrupted service since 27.02.1925, and with NSDAP-Nr.’s 1 to 100,000, were to receive the badge on 09.11.1933. In later years, the award was presented to certain individuals who, though not meeting the original criteria as to NSDAP membership number or entrance date, had made significant contributions to Party and State. Such honorary awards were bestowed upon Gauleiter / SS- Obergruppenführer Konrad Henlein (NSDAP-Nr. 6 600 001), Generalfeldmarschall Werner von Blomberg (a non-NSDAP member honored for his contributions to Germany’s military rebirth), and numerous others.
Goldenes Hitler-Jugend Ehrenzeichen: Golden Hitler Youth Honor Badge. Instituted by Reichsjugendführer Baldur von Schirach on 23.06.1934.
Goldenes Hitler-Jugend Ehrenzeichen mit Eichenlaub: Golden Hitler Youth Honor Badge with Oakleaves. Instituted by Reichsjugendführer Baldur von Schirach in 1935. Awarded to members of the Hitler Youth, as well as various non-members (such as Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler) who had contributed to the growth and advancement of the Nazi youth movement.

Infanterie-Sturmabzeichen (Inf.St.Abz.): Infantry Assault Badge. Instituted on 20.12.1939. Initially awarded only in Silver (for infantry and mountain infantry), a bronze edition was made available on 01.06.1940 to recognize troops of the motorized infantry.

Julleuchter der SS: Yule candleholder of the SS. Earthenware candleholders used to adorn the Yuletide tables of SS families, manufactured by the Allach Porcelain company at Dachau.

Kriegsorden des Deutschen Kreuzes: Official title of the Deutsches Kreuz (see above) Kriegsverdienstkreuz (KVK): War Merit Cross. Instituted by Führer order on 18.10.1939 to recognize meritorious service in furtherance of the war effort of a non-combatant nature. Awarded “mit Schwertern” (with swords) for bravery and “ohne Schwerter” (without swords) for service. Issued in the following classes:
Ritterkreuz des Kriegsverdienstkreuzes (Knight’s Cross of the War Merit Cross [mit Schwertern or ohne Schwerter]) (118 awarded with swords and 137 without swords); Two awards in gold (both without swords) were presented on 20.04.1945.
Kriegsverdienstkreuz I. Klasse (mit Schwertern or ohne Schwerter).
Kriegsverdienstkreuz II. Klasse (mit Schwertern or ohne Schwerter).

Luftschutz-Ehrenzeichen: Air Raid Protection Honor Badge (1. & 2. Stufe). Instituted 30.01.1938 for honorable service in the Reichsluftschutzbund (RLB / Reich Air Raid Protection League), the Werkschutz (Factory Police), the Ordnungspolizei, the Feuerschutzpolizei, and the Technische Nothilfe (Technical Emergency Corps); issued in two classes (I. & II. Stufe)

Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13. März 1938: Commemorative Medal of 13 March 1938. Instituted by Hitler on 01.05.1938 to recognize all military, political, and civil service personnel involved in the annexation of Austria.
Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938: Commemorative Medal of 1 October 1938. Instituted by Hitler, 18.10.1938 to recognize persons who had participated in the occupation of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia (criteria for award expanded to include those involved with the creation of the Reich Protectorate of Bohemia & Moravia, 01.05.1939. For those involved in the occupation of the remainder of Czechoslovakia, Hitler instituted the Spange “Prager Burg” (Prague Castle Bar), a small metal device affixed to the ribbon of the medal.
Medaille zur Erinnerung an die Heimkehr des Memellandes: Commemorative Medal of the Return of the Memel District. Instituted 01.05.1939 by Hitler to recognize participation of military, political, and civil service personnel in the annexation of the Memel (Klaipeda) region of Lithuania.
Medaille “Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/42” (aka Ostmedaille): Medal for the Winter Campaign in Russia 1941/1942. Instituted by Hitler, 26.05.1942 to recognize members of the Wehrmacht, Waffen-SS, and Polizei who had endured the first winter campaign against the Soviet Union.

Nahkampfspange (NKS): Close Combat Bar. Instituted by Hitler on 25.11.1942 to recognize participation in hand-to-hand combat unsupported by armor. Issued in three gradesI. Stufe- Bronze; II. Stufe- Silver; and III. Stufe- Gold
Nürnberger Parteitagsabzeichen 1929: Nürnberg Party Day Badge of 1929. Instituted 15.08.1929 to commemorate the 4th Party Rally which convened at Nürnberg from 01.08.1929 - 04.08.1929. Officially classified a Party honor badge by Führer decree of 06.11.1936.

Panzerkampfabzeichen (Pz.K.Abz.): Tank Battle Badge. Instituted on 20.12.1939 for award to all members of German Army tank crews. Initially awarded only in silver, but from 01.06.1940 a bronze edition was available for Panzer-Grenadiers, armored car crewmen, and crewmembers of self-propelled assault guns.
Polizei-Dienstauszeichnungen: Police Long Service Awards. Instituted by Führer order of 30.01.1938, initially in 3 classes (3. Stufe: 8 years’ loyal service; 2. Stufe: 18 years’; 1. Stufe: 25 years’ service). A higher class was authorized on 12.08.1944 to recognize 40 years’ loyal service; this was indicated by a gold metal device with the number 40 in an oakleaf pattern affixed to the first class awards ribbon.

[Orden] Pour le mérite (Plm): Order for Merit (popularly known as the “Blue Max”)/ Highest military award of Imperial Germany before and during World War I.

Ritterkreuz des Eisernes Kreuzes (RK d. EK): Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. Instituted 01.09.1939 by Adolf Hitler for bravery or leadership in combat (approximately 7,300 awards of the RK d. E.K. were rendered between 1939 and 1945). A further award, the Ritterkreuz des Eisernes Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, was instituted on 03.06.1940. The Ritterkreuz des Eisernes Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern (Oakleaves & Swords) was instituted on 21.06.1941. To recognize those who performed further outstanding acts of heroism or decisive leadership, the Ritterkreuz des Eisernes Kreuz mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten (Oakleaves, Swords, & Diamonds) was instituted on 15.07.1941. Finally, a special award was created specifically for Luftwaffe Stuka ace Oberst Hans Ulrich Rudel- this was the Ritterkreuz des Eisernes Kreuz mit Goldenem Eichenlaub mit Schwertern und Brillanten (Golden Oakleaves, Swords, and Diamonds)
Ritterkreuz des Kriegsverdienstkreuzes (RK d. KVK): Knight’s Cross of the War Merit Cross (see “Kriegsverdienstkreuz” above for details)

SA-Sportabzeichen (SA-Sp.Abz.): SA-Sport Badge. Instituted by SA-Stabschef Ernst Röhm on 28.11.1933. Initially only in bronze; Führer decree of 15.02.1935 introduced a silver and a gold version of the award.
SS-Dienstauszeichnungen (SS-D.A.): SS Long Service Awards. Instituted 30.01.1938 in 4 classes (4. Stufe: 4 years’ loyal service; 3. Stufe: 8 years’ loyal service; 2. Stufe: 12 years’ loyal service; 1. Stufe: 25 years’ loyal service (the Kampfzeit [“time of struggle”] years 1925 to 1933 counted as double toward service time accumulation).
SS-Zivilabzeichen (SS-Z.A.): SS Civil Badge. A small circular badge bearing the SS runes worn on civilian clothes by members of the organization.

Totenkopfring der SS: Death’s Head Ring of the SS. Instituted by Heinrich Himmler on 10.04.1934 to recognize members of the SS who had exhibited noteworthy achievement, devotion to duty, and loyalty to the SS and Third Reich. Approximately 14,000 had been awarded by 17.10.1944, when Himmler halted further production and presentation of the rings.
Traditions-Gauabzeichen für Thüringen: Gau Thüringen Commemorative Badge. Instituted by Gauleiter Fritz Sauckel, 00.06.1933.
Traditions-Gau-Abzeichen: Gau Commemorative Badges. Instituted 1933 for loyalty and meritorious service during the “Kampfzeit” (Time of Struggle of the Nazi movement).
Treudienst Ehrenzeichen: Faithful Service Decorations. Instituted by Hitler on 30.01.1938 to recognize loyal civilian service (issued in 3 classes: 2. Stufe in Silver (for 25 years’ service); 1. Stufe in Gold for 40 years’ service; and a Sonderstufe (special grade) for 50 years’ service.

Verwundetenabzeichen (Verw.Abz.): Wound Badge. First instituted on 03.03.1918 by Kaiser Wilhelm II; reintroduced by Adolf Hitler on 01.09.1939; issued in three classes: Schwarz (black)- 1 to 2 wounds; Silber (silver): 3 to 4 wounds; Gold: 5 or more wounds. In event of loss of eyesight or limb, the silver grade was awarded automatically. The gold award was granted in cases of death or total physical disability.

Wehrmacht-Dienstauszeichnungen (WH-D.A.): Armed Forces Long Service Awards. Instituted by Adolf Hitler on 16.03.1936 in four classes (for 4, 12, 18, and 25 years’ service. A 40-year award was introduced on 10.03.1939).

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Re: Great Idea - Dictionary of terms

Post by gavmeister13 » 07 Oct 2008 18:13

I’d quite like to see a list of common German plurals. I’ve seen lots of different spellings for items in German, often I just use Google to find the most common and use that as the correct spelling. For example I’ve seen plenty of spellings for “Reichsarbeitsdienst” [often on the same site] but narrowed it down to Reichsarbeitdienst or Reichsarbeit[s]Dienst. I Googled it and found the latter is the more common of the two so took that as the correct spelling. For plurals it’s not so easy. There are plenty for some words Division [pl: Divisionen, Armeegruppe [pl: Armeegruppen] &c. but none for others. I was looking for the plural of “Panzerfaust” and had real trouble finding it - it’s on Wikipedia now but wasn't when I was looking. I saw plenty of sites that had the plural as “panzerfausts” but I eventually found it’s “Panzerfäuste”. Unless I know the source is decent I try and find at least one example that confirms spelling. An example would be the plural of “Panzer”. I have no idea what it is but there are plenty of possibilities:

panzere - as in panzergrenadiere
panzeren - as in soldaten
pänzere - as in panzerfäuste
panzers - as in sowjets
or it could be the same plural or singular. I've no idea.

Also there are plenty of spellings of “Eisernes Kreuz” but I only found one example for the plural “Eiserne Kreuze” but I haven't been able to confirm or deny this. I don't understand how it would work with other medals like "Kriegsorden Des Deutschen Kreuzes", would it be “Deutsche Kreuze” or something entirely different. What the plural of Cross would be on its own as in "The Eisernes Kreuz was a German medal used in WWII. Many of these Crosses were awarded to German troops."? The gist is: there are plenty of site with singulars but not many with plurals. Those that do tend to have the same words.

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