10 Rules of the German Soldier

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Brig
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10 Rules of the German Soldier

Post by Brig » 04 Feb 2003 14:18

I am in search (almost desperately) for the ten rules that were issued with soldiers' paychecks that all Wehrmacht soldiers were to follow. I know Caldric is also looking for the data, as well as the name of the source from which it came. Any help would be great

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Madsen
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Post by Madsen » 04 Feb 2003 16:28

1: there is only one Fürher...
Just kidding. :D
that sound interesting. was it how they should behave against people or in combat or?

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Brig
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Post by Brig » 04 Feb 2003 21:07

Someone at Feldgrau hooked me up, but I don't speak German. Can anyone translate?

[Post] Posted: Tue Feb 04, 2003 10:15 am Post subject: [Reply with quote]
10 Gebote für die
Kriegsführung deutscher Soldaten

1. Der Deutsche Soldat kämpft ritterlich für den Sieg seines Volkes. Grausamkeiten und nutzlose Zerstörungen sind seiner unwürdig.

2. Der Kämpfer muß uniformiert oder mit einem besonderes eingeführten, weithin sichtbaren Abzeichen versehen sein. Kämpfen in Zivilkleidung ohne ein solches Abzeichen ist verboten.

3. Es darf kein Gegner getötet werden, der sich ergibt, auch nicht der Freischärler und der Spion. Diese erhalten ihre gerechte Strafe durch die Gerichte.

4. Kriegsgefangene dürfen nicht mißhandelt oder beleidigt werden. Waffen, Pläne und Aufzeichnungen sind abzunehmen. Von ihrer Habe darf sonst nichts weggenommen werden.

5. Dum-Dum-Geschosse sind verboten. Geschosse dürfen auch nicht in solche umgestaltet werden.

6. Das Rote Kreuz ist unverletzlich. Verwundete Gegner sind menschlich zu behandeln. Sanitätspersonal und Feldgeistliche dürfen in ihrer ärztlichen bzw. seelsorgerischen Tätigkeit nicht gehindert werden.

7. Die Zivilbevölkerung ist unverletzlich. Der Soldat darf nicht plündern oder mutwillig zerstören. Geschichtliche Denkmäler und Gebäude, die dem Gottesdienst, der Kunst, Wissenschaft oder der Wohltätigkeit dienen, sind besonders zu achten. Natural- und Dienstleistungen von der Bevölkerung dürfen nur auf Befehl von Vorgesetzten gegen Entschädigung beansprucht werden.

8. Neutrales Gebiet darf weder durch Betreten oder Überfliegen, noch durch Beschießen in die Kriegshandlungen einbezogen werden.

9. Gerät ein Deutscher Soldat in Gefangenschaft, so muß er auf Befragen seinen Namen und Dienstgrad angeben. Unter keinen Umständen darf e über Zugehörigkeit zu seinem Truppenteil und über militärische, politische und wirtschaftliche Verhältnisse auf der Deutschen Seite aussagen. Weder durch Versprechen, noch durch Drohungen darf es sich dazu verleiten lassen.

10. Zuwiderhandlungen gegen die vorstehenden Befehle in Dienstsachen sind strafbar. Verstöße des Feindes gegen die unter 1 - 8 angeführten Grundsätze sind zu melden. Vergeltungsmaßregeln sind nur auf Befehl der höheren Truppenführung zulässig.

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Daniel L
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Post by Daniel L » 04 Feb 2003 22:00

Brig, try altavista (babelfish) and then come back if you're still confused.

Best regards/ Daniel

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Mike K.
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Post by Mike K. » 05 Feb 2003 01:05

My German isn't the sharpest, but:

10 Rules for the war leadership of German soldiers

1. The German soldier fights chivalrously for the victory of his people. Cruelties and unnecessary destruction are unworthy of him.

2. The fighter must be provided a uniform or a special imported badge, visible from afar. Fighting in civilian clothes or without such a badge is forbidden.

3. No opponent who surrenders may be killed, nor partisan and spy. These will receive fair punishment by the courts.

4. Prisoners of War may not be abused or insulted. Arms, plans, and recordings are to be removed. Otherwise, none of his property may be taken away.

5. Dum-Dum [?] projectiles are forbidden. Projectiles may not also be converted into such.

6. The Red Cross is invulnerable. Medical personnel and field clergy may not be prevented in their medical and/or pastoral duties.

7. The civilian population is invulnerable. The German soldier may not destroy or plunder willingly. Historical monuments or buildings that serve art, science, or charity must be particularly respected. Services of the population may be ordered only under the guidance of superiors for compensation.

8. Neutral territory may not be included in entering into or flying over, nor firing from into war activity.

9. If the German soldier is captured, then he must give his name and rank when asked. Under no circumstances may he state information about his unit and other military, political, and economic conditions on the German side. He should not be tempted by promises or threats.

10. Offenses against understood orders in the service are punishable. Offenses of the enemy against the 1 - 8 stated principles are to be reported. Retaliatory measures are only permissible under the instruction of higher troop leadership.
Last edited by Mike K. on 06 Feb 2003 23:13, edited 1 time in total.

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Andy H
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Post by Andy H » 05 Feb 2003 02:16

Thanks Mike for the translation

How many out of 10 for German soldier then, maybe 3 tops.

Andy

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Brig
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Post by Brig » 05 Feb 2003 19:08

Mike Knowlton wrote:My German isn't the sharpest, but:

10 Rules for the war leadership of German soldiers

1. The German soldier fights chivalrously for the victory of his people. Cruelties and unnecessary destruction are unworthy of him.

2. The fighter must be provided a uniform or a special imported badge, visible from afar. Fighting in civilian clothes or without such a badge is forbidden.

3. No opponent who surrenders may be killed, nor partisan and spy. These will receive fair punishment by the courts.

4. Prisoners of War may not be abused or insulted. Arms, plans, and recordings are to be removed. Otherwise, none of his property may be taken away.

5. Dum-Dum [?] projectiles are forbidden. Projectiles may not also be converted into such.

6. The Red Cross is invulnerable. Medical personnel and field clergy may not be prevented in their medical and/or pastoral duties.

7. The civilian population is invulnerable. The German soldier may not destroy or plunder willingly. Historical monuments or buildings that serve art, science, or charity must be particularly respected. Services of the population may be ordered only under the guidance of superiors for compensation.

8. Neutral territory not be included in entering into or flying over, nor firing from into war activity.

9. If the German soldier is captured, then he must give his name and rank when asked. Under no circumstances may he state information about his unit and other military, political, and economic conditions on the German side. He should not be tempted by promises or threats.

10. Offenses against understood orders in the service are punishable. Offenses of the enemy against the 1 - 8 stated principles are to be reported. Retaliatory measures are only permissible under the instruction of higher troop leadership.
Greatly appreciated

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Javier Acuña
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Post by Javier Acuña » 06 Feb 2003 05:40

Dum Dum bullets are those that explode once they hit the body. Just for the record

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Post by Krasnaya Zvezda » 06 Feb 2003 23:03

Mike Knowlton wrote:My German isn't the sharpest, but:

10 Rules for the war leadership of German soldiers

1. The German soldier fights chivalrously for the victory of his people. Cruelties and unnecessary destruction are unworthy of him.

2. The fighter must be provided a uniform or a special imported badge, visible from afar. Fighting in civilian clothes or without such a badge is forbidden.

3. No opponent who surrenders may be killed, nor partisan and spy. These will receive fair punishment by the courts.

4. Prisoners of War may not be abused or insulted. Arms, plans, and recordings are to be removed. Otherwise, none of his property may be taken away.

5. Dum-Dum [?] projectiles are forbidden. Projectiles may not also be converted into such.

6. The Red Cross is invulnerable. Medical personnel and field clergy may not be prevented in their medical and/or pastoral duties.

7. The civilian population is invulnerable. The German soldier may not destroy or plunder willingly. Historical monuments or buildings that serve art, science, or charity must be particularly respected. Services of the population may be ordered only under the guidance of superiors for compensation.

8. Neutral territory not be included in entering into or flying over, nor firing from into war activity.

9. If the German soldier is captured, then he must give his name and rank when asked. Under no circumstances may he state information about his unit and other military, political, and economic conditions on the German side. He should not be tempted by promises or threats.

10. Offenses against understood orders in the service are punishable. Offenses of the enemy against the 1 - 8 stated principles are to be reported. Retaliatory measures are only permissible under the instruction of higher troop leadership.

So than it goes to say that the German soldier has broken all ten rules, at least in the Eastern front. Actually, it also goes to say that he was living in sin most of the time while in Russia or that he was not a soldier, depends on the definition...

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Andy H
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Post by Andy H » 06 Feb 2003 23:59

Satiriasis wrote:
Dum Dum bullets are those that explode once they hit the body. Just for the record
Yes thats correct by knicking the bullet head, the bullet instead of staying as a whole, explode causing bigger entry wounds and larger areas of internal damage.

Andy

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Christian Ankerstjerne
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Post by Christian Ankerstjerne » 07 Feb 2003 00:11

Krasnaya Zvezda wrote:So than it goes to say that the German soldier has broken all ten rules, at least in the Eastern front. Actually, it also goes to say that he was living in sin most of the time while in Russia or that he was not a soldier, depends on the definition...
'The' German soldier has broken all the rules? Although all the rules were broken by the German army, that does definately not mean that all German soldiers broke the rules, or lived in sin...

Also, I cannot imagine any (major), Allied or Axis, army that hasn't broken most or all of these rules themselve during WWII...

Christian

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Post by Krasnaya Zvezda » 07 Feb 2003 02:09

Christian Ankerstjerne wrote:
Krasnaya Zvezda wrote:So than it goes to say that the German soldier has broken all ten rules, at least in the Eastern front. Actually, it also goes to say that he was living in sin most of the time while in Russia or that he was not a soldier, depends on the definition...
'The' German soldier has broken all the rules? Although all the rules were broken by the German army, that does definately not mean that all German soldiers broke the rules, or lived in sin...

Also, I cannot imagine any (major), Allied or Axis, army that hasn't broken most or all of these rules themselve during WWII...

Christian
I do not understand what are you trying to say? You can clearly read the orders of the German command on how the fight in the east should be conducted. Also read the memoirs of the German soldiers fighting in Russia and you will realize that nobody there had any intentions to behave like a soldier. This is one of the main reason why the war was lost in the East.

All partisans where shot on the spot! Someone after severe torture that had nothing to do with extracting informations but just with pure pleasure of killing and frustration. 100 civilians where executed for any single killed German soldier, 50 for a wounded one. So much to go for the honorable German soldier who could not suck up the losses and continue to fight as a soldier but had to resort to killing the civillians in hope he could be spared further onslaughts. He did not spare the kids too, the famous German soldiers. Cruelties and unnecessary destruction where encouraged, rule number one. Prisoners where executed whenever can, the ones that where not, where not executed because they where needed to work as a slaves for the German war machinery. So much for a fair treatment of prisoners. In the enslavement at least 50 % of them where executed. The civilian population is invulnerable? (rule number 7) Hahaha, they were considered untermenschens , no harm in killing them. As a matter of fact in contrast to the west, about 14 million civilians where killed by the German soldier only in Soviet Union. This compares to about 5 million total German losses in soldiers and civillians in all the fronts. Again, way to go honorable German soldier. They destroyed everything of value in the east.

Now you tell me, when and where the German solider in the east behaved as a soldier and not as a beast? It is not an excuse to say that he was ordered NOT to behave like a soldier, than what was he ordered, the ten rules (commandments) or to be brutal and therefore not a soldier?

I mean the point I am trying to make here is that the ten rules mentioned here did not apply in any way in Soviet Union.

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Post by David C. Clarke » 07 Feb 2003 03:12

Krasnaya has a good point.

I assume that these ten rules pre-dated Nazi rule in Germany.

Regards, David

Mike R
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Post by Mike R » 07 Feb 2003 07:26

I think what Christian means is that while some of the German soldiers definately broke some of the rules, or while some of the German soldiers broke all of the rules, there were still some German soldiers who didn't break any of the rules. In other words, while many German soldiers did take part in atrocities, there were also many German soldiers that had nothing to do with the atrocities.

Regards,
-Mike

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Dennis Redler
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10 rules of the German Soldier

Post by Dennis Redler » 07 Feb 2003 13:39

Gentlemen,
All Brig wanted to know is if anyone knew the 10 rules of the German soldier.
My suggestion is ,if you want to discuss things like this, post your own topic. Then everyone can join in.
That's what the Forum is all about.
Dennis Redler :)

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